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Disaster Policy and Politics
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Disaster Policy and Politics
Emergency Management and Homeland Security

Third edition


February 2019 | 400 pages | CQ Press
 
CHAPTER 1: Disaster Management in the United States
The Montecito Debris Flow Disaster  
The Fundamentals  
Emergency Management as a Profession  
Disasters as a Field of Scientific Research  
Presidential Disaster Declarations  
Fundamental Challenges of Emergency Management  
Phases of Emergency Management  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 2: Theories and Approaches of Public Policy and Management Helpful in Disaster Studies
Normative Political Theories  
The Role of Theory in Emergency Management  
Theory in Disaster Recovery  
Knowledge Codification and Knowledge Diffusion Issues  
Big Data Analytics and Emergency Management  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 3: A Short History of U.S. Disaster Policy
The Cold War and the Rise of Civil Defense  
Nationwide Emergency Management  
The Birth of the Federal Emergency Management Agency  
Disaster Declaration Issues  
Changes in Disaster Law, Policy, and Public Relations From Reagan to Clinton  
All-Hazards Management  
The 9/11 Attack Remakes U.S. Disaster Management  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 4: Presidential Declarations of Major Disaster or Emergency
The U.S. Constitution and Emergency Powers of the President  
The "Policies" and Laws That Established Presidential Disaster Declarations  
The "Programs" of Federal Emergency Management  
The President's "Power" to Decide  
The Significance of Post-9/11 Changes  
The "Politics" of Presidential Declarations  
"Paying" for Presidential Disaster Declarations  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 5: The Role of Research, Science, and Engineering
Researching Hazards and Disasters  
Disaster Researchers Compete for Government Funding  
Social Sciences and Emergency Management  
The Science Informs the Policy and Politics of Disasters  
Public Infrastructure Policy  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 6: Intergovernmental Program Management
Organization of the Chapter  
Intergovernmental Program Management  
The Frameworks and the National Incident Management System  
Intergovernmental Disaster Management Challenges  
Government Contractors and Disaster Management  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 7: Civil-Military Relations and National Security
Civil Defense to Homeland Security  
The Military's Role in Disaster Response and Recovery Efforts  
The Military, Homeland Security, and Disaster Policy  
The National Guard, the U.S. Armed Forces, and Posse Comitatus  
Homeland Security Supplements National Security  
State Homeland and Security Grants  
Operation Stonegarden  
Homeland Security Grants and Their Effects at the Local Level  
The Emergency Management Performance Grant Program  
Replacement of the USA Patriot Act of 2001  
The Homeland Security Advisory System  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 8: Globalization of Disasters
The U.S. Response System for Territories and Foreign States  
Emergency Management in Other Nations  
The United Nations and International Disaster Relief  
U.S. Domestic Disaster Relief versus the U.S. International Relief System  
FEMA vs OFDA  
A Case Study: Borderline Disaster: U.S. and Canadian Disasters and Emergencies 1994-2013  
The U.S. System of Federal Emergency Management  
Canadian Government System of Federal Emergency Management  
Bi-Lateral U.S.-Canada Emergency Management Agreements in Brief  
Explaining Appdenix 8-1  
U.S.-Canada Case Conclusions  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 9: Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria: U.S. Disaster Management Challenged
Impact and Declarations: Hurricane Harvey  
Impact and Declarations: Hurricane Irma  
Impact and Declarations: Hurricane Maria  
Immediate and Short-Term Response  
Recovery  
Problems  
Comparisons  
Lessons Learned  
Conclusion  
Key Terms  
 
CHAPTER 10: Conclusions and the Future
What Has Happened to Federal Emergency Management?  
The Hawaii Nuclear Attack Alert SNAFU and Its Implications  
Chapter Take-Aways  
Key Terms  
 
Appendix A
 
Appendix B

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ISBN: 9781506368689
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