Earthquake Spectra, the professional peer-reviewed journal of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI), serves as the publication of record for the development of earthquake engineering practice, earthquake codes and regulations, earthquake public policy, and earthquake investigation reports. The journal is published quarterly in both printed and online editions in February, May, August, and November, with additional special edition issues.
EERI established Earthquake Spectra with the purpose of improving the practice of earthquake hazards mitigation, preparedness, and recovery — serving the informational needs of the diverse professionals engaged in earthquake risk reduction: civil, geotechnical, mechanical, and structural engineers; geologists, seismologists, and other earth scientists; architects and city planners; public officials; social scientists; and researchers.
EERI is a non-profit membership organization that connects multidisciplinary professionals dedicated to reducing earthquake risk. EERI members receive full access to Earthquake Spectra, including the benefit of submitting manuscripts without author submission fees. Visit www.eeri.org to learn more about membership benefits, as well to explore the Institute’s many other products and activities.
Earthquake Spectra is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
|David Wald||U.S. Geological Survey, USA|
|Jack W. Baker||Stanford University, USA|
|Farzad Naeim||Farzad Naeim Inc., USA|
|Vida Samardžic||Earthquake Engineering Research Isntitute, USA|
|Dominic Assimaki||California Institute of Technology, USA|
|Ivan Au||University of Liverpool, UK|
|Paolo Bazzurro||University of Pavia, Italy|
|Katrin Beyer||École Polytechnique Féderale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland|
|Brendon Bradley||University of Canterbury, New Zealand|
|Henry Burton||University of California Los Angeles, USA|
|Carlo Cauzzi||ETH Zurich, Switzerland|
|Louise Comfort||University of Pittsburgh, USA|
|Rachel Davidson||University of Delaware, USA|
|John Douglas||BRGM (French Geological Survey), France|
|Ronald T. Eguchi||ImageCat, Inc., USA|
|Kenneth Elwood||University of Auckland, New Zealand|
|Katsu Goda||Western University, Canada|
|Rakesh Goel||California Polytechnic State University, USA|
|Tara Hutchinson||University of California, San Diego, USA|
|Kishor Jaiswal||U.S. Geological Survey, USA|
|Mervyn J. Kowalsky||North Carolina State University, USA|
|Steven L. Kramer||University of Washington, USA|
|Abbie Liel||University of Colorado Boulder, USA|
|Dimitrios Lignos||École Polytechnique Féderale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland|
|Gilberto Mosqueda||University of California, San Diego, USA|
|Michael J. O’Rourke||Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA|
|Mark Petersen||U.S. Geological Survey,USA|
|Santiago Pujol||Purdue University, USA|
|Ellen M Rathje||University of Texas, Austin, USA|
|Elizabeth Reddy||Colorado School of Mines, USA|
|Adrian Rodriguez-Marek||Virginia Polytechnic Institute, USA|
|M. Saiid Saiidi||University of Nevada, Reno, USA|
|Pui-Shum (Benson) Shing||University of California, San Diego, USA|
|Vitor Silva||University of Aveiro, Portugal|
|Peter J Stafford||Imperial College, UK|
|Haluk Sucuoglu||Middle East Technical University, Turkey|
|Ertugrul Taciroglu||University of California, Los Angeles, USA|
|Toru Takeuchi||Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan|
|Harry Yeh||Oregon State University, USA|
|Heidi Tremayne||Earthquake Engineering Research Isntitute, USA|
Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Earthquake Spectra
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/earthquakespectra to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer-review process.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Earthquake Spectra will be reviewed.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Earthquake Spectra may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.
If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
If you have any questions about publishing with SAGE, please visit the SAGE Journal Solutions Portal.
1. What do we publish?
2. Editorial policies
3. Publishing policies
4. Preparing your manuscript
5. Submitting your manuscript
6. On acceptance and publication
1. What do we publish?
Before submitting your manuscript to Earthquake Spectra, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
Manuscripts published in Earthquake Spectra are contributed and solicited Technical Papers, Opinion Papers, Earthquake Data Papers, Earthquake Engineering Practice Papers, Discussions, and Response to Discussions. Each type of manuscript is subject to rigorous peer review. (Please note that as of August 2015, the Technical Note category has been removed as a manuscript type published in Earthquake Spectra.)
Technical Papers comprise the bulk of submitted and published manuscripts; these are full-length papers presenting original research results.
Opinion Papers provide a forum for timely presentation and discussion of questions, problems, or topics based on technically sound observation, experience, or judgment for which proof or supporting research may not be available.
Earthquake Data Papers are concisely written articles that describe data/datasets that are of interest to the earthquake community.
Earthquake Engineering Practice Papers present original findings that are immediately useful to practicing engineers. Possible topics include but are not limited to:
• Engineering and construction case studies
• Simplified techniques and design tips
• State-of-the-practice reports
• Novel and practical applications of performance-based engineering methods 4
• Comparative or critical reviews of various seismic code provisions
• Issues and tips related to application of commonly used engineering software
• Proper and improper engineering details and assumptions
• Comparative study of various seismic analysis techniques and the impact of selected methods on the final product
• Committee and organization reports and summaries that may substantially affect engineering practice
• Legal and ethical issues affecting engineering practice Earthquake Engineering Practice
Papers must be clearly marked as such on the cover letter accompanying the paper. Other manuscripts that are occasionally published in Spectra include book reviews, the EERI Student Paper Award winner, and the EERI Distinguished Lecture.
The page limit for Technical Papers, Earthquake Engineering Practice Papers, and Earthquake Data Papers is 18 journal pages, and this includes the text, references, and any figures or tables. The page limit for Opinion Papers is 12 journal pages. For papers longer than 18 pages, authors must include a statement in the cover letter explaining the need for the added length.
Papers longer than an estimated 24 journal pages will not be reviewed and must be shortened before being resubmitted for review. (Please note that in special cases, this page limit can be appealed and waived at the discretion of the journal’s Editor.)
The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
Please adhere to the journal specifications when preparing your paper;
- Write your paper in Times New Roman 12 pt, 1.5 spacing.
- Do not number any Headings
- Turn on Line Numbering
- If possible, embed the figures and tables in the text
See example – here.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online
2. Editorial policies
Earthquake Spectra operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.
Earthquake Spectra is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Earthquake Spectra can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.
The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
- Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
- Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
- Approved the version to be published,
- Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.
2.3.1 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Earthquake Spectra requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Earthquake Spectra to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here
At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Earthquake Spectra encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.
3. Publishing Policies
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway
Earthquake Spectra and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway
Earthquake Spectra offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.
4. Preparing your manuscript for submission
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files
Earthquake Spectra adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. View the SAGE Harvard guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
5. Submitting your manuscript
Earthquake Spectra is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/earthquakespectra to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway
6. On acceptance and publication
- If the First Author is not a member the Submission Fee would be $350
- If the manuscript submitted has between 20-24 pages there will be a flat fee of $300
- If the manuscript submitted has between 25-30 pages there will be a flat fee of $800.
- Any paper over 30 pages will require justification, Editor’s approval, and an additional fee.
Costs are determined by the editorial manager, not the authors. If the figures and tables are embedded within the paper we will multiply the total number of pages by 0.8 which would give us the number of pages that correspond to the specific Earthquake Spectra format. If the figures and tables are not embedded in the paper, each figure or table would count as half a page.
- Embedded figures/tables sample:
30 page word manuscript x 0.8 = TOTAL pages =24 ⇒ FEE CHARGED is $300
- Not-Embedded figures/tables sample:
23 page word manuscript x 0.8 = 18.4 (round up to the nearest whole number) => 19
12 figures/tables x 0.5 = 6
⇒ TOTAL pages= 25 pages ⇒ FEE CHARGED is $800
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Earthquake Spectra editorial office as follows:
Membership and Publications Coordinator
Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI)
7.1 Appealing the publication decision
Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.
If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at email@example.com