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Emerging Adulthood

Emerging Adulthood

Published in Association with Society for the Study of Emerging Adulthood

Editor
Moin Syed University of Minnesota, USA


eISSN: 21676984 | ISSN: 21676968 | Current volume: 6 | Current issue: 6 Frequency: Quarterly
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Emerging Adulthood (EA) is an interdisciplinary and international journal for advancements in theory, methodology, and empirical research on development and adaptation during the late teens and twenties. The journal seeks manuscripts that advance basic and applied knowledge of normative and atypical development during emerging adulthood; studies that focus on the antecedents and/or consequences of experiences during this age-period are also welcome. The journal embraces the use of both qualitative and quantitative methodology. The journal also considers manuscripts that advance theory or measurement/methodology.

Emerging Adulthood is an interdisciplinary forum covering clinical, developmental and social psychology and other social sciences such as anthropology, psychiatry, public policy, social work, sociology, public health, and post-secondary education.

This journal is published in association with the Society for Study of Emerging Adulthood.

Emerging Adulthood (EA) is an interdisciplinary and international journal for advancements in theory, methodology, and empirical research on development and adaptation during the late teens and twenties. The journal seeks manuscripts that advance basic and applied knowledge of normative and atypical development during emerging adulthood; studies that focus on the antecedents and/or consequences of experiences during this age-period are also welcome. The journal embraces the use of both qualitative and quantitative methodology. The journal also considers manuscripts that advance theory and/or measurement/methodology.

Emerging Adulthood is as an interdisciplinary forum covering clinical, developmental and social psychology and other social sciences such as anthropology, psychiatry, public policy, social work, sociology, public health, and post-secondary education.

Editor
Moin Syed University of Minnesota, USA
Associate Editors
Meliksah Demir Northern Arizona University, USA
Abby Goldstein University of Toronto, Canada
Oliver Robinson University of Greenwich, UK
Assistant Editors
Johanna Greeson University of Pennsylvania, USA
Enrique Neblett University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Jennifer Silva Bucknell University, USA
Kazumi Sugimura Hiroshima University, Japan
Rita Zukauskiene Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania
Ad Hoc Editor
Laura Padilla-Walker Brigham Young University, USA
Founding Editor
Manfred H. M. Van Dulmen Kent State University, USA
Editorial Board
Jeffrey Jensen Arnett Clark University, USA
Carolyn Barry Loyola University Maryland, USA
Maya Benish-Weisman University of Haifa, Israel
Anne Bowker Carleton University, Canada
Chris J. Boyatzis Bucknell University, USA
Bin-Bin Chen Fudan University, China
Chong Man Chow Eastern Michigan University, USA
Jennifer Connolly York University, Canada
Sarah Coyne Brigham Young University, USA
Elizabetta Crocetti University of Bologna, Italy
Beth Daniels University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, USA
Caitlin Faas Mount St. Mary’s University, USA
Gail Ferguson University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA
Marta Goncalves University of Porto, Portugal
Jessica Halliday Hardie Hunter College, USA
Patrick Hill Washington University in St. Louis, USA
Elan Hope North Carolina State University, USA
Andrea Howard Carleton University, Canada
Sara Johnson Tufts University, USA
Shagufa Kapadia The M.S. University of Baroda, India
Dalal Katsiaficas University of Illinois, USA
Avril Keating University College London, UK
Margherita Lanz Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Eva Lefkowitz University of Connecticut, USA
Stephen Lewis University of Guelph, Canada
Koen Luyckx Leuven University, Belgium
Petr Macek Masaryk University, Czech Republic
Kate McLean Western Washington University, USA
Elizabeth M. Morgan Springfield College, USA
Michelle Munson New York University, USA
Larry J. Nelson Brigham Young University, USA
Monisha Pasupathi University of Utah, USA
Wizdom Powell University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Marla Reese-Weber Illinois State University, USA
Katariina Salmela-Aro University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
Inge Seiffge-Krenke University of Mainz, Germany
Golan Shahar Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Shmuel Shulman Bar Ilan University, Israel
Suzanne Stewart University of Toronto, Canada
Kaveri Subrahmanyam California State University, Los Angeles, USA
Jennifer B. Unger University of Southern California, USA
Natalia Waechter University of Graz, Austria
Ja'Nina Walker University of San Francisco, USA
Jennifer Walsh Medical College of Wisconsin, USA
Maria Wangqvist University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Monique Ward University of Michigan, USA
Brian Willoughby Brigham Young University, USA
Laura Wray-Lake University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Richard Young University of British Columbia, Canada
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  • Emerging Adulthood is an interdisciplinary and international journal for advancements in theory, methodology, and empirical research on development and adaptation from age 18 to 29. The journal seeks manuscripts that advance basic and applied knowledge of normative and atypical development during emerging adulthood; studies that focus on the antecedents and/or consequences of experiences during this age-period are also welcome. The journal embraces the use of both qualitative and quantitative methodology, and welcomes manuscripts that advance theory or measurement/methodology. Manuscripts that feature replications of previously published findings will be given full consideration.

    Emerging Adulthood is as an interdisciplinary forum covering clinical, developmental and social psychology and other social sciences such as anthropology, psychiatry, public policy, social work, sociology, public health, and post-secondary education.

    ARTICLE TYPES

    Empirical Paper. The empirical paper represents a manuscript presenting new data--qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods—that addresses aspects of development and adaptation from age 18 to 29 as described above. These manuscripts should not exceed 6000 words (main text only), but longer manuscripts will be considered if sufficiently justified in the cover letter.

    Methodological paper. The methodological paper focuses on issues related to quantitative and/or qualitative methodology in research on 18 to 29 year olds. The paper can describe (primer) cutting-edge advancements in methodology or illustrate the use of innovative methodologies. Manuscripts should be written so they are accessible to a wide audience of scholars.

    Theoretical paper. The theoretical paper involves an original contribution that advances theory for understanding development and adaptation from age 18 to 29. These papers need to clearly focus on new advances in theory development. The journal will also consider papers that are primarily reviews of existing research, but must clearly make a theoretical contribution as well.

    Brief reports. Brief reports include preliminary findings, high-powered replications (whether successful or not) of previous empirical findings in the literature as well as psychometric properties of existing measures, or empirical findings that are not substantial enough to warrant a full report, including studies that have substantial design limitations (e.g. cross-sectional single method quantitative studies). While shorter than original manuscripts, brief reports should still make a significant contribution to current knowledge on development and adaptation from age 18 to 29. Brief reports should be limited to 2500 words (main text only).

    Expedited review. Authors that have received a full set of reviews from another journal can submit their revised manuscript along with the decision letter and reviews to be considered for publication. These papers should be methodologically rigorous (quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods) but were rejected for publication because they did not conform to the initial journal’s norms or expectations in some way. Authors interested in submitting for expedited review must include: 1) the revised manuscript, 2) a full copy of the initial editorial decision and reviews, and 3) a detailed cover letter indicating how the authors have responded to the comments of the editor/reviewers in their revision (similar to what one would submit when responding to an invitation to revise and resubmit from the same journal). Upon receipt, the Editor will make one of three decisions: 1) accept, 2) reject, or 3) further review required. This decision will be made within two weeks of receipt.

    Registered Reports. Registered Reports are a submission format in which manuscripts are reviewed prior to data collection and/or analysis. Authors submit only the Introduction, Method, and Analysis Plan sections of their manuscript for review (as well references, relevant tables, etc.). This “Stage 1 Proposal” is reviewed and subsequently rejected or revised just like any other manuscript. The review process focuses primarily on:

    • The significance of the research question(s)
    • The logic, rationale, and plausibility of the proposed hypotheses
    • The soundness and feasibility of the methodology and analysis pipeline (including statistical power analysis)
    • Whether the clarity and degree of methodological detail would be sufficient to replicate exactly the proposed procedures and analysis pipeline
    • Whether the authors provide a sufficiently clear and detailed description of the methods to prevent undisclosed flexibility in the experimental procedures or analysis pipeline

    The positive outcome of this process is an “in-principle acceptance,” which provides the green light for the researchers to conduct the study and is a guarantee of publication so long as the researchers adhere to the approved plan and propose a defensible interpretation of the results. Thus, acceptance of the paper is based on conceptualization and design, and not on the specific pattern of findings. Approved Stage 1 proposals must be submitted to the Registered Report Registry on the Open Science Framework (https://osf.io/rr/), where they can be embargoed for up to four years. Completed manuscripts are then re-submitted for peer reviewed at Stage 2. The point of review at that stage is to assess compliance with the protocol and to make sure the interpretations are justifiable.

    Registered Reports are considered for both new data collection and secondary data analysis of existing data, although the latter will be heavily scrutinized with respect to the degree of familiarity authors have with the data set. Registered Reports submissions are considered for any type of manuscript that reports on data analysis, including studies that are quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, and meta-analyses.

    Commentaries. Emerging Adulthood accepts brief commentaries on previously published articles. The journal will consider commentaries on articles published in any journal (not just those published in Emerging Adulthood), so long as the relevance to emerging adults and emerging adulthood is clear. All commentaries will be evaluated and reviewed to ensure they make a substantial contribution to the issues at hand. Commentaries should not exceed 1000 words of text and 10 references.

    Special issue/section. Authors also have the opportunity to organize a special issue or a special section on a defined topic in Emerging Adulthood. If you intend to organize a special issue/section please contact the editor at an early stage to discuss a potential special issue/section proposal.

    TRANSPARENCY AND OPENNESS

    Emerging Adulthood is committed to promoting transparent, open, rigorous research. The journal is a signatory of the Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines (Nosek et al., 2015), indicating that it endorses the guidelines and commits to aligning its procedures with them. Accordingly, the following procedures are part of the submission process:

    Disclosures. As part of the submission procedures, authors will be asked to confirm the following (even though not all apply to all types of research designs):

    1.     You included a clear statement of how the sample size was determined

    2.     You included a statement of a priori statistical power based on a reasonable effect size (quantitative studies) or how you ensured saturation of depth and breadth of themes (qualitative studies)

    3.     You included a description of all data exclusions (e.g., outliers), how the decisions about exclusions were made, and have conducted all analyses with and without the exclusions

    4.     You included a description of all data transformations, how the decisions about transformations were made, and have conducted all analyses with both the transformed and raw data

    5.     You included a rationale for including covariates and tested all models with and without covariates included

    6.     All measures and questions relevant to the research question contained in the project were included in the manuscript

    7.     You included a clear statement of the amount, type, and method of handling missing data

    8.     You included effect sizes for all statistical tests

    9.     All research questions and hypotheses are clearly and accurately labeled as either exploratory or confirmatory

    10.   You included rationale for any deviations from standard scoring procedures of measures

    11.   You included, as appendix or supplement, a detailed description of the interview questions asked

    12.   You included detailed description of your qualitative coding/analysis process

    13.   You included an assessment of coding trustworthiness, either quantitative or qualitative

    These items are presented as a checklist in the submission portal, with authors actively confirming adherence to each practice. A separate statement for disclosures is not required but authors can choose to include one in the manuscript if they wish (e.g., the 21-word solution; Simmons, Nelson, & Simonsohn, 2012).

    Transparency and Openness Statement. As part of the submission process authors must include a Transparency and Openness Statement.  This statement will be included as part of the peer review process and will ultimately appear in the Author Note section of accepted manuscripts. The Transparency and Openness Statement must indicate the following:

    1. Are the raw data contained in this manuscript openly available for download?

      1. If yes, did you include a DOI or other persistent identifier in the manuscript?
    2. For quantitative analyses, is the analysis code/syntax used for the analyses openly available for download?
      1. If yes, did you include a DOI or other persistent identifier in the manuscript?
    3. For qualitative analyses, are the list of questions and coding manuals openly available for download?
      1. If yes, did you include a DOI or other persistent identifier in the manuscript?
    4. Are all materials used in the study openly available for download?
      1. If yes, did you include a DOI or other persistent identifier in the manuscript?
    5. Did this study include a pre-registration plan for data collection and/or analysis?
      1. If yes, did you include a link to the pre-registration plan in the manuscript?
      2. If yes, were deviations from the pre-registration plan clearly indicated in the manuscript?

    The statement should appear on a separate page, and all links should direct to active and anonymized web sites. All of the aforementioned questions must be addressed in the statement (1, 2 and/or 3, 4, and 5), whether the answers are yes or no. Additional information may also be provided to explain specific conditions or circumstances. Example statements are as follows:

    The analysis code (doi.xxxx) and materials (doi.xxxx) used in this manuscript are openly available. The raw data contained in this manuscript are not openly available due to privacy restrictions set forth by the institutional ethics board, but can be obtained from the corresponding author following the completion of a privacy and fair use agreement. No aspects of the study were pre-registered.

    The raw data, analysis code, and materials used in this study are not openly available but are available upon request to the corresponding author. The data collection and analysis were pre-registered (link to URL of pre-registration plan), and all deviations from the pre-registration plan were clearly indicated in the manuscript.

    These are just examples, and authors are free to tailor the statements to their particular situation so long as they addressed criteria 1-5 listed above.

    The content of the Transparency and Openness Statement will not be used as a basis for acceptance or rejection of your manuscript.

    Open Science Badges. Accepted manuscripts that answer in affirmative to #1, #4, or #5 above will be eligible to receive a corresponding Open Science Badge (see https://osf.io/tvyxz/). Open Science Badges will be affixed to the to the final version of the accepted article to signify the use of open and transparent practices. The following badges will be available:

    Open Data Icon Open Data – The raw data used in the manuscript are freely available via a DOI or other persistent identifier.

    Open Materials Icon Open Materials – All study materials used in the manuscript are freely available via a DOI or other persistent identifier.

    Pre-Registered Icon Pre-registered + analysis – The study design and target analyses were pre-registered and the manuscript contains a link to a permanent, time-stamped, and uneditable pre-registration plan housed on an open science repository. The Open Science Framework (https://osf.io) is the preferred site for housing pre-registration plans, but authors are free to use similar alternatives. Importantly, use of pre-registered analysis plans does not preclude the inclusion of exploratory analyses, but rather formalizes the distinction between confirmatory and exploratory analyses. Emerging Adulthood only issues pre-registration badges for manuscripts that contain pre-registered analyses.

    Authors will complete an Open Practices Disclosure Form upon acceptance of their manuscript for publication. Eligible badges will then be affixed to the final type-set version of the article.

    MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSIONS

    Please submit manuscripts electronically at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ead. Authors will be asked to set up an online account in the SAGE Track system, powered by ScholarOne.

    MANUSCRIPT REVIEW

    On receipt, the Editor reads each new submission to decide whether it is likely to be competitive for publication. Authors will be notified quickly—typically within two days of submission—if their manuscript will be rejected without further review. For manuscripts that are reviewed, authors can expect a decision within 60 days of manuscript submission. Rejected manuscripts cannot be reconsidered unless resubmission following revision has been invited by the Editor.

    MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION AND ETHICAL ISSUES

    Manuscripts should not exceed 6,000 words. Word counts must include the main text plus notes, acknowledgements, and appendices. In the case of papers that report on multiple studies or methodologies that necessitate detailed explanation, the authors should justify longer manuscript length to the Editor in the cover letter. We recognize that particularly papers presenting qualitative or mixed methods studies may require greater length. Approval of manuscripts exceeding 6,000 words requires approval of the Editor. Authors should remove all identifying information from the body of the manuscript so that peer reviewers will be unable to recognize the authors and their affiliations. Manuscripts should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (APA, 2009). All parts of the manuscript must be submitted electronically at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ead, double-spaced, and formatted for 8.5 x 11 paper. Documents should be submitted as MS Word documents (.doc), not converted to PDFs. Authors are advised to use language that is free from sexist, racist, or ethnic bias; heterosexism; bias toward people with disabilities; ageism; and other kinds of bias. All manuscripts should include an abstract on a separate page that contains no more than 150 words, and also a separate title page (designated as Title Page) which includes: 1) title of the article; 2) corresponding author's full name, current position, affiliation, institutional and email address, telephone and fax numbers; 3) co-author(s)' full name(s) and affiliation(s); 4) up to five key words as they should appear if they were to be published. Manuscripts will not be considered for submission if they do not include these elements. Tables and/or Figures are to be included when necessary to depict the results. There is no specific limit on the total number of tables and/or figures but most manuscripts will have no more than 5 tables and figures total. There should be page breaks between tables, figures, abstracts, and captions and these sections must conform to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (APA, 2009).

    Authors are expected to adhere to the APA Ethical Guidelines in conducting all phases of their investigation and manuscript preparation. In particular, it is important that all ethical issues with regard to treatment of research participants be carefully examined and actions taken in accordance with the APA Ethical Guidelines. Moreover, it is important that every person who contributed to the project is acknowledged in the Author Notes, in accordance with APA policy, or is listed as an author.

    In preparing and submitting manuscripts, authors are expected to report data and results that are both honest and accurate. Such practices as submitting a previously published manuscript for review, and submitting the same manuscript to various journals at the same time should not be exercised. Piecemeal or fragmented publications that form a single study are discouraged unless there is a clear benefit to the scientific community. Multiple reports from a large data set must include reference to proper reports and make clear the degree of sample overlap. In all cases where multiple reports from the same data set, authors should inform the editor as well as explicitly note any overlap in the report. Upon receipt of any manuscript for review, authors will be asked to sign a form indicating adherence to APA Ethical Guidelines as well as the issues identified above.

    Authors submitting manuscripts are protected by common law against the unauthorized use of their unpublished work. Specifically, an unpublished manuscript is considered to be a confidential or privileged paper. Reviewers will be asked to destroy or return the manuscript after their review is completed; in addition, reviewers will be asked not to circulate, quote, cite, or refer to the unpublished work in any way unless specific permission is granted by the author.

    Authorship

    Upon acceptance of your manuscript you will be required to complete a Statement of Authorship Form, which details how each listed author contributed to the manuscript. An "author" is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) have given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.

    Artwork Submissions

    High-resolution figures should be uploaded as separate electronic files, with callouts for each in the text. Figure legends should include full explanations of the figures and be typewritten double-spaced with numbers corresponding to those on the figure files themselves. All figures must be specifically referred to in the text and numbered in order of appearance in the text. Acceptable file formats for figures include TIFF, EPS, and JPEG, and PDF Microsoft Application Files are acceptable for vector art (line art). Permission for use of the copyrighted material is the responsibility of the author. All artwork must be camera ready.

    Tables

    Tables should be numbered consecutively corresponding to in-text citation. Each table should be prepared on a separate page at the end of the text document and preferably should be no larger than a single page. Include a brief descriptive title of the table and a footnote with explanation of any abbreviations. All tables must be specifically referred to in the text and numbered in order of appearance in the text. Elements in tables should be separated by tabs, not cells or lines.

    Conflict of Interest

    Authors must disclose any commercial, financial, or other associations that could pose a conflict of interest in connection with their submitted article and these must be disclosed on the title page at the time of submission.

     

    Financial Disclosure/Funding

    Authors should list all funding sources related to the study and to the article preparation.

    Copyright

    Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be required to complete an electronic copyright transfer form. From SAGE Track website “Corresponding Author Center” choose the correct manuscript from “Manuscripts with Decisions” and from the ACTION box on the far right side, choose “Contributor Form.” After reading the form and completing the appropriate boxes, clicking the “I accept” box will confirm appropriate copyright transfer.

    Authors are required to submit written permission from the original publisher to reprint copyright-protected material, including quoted material of 300 words or more from a single source (journal article or book). Submission of a manuscript implies commitment to publish in this journal. Authors submitting manuscripts to the journal should not simultaneously submit them to another journal, nor should manuscripts have been published elsewhere in substantially similar contentReference
    American Psychological Association (2009). Publications Manualof the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition. Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.

    Publish Ahead of Print With OnlineFirst

    OnlineFirst is a feature in which completed articles are published online prior to their inclusion in a print issue, offering authors the advantage of making their research accessible to the public in a more timely manner. Only online subscribers can view these PDFs, but abstracts are available to the public to view for free. Each OnlineFirst manuscript is citable by the publication date of the manuscript’s first online posting and the Digital Object Identifier (DOI), providing a persistent, permanent way to identify manuscripts published in the online environment. You can cite OnlineFirst articles as follows:

    Author’s last name, first initials. Article title. Journal title. Prepublished month day, year; DOI: 10.1177/ 0123456789123456

    Once your article has completed the production process and before it is published in a print issue, it will be posted online. You can access EA OnlineFirst articles on journal's website. Once posted online, articles may not be retracted or edited. If your article is not completed prior to its publication date, it will not go on OnlineFirst but will be posted online with the issue in which it is published
     

    SAGE Choice

    If you or your funder wishes your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to the payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self/author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    ENGLISH LANGUAGE HELP

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at http://www.sagepub.com/journalgateway/engLang.htm.

     

    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

    DIRECT SUBMISSION QUESTIONS TO:

    Dr. Moin Syed
    Associate Professor of Psychology
    University of Minnesota
    E-mail: eaj@umn.edu

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    Institutional Subscription, E-access


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