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Encyclopedia of Journalism
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Encyclopedia of Journalism

Six Volume Set

September 2009 | 3 136 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

"Written in a clear and accessible style that would suit the needs of journalists and scholars alike, this encyclopedia is highly recommended for large news organizations and all schools of journalism." —Starred Review, Library Journal

Journalism permeates our lives and shapes our thoughts in ways we've long taken for granted. Whether we listen to National Public Radio in the morning, view the lead story on the Today show, read the morning newspaper headlines, stay up-to-the-minute with Internet news, browse grocery store tabloids, receive Time magazine in our mailbox, or watch the nightly news on television, journalism pervades our daily activities. The six-volume Encyclopedia of Journalism covers all significant dimensions of journalism, including print, broadcast, and Internet journalism; U.S. and international perspectives; history; technology; legal issues and court cases; ownership; and economics. The set contains more than 350 signed entries under the direction of leading journalism scholar Christopher H. Sterling of The George Washington University. In the A-to-Z volumes 1 through 4, both scholars and journalists contribute articles that span the field's wide spectrum of topics, from design, editing, advertising, and marketing to libel, censorship, First Amendment rights, and bias to digital manipulation, media hoaxes, political cartoonists, and secrecy and leaks. Also covered are recently emerging media such as podcasting, blogs, and chat rooms. The last two volumes contain a thorough listing of journalism awards and prizes, a lengthy section on journalism freedom around the world, an annotated bibliography, and key documents. The latter, edited by Glenn Lewis of CUNY Graduate School of Journalism and York College/CUNY, comprises dozens of primary documents involving codes of ethics, media and the law, and future changes in store for journalism education.

Key Themes

  • Consumers and Audiences
  • Criticism and Education
  • Economics
  • Ethnic and Minority Journalism
  • Issues and Controversies
  • Journalist Organizations
  • Journalists
  • Law and Policy
  • Magazine Types
  • Motion Pictures
  • Networks
  • News Agencies and Services
  • News Categories
  • News Media: U.S.
  • News Media: World
  • Newspaper Types
  • News Program Types
  • Online Journalism
  • Political Communications
  • Processes and Routines of Journalism
  • Radio and Television
  • Technology

David Abrahamson
News Weeklies
Terry Adams
Graphics/TV Production
Chad Raphael
Broadcast Network Documentaries
Chad Raphael
Libel
Stephen L. Raymer
Photo Editors
Sam G. Riley
Columnists, Print
Terry Adams
Labor Unions/Broadcasting Unions
Edward Alwood
Gay/Lesbian News Media
Edward Alwood
Gays and Lesbians: Journalism's Coverage
Maurine Beasley
Presidential Families
Maurine Beasley
Presidential Scandals
Joseph Bernt
Business Magazines
Joseph Bernt
Journalism Trade Magazines
Joseph Bernt
Publishers' Groups
Claude-Jean Bertrand
Press Councils
Claude-Jean Bertrand
Media Accountability Systems
Elizabeth Bird
Tabloids
Oliver Boyd-Barrett
Free Flow of Information
Susan Brinson
Blacklisting/Red Scare
Dane Claussen
Academic Associations
Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez
Migrants/Immigration
America Rodriguez
Hispanic/Latino News Media
Todd Schaefer
Congress and Journalism
Frederick Schauer
First Amendment
Holli A. Semetko
Election Coverage
Janet Steele
Development Journalism
Sarah Stein
Documentary Film
Linda Steiner
Scholarly Journals
David A. Stout
Religious News Media
Randall S. Sumpter
Values, News
Michael S. Sweeney
Military and the Media
Silvio Waisbord
Risk and News
Doug Ward
Editing
Jean Ann Colbert
Peace Journalism
Jean Ann Colbert
Lifestyle
Michael J. Zuckerman
Gannett
 
USA Today
Matthew Powers
Objectivity (Balance, Fairness, Taste)
Patricia Phalen
Audience Research
Jesse Holcomb
Social Network Websites
David Copeland
Publick Occurences
David Copeland
Hoaxes
Susan Tyler Eastman
Sportscasters
Matthew C. Ehrlich
Journalism as Depicted in Film
Victoria Smith Ekstrand
Associated Press
Victoria Smith Ekstrand
United Press International
Victoria Smith Ekstrand
Images, Ownership of
Michael Evans
Native American News Media
Elizabeth Fakazis
New Journalism and the Nonfiction Novel
Elizabeth Fakazis
Food
Anthony L. Fargo
Shield Law
Mark Feldstein
Investigative (news content category)
Mark Feldstein
Investigative Reporters
Mark Feldstein
Muckrakers
Ray Fielding
Newsreels
Kathy Roberts Forde
Literary/Narrative Journalism
Lewis A. Friedland
Citizen Journalism
Tanni Haas
Public/Civic Journalism
Tanni Haas
Blogs and Bloggers
Dan Hallin
Press/Government Relations, Theories of
W. Wat Hopkins
Privacy
Mark Harmon
Investigative Journalism Organizations
Berkley Hudson
Photojournalists
Lee Huebner
International Herald Tribune (Paris)
 
(DROPPED) Interviewers
John Pavlik
Computers
Don Ritchie
Washington, D.C.
 
(DROPPED) Network Interview Programs
Sallie Hughes
Mexico
Dina Ibrahim
Reporters, Radio
Sandeep Junnarkar
Digital Journalism Tools
Jane E. Kirtley
Free Press/Fair Trial
Jane E. Kirtley
Gag Orders
Martha Joynt Kumar
News Conferences
Richard Landesberg
Talk/News Radio
Matthew Lasar
Pacifica Stations
 
Plagiarism
Mike Lyons
TASS/Russian Agencies
Gerard Matthews
Infotainment
Albert L. May
Political Reporters
Nell McGarity
Student Journalism
Kimberly Meltzer
Anchors/Newscasters, TV
Fritz Messere
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Fritz Messere
Sunshine Law
Peter Miller
Polls and Public Opinion
Orayb Najjar
Al Jazeera
Orayb Najjar
Al Arabia
Orayb Najjar
Al Manar
Philip Napoli
Advocacy Groups
John Nerone
Free Expression, History of
Rafael Obregon
New World Information/Communication Order
Christine Ogan
Decline of News Audiences/Consumption
Andy Opel
Community Radio
Mark Lloyd
Access to Media
Doug Cumming
Atlanta
Rodney Tiffen
Australia
Christopher Sterling
Cables (undersea)
David Davies
Civil Rights/Race
Christopher Sterling
Commentators, Radio
Marsha Ducey
Community Press
Brooke Barnett
Crime and the Courts
Dennis Dunleavy
Digital Photography
Paula Poindexter
Diversity in Newscoverage
Alice Bonner
Diversity in the Newsroom
John C Watson
Diversity Policy
Christopher Sterling
Equal Time
Kathleen Endres
Feminist News Media
Dietram A. Scheufele
Framing
Robin Gallagher
Indecency and Obscenity
Philip Meyer
Precision Journalism
Jesper Stromback
Scandinavia
Therese L. Lueck
Star News (Asia)
Christopher Sterling
Videotex/Teletext
Michael S. Sweeney
War and the Military
Michael S. Sweeney
War Correspondents
 
Audience
Lee Thornton
Docudrama
 
Newsroom Culture
Roderick Hart
Letters-to-the-Editor
Drew McDaniel
Asia (other than China, India, Japan)
Drew McDaniel
Asian American News Media
Polly McLean
Africa (Sub-Saharan)
Yuri Obata
Japan
Craig Carroll
Innovation Journalism
Juliet Gill
Miami
Juliet Gill
South America
Marsha Ducey
Agenda Setting
Marsha Ducey
Anchors/Newscasters, Radio
Marsha Ducey
CBS News
Marsha Ducey
Copyright/Intellectual Property
Marsha Ducey
Denver
John Hendricks
Ethnic Minority Networks
John Hendricks
Film, News (for television)
John Hendricks
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
John Hendricks
Germany
John Hendricks
Internet, Impact on Media
John Hendricks
Israel
John Hendricks
Joint Operating Agreements
John Hendricks
Journalism and Social Movements
John Hendricks
Magazine Design
John Hendricks
Minorities
John Hendricks
National Public Radio
John Hendricks
Professionalism
John Hendricks
Public Radio Journalism
John Hendricks
Religion
John Hendricks
San Francisco
John Hendricks
Secrecy/Security/Leaks
John Hendricks
Sportscasters, Radio
John Hendricks
Sportscasters, Television
John Hendricks
St. Louis
John Hendricks
Theories of Journalism
John Hendricks
Trade Magazines
John Hendricks
Women in Broadcast News
 
Digital Television
 
Podcasting
 
Digital Manipulation
Mark Harmon
Accreditation
Mark Harmon
Africa, North
Mark Harmon
African-American News Media
Mark Harmon
Agence France Press
Mark Harmon
Agriculture/Rural (electronic)
Mark Harmon
Agriculture/Rural (print)
Mark Harmon
Bias
Mark Harmon
Boston
Mark Harmon
Cable Television
Mark Harmon
Cartoonists, Political
Mark Harmon
Censorship/Prior Restraint
Mark Harmon
Chicago
Mark Harmon
China
Mark Harmon
Comics
Mark Harmon
Commentators, Television
Mark Harmon
Comparative Models of Journalism
Mark Harmon
Corruption/Conflict of Interest
Mark Harmon
Credibility
Mark Harmon
Dallas-Ft. Worth
Mark Harmon
Delivery/Distribution
Mark Harmon
Desktop Publishing
Mark Harmon
Deutsche Welle
Mark Harmon
Editorials
Mark Harmon
Education
Mark Harmon
Electronic Newsgathering
Deni Elliot
Embedded Reporters
Mark Harmon
Employment/Careers
Mark Harmon
Entertainment
Mark Harmon
Ethics
Mark Harmon
Foreign Correspondents, Electronic
Mark Harmon
Freelance Writers/Stringers
 
Government
Mark Harmon
Graphics
Mark Harmon
History II: 1850-1930
Mark Harmon
Hong Kong
Mark Harmon
Human Interest
Mark Harmon
India
Mark Harmon
International Organizations
Mark Harmon
Juvenile Offenders (coverage of)
Mark Harmon
Kansas City
Mark Harmon
Maps/Cartography
 
Mass Media, Possible Decline of
 
Natural Disasters
 
Network Evening News Programs
 
News Hole
 
Newspaper Preservation Act
 
PANA
 
Photo Journals
 
Printing
 
Public Broadcasting Services
 
Satire Comedy Shows
 
Seattle
 
Self Regulation
 
Sensationalism/Yellow Journalism
 
Shortwave
 
Singapore
 
Telephones/Cellphones
 
Tye and Typography
 
U.S. International Communications
 
Video News Releases
 
Convergence
 
Baltimore
 
Controlled Circulation
 
Obituaries
 
Stars and Stripes
 
Telegraph
 
Weekly Press
 
Houston
 
Online and Digital Editing
 
Advocacy Press
Victoria Goff
Alternative and Underground Press
Connie Brook
Audience Research Organizations
Joseph Graf
Chat Rooms
Elizabeth Skewes
Checkbook Journalism
Razvan Sibii
Criticism of Journalism
Connie Brook
Diffusion
Don Grady
Digital Sound
Angela Smith
Tabloid Television
Elizabeth Skewes
Reporters, Print
Elizabeth Skewes
Press Pools
Elizabeth Skewes
Presidency and Journalism
Razvan Sibii
Soviet Union/Russia (Pravda, Izvestia)
Elizabeth Skewes
Spin (News Management, Pseudo Events, etc.)
Victoria Goff
Women's Magazines
 
Canada (modern)
 
Recording
 
Foreign/Regional Correspondents, Print
 
Boston
Rex Martin, Rex Martin
Advertorials
Rex Martin, Rex Martin
Automation
Rex Martin, Rex Martin
Globalization
Rex Martin, Rex Martin
News Aggregators
Rex Martin, Rex Martin
Reporters, Online
Rex Martin, Rex Martin
Satirists, Political
Rex Martin, Rex Martin
Dow Jones
Rex Martin
Wall Street Journal
Rex Martin
Newsprint
Rex Martin
Weather
Elio Leturia
Newspaper Design
Katie Kohrs
Bandwagon Journalism
Amanda Hinnant
Health Journalism
Kathleen O'Toole
Public Television News
Kyu Youm
International and Comparative Law
Chris Roush
Business Journalism
Chris Roush
Bloomberg
Michael Dorsher
Sports
Michael Dorsher
Sportswriters
Michael Dorsher
Digital Media Europe
Michael Dorsher
Minneapolis and St. Paul
Thomas Lieb
Discussion Boards
Thomas Lieb
Distribution, Online
Elizabeth Nice
British Magazines
Doug Cumming
Editors
 
Academic Accreditation
 
British Broadcasting Regulation
 
British Press Regulation
 
British Roots of Free Press
 
Consultants, News
 
Fox News
 
International Journalism
 
New York
 
Opinion Magazines
 
Quality Magazines
Graham Meikle
British New News Media
Matt Carlson
Broadsheet Newspapers
Yunjuan Luo
China News
Christina Bertsch
Government, State and Local, Coverage Of
Patricia Dooley
History of Journalism: 1930 to 1995
Patricia Dooley
History of Journalism: since 1995
 
(DROPPED) News Councils
Elizabeth Skewes
Parody of News
Berrin Beasley
History of Journalism: to 1850
Nicole Maurantonio
Philadelphia
Mary Bock
Video Journalism
Jef Richards, Jef Richards
Advertising
Colin Philpott, Colin Philpott
Archives and Museums
Lokman Tsui, Lokman Tsui
Audio and Video Streaming
Heather Gilbert, Heather Gilbert
Books as Journalism
Richard Tait, Richard Tait
British Commercial News Journalism
Richard Keeble, Richard Keeble
British Literary Journalism
Bob Franklin, Bob Franklin
British Print Media
John Tulloch, John Tulloch
British Tabloid Press
Kimberly Meltzer, Kimberly Meltzer
Celebrity and Fan Magazines
Nicole Maurantonio, Nicole Maurantonio
Civil Unrest, Coverage of
Olga Bailey, Olga Bailey
Émigré News Media
Robert Wyss, Robert Wyss
Environmental Journalism
Heather Gilbert, Heather Gilbert
France
Michael Serazio, Michael Serazio
Free Newspapers
Diane Borden, Diane Borden
Los Angeles
Donald Browne, Donald Browne
Minorities and Satellite Services
Mary Rogus, Mary Rogus
Morning Television
Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt, Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt
News as Narrative
Kimberly Meltzer, Kimberly Meltzer
Op-Ed Pages
Michael Higgins, Michael Higgins
Political Action Committees
Heather Gilbert, Heather Gilbert
Poverty, Coverage of
Mary Rogus, Mary Rogus
Producers
Heather Gilbert, Heather Gilbert
Publishers
Suzie Dundas, Suzie Dundas
Travel Journalism
Janice Hamlet
Columns
David Burns
Middle East
Elizabeth Skewes
New York Times
 
Classified Advertising
 
Presidents, Coverage of
Richard Popp
Clipping Services
Yasmine Dabbous
Criticism
Deni Elliot
Deception
Mugur Geana
Marketing
Rick Popp
News Syndication
Sally Lehrman
Race and Ethnicity, Coverage of
Marisa Lubeck
Satire
Chris Burnett
Labor Journalism
Razvan Sibii
Media Literacy
Elizabeth Skewes
Layout
Mark Pedelty
Environmental
Razvan Sibii
Euronews
Razvan Sibii
Europe (other than Britain, France, Germany)
Elizabeth Skewes
Gannett
Elizabeth Skewes
Government and Journalism at State and Local Level
Elizabeth Skewes
Hard/Soft News
Robert Dardenne
Media Hoaxes/Panic
 
Canada, Modern
 
Bandwagon Journalism
 
Government, Federal Coverage of
 
Hong Kong
 
Science and Technology Journalism
 
Self Regulation
 
Media Ownership
 
Graphics
 
Terrorism, Coverage of
 
Canada, Historical
 
Supreme Court Journalism
 
British Broadcasting Corporation
 
Audience

"With around 360 A-Z entries covering trends, issues, concepts, individuals, institutions, media outlets, and events, this is the most ambitious reference work published on the topic to date."

Booklist Online

"....Written in a clear and accessible style that would suit the needs of journalists and scholars alike, this encyclopedia is highly recommended for large news organizations and all schools of journalism."-LIBRARY JOURNAL (starred review)

LIBRARY JOURNAL

"....This long-overdue publication combines well-written entries with essential supporting documents in one set. Its cost, considering its quality and comprehensiveness, is within reason.... This title comes at an opportune time. It offers an overview of past practices, an examination of current conditions, and a glimpse into the future. Summing Up: Essential. Lower-level undergraduates and above. ****"

R. L. Abbott
University of Evansville
CHOICE

"Since the Woodward-Bernstein investigation of the Watergate scandal, journalism-or more broadly, "the media"-has secured a major role in American political and cultural life. The Encyclopedia of Journalism is the most ambitious reference work published on this topic to date.... The scope of the coverage is wide and ranges from industry and economics... to controversies...to news agencies and services...to online journalism...to numerous other subjects, such as Comics, Environmental journalism, and Newsweekly magazines.... [T]he volumes offer many fascinating essays and unique articles.... Highly recommended for academic libraries and large public libraries."

Donald Altschiller
BOOKLIST
Key features
  • Journalism is a broad topic of interest to academics, practitioners, and the public.
  • of interest to academics, practitioners, and the public.
  • The project is a natural complement to our three other media encyclopedias: New Media, Public Relations, and Alternative Media.
  • New Media, Public Relations, and Alternative Media.

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