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Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
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Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Freedom's Journey

Edited by:


© 2018 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Bringing together conceptual, practice, and advocacy knowledge, Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery: Freedom's Journey explores the complexities of human trafficking and modern-day slavery through a global perspective. This comprehensive, multidisciplinary text includes a discussion of the root causes and structural issues that continue to plague society, as well as real-life case studies and vignettes, the words of human trafficking survivors, and insights from first responders and anti-trafficking advocates. Each chapter includes a “call to action” to inspire readers to implement a range of strategies designed to disrupt, eradicate, or mitigate human trafficking and modern-day slavery.

 
About the Author
 
About the Contributors
 
Acknowledgments
 
Preface
 
PART 1 HISTORICAL CONTEXTS, DEFINITIONS, AND ROOT CAUSES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND MODERN-DAY SLAVERY
 
1 Introduction and History of Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives  
History of Slavery  
Defining Trafficking  
Sex Trafficking  
Understanding Sex Work  
Labor Trafficking  
Conceptual Approaches to Human Trafficking  
Scope of the Issue  
Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report  
Alternatives to the TIP Report  
Call to Action: A Multitude of Lenses  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
2 The Law of Supply and Demand: The Business of Trafficking
Chapter Objectives  
Demand Dynamics  
Supply Side  
Beyond Supply and Demand  
Call to Action: Changing the Business Model  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
3 Social Determinants of Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives  
Social Determinants  
Poverty  
Militarization  
World War II Sex Slaves (“Comfort Women”)  
Case Vignette: Chien  
Corruption  
Female Gender  
Race and Ethnicity  
Culture  
Caste and Class  
Call to Action: Ending Trafficking by Targeting Social Determinants  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
PART 2 CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS
 
4 Trauma-Informed Care
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Defining Trauma  
Complex Trauma  
Neurobiology and Trauma  
Impact of Trauma-Informed Care  
Trauma-Informed Care and Trafficking  
Principles to Guide Practice  
Implementing Trauma-Informed Care  
Trauma-Informed Practice Example: Seeking Safety  
Meditation and Mindfulness  
Complex Case  
Call to Action: Strengths-Based and Trauma-Informed  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
5 Case Management
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Defining Case Management  
Implementing Case Management  
Resources for Case Managers  
Effective Approaches  
Challenges  
Complex Case  
Call to Action: Coordination, Communication, Case Management  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
6 Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Chapter Objectives  
Defining Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy  
Implementing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy  
PTSD: Common Diagnosis with Victims of Trafficking  
Current Issues with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy  
Complex Case  
Call to Action: Reframe and Rethink  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
7 Survivor Advocate Model
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Pimp Appropriation  
Survivor Advocate Model  
Examples of Survivor Advocate Models  
12 Beliefs  
Challenges  
Complex Case  
Call to Action: No Justice, No Peace  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
8 Interventions for Commercially Sexually Exploited Children (CSEC)
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Overview of CSEC  
The Language of CSEC  
Screening for CSEC  
Widely Used CSEC Interventions  
Global Child Trafficking  
Case Vignette: Amber  
Call to Action: One Child Is One Child Too Many  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
PART 3 POLICY INTERVENTIONS
 
9 Landmark Policies in Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
The United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime: The Palermo Protocols  
United States: Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000  
Highlight: Kids in Need of Defense (KIND)  
Additional Legislation  
Safe Harbor Laws  
Anti-trafficking Laws: A Global View  
Organizational Highlight: Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking (CAST)  
Case Vignette: Cristela  
Call to Action: Create and Enforce Anti-trafficking Policy Worldwide  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
10 Supply Chain Transparency
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction: Labor Trafficking Overview  
The Ghost Fleet  
Understanding the Supply Chain  
Laws Around Supply Chain Transparency  
Case Study: Brazil, a National Pact for the Eradication of Slave Labor  
The Road to Transparency  
Highlight: H2B Visas and Migration  
California Transparency in Supply Chains Act (CA–TISC)  
Highlight: Alliance to Stop Slavery and End Trafficking (ASSET)  
Modern Slavery Act–UK  
Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) (Executive Order 13,627) and the Trade Facilitation Enforcement Act of 2015 (H.R. 644)  
Challenges  
Best Practices  
Case Vignette: Edward  
Call to Action: Transparency to Freedom  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
PART 4 ADVOCACY, ACTIVISM, AND INNOVATIONS
 
11 Grassroots’ Advocacy and Activism
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
(Human) Rights-Based Approach  
Advocacy and Activism  
Highlight: UN Women  
Feminist Movement Building  
Highlight: Coalition Against Trafficking Women  
Grassroots Initiatives  
Forging Institutional Partnerships  
Developing Public and Institutional Support Through Research and Advocacy  
Overall Insights: From the Local to the Global Perspective  
Challenges  
Call to Action: Advocacy and Activism to End Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
12 Faith-Based Organizations
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Faith-Based Services  
Faith-Based Abolitionist Movements  
Highlight: Hookers for Jesus (Domestic Organizational Highlight)  
Faith-Based Services, Programs, and Projects  
Highlight: Wellspring International  
Challenges  
Case Vignette: Fellowship Monrovia  
Call to Action: Be the Light  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
13 Prevention
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Ecosystems Lens  
Addressing Root Causes  
Examples of Best Practices  
Adequate Training  
Corporate Social Responsibility and Supply Chain Management  
Challenges  
Call to Action: Address “Complete Range of Vulnerabilities” for Effective Prevention  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
14 Social Innovations in Human Trafficking: Solutions to a Wicked Problem
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Wicked Problems  
Growing Innovation in the Anti-trafficking Movement  
Best Practices in Social Innovation  
Highlight: LaborVoices  
Highlight: Traffickcam  
Challenges  
Case Vignette: The Mariposa Center  
Call to Action: Impact and Disruption as The Road to Ending Trafficking  
Guiding Questions for Social Labs  
Challenge  
 
15 Ending Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives  
What We Have Learned So Far  
Evolving Trends  
Changing Role of Survivor Advocates and/or Activists  
Case Vignette: Women’s Rights Defenders  
Call to Action: End Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery Now!  
Survivor Statements: In Our Own Words . . .  
Discussion Questions  
Challenge  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

"This excellent text offers a meaningful contribution to knowledge on the pressing issue of human slavery.  Its use of a systems perspective coupled with an emphasis on advocacy represents an ideal combination of scholarship and practice vital to any examination — and response — to human trafficking."

Jorja Leap
University of California, Los Angeles

Labor trafficking continues to be an invisible issue. Enrile  takes labor trafficking out of the shadows and puts it in plain view for the reader; highlighting the challenges we face as individuals, and within local and international communities to target labor law violations and control supply chains.” 

Wendy Stickle
University of Maryland

 “The text does a skillful job of integrating various perspectives relevant to understanding the problem of human trafficking. It takes a problem-solving approach to trafficking that fully recognizes the complexities of this vital concern.”

Kali Wright-Smith
Westminster College

“Historical and contemporary, critical and applied, global and local, this book provides both a rich overview of the problem of human trafficking and a detailed account of strategies for addressing it at practice and policy levels.” 

David Porteous
Middlesex University

“This book offers a comprehensive and holistic look at issues of contemporary slavery.” 

Marie A. Conn
Chestnut Hill College

“Enrile’s systems perspective and focus on advocating for survivor interventions adds a robust dimension to any study of human trafficking.” 

Manuel F. Zamora
Angelo State University

“This text takes a thorough intellectual look at the problem of human trafficking and the very real issues impeding those who would bring it to an end.” 

Nancy Janus
Eckerd College

“An interesting and useful book which fills a notable gap in the literature.” 

Simon Sneddon
University of Northampton

“A multi-disciplinary text which encompasses a vast range of aspects concerning trafficking and modern day slavery.” 

Jan Bourne-Day
Manchester Metropolitan University

“A timely and substantial contribution to the global issue of human slavery, this text introduces students to the comprehensive suite of responses currently being utilized in the US and beyond, whilst basing such discussions within a practice-orientated domain.” 

N. Chubbock
Nottingham Trent University
Key features

KEY FEATURES:

  • Thought-provoking research enables students to contrast a variety of viewpoints and develop critical thinking skills.
  • Case vignettes allow students to experience the nuances of a single case taken through several iterations based on context, circumstance, and availability of resources.
  • Cases and examples presented are based on the authors’ interactions and communication with survivors and their allies.
  • Calls to action in every chapter provide readers with a path to empowerment through a role in anti-trafficking activities.
  • An advocate/practitioner perspective allows readers to see issues not only through the eyes of the client, survivor, or victim, but also through the additional lens of the helping professional, advocate, or organizer.
  • A feminist, ecosystems theoretical lens provides readers with a solid perspective not only of the issue but of the issue’s root causes.

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