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Energizing India
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Energizing India
Towards a Resilient and Equitable Energy System

  • Suman Bery - Chief Economist, Shell International, The Hague, Netherlands
  • Arunabha Ghosh - PhD, CEO, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW)
  • Ritu Mathur - PhD, Professor, Department of Energy and Environment, TERI University
  • Subrata Basu - Consultant, Finance and Strategy team, Shell, Bengaluru
  • Karthik Ganesan - Senior Research Associate, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), India
  • Rhodri Owen-Jones - Energy Analyst, Corporate Strategy and Planning, Shell

January 2017 | 192 pages | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd

This volume explores opportunities and challenges in articulating and implementing a robust but flexible set of strategies for meeting India’s primary energy needs; making the energy system more resilient, in order to drive India’s economic growth, and more equitable, in order to fulfil the basic energy needs of all citizens in an uncertain future. A range of national scenarios is explored to examine possibilities of fuel and technology substitutions along two time horizons: in some detail until 2030 and also mapping out plausible pathways to 2050.

This volume is the first time a tripartite effort has been undertaken by an IOC (Shell) and two reputed think-tanks (CEEW and TERI) to develop a single narrative on energy choices and related issues in India. It combines Shell’s international and energy-specific know-how with CEEW and TERI’s domestic and broader sustainable development experience. Finally, it is unique in its treatment of the energy sector as a whole in India’s development (focusing on both the technology and policy dimensions), and in its engagement with the world (including diplomatic and security dimensions).

 

 
Foreword by Harry Brekelmans, Jamshyd N Godrej and Ajay Mathur
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgements
 
Overview
 
Four impending transitions
 
India’s energy aspirations
 
India’s energy choices
 
Coal, gas and renewables in the primary energy mix
 
Which transport fuels can India depend on for its growing mobility needs?
 
A “no-regret” strategy for infrastructure
 
Articulating a technology trajectory under uncertainty
 
An integrated energy pricing regime sensitive to the needs of India’s energy-poor
 
Aligning energy pricing with policy objectives
 
Relying on overseas assets or global energy markets to deal with volatility in global energy prices
 
An integrated policy environment
 
INDIA’S ENERGY FUTURE
 
On an energy-intensive industrialization pathway
 
Climbing the energy ladder
 
Increased role for renewables
 
Importing fossil fuels: essential for an industrializing India
 
Transportation for a growing population
 
Energy for an urbanizing India
 
Reducing energy poverty with cleaner fuels
 
Preparing for a decarbonizing world
 
Conclusions
 
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR AN INTEGRATED ENERGY SYSTEM
 
Energy consumption and the infrastructure required
 
Infrastructure and lock-in
 
Regulating India’s future energy infrastructure
 
Laws
 
Regulating energy infrastructure through contracts
 
Putting together the pieces
 
Coal
 
Natural gas
 
Renewables
 
Domestic manufacturing and research and development
 
Soft infrastructure
 
Building human capabilities
 
Financing
 
Conclusions
 
TECHNOLOGY FOR A PRODUCTIVE ENERGY SYSTEM
 
Key technologies required for India’s energy system
 
Coal reserves and production
 
Oil and gas reserves and production
 
Conversion technologies
 
Transmission and distribution
 
Demand technologies
 
Conclusions
 
PRICING FOR AN EFFICIENT ENERGY SYSTEM
 
Why is efficient pricing important?
 
India a market in transition—the need for efficient energy markets
 
Efficiency pricing to integrate domestic and international energy supply
 
Coal pricing in India
 
Gas pricing
 
Electricity pricing
 
Raising energy prices (as only one means) to ensure investment
 
Managing the transition to higher prices
 
Reforming energy subsidies
 
Moving to renewables
 
Energy conservation and innovative pricing
 
Taxation
 
Upstream hydrocarbon taxation
 
INDIA IN GLOBAL ENERGY MARKETS
 
Seeking energy security, not energy independence
 
Understanding energy security
 
Evolving definitions of energy security—more than quantities and prices
 
Energy security for India
 
Seeking assured supply
 
Public, private or both?
 
Lagging far behind China
 
An effective strategy?
 
Seeking safe passage
 
Ownership of tankers
 
Cooperating over security threats?
 
Seeking secure storage
 
Adequate storage?
 
Is additional storage the only way?
 
What institutional best practices?
 
Seeking international cooperation
 
Little capacity to be involved in multiple forums
 
Choosing functional institutions
 
Conclusions
 
POLITICS AND POLICIES FOR A RESILIENT AND EQUITABLE ENERGY SYSTEM
 
The need for stable and consistent policies
 
The licensing regime for exploring hydrocarbons
 
Rationing domestic national gas
 
Coal mining
 
The need for an integrated policy environment
 
Linking supply to demand
 
Ensuring energy access
 
Generating thermal power
 
Strengthening institutional links
 
Moving to independent regulation
 
Conclusion

This book will start a public debate towards developing long-term sustainable policies to strengthen the Indian energy sector.

Suresh Prabhu
Minister of Railways

“This book will start a public debate towards developing long-term sustainable policies to strengthen the Indian energy sector.”

Suresh Prabhu,
Minister of Railways
Key features

This volume explores opportunities and challenges in articulating and implementing a robust but flexible set of strategies for meeting India’s primary energy needs; making the energy system more resilient, in order to drive India’s economic growth, and more equitable, in order to fulfil the basic energy needs of all citizens in an uncertain future. A range of national scenarios is explored to examine possibilities of fuel and technology substitutions along two time horizons: in some detail until 2030 and also mapping out plausible pathways to 2050.

This volume is the first time a tripartite effort has been undertaken by an IOC (Shell) and two reputed think-tanks (CEEW and TERI) to develop a single narrative on energy choices and related issues in India. It combines Shell’s international and energy-specific know-how with CEEW and TERI’s domestic and broader sustainable development experience. Finally, it is unique in its treatment of the energy sector as a whole in India’s development (focusing on both the technology and policy dimensions), and in its engagement with the world (including diplomatic and security dimensions).


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ISBN: 9789385985232