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Essentials of Community Corrections
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Essentials of Community Corrections

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January 2018 | 408 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Essentials of Community Corrections offers students a concise and practical perspective on community corrections while emphasizing successful offender reentry through strong community partnerships. Author Robert D. Hanser draws on his expertise with offender treatment planning, special needs populations, and the comparative criminal justice fields to present a complete introduction to community corrections today. A variety of practical pedagogical tools offer students insights into the daily lives of those working in the field, encouraging students to start thinking like practitioners. 

Key Features: 

  • What Would You Do? assignments give students the chance to apply what they have learned by analyzing real-world scenarios to determine the best course of action for common challenges in community supervision. 
  • Applied Theory inserts throughout the book provide a focused application of a specific theory to particular issues in community corrections. 
  • Cross-National Perspective boxes demonstrate common themes in community corrections around the world, as well as different approaches used in other countries. 
  • Applied Exercises encourage students to reflect on their understanding of each chapter's content and to demonstrate their competence in using the information, techniques, and processes that they have learned. 
  • Food for Thought features at the end of each chapter guide students through a recent research study related to community corrections and include follow-up questions to help students think critically.
  • Sharing Your Opinion questions at the end of each chapter empower students to express their own views on the issues covered in the text.

The free, open-access Student Study site at study.sagepub.com/hanseress features carefully selected video links, access to SAGE journal articles, and more! Instructors, sign in at study.sagepub.com/hanseress for additional resources! 

 


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
Chapter 1. Definitions, History, and Development of Community Corrections
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Early Alternative Sanctions: Sanctuary

 
Early Alternative Sanctions: Benefit of Clergy

 
Early Alternative Sanctions: Judicial Reprieve

 
Early Alternative Sanctions: Recognizance

 
The Beginning of Probation

 
The Beginning of Parole

 
Philosophical Basis of Community Corrections—Both Probation and Parole

 
Suggested Theoretical Approach to Reintegration and Offender Treatment

 
Probation and Parole From 1960 Onward

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 2. Community Corrections: Public Safety Is Job One
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Key Criminological and Psychological-Theoretical Perspectives

 
Excessive Caseloads and Their Impact on Community Protection

 
Using the Community to Improve Safety: Volunteers and Neighborhood Programs

 
Improving Public Safety: How Individual Volunteers Can Make a Difference

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 3. Assessment and Risk Prediction
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
The Presentence Investigation Report (PSI)

 
The Basics of Risk Assessment

 
False Positives and False Negatives

 
Static and Dynamic Risk Factors

 
The Appropriate Use of Subjective and Objective Assessments

 
Recidivism Prediction

 
The Link Between Theory and Risk Prediction

 
Better Diagnosis: The Need for Improved Assessment

 
Classification

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 4. The Role of the Practitioner
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Tasks and Nature of Work for Probation Officers

 
Pay and Demographics of Probation Officers

 
Role Confusion, Stress, and Burnout Related to the Job of Probation Officers

 
Education, Training, and Qualifications for Probation Officers

 
Tasks and Nature of Work for Parole Officers

 
Education, Training, and Qualifications of Parole Officers

 
When Probation and Parole Are Combined Into One Department

 
Supervision Styles of Community Supervision Officers

 
Firearms and the Community Supervision Officer

 
Nature of Work for Treatment Professionals

 
Record Keeping, Case Notes, and Administrative Duties With the Courts

 
Types of Treatment Providers in the Community Corrections System

 
Challenges to the Work of a Correctional Treatment Provider

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 5. Legal Liabilities and Risk Management
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
State Levels of Liability

 
Forms of Immunity and Types of Defense

 
Indemnification, Representation, and Types of Damages

 
Legal Issues of Disclosure With Presentence Investigation Reports

 
Liability of Parole Board Members for Violation of Substantive or Procedural Rights

 
Parole Board Liability for Released Offenders Who Recidivate

 
The Use of Objective Instruments as a Safeguard From Liability

 
Probationer and Parolee Case Law Regarding Due Process During Revocation

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 6. Needs-Based Case Management and Case Planning
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Basics of Case Management in Community Corrections

 
Client Needs Assessment

 
Caseload Assignment Models

 
Standards of Classification

 
Assessment

 
The Supervision Plan

 
Client Contracting and Supervision Planning

 
Addressing Offender Needs Holistically

 
Treatment Screening and Screening Tools

 
Treatment Planning

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 7. The Viability of Treatment Perspectives
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
The Martinson Report—Revisited

 
The Need for Community-Based Treatment and the Pitfalls of Treatment Programs in Institutional Settings

 
Motivational Interviewing and Community Supervision Staff

 
Community Supervision Staff and Treatment Staff: Effective Alliances

 
Different Types of Treatment Modalities/Orientations in Therapy

 
Different Types of Treatment Programs

 
Different Types of Treatment Professionals

 
Treatment Staff, Referrals, and Increased Human Supervision

 
Progress in Treatment Programs and the Likelihood of Recidivism

 
Educating the Community About Treatment Benefits and Integrating Citizen and Agency Involvement

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 8. Community-Based Residential Treatment Facilities
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Initial Offender Processing in the Jail Setting

 
The Use of Jail Diversion Programs to Alleviate Jail Crowding

 
Historical Developments of Halfway Houses

 
Various Community Residential Treatment Centers

 
Rural and Urban Residential Centers

 
Work Release and Study Release Programs

 
Cost-Effectiveness and Actual Program Effectiveness

 
Complex Offender Cases in Residential Facilities

 
Typical Staff in Residential Treatment Facilities

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 9. Intermediate Sanctions
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Fines

 
Community Service

 
Intensive Supervision Probation/Parole (ISP)

 
Electronic Monitoring

 
Global Positioning Systems

 
Home Detention

 
Day Reporting Centers

 
Shock Incarceration/Split Sentencing

 
Methods of Ensuring Compliance—Detecting Drug Use Among Offenders

 
Methods of Ensuring Compliance—Sex Offender Notification Programs and Community Partnerships

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 10. Reentry and Restorative Justice
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Reentry Defined

 
Restorative Justice as a Component of Reentry

 
Restorative Justice Defined

 
Types of Restorative Justice Programs

 
Victims, Restorative Justice, and Reentry

 
Cross-National Perspective: Restorative Justice in Costa Rica: New Implementation in 2012 Holds Promise

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 11. Diversity Issues and Cultural Competence in a Changing Era
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Why Is Diversity So Important in Community Corrections?

 
The Notion of Cultural Competence

 
African American, Latino American, and Asian American Offenders in Metropolitan Areas

 
Minority Caseloads, Minority Gang Affiliations, and Training for Community Supervision Staff

 
Female Offenders

 
Geriatric Offenders

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 12. Specialized and Problematic Offender Typologies
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Sex Offenders

 
Treatment Strategies for Sex Offenders

 
Substance Abusers

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Chapter 13. Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Community Corrections
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Reliability and Validity in Evaluative Studies

 
Evaluation Research

 
Evidence-Based Practices

 
Community Harm With Ineffective Programs: Separating Politics From Science in the Evaluative Process

 
The Future of Community Corrections

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
End-of-Chapter Review: Sharing Your Opinion

 
“What Would You Do?”

 
Applied Exercise

 
Food for Thought

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

Calling all instructors!
It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course.
  • Carefully selected video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Tables and figures from the book are provided for your courses.

Student Study Site

Use the Student Study Site to get the most out of your course!
Our Student Study Site is completely open-access and offers a wide range of additional features.

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Carefully selected video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience

Key features
KEY FEATURES:
  • What Would You Do? assignments give students the chance to apply what they have learned by analyzing real-world scenarios to determine the best course of action for common challenges in community supervision. 
  • Applied Theory inserts throughout the book provide a focused application of a specific theory to particular issues in community corrections. 
  • Cross-National Perspective boxes demonstrate common themes in community corrections around the world, as well as different approaches used in other countries. 
  • Applied Exercises encourage students to reflect on their understanding of each chapter's content and to demonstrate their competence in using the information, techniques, and processes that they have learned. 
  • Food for Thought features at the end of each chapter guide students through a recent research study related to community corrections and include follow-up questions to help students think critically.
  • Sharing Your Opinion questions at the end of each chapter empower students to express their own views on the issues covered in the text.

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