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Essentials of Community Corrections
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Essentials of Community Corrections

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January 2018 | 416 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Offering brief coverage with an applied, practical perspective, The Essentials of Community Corrections covers all the essential topics in the field while emphasizing the importance of reintegration and community partnerships and a focus on risk assessment and classification. Author Robert D. Hanser draws on his expertise with offender treatment planning, special needs populations, and the comparative criminal justice fields to present a complete introduction to the issues and challenges facing community corrections today. Insights into how practitioners work in community corrections are provided, as well as pedagogical tools to help students start thinking like practitioners.

 
1. Definitions, History, and Development of Community Corrections
Early Alternative Sanctions: Sanctuary  
Early Alternative Sanctions: Benefit of Clergy  
Early Alternative Sanctions: Judicial Reprieve  
Early Alternative Sanctions: Recognizance  
The Beginning of Probation  
The Beginning of Parole  
Philosophical Basis of Community Corrections—Both Probation and Parole  
Suggested Theoretical Approach to Reintegration and Offender Treatment  
Probation and Parole From 1960 Onward  
 
2. Community Corrections: Public Safety Is Job One
Key Criminological and Psychological-Theoretical Perspectives  
Excessive Caseloads and Their Impact on Community Protection  
Using the Community to Improve Safety: Volunteers and Neighborhood Programs  
Improving Public Safety: How Individual Volunteers Can Make a Difference  
 
3. Assessment and Risk Prediction
The Presentence Investigation Report (PSI)  
The Basics of Risk Assessment  
False Positives and False Negatives  
Static and Dynamic Risk Factors  
The Appropriate Use of Subjective and Objective Assessments  
Recidivism Prediction  
The Link Between Theory and Risk Prediction  
Better Diagnosis: The Need for Improved Assessment  
Classification  
 
4. The Role of the Practitioner
Tasks and Nature of Work for Probation Officers  
Pay and Demographics of Probation Officers  
Role Confusion, Stress, and Burnout Related to the Job of Probation Officers  
Education, Training, and Qualifications for Probation Officers  
Tasks and Nature of Work for Parole Officers  
Education, Training, and Qualifications of Parole Officers  
When Probation and Parole Are Combined Into One Department  
Firearms and the Community Supervision Officer  
Nature of Work for Treatment Professionals  
Record Keeping, Case Notes, and Administrative Duties With the Courts  
Types of Treatment Providers in the Community Corrections System  
Challenges to the Work of a Correctional Treatment Provider  
 
5. Legal Liabilities and Risk Management
State Levels of Liability  
Forms of Immunity and Types of Defense  
Indemnification, Representation, and Types of Damages  
Legal Issues of Disclosure With Presentence Investigation Reports  
Liability of Parole Board Members for Violation of Substantive or Procedural Rights  
Parole Board Liability for Released Offenders Who Recidivate  
The Use of Objective Instruments as a Safeguard From Liability  
Probationer and Parolee Case Law Regarding Due Process During Revocation  
 
6. Needs-Based Case Management and Case Planning
Client Needs Assessment  
Caseload Assignment Models  
Standards of Classification  
Assessment  
The Supervision Plan  
Client Contracting and Supervision Planning  
Addressing Offender Needs Holistically  
Treatment Screening and Screening Tools  
Treatment Planning  
 
7. The Viability of Treatment Perspectives
The Martinson Report—Revisited  
The Need for Community-Based Treatment and the Pitfalls of Treatment Programs in Institutional Settings  
Community Supervision Staff and Treatment Staff: Effective Alliances  
Different Types of Treatment Modalities/Orientations in Therapy  
Different Types of Treatment Programs  
Different Types of Treatment Professionals  
Treatment Staff, Referrals, and Increased Human Supervision  
Progress in Treatment Programs and the Likelihood of Recidivism  
Educating the Community About Treatment Benefits and Integrating Citizen and Agency Involvement  
 
8. Community-Based Residential Treatment Facilities
Initial Offender Processing in the Jail Setting  
The Use of Jail Diversion Programs to Alleviate Jail Crowding  
Historical Developments of Halfway Houses  
Various Community Residential Treatment Centers  
Rural and Urban Residential Centers  
Work Release and Study Release Programs  
Cost-Effectiveness and Actual Program Effectiveness  
Complex Offender Cases in Residential Facilities  
Typical Staff in Residential Treatment Facilities  
 
9. Intermediate Sanctions
Fines  
Community Service  
Intensive Supervision Probation/Parole (ISP)  
Electronic Monitoring  
Global Positioning Systems  
Home Detention  
Day Reporting Centers  
Shock Incarceration/Split Sentencing  
Methods of Ensuring Compliance—Detecting Drug Use Among Offenders  
Methods of Ensuring Compliance—Sex Offender Notification Programs and Community Partnerships  
Applied Theory: Routine Activities Theory as Applied to Community Supervision  
 
10. Reentry and Restorative Justice Initiatives
Reentry Defined  
Restorative Justice as a Component to Reentry  
Restorative Justice Defined  
Types of Restorative Justice Programs  
Victims, Restorative Justice, and Reentry  
 
11. Diversity Issues and Cultural Competence in a Changing Era
Why Is Diversity So Important in Community Corrections?  
The Notion of Cultural Competence  
African American, Latino American, and Asian American Offenders in Metropolitan Areas  
Minority Caseloads, Minority Gang Affiliations, and Training for Community  
Supervision Staff  
Female Offenders  
Applied Theory: Feminist Criminology and the Female Offender  
Geriatric Offenders  
 
12. Specialized and Problematic Offender Typologies
Sex Offenders  
Cross-National Perspective: South Africa’s HIV/AIDS-Infected Offenders  
Treatment Strategies for Sex Offenders  
Substance Abusers  
Applied Theory: Individual Trait Criminological Theories and Criminal  
Activity  
Mentally Ill Offenders  
 
13. Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Community Corrections
Evaluation Research  
Evidence-Based Practices  
Community Harm With Ineffective Programs: Separating Politics From Science in the Evaluative Process  
The Future of Community Corrections  

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

Calling all instructors!
It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course.
  • Carefully selected video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Tables and figures from the book are provided for your courses.

Student Study Site

Use the Student Study Site to get the most out of your course!
Our Student Study Site is completely open-access and offers a wide range of additional features.

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Carefully selected video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience


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ISBN: 9781506359762