Evidence-Based Policy
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Evidence-Based Policy

A Realist Perspective


© 2006 | 208 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

"This book is an excellent resource for evaluators who wish to inform policy decisions with collective insights gained from diverse threads of relevant literature...This book is timely in its emphasis on the complex, multifaceted nexus between evidence and policy."

—Chris Milne, Evaluation Journal of Australasia

In this important new book, Ray Pawson examines the recent spread of evidence-based policy making across the Western world. Few major public initiatives are mounted these days in the absence of a sustained attempt to evaluate them. Programs are tried, tried, and tried again and researched, researched, and researched again. And yet it is often difficult to know which interventions, and which inquiries, will withstand the test of time. The evident solution, going by the name of evidence-based policy, is to take the longer view. Rather than relying on one-off studies, it is wiser to look to the 'weight of evidence'. Accordingly, it is now widely agreed the most useful data to support policy decisions will be culled from systematic reviews of all the existing research in particular policy domains.

This is the consensual starting point for Ray Pawson's latest foray into the world of evaluative research. But this is social science after all and harmony prevails only in the first chapter. Thereafter, Pawson presents a devastating critique of the dominant approach to systematic review - namely the 'meta-analytic' approach as sponsored by the Cochrane and Campbell collaborations. In its place is commended an approach that he terms 'realist synthesis'. On this vision, the real purpose of systematic review is better to understand program theory, so that policies can be properly targeted and developed to counter an ever-changing landscape of social problems.

The book will be essential reading for all those who loved (or loathed) the arguments developed in Realistic Evaluation (Sage, 1997). It offers a complete blueprint for research synthesis, supported by detailed illustrations and worked examples from across the policy waterfront. It will be of especial interest to policy-makers, practitioners, researchers and students working in health, education, employment, social care, criminal justice, regeneration, and welfare.
Evidence-Based Policy
The Promise of Systematic Review  
Realist Methodology
The Building Blocks of Evidence  
Systematic Obfuscation
A Critical Analysis of the Meta-Analytic Approach  
Realist Synthesis
New Protocols For Systematic Review  
Reviewing Implementation Processes
Megan's Law  
Reviewing Inner Mechanisms
Youth Mentoring  
Reviewing Outer Contexts
Naming and Shaming  
Conclusion
Flying `The Tattered Flag of Enlightenment'  

"This book is an excellent resource for evaluators who wish to inform policy decisions with collective insights gained from diverse threads of relevant literature...This book is timely in its emphasis on the complex, multifaceted nexus between evidence and policy."

Chris Milne
Fellow of AES

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