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Foundations of Comparative Politics
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Foundations of Comparative Politics

First Edition


September 2018 | 408 pages | CQ Press
 
PART I: What is Comparative Politics?
 
1: INTRODUCTION
Overview of the Book  
The Approach Taken in This Book  
Key Concepts  
 
2: WHAT IS SCIENCE?
What is Science?  
The Scientific Method  
An Introduction to Logic  
Myths About Science  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
3: WHAT IS POLITICS?
The Exit, Voice, and Loyalty (EVL) Theory of Politics  
What Happens in the EVL Theory?  
Insights from the EVL Theory  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
PART II: The Modern State: Democracy or Dictatorship?
 
4: THE ORIGINS OF THE MODERN STATE
What is a State?  
Syria: A Failed State  
The Contractarian View of the State  
The Predatory View of the State  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
5: THE ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
Democracy in Historical Perspective  
Modernization Theory and Democracy  
A Variant of Modernization Theory  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
6: CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
Classical Cultural Arguments: Mill and Montesquieu  
Does Democracy Require a Civic Culture?  
Are Some Religions Incompatible with Democracy?  
Experiments and Culture  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
7: DEMOCRATIC TRANSITIONS
Bottom-Up Transitions to Democracy  
Top-Down Transitions to Democracy  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
PART III: Varieties of Democracy and Dictatorship
 
8: VARIETIES OF DICTATORSHIP
A Common Typology of Authoritarian Regimes  
The Two Fundamental Problems of Authoritarian Rule  
Selectorate Theory  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
9: PROBLEMS WITH GROUP DECISION MAKING
Problems with Group Decision Making  
The Median Voter Theorem and the Party Competition  
Arrow's Theorem  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
10: PARLIAMENTARY, PRESIDENTIAL, AND SEMI-PRESIDENTIAL DEMOCRACIES
Classifying Democracies  
Governments in Parliamentary Democracies  
Governments in Presidential Democracies  
Governments in Semi-Presidential Democracies  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
11: ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
Elections and Electoral Integrity  
Electoral Systems  
Legislative Electoral System Choice  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
12. SOCIAL CLEAVAGES AND PARTY SYSTEMS
Political Parties: What Are They, and What Do They Do?  
Party Systems  
Where Do Parties Come From?  
Types of Parties and Social Cleavages  
Number of Parties: Duverger's Theory  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
13: INSTITUTIONAL VETO PLAYERS
Federalism  
Bicameralism  
Constitutionalism  
Veto Players  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
 
PART IV: Varieties of Democracy and Political Outcomes
 
14: CONSEQUENCES OF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS
Majoritarian or Consensus Democracy  
Political Representation  
The Effect of Political Institutions on Fiscal Policy  
Electoral laws, Federalism, and Ethnic Conflict  
Presidentialism and Democratic Survival  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
References

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