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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice
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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice
With Selected Readings



© 2017 | 672 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice: With Selected Readings is a unique resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice, amply illustrated by carefully selected and edited research articles from the leading journals in the field. Each of these articles features an introduction, written to draw the student’s attention to the specific concept(s) from the chapter that are illustrated in the article, and a series of questions about the article, designed to help the student think critically about and reflect on these concepts. In this way, students not only learn how to conduct research, but also learn why it is important to do so.

Building off the widely adopted Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, the additional readings increase students’ understanding of complex issues being investigated in the field today and how those issues are being researched.

Additional instructor resources and study tools can be found online at study.sagepub.com/bachmanfrccjsr

 
CHAPTER I: SCIENCE, SOCIETY, AND CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH
How to Read a Research Article  
 
CHAPTER II: THE PROCESS AND PROBLEMS OF CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Reading 1: A Qualitative Assessment of Stress Perceptions Among Members of a Homicide Unit by Dean A. Dabney, Heith Copes, Richard Tewksbury, and Shila R. Hawk-Tourtelot  
Reading 2: Exploring the Utility of Self-Control Theory for Risky Behavior and Minor Delinquency Among Chinese Adolescents by Yi-Fen Lu, Yi-Chun Yu, Ling Ren, and Ineke Haen Marshall  
 
CHAPTER III: RESEARCH ETHICS AND PHILOSOPHIES
Reading 3: Contemporary Comment: Covert Ethnography in Criminology: A Submerged Yet Creative Tradition by David Calvey  
Reading 4: Research Ethics in Victimization Studies: Widening the Lens, by James J. Clark and Robert Walker  
 
CHAPTER IV: CONCEPTUALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT
Reading 5: Violence Against College Women: A Review to Identify Limitations in Defining the Problem and Inform Future Research, by Callie Marie Rennison and Lynn A. Addington  
Reading 6: American Public Opinion About Prisons, by Kevin H. Wozniak  
 
CHAPTER V: SAMPLING
Reading 7: The Relationship Between Hate Groups and Far-Right Ideological Violence, by Amy Adamczyk, Jeff Gruenewald, Steven M. Chermak, and Joshua D. Freilich  
Reading 8: The Enemy Is Among Us: Media Images of Police in South Africa During the Transition From Apartheid to Democracy, by Cindy Stewart  
 
CHAPTER VI: CAUSATION AND EXPERIMENTS
Reading 9: The Causal Impact of Exposure to Deviant Peers: An Experimental Investigation, by Ray Paternoster, Jean Marie McGloin, Holly Nguyen, and Kyle J. Thomas  
Reading 10: Injuries to Officers and Suspects in Police Use-of-Force Cases: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation, by Bruce Taylor and Daniel J. Woods  
 
CHAPTER VII: SURVEY RESEARCH
Reading 11: Global Efforts to Engage Men in Preventing Violence Against Women: An International Survey, by Ericka Kimball, Jeffrey L. Edleson, Richard M. Tolman, Tova B. Neugut, and Juliana Carlson  
Reading 12: Does the Front Line Reflect the Party Line? The Criticization of Punishment and Prison Officers' Perspectives Towards Incarceration, by Amy E. Lerman and Joshua Page  
 
CHAPTER VIII: QUALITATIVE METHODS AND DATA ANALYSIS
Reading 13: Understanding Success and Nonsuccess in the Drug Court, by Andrew Fulkerson, Linda D. Keena, and Erin O'Brien  
Reading 14: Fighting for Her Honor: Girls’ Violence in Distressed Communities, by Katherine Irwin and Corey Adler  
 
CHAPTER IX: ANALYZING CONTENT
Reading 15: Aggression and Sexual Behavior in Best-Selling Pornography Videos: A Content Analysis Update, by Ana J. Bridges, Robert Wosnitzer, Erica Scharrer, Chyng Sun, and Rachael Liberman  
Reading 16: Community and Campus Crime: A Geospatial Examination of the Clery Act, by Matt R. Nobles, Kathleen A. Fox, David N. Khey, and Alan J. Lizotte  
 
CHAPTER X: EVALUATION AND POLICY ANALYSIS
Reading 17: The Effect of Police Body-Worn Cameras on Use, by Barak Ariel, William A. Farrar, and Alex Sutherland  
Reading 18: Short- and Long-Term Outcome Results from a Multisite Evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. Program, by Finn-Aage Esbensen, D.Wayne Osgood, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, and Dena C. Carson  
 
CHAPTER XI: MIXING AND COMPARING METHODS
Reading 19: Policing "the Patch": Police Response to Rapid Population Growth in Oil Boomtowns in Western North Dakota, by Carol A. Archbold, Thorvald Dahle, and Rachel Jordan  
Reading 20: The Recidivism Rates of Female Sexual Offenders Are Low: A Meta-Analysis, by Franca Cortoni, R. Karl Hanson, and Marie-Ève Coache  
 
CHAPTER XII: REPORTING RESEARCH RESULTS

Supplements

Student Study Site
The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
  • Reference article links from SAGE handbooks and encyclopedias correspond with icons in the text. Brief descriptions of each article are included with the icons. 
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Web exercises direct both instructors and students to useful and current websites along with creative activities to extend and reinforce learning or allow for further research on important chapter topics.
  • Web resources link to relevant websites that direct both instructors and students to additional resources.
  • Video and audio links that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Online appendices to print and download for class.
  • NCVS and UCR Datasets to be used in answering the SPSS exercises at the end of each chapter.
Instructor Site
SAGE offers an exceptionally robust set of offerings for both student and instructor resources, all accessible from each title’s companion website. The Student Study Site is completely open access, making it as easy as possible for your students to use. The Instructor Teaching Site is verified and password-protected, offering you both peace of mind and a wealth of support for your courses.

Calling all instructors! It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title! Then, pick and choose from this list, depending on what each site offers.

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:
  • NCVS and UCR Datasets to be used in answering the SPSS exercises at the end of each chapter.
  • Reference article links from SAGE handbooks and encyclopedias correspond with icons in the text. Brief descriptions of each article are included with the icons. 
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Web exercises direct both instructors and students to useful and current websites along with creative activities to extend and reinforce learning or allow for further research on important chapter topics.
  • Web resources link to relevant websites that direct both instructors and students to additional resources.
  • Video and audio links that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Online appendices to print and download for class.
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:    

  • New sections reflecting recent developments in research methods ethics (Ch. 3) guide students through realistic ethical situations they may encounter such as considerations needed when doing research with children and ethical dilemmas encountered when informed consent would compromise the research objectives  
  • A completely revised survey methods chapter (Ch. 7) illustrates questionnaire design using case studies from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ National Crime Victimization Survey and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey  
  • Expanded sections on crime mapping and the use of Big Data (Ch. 9) show students how Big Data is being used to prevent both recidivism and crime by criminal justice agencies  
  • Increased attention to the internet as an avenue for research exposes students to electronic surveys, the growing reliance on smartphones, the impact of social media, and the use of the internet in qualitative techniques  
  • Updated examples of criminological research as they occur in real-world settings illustrate for students the exigencies and complexities that shape the application of research methods such as the effects of incarceration on employment, the effects of police wearing body cameras on both police and citizen injury, the perceptions of citizens regarding police misconduct, and an investigation into the lives of at risk youth in Oakland, CA thru the work of Victor Rios  
  • An increased focus on international research introduces students to research conducted in countries around the globe, with soccer hooliganism in the UK as an example  
  • New “Research in the News” boxes highlight recent studies that have made news headlines to illustrate the impact research has on researchers and practitioners in criminal justice as well as on society as a whole
  • New SPSS exercises that correspond to relevant chapter material give students hand-on experience utilizing real data including subsets of data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2014 General Social Survey, 2013 Monitoring the Future Data, NCVS lone offender assault data for 1992 through  2013, and a 2012 State level data set with social and crime indicators  

KEY FEATURES:  

  • Extensive use of graphics throughout adds simplicity and increases understandability of complex concepts  
  • Includes more coverage of qualitative research and mixed methods than other comparable introductory texts  
  • Consistent ethics coverage and real criminal and criminology examples throughout the text promote research success and integrity  
  • Contains extensive, updated exercises sets including SPSS exercises and Web research activities  
  • Definitions of key terms and formulas boxed off at the end of each chapter make mastering concepts and procedures easier for students to reference and understand
  • Students can boost their understanding with a variety of interactive exercises on the robust Student Study Site including appendixes, practice exercises, and NCVS & UCR data sets.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1


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