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Hate Crimes
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Hate Crimes
Causes, Controls, and Controversies

Fourth Edition


April 2017 | 440 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The Fourth Edition of Hate Crimes: Causes, Controls, and Controversies takes a multidisciplinary approach that allows students to explore a broad scope of hate crimes. Drawing on recent developments, topics, and current research, this book examines the issues that foster hate crimes while demonstrating how these criminal acts impact individuals, as well as communities. Students are introduced to the issue through first-person vignettes—offering a more personalized account of both victims and perpetrators of hate crimes. Packed with the latest court cases, research, and statistics from a variety of scholarly sources, the Fourth Edition is one of the most comprehensive and accessible textbooks in the field.


 
Preface
 
Second Edition Preface
 
Third Edition Preface
 
Fourth Edition Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
1. The Whys and Hows of Hate Crime Laws
Overview of This Book

 
Goals of This Book

 
Punishing Hate Before Hate Crime Laws

 
Arguments for Having Hate Crime Laws

 
The Birth of Hate Crimes

 
Hate Crime Laws Today

 
Hate Speech

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
2. The Hate Debate: Constitutional and Policy Problems
Hate Crime Laws and the Constitution

 
Which Groups Should Be Protected?

 
Identifying and Prosecuting Hate Crimes

 
Paradoxical Effects of Hate Crime Laws

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
3. Committing Hate: Who and Why
The Offender Profile

 
The Psychology of Prejudice

 
What Makes a Bigot?

 
Bullying

 
Hate Crime and Terrorism

 
Why Do People Join Organized Hate Groups?

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
4. Organized Hate
What Is a Hate Group?

 
Hate Group Typologies

 
Major American Hate Groups

 
Hate Group Ideologies

 
Hate Group Recruitment and Defection

 
Hate Group Activities

 
Women in Organized Hate

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
5. Hate Crime Victims
Problems in Identifying Hate Crime Victims

 
Official Hate Crime Data

 
Advocacy Group Data

 
Hate Crimes Against African Americans

 
Anti-Semitic Hate Crimes

 
Hate Crimes Against LGBT People

 
Anti-Muslim Hate Crimes

 
Other Victims

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
6. Fighting Hate
The Psychology of Reducing Prejudice

 
Antihate Groups

 
Government Initiatives for Fighting Hate

 
Other Antihate Approaches

 
Dealing With Hate Crime Offenders

 
Assessing Efforts to Fight Hate

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
7. Global Hate: International Problems and Solutions
Distinguishing Hate Crimes From Other Events

 
The Narrow Study of Global Hate

 
The Rise of Nationalism and the Radical Right

 
Five Countries’ Approaches to Hate Crimes

 
A Global Hate Network

 
Policing Hate Across Borders

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
8. The Future of Hate
New Research

 
Better Data Collection

 
Law Enforcement Responses

 
Legislation

 
Globalized Hate

 
Fighting Hate

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
Appendix A: Selected International Hate Crime Laws
 
Appendix B: Selected Resources on Hate Crimes
 
Appendix C: Film Suggestions
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION

  • The Fourth Edition features expanded coverage of hate crime victims, especially immigrants, transgender people, and Muslims.
  • Several new Narrative Portraits have been included to feature first-hand accounts from a hate speech victim, a gay police officer, and a Croatian LGBT activist.
  • The entire text has been updated to reflect new laws and court cases, the latest research, and the most recent statistics.
  • Discussion of current events has been incorporated, including the Pulse nightclub mass murder, the Charleston mass murder, and political activities in the United States and elsewhere.
  • Several sections have been expanded in light of recent events or new research. Among these are examinations of the links between hate crime and bullying; the relationship between hate crime, terrorism, and mass murder; and the role of organized political activity in supporting hate crime.
  • The box on Randal Lee Krager, who was accused of a hate crime in Oregon, now includes a response from Mr. Krager himself.
  • The book also features updated pedagogical features such as expanded discussion questions, new internet exercises, suggested readings, and additional suggested films.

KEY FEATURES

  • Updated cases, statutes, statistics, and references to current events (including homelessness, hate crime laws, and immigrants as targets of hate) make the book's content both timely and relevant.
  • The text incorporates the most current legal developments and social research, as well as recent events of interest to readers.
  • Special interest boxes focus on riveting, student-centered topics such as hate on campus, examples of state hate crime laws, "classics" of extremist literature, and how to start your own anti-hate campaign.
  • Narrative Portraits, many commissioned specifically for this text, offer a personalized account of both victims and perpetrators of hate crimes, as well as individuals who are active in the fight against hate crimes.
  • Extensive end-of-chapter pedagogy includes chapter conclusions, discussion questions, and Internet exercises (many of which have been updated) to help students master the material.
  • An updated appendix includes a list of recommended films that reinforce key concepts and themes.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 2

Chapter 3


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