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Hate Crimes
Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men


© 1991 | 328 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

"The book is an eminently useful collection of social-scientific articles, journalistic essays and interviews, and first-person stories of violence. It makes a start at documenting the endemic hate and violence against gay men and lesbians in the United States and the need to do something about it. Beyond documenting the extent of the assaults, Hate Crimes explores their social context, the various motivations of the perpetrators and the organizations formed to support victims and help stop the violence."
--The Women's Review of Books

"A first-rate interdisciplinary collection: beautifully organized, highly readable, informative, multicultural, and attentive to feminist concerns. A major source on recent U.S. developments. . . . This volume is a 'must read' for anyone in law enforcement, health care, or social services, as well as for educators, social scientists, and lesbians and gay men everywhere. All levels."
--Choice

"Violence against lesbians and gay men is shamefully pervasive and in dire need of remedy. This pioneering book takes a broad and deep look at this much overlooked problem and points the way for future study and action. I recommend Hate Crimes to anyone who cares about this alarming injustice."
--Urvashi Vaid, Former Executive Director, National Gay & Lesbian Task Force

"This book lays an incontrovertible foundation for the reality, seriousness and adverse effects of anti-lesbian and gay violence and does so within a rich context of social-psychological understandings. . . . Empirical research, theoretical discussions, clinical material, personal accounts and public policy implications are all focused, deftly handled and managed into a coherent whole. . . . Whether one is specifically interested in the topic, or simply interested in seeing the level of sophistication and integration gay and lesbian perspectives are capable of, this volume is highly recommended."
--John C. Gonsiorek, APA Division 44 Newsletter

"A very up-to-the-minute account. . . . Herek and Berrill have compiled a series of essays by women and men who are literally creating a new philosophy of the etymology of anti-lesbian/anti-gay crime. There is provocative new material on the psychological effects of continued harassment and how the fear of violence can lead to violence itself."
--Lambda Book Report

"Anti-gay and -lesbian violence is increasingly coming to the attention of police in cities across the nation. We have a responsibility to the gay citizens in our communities to understand the nature of these insidious crimes and use this understanding to develop model responses to the problem. I recommend this book to all in the police community who are interested in learning more about the problem of antigay and lesbian violence."
--Darrel W. Stephens, Executive Director, Police Executive Research Forum

"The papers collected here represent an important milestone, the first anthology devoted exclusively to serious discussion of what is known about antigay prejudice and violence. It is a most thorough and thoughtful book, one that should be read by all Americans who wish to understand the specific dimensions of antigay violence and the general problem of hate crimes in our society. It will be especially useful to law enforcement personnel, legislators, and policymakers. . . . Whether based on sexual orientation, race, religion, or ethnicity, bigotry and the violence it inspires pose a grave threat to the peace and harmony of our communities. The need to alert Americans to this threat is great. We need especially to educate our youth about tolerance and about appreciating the benefits that we enjoy as a result of our culture's rich diversity of peoples, beliefs, and ways of living. This ground-breaking book sounds an alarm and provides tools for understanding the dimensions of hate violence. It deserves your careful study."
--from the Foreword by The Honorable John Conyers Jr., U.S. House of Representatives

"This collection clearly describes the process and aftermath of victimization in crimes where the victim has been targeted because of her or his sexual orientation. This book is particularly important in the aftermath of the antigay sentiment expressed during the recent 1992 Republican National Convention and in the national campaign. . . . These papers clearly and compellingly describe the victims' fears of antigay violence. The final papers contain an important discussion of strategies that communities and public officials should take to support victims of antigay violence and to deter future antigay hate crimes. . . . It should be read by all those who want to understand the fear of violence that is the constant companion of many gay men and lesbians in our society."
--Contemporary Sociology

Thousands of antigay crimes have been reported. Many thousands more go unacknowledged every year, the survivors fearing further victimization from a hostile society. A balance of science and advocacy, Hate Crimes seeks to understand this frightening phenomenon. This unique anthology will be indispensable to scientists, practitioners, and policymakers concerned about antigay violence as well as the broader issue of hate crimes against minority groups. Lay readers will find it disturbing and, at times, shocking. Beginning with an overview of antigay violence and victimization, the contributors consider such issues as: the social context of hate crimes; documenting victimization; the social psychology of bigotry and bashing; treatment and service interventions; violence against lesbian and gay male youths; conceptualizing antigay violence; and mental health consequences of antigay violence. Findings from empirical research and professional practice are juxtaposed with devastating first-person accounts by survivors of hate crimes. The editors conclude with implications for public policy. Ending hate crimes is everyone's responsibility. Readable and compelling, Hate Crimes portrays the trauma, viciousness, and horror of antigay violence. A must-read.

The Honorable John Conyers Jr
Foreword
 
Introduction
Claudia Brenner
Survivor's Story
Eight Bullets  
 
PART ONE: AN OVERVIEW OF THE PROBLEM
Kevin T Berrill
Anti-Gay Violence and Victimizaton in the United States
An Overview  
Laura Dean, Shanyu Wu and John L Martin
Trends in Violence and Discrimination Against Gay Men in New York City
1984 to 1990  
Beatrice von Schulthess
Violence in the Streets
Anti-Lesbian Assault and Harassment in San Francisco  
Joyce Hunter
Violence Against Lesbian and Gay Male Youths
Bob Gravel
Survivor's Story
 
PART TWO: THE CONTEXT
Gregory M Herek
The Social Context of Hate Crimes
Notes on Cultural Heterosexism  
Howard J Ehrlich
The Ecology of Anti-Gay Violence
Joseph Harry
Conceptualizing Anti-Gay Violence
Richard A Berk, Elizabeth A Boyd and Karl M Hamner
Thinking More Clearly About Hate-Motivated Crimes
William Edward Hassel
Survivor's Story
 
PART THREE: PERPETRATORS
Gregory M Herek
Psychological Heterosexism and Anti-Gay Violence
The Social Psychology of Bigotry and Bashing  
Eric Weissman
Kids Who Attack Gays
Karl M Hamner
Gay-Bashing
A Social Identity Analysis of Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men  
Michael Collins
The Gay Bashers
Kathleen Sarris
Survivor's Story
 
PART FOUR: SURVIVING AND RESPONDING
Linda Garnets, Gregory M Herek and Barrie Levy
Violence and Victimization of Lesbians and Gay Men
Mental Health Consequences  
David M Wertheimer
Treatment and Service Interventions for Lesbian and Gay Male Crime Victims
Gregory M Herek
The Community Response to Violence in San Francisco
An Interview with Wenny Kusuma, Lester Olmstead-Rose and Jill Tregor  
Kevin T Berrill
Organizing Against Hate on Campus
Strategies for Activists  
Gregory M Herek and Kevin T Berrill
Documenting the Victimization of Lesbians and Gay Men
Methodological Issues  
 
PART FIVE: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY
Kevin T Berrill and Gregory M Herek
Primary and Secondary Victimization in Anti-Gay Hate Crimes
Official Response and Public Policy  

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ISBN: 9780803945425