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Health Psychology
Well-Being in a Diverse World

Fourth Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


September 2018 | 552 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Health Psychology: Well-Being in a Diverse World introduces students to the main topics and issues in health psychology through a unique perspective focused on diversity. Using a conversational tone, author A. R. Gurung explores the key determinants of behavior—such as family, environment, ethnicity, and religion—and connects concepts to personal experiences for students to gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of the material. Extensively updated based on over 1,000 new articles cited, and with a new chapter on research methods, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest cutting-edge research in the field to explain more thoroughly how context and culture are important predictors of healthy behavior.


 
Preface
 
About the Author
 
PART I. FOUNDATIONS OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
 
Chapter 1. What Is Health? Cultural and Historical Roots
Measuring Up: How Healthy Are You?  
Ponder This  
What Is Health?  
Cross-Cultural Definitions of Health  
Why Is Culture Important?  
Advancing Cultural Competence  
Health Psychology’s Biopsychosocial Approach  
What Is Health Psychology?  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: Careers and Graduate Training in Health Psychology  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 2. Doing Health Psychology: Research Methods
Measuring Up: Is Psychology a Science?  
Ponder This  
A Research Primer  
Ensuring Strong Measurement  
Getting Statistically Savvy  
Context and Level of Analysis  
Moderators versus Mediators  
Some Final Warnings  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: The Replication Crisis in Psychology  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 3. Cultural Approaches to Health
Measuring Up: Are You Culturally Competent?  
Ponder This  
Varieties of World Medicine  
Western Biomedicine  
Traditional Chinese Medicine  
Ayurveda: Traditional Indian Medicine  
Curanderismo and Spiritualism  
American Indian Medicine  
African American Beliefs  
Are Complementary and Alternative Approaches Valid?  
APPLICATIONS SHOWCASE: Acupuncture  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 4. Essential Physiology
Measuring Up: Know Your Vital Stats  
Ponder This  
Biological Development  
The Nervous System  
The Endocrine System  
The Circulatory System  
The Digestive System  
The Physiology of Immunity  
The Process of Defense  
The Respiratory System  
What About Culture?  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: The Games We Play (Can Have Physiological Implications)  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
PART II. STRESS AND COPING
 
Chapter 5. Diverse Understandings of Stress
Measuring Up: Got Daily Hassles? What's Your Stress Score?  
Ponder This  
What Is Stress?  
Main Theories of Stress  
Factors Influencing Our Appraisals  
The Role of Culture in Appraisal  
Stress and Psychopathology: The Diathesis-Stress Model  
Culture as a Critical Stressor  
Stress, Hormones, and Genes  
Different Varieties of Stressors  
Consequences of Stress  
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: Stress Really Can Kill: The Baskerville Effect, Culture, and Stress  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 6. Coping and Social Support
Measuring Up: How Do You Cope?  
Ponder This  
What Is Coping?  
Common Measures of Coping  
The Structure of Coping  
Who Copes Well?  
Personality and Diverse Coping Styles  
Coping and Culture  
Social Support  
Cultural Variables in Social Support  
Theories of Social Support Change  
Keys to Coping with Stress  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: May God Help You  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
PART III. HEALTH BEHAVIORS
 
Chapter 7. Why Don’t We Do What We Need To? Models of Behavior Change
Measuring Up: What Do You Believe About Exercising?  
Ponder This  
What Are Healthy Behaviors?  
What Determines Health Behaviors?  
Changing Health Behaviors  
Transtheoretical Model  
The Health Belief Model  
Theory of Planned Behavior  
Additional Theories of Health Behavior Change  
Comparing the Models and Their Limitations  
Changing Behaviors: Interventions  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: You Know You Want To . . . : Reducing Smoking in College  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 8. Health Behaviors: Eating, Being Active, Smoking, and Drinking
Measuring Up: Are Your Behaviors Healthy?  
Ponder This  
Nutrition and Weight  
Physical Activity  
Smoking and Drinking  
Tobacco Use  
Alcohol  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: The Truth About the Freshman 15  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
PART IV. FACTORS SURROUNDING ILLNESS
 
Chapter 9. Illness Cognitions, Adherence, and Patient–Practitioner Interactions
Measuring Up: How Do You See Illness? The Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire  
Ponder This  
Culture and Illness Behaviors  
The Commonsense Model of Illness Behavior  
Recognizing Symptoms  
Seeking Treatment  
Adherence to Treatment  
Patient–Practitioner Interactions  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: When the Spirit Catches You, Cultures Clash  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 10. Diverse Approaches to Pain
Measuring Up: How Much Pain Are You In?  
Ponder This  
Key Definitions  
Cultural Variations in the Experience of Pain  
Typologies and Biology of Pain  
Measuring Pain  
Theories of Pain  
The Psychology of Pain  
Pain Management Techniques  
Self-Management of Chronic Pain  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: A Hospital Case Study  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 11. Chronic Illness, Terminal Illness, and Death
Measuring Up: How Satisfied Are You with Life?  
Ponder This  
Prevalence of Chronic Illnesses  
Coping with Chronic Illnesses  
Biopsychosocial Components of Adjustment  
Culture and Chronic Illness  
Interventions  
Coping with Terminal Illness  
The Role of Religious Diversity  
Death  
Cultural Variations in Death and Dying  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: Hospice  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
PART V. MAJOR ILLNESS
 
Chapter 12. Psychoneuroimmunology and HIV
Measuring Up: How Strong Is Your Immune System?  
Ponder This  
Psychoneuroimmunology  
HIV and AIDS  
Physiological Correlates of HIV/AIDS  
Psychological Correlates of HIV/AIDS  
Cultural Variations in HIV/AIDS  
Health Psychological Models Relating to HIV/AIDS  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: Yoga and Coping with Illnesses Such as HIV/AIDS  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 13. Cancer: Fundamentals and Cultural Variations
Measuring Up: Are You at Risk for Cancer?  
Ponder This  
Prevalence of Cancer  
What Is Cancer?  
Cultural Variations in the Incidence of Cancer  
Developmental Issues in Cancer  
Physiological Correlates of Cancer  
Psychological Correlates of Cancer  
Cancer, Stress, and Immunity  
Health Behaviors and Cancer  
Treatment Options  
Behavioral Interventions  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: Increasing Cancer Screening  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 14. Cardiovascular Disease: Fundamentals and Cultural Variations
Measuring Up: How Well Do You Know Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases?  
Ponder This  
Prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases  
What Is Cardiovascular Disease?  
Cultural Variations in the Incidence of Cardiovascular Disease  
Developmental Issues in Cardiovascular Disease  
Physiological Correlates of Cardiovascular Disease  
Psychological Correlates of Cardiovascular Disease  
Health Behaviors and Cardiovascular Disease  
Treatment Options  
APPLICATION SHOWCASE: The Lifestyle Heart Trial  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Chapter 15. Controversies and the Future of Health Psychology
Ongoing and Current Controversies  
Looking to the Future  
Technological Innovations  
Enhanced Training  
Biopsychocultural Health Psychology  
SUMMARY  
TEST YOURSELF  
KEY TERMS, CONCEPTS, AND PEOPLE  
ESSENTIAL READINGS  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Name Index
 
Subject Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

·        test bank provides a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding

·        Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course

·        Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation

·        The Instructor's Manual summarizes key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions


Student Resource Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach for students to accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

·        Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts

·        Multimedia content includes audio and video resources that appeal to diverse learners

·        Exclusive access to influential SAGE journal content ties important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning


Key features

 NEW TO THIS EDITION:

  • Streamlined organization improves the ease of reading through shortened chapters and rearranged topics.
  • Revised artwork includes new photographs, reworked figures and graphs, and current examples to more effectively illustrate the material.
  • A new chapter on research methods in health psychology provides a primer to navigating research in scholarly publications.
  • New Researcher Spotlight features connect chapter research with brief biographical information about the researchers themselves to show how varied and diverse the research contributions are.
  • New Measuring Up sections allow students to conduct self-assessments based on measurement tools from the literature, making the material more personally relevant and memorable.
  • New Ponder This sections pose questions that prompt students to think about chapter content in relation to their own lives.
  • Accompanying SAGE edge online resources for instructors and students include a test bank, PPT slides, flashcards, multimedia content, and more.
KEY FEATURES:
  • A unique focus on context—including culture, religion, age, gender, family values, and the region of the country in which one was raised—emphasizes the important role it plays in understanding the precedents of health and health behaviors.
  • Synthesize, Evaluate, Apply sections break up chapters into easy, manageable segments for students to test their knowledge.
  • Chapter-ending multiple-choice questions with answers in the back of the book allow students to test their comprehension.
  • Recommended readings offer essential readings comprised of classic articles in the field or contemporary research studies regarding some of the material most cited by health psychologists.
  • Chapter summaries and lists of key terms, concepts, and people give students the opportunity to easily review the material.


Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 5: Diverse Understandings of Stress


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