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InterViews
Learning the Craft of Qualitative Research Interviewing

Third Edition


© 2015 | 424 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The Third Edition of Brinkmann and Kvale’s InterViews: Learning the Craft of Qualitative Research Interviewing, offers readers comprehensive and practical insight into the many factors that contribute to successful interviews. The book invites readers on a journey through the landscape of interview research, providing the “hows” and “whys” of research interviewing, and outlines paths for students to follow on the way to research goals. Thoroughly updated to account for all recent developments in qualitative interviewing, the New Edition expands its focus on the practical, epistemological, and ethical issues involved in interviewing, while maintaining the fluid and logical structure it has become known for throughout the text.
 
List of Boxes, Figures, and Tables
 
Preface to the Third Edition
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Introduction
 
1. Introduction to Interview Research
Conversation as Research  
Three Interview Sequences  
Interview Research in History and in the Social Sciences  
The Interview Society  
Methodological and Ethical Issues in Research Interviewing  
Overview of the Book  
Interviewing as a Craft  
Interviewing as a Social Production of Knowledge  
Interviewing as a Social Practice  
Part I: Conceptualizing the Research Interview  
Part II: Seven Stages of Research Interviewing  
Concluding Perspectives  
 
PART I. Conceptualizing the Research Interview
 
2. Characterizing Qualitative Research Interviews
A Qualitative Research Interview on Learning  
Phenomenology and the Mode of Understanding in a Qualitative Research Interview  
Power Asymmetry in Qualitative Research Interviews  
Philosophical Dialogues, Therapeutic Conversations, and Research Interviews  
Therapeutic Interviews and Research Interviews  
Qualitative Interviews as Research Instruments and Social Practices  
 
3. Epistemological Issues of Interviewing
The Interviewer as a Miner or as a Traveler  
Interviews in a Postmodern Age  
Seven Features of Interview Knowledge  
Knowledge and Interviews in a Positivist Conception  
A Rehabilitation of Classical Positivism?  
Methodological Positivism  
Qualitative Interviewing Between Method and Craft  
Research Interviewing: Method or Personal Skills  
The Craft of Research Interviewing  
Learning the Craft of Research Interviewing  
 
4. Ethical Issues of Interviewing
Interviewing as a Moral Inquiry  
Ethical Issues Throughout an Interview Inquiry  
Ethical Positions: Rules and Procedures or Personal Virtues?  
Ethical Guidelines  
Informed Consent  
Confidentiality  
Consequences  
The Role of the Researcher  
Learning Ethical Research Behavior  
 
5. The Qualitative Research Interview as Context
Interviewers and Interviewees  
The Interviewer  
The Interviewee  
Bodies and Nonhumans  
Nonhumans and Surroundings  
 
PART II. Seven Stages of an Interview Investigation
 
6. Thematizing and Designing an Interview Study
Seven Stages of an Interview Inquiry  
Thematizing an Interview Study  
Designing an Interview Study  
Mixed Methods  
 
7. Conducting an Interview
A Class Interview About Grades  
Setting the Interview Stage  
Scripting the Interview  
Interviewer Questions  
The Art of Second Questions  
 
8. Interview Variations
Interview Subjects  
Interviewing Subjects Across Cultures  
Interviews With Children  
Interviews With Elites  
Interview Forms  
Computer-Assisted Interviews  
Focus Group Interviews  
Factual Interviews  
Conceptual Interviews  
Narrative Interviews  
Discursive Interviews  
Confrontational Interviews  
 
9. Interview Quality
Hamlet’s Interview  
Interview Quality  
The Interview Subject  
Interviewer Qualifications  
Standard Objections to the Quality of Interview Research  
Leading Questions  
 
10. Transcribing Interviews
Oral and Written Language  
Recording Interviews  
Transcribing Interviews  
Transcription Reliability, Validity, and Ethics  
 
11. Preparing for Interview Analysis
The 1,000-Page Question  
A Method of Analyzing the Question?  
Steps and Modes of Interview Analysis  
Computer Tools for Interview Analysis  
Coding  
 
12. Interview Analyses Focusing on Meaning
Meaning Condensation  
Meaning Interpretation  
The Issue of Multiple Interpretations  
Hermeneutical Interpretation of Meaning  
The Primacy of the Question in Interpretation  
Analytic Questions Posed to an Interview Text  
The Quest for the “Real Meaning”  
 
13. Interview Analyses Focusing on Language
Linguistic Analysis  
Conversation Analysis  
Narrative Analysis  
Discourse Analysis  
Deconstruction  
 
14. Eclectic and Theoretical Analyses of Interviews
Interview Analysis as Bricolage  
Interview Analysis as Theoretical Reading  
 
15. The Social Construction of Validity
Objectivity of Interview Knowledge  
Reliability and Validity of Interview Knowledge  
Validity as Quality of Craftsmanship  
Communicative Validity  
Pragmatic Validity  
Generalizing From Interview Studies  
 
16. Reporting Interview Knowledge
Contrasting Audiences for Interview Reports  
Boring Interview Reports  
Ethics of Reporting  
Investigating With the Final Report in Mind  
Standard Reports and Ways of Enhancing Them  
Method  
Results  
Enriching Interview Reports  
Journalistic Interviews  
Dialogues  
Therapeutic Case Histories  
Narratives  
Metaphors  
Visualizing  
Collage  
Publishing Qualitative Research  
 
17. Conversations about Interviews
Critiques of the Quality of Interview Knowledge  
Developing the Craft of Research Interviewing  
An Epistemology of Interview Knowledge  
The Object Determines the Method  
The Social Science Dogma of Quantification  
Research Interviewing as Social Practice  
Research Interviewing in a Social Context  
Interview Ethics in a Social Context  
 
Appendix: Learning Tasks
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

“I greatly value [this book] because [it] articulates the philosophical and methodological approach to validity in qualitative interview research like no other text . . . We consider it our qualitative interview method bible.”

Jean Richey, University of Alaska Fairbanks

“The text is well organized and I am always amazed that Kvale and Brinkmann do have an answer to anything that has to do with interviewing.”

Astrid Eich-Krohm, Southern CT State University

“Kvale and Brinkman’s text is well organized, clearly written, and introduces readers to the world of qualitative interview research. The authors guide readers thinking conceptually as well as practically to design and implement interview studies with clearly articulated concepts and discussions . . . The book has good, in-depth coverage with the kind of theoretical grounding we emphasize in our qualitative research program.”

Kathleen deMarrais, University of Georgia

“The text is well written and the guidelines provided are easy to use. This book is of immense value to researchers and academics, as well as to students. [It] provides practical insight into the interview process [and] provides rich information on the planning, executing and analysis of interviews.”

Dr. Asma Rauf, Essex Business School, University of Essex, Essex, UK

“The text is beautifully organized.  The third edition builds upon the strengths of the first two, in which the authors balance the apparent paradox between learning interviewing as a “craft” . . . and learning from a textbook . . . There are no comparable books to this one! In the preface Brinkman writes, ‘I hope to have struck a balance between a respect for well proven practices of the craft of interviewing on the one hand and innovations, and provocations even, on the other.’  He has.” 

Jon Wergin, Antioch University
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:

  • Updated with a new chapter that covers the context of qualitative research interviewing
  • New For and Against boxes throughout to highlight the dilemmas and choices that enable readers to make informed choices about theoretical and practical issues
  • New conceptual toolboxes to facilitate learning the craft of interviewing
  • Expanded to incorporate more excellent interview studies throughout
  • Revised to offer an increased focus on the positions of interviewer and interviewee, and how each influences the very process of interviewing
  • Updated with the most recent information to provide an overview of the rapidly expanding field of qualitative interviewing
  • Expanded to cover both empathetic and confrontational interviews

KEY FEATURES:

  • Pedagogical devices such as text boxes, practice activities, and a glossary to support student learning
  • Thoughtful and comprehensive discussions of ethics, interviewing across contexts, and analyzing interview data
  • Coverage of ethical considerations in qualitative research, including the key concepts of designing and implementing ethical research designs, as well as the practicalities of navigating IRBs
  • Key aspects of interviewing, including conceptualizing and designing an interview inquiry, the interview situation, different forms of interviewing, and validating and reporting interview studies to prepare readers for using interviewing to meet their research goals.
  • Interview transcripts to help readers integrate the practical application of conducting an interview with coding and analysis of the data
  • Provides in-depth coverage of the qualitative research interview as a context for knowledge production
  • A variety of interview forms and ways of analyzing interview talk addressed
  • Phenomenological analyses of participants' reports, as well as interpretations of interview talk as “accounts occasioned by the situation”

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 2


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ISBN: 9781452275727