The Fundamentals of Survival and Event History Analysis
Introduction: What Is Survival and Event History Analysis?
Key Concepts and Terminology
Mathematical Expression and Relation of Basic Statistical Functions
How Do the Survivor, Density and Hazard Function Relate?
Why Use Survival and Event History Analysis?
Overview of Survival and Event History Models
Using R and Other Computer Programs for Survival and Event History Analysis
Introduction: Computer Programs for Survival and Event History Analysis
Conducting Serious Data Analysis: Life Lessons
Downloading R on Your Personal Computer
Determining and Setting your Working Directory
Working With Data: Opening and Accessing Variables from a Data Frame
Saving Output as File, Workspace and History and Quitting R
Your First Session: Using the Survival Package and Exploring Data Via Descriptive Statistics and Graphs
Your First Session Using the 'Survival' Package In F
Loading and Examining the Survival Package and Rcmdrplugin.Survival Plug-In
Opening and Examining Data
The Surv Object: Packaging the 'Survival Variable'
Basic Descriptive Statistics
Descriptive Data Exploration with Graphs
Data and Data Reconstruction
Introduction: Why Discuss Data and Data Preparation?
Sources of Event History Data
Single-Episode Data for Single Transition Analyses
Multi-Episode Data for Recurrent Event and Frailty Analyses
Subject-(Person)-Period Data for Discrete-Time Hazard Models
The Counting Process and Episode Splitting
Non-Parametric Methods: Estimating and Comparing Survival Curves Using the Kaplan-Meier Estimator
The Kaplan-Meier Estimator
Producing Kaplan-Meier Estimates
Plotting the Kaplan-Meier Survival Curve
Testing Differences Between Two Groups Using Survdiff
Stratifying the Analysis by a Covariate
The Cox Proportional-Hazards Regression
Introduction: Why is The Cox Model So Popular?
Estimating and Interpreting The Cox Model with Fixed Covariates
The Cox Regression Model with Time-Varying Covariates
Introduction: What are Parametric Models and Why Use Them?
Proportional Hazards (Ph) Versus Accelerated Failure Time (Aft) Models
The Path to Choosing a Model
Estimating and Interpreting Parametric Survival Models
Exponential and Piecewise Constant Exponential Model
Log-Logistic and Log-Normal Models
Additional Parametric Models
Finding the Best Fitting Parametric Model
Model Building and Diagnostics
Model Building and Selection of Covariates
Assessing the Overall Goodness of Fit of Your Model
What is Residual Analysis?
Testing Overall Model Adequacy: Cox-Snell Residuals
Testing the Proportional Hazards Assumption: Schoenfeld Residuals
Checking For Influential Observations: Score Residuals (Dfbeta Statistics)
Assessing Nonlinearity: Martingale Residual and Component-Plus-Residual Plots
Correlated and Discrete-Time Survival Data: Frailty, Recurrent Events and Discrete-Time Models
Shared Frailty: Modeling Recurrent Events and Clustering In Groups
Other Frailty Models: Unshared, Nested, Joint and Additive Models
Estimating Frailty Models in R
Example of Frailty Model Estimation and Interpretation
Discrete-Time and Count Models
Multiple Events and Entire Histories: Competing Risk, Multistate Models and Sequence Analysis
Sequence Analysis: Modeling Entire Histories
Appendix : Datasets Used in this Book