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Introduction to Corrections

Introduction to Corrections

Third Edition
Experience with SAGE edge

January 2019 | 560 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The Third Edition of Introduction to Corrections provides students with a strong, comprehensive foundation in the field of corrections using modern research, theoretical origins, and practical application. Designed for introductory corrections courses, this text uniquely illustrates how the day-to-day practitioner conducts business in the field of corrections, in both the institutional and community settings. Experienced correctional practitioner, scholar, and author, Robert D. Hanser shows students how the corrections system actually works, from classification, to security, to treatment, to demonstrating how and why correctional practices are implemented.

Features and Benefits

  • Balanced coverage of research and practice gives students the best of both worlds as they prepare for a career in corrections and/or the criminal justice system  
  • Assessment and classification from both institutional and community corrections perspectives offer students a well-rounded understanding of the field of corrections  
  •  A chapter devoted to legal liabilities within institutional corrections equips students with essential legal knowledge they need to protect themselves and others out in the field  
  • Various issues associated with specialized offender typologies help students understand a variety of offenders they will encounter in the field, such as female offenders, geriatric offenders, mentally ill offenders, gang offenders, and others  
  • Technology and Equipment boxes offer solid coverage of modern technology and equipment used in corrections and expose students to the benefits of technology such as the use of electronic surveillance systems, locking systems, and other advanced equipment   
  • “What Would You Do?” assignments challenge students to think critically in every chapter  
  • Corrections and the Law” sections highlight legal considerations in each chapter and provide continuity throughout  
  • “Cross-National Perspectives” boxed features help students develop a global mindset using issues (determined by the content of the chapter) as they are addressed in other countries   
  • Applied Theory features demonstrate the connection between criminological theory and the actual daily operations of correctional facilities  
  • Focus Topic boxes delve into key topics in corrections, offering students a deeper look into critical issues        
  • Exclusive Prison Tour and Inmate Videos provide a look into the daily operations of the correctional facilities at Angola State Penitentiary and Richwood Correctional Center with commentary from correctional staff

New to This Edition

  • New chapter on immigration detention centers, which covers a timely topic and illuminates the connection between corrections and immigration.
  • Text organization has been strengthened with the addition of part titles and revised chapter structure to provide students with a clear grouping of information for ease of navigation.  
  • Up-to-date statistics have been added to the tables and figures to provide students a snapshot of the status of corrections today.
  • New topics on the effects of realignment in California, medical care in jails, probation, compassionate prison design, female drug offenders, the treatment of HIV/AIDS in prisons, the use of re-entry councils, and updated court decisions and controversies around the death penalty have been added.
  • Some chapters contain new feature boxes, covering topics on hunger strikes in Israeli prisons, the classification process for violent offenders, white supremacist prison gang members, prison riots in Brazil, and MS-13 gang activity in prisons.
  • Coverage of new technology in corrections, including RFID in correction settings, the use of drones in prison security, and easy-to-smuggle contraband.
Chapter 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities  
The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History  
The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform  
Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s  
The Age of the Reformatory in America  
Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II  
Modern Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics  
Chapter 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy
Philosophical Underpinnings  
Types of Sanctions  
Sentencing Models  
Criminological Theories and Corrections  
Chapter 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities
The Hands-Off Doctrine  
The Emergence of Inmate Rights  
Corrections and the Constitution  
A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons  
State and Federal Legal Liabilities  
Compliance With Judicial Orders  
Chapter 4: Jail and Detention Facilities
Jails in the Past  
The Modern Jail  
Jails as Short-Term Institutions  
Jails as Long-Term Facilities  
Health Care in Jails  
Jail Training Standards  
Specialized Types of Jail Sentences  
Special Issues in Jails  
Chapter 5: Probation
A Brief History of Probation  
Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full  
Characteristics of Probationers  
The Administration of Probation  
Probation Officers  
Probation Revocation  
Chapter 6: Intermediate Sanctions
Types of Intermediate Sanctions  
Methods of Ensuring Compliance  
Intermediate Sanctions in Different States  
Chapter 7: Facility Design to Meet Security and Programming Needs
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History  
The Rise of the Supermax  
Accommodations for Inmates With Disabilities  
Innovative Security Designs  
Internal Security  
Auxiliary Services and Physical Security  
Technology Systems in Prisons  
Chapter 8: Classification and Custody Levels
History of Classification  
Rationale for Classification  
The Goals of Classification Systems  
Elements of All Classification Systems  
Special Housing Assignments  
Chapter 9: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence
Theories of Prison Subculture  
The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times  
The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff  
Scenario 1  
Scenario 2  
The Guard Subculture  
The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture  
Major Prison Gangs in the United States  
Chapter 10: Immigration Detention Centers Deciding to Stay or Go
A History of Competing & Contradictory Objectives to Immigration Control  
Current Organization & Implementation of Immigration Control  
Special Insert 10.1: The 38 National Detention Standards  
The Mission of the ERO  
The Structure of the ERO and Detention Facilities  
The ERO Classification System  
Jails and Immigration Detention  
Budgeting for ICE: Notable Concerns  
Lobbying and Big Money for Private Prison Companies  
Civil Rights Violations in Immigration Detention Facilities  
Detention Facility Housing Conditions  
Failure to Uphold Legal Requirements  
Chapter 11: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates  
Rates of Women Held in State Prisons, in Local Jails, or on Community Supervision  
History of Women Behind Bars  
Women’s Reformatories in the Early Twentieth Century: A Feminist Perspective  
Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population  
Considerations for Female Offenders  
Conditions of Care for Female Offenders  
Female Offenders and Treatment Implications  
Chapter 12: Specialized Inmate Populations
Administrative Considerations  
Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders  
Mentally Ill Offenders  
Sex Offenders  
HIV/AIDS-Related Offenders  
Elderly Offenders  
Chapter 13: Juvenile Correctional Systems
History of Juvenile Corrections  
Legal Precepts and Orientation of the Juvenile Justice System  
Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders  
Commonality of Juvenile as Victim of Prior Abuse  
Female Juveniles in Custody  
Juvenile Gang Members  
Detention Versus Incarceration  
Incarceration of Juveniles  
Chapter 14: Correctional Administration
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration  
Regional Offices and Jurisdictions  
Correctional System Administration  
Levels of Prison Management  
Styles of Management  
Management Versus Leadership  
Women in Correctional Management  
The Corrections Workforce  
Emergency Management  
Chapter 15: Prison Programming
Medical Care  
Food Service  
Educational Programs  
Prison Work Programs  
Drug Treatment Programs  
Recreational Programs  
Religious Programs  
Chapter 16: Parole and Reintegration
Parole and Parolee Characteristics  
The Beginning History of Parole  
Parole at the State Level  
Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons  
The Role of Institutional Parole Officers  
Common Conditions of Parole  
Reentry Initiatives  
The Use of Reentry Councils  
Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings  
Chapter 17: The Death Penalty
Constitutionality of the Death Penalty  
Death Row Statistics  
Methods of Execution  
Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty  
Brutalization Hypothesis  
Correctional Aspects of the Death Penalty  
Chapter 18: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections
Evaluation Research  
Evidence-Based Practice  
The Future of Corrections  


Instructor Resource Site
SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.
  • Examview® test banks allow you to save time and offer a pedagogically robust way to measure your students' understanding of textbook material. Available for both PC and Mac and compatible with most learning management systems, ExamView features a diverse range of textbook-specific test items and options, allowing you to customize exams to your specifics needs as well as create a print or online exam in just minutes!
  • Microsoft® Word® test bank provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access is provided to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically
  • Chapter-specific discussion questions help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material and by reinforcing important content
  • Video and multimedia links includes resources that appeal to students with different learning styles
  • Prison Tour Videos feature original interviews with correctional administration and inmates at Louisiana State Penitentiary in Angola, Louisiana
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions
  • A course cartridge provides easy LMS integration
Student Study Site
SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access is provided to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically
  • Lively and stimulating chapter activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group projects
  • Video and multimedia links includes resources that appeal to students with different learning styles
  • Prison Tour Videos feature original interviews with correctional administration and inmates at Louisiana State Penitentiary in Angola, Louisiana

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