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Introduction to Criminal Justice - Interactive eBook
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Introduction to Criminal Justice - Interactive eBook
Systems, Diversity, and Change

Third Edition


January 2019 | SAGE Publications, Inc

This interactive eBook includes access to SAGE Premium Video and much more!  

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 This dynamic interactive eBook goes way beyond highlighting and note-taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated and produced specifically for Introduction to Criminal Justice, Third Edition. Read your mobile-friendly eBook and access SAGE Premium Video and multimedia tools anywhere, anytime across desktop, smartphone, and tablet devices. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including:       

  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video! Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE coursepacks, offering an engaging approach that appeals to diverse learning styles.  
  • AUDIO: Listen to engaging podcasts and audio resources that supplement and enrich key points within the text. 
  • REFERENCE AND JOURNAL ARTICLES: Access articles from SAGE’s influential journals, handbooks, and encyclopedias that offer important background and exposure to seminal work in your field of study. 
  • OFFLINE READING: Using the VitalSource Bookshelf® platform, download your book to a personal computer and read it offline.   
  • SOCIAL SHARING AND FOLLOWING: Share notes and highlights with instructors and classmates who are using the same eBook, and “follow” friends and instructors as they make their own notes and highlights.   
  • ONLINE CONTENT: Access more online content via links to important data, relevant background, and profiles that enrich key concepts in the text.
 
Part I: Foundations
 
Chapter 1. An Introduction to Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Introduction: Making Our Way Through the Criminal Justice System  
What Is the Criminal Justice System?  
How Does the Criminal Justice System Work?  
Crime and the Importance of Personal Liberties  
What Is Crime?  
Crime Definitions Change Over Time  
The Criminal Justice System: Purpose and Perspectives  
Criminal Justice and Public Policy  
Crime and the Media  
Criminal Justice Versus Criminology  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 2. The Nature and Extent of Crime
Introduction: Why and How Is Crime Measured?  
Measuring Violent and Property Crime  
Violent and Property Crime Rates and Trends  
Measuring Cybercrime  
Measuring Terrorism  
Measuring White-Collar Crime  
Fear and Risk of Victimization  
Theory in Criminal Justice  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 3. Criminal Justice and the Law
Introduction: The Development of Law  
History of Law  
The Role and Purpose of Law  
Sources of Criminal Law  
Types of Law  
Legal Definitions  
Criminal Defenses  
Evolving Standards and Practices  
The Rights of Victims  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
PART II: LAW ENFORCEMENT
 
Chapter 4. The History of Policing
Introduction: Policing as a Dynamic Entity  
Early English Policing  
Colonial America and Policing  
Advancing Professionalism in Policing: 20th-Century Reform  
Technology  
Diversity in Policing  
Unrest in Policing (1960s and 1970s)  
Policing as More Than Law Enforcement  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 5. On the Streets: Organization, Responsibilities, and Challenges
Introduction: Contemporary Policing  
Who Are the Police?  
Community Policing  
Intelligence-Led/Evidence-Based Policing  
21st-Century Policing  
Controversial Issues in Policing  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 6. Police and the Rule of Law
Introduction: The Importance of Justice, Law, and Order  
Police and the Courts  
Due Process and Police Activities  
Technology  
Warrant Requirements and Serving Warrants  
Custodial Interrogation  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Part III: Courts
 
Chapter 7. The Courts and Judiciary
Introduction: The Court Process  
Federal and State Court Systems  
Court Congestion and the Consequences  
Specialized and Problem-Solving Courts  
The Judiciary  
Diversity in the Judiciary  
Court Administration and Management  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 8. The Prosecution, Defense, and Pretrial Activities
Introduction: Actors and Procedures in the Courtroom  
The Prosecutor  
The Defense Attorney  
After the Arrest: Charging the Defendant  
Bail and Pretrial Events  
Plea Bargains  
Discovery and Motions  
Scheduling and the Right to a Speedy Trial  
Jury Selection  
The Trial Day Arrives  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 9. The Criminal Trial and Sentencing
Introduction: The Criminal Trial and Sentencing  
Presentation of Opening Statements  
Presentation of Closing Arguments  
Judge’s Charge to the Jury  
Jury Deliberation  
Reading of the Verdict  
Sentencing  
A Special Criminal Trial: Capital Cases  
Victims of Crime and the Criminal Trial  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Part IV: Corrections
 
Chapter 10. Correctional Responses in the Community
Introduction: Corrections in the Community  
The History of Corrections in the Community in the United States  
Contemporary Use of Corrections in the Community  
Goals of Correctional Responses in the Community  
Types of Correctional Responses in the Community  
Effectiveness of Corrections in the Community  
Technology and Community Corrections  
Victims and Corrections in the Community  
Probation Officers  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 11. Institutional Corrections
Introduction: Institutional Corrections  
Historical Perspectives in Institutional Corrections  
Current Perspectives in Institutional Corrections  
Contemporary Jails and Lockups  
Contemporary Prisons  
Technology and Institutional Corrections  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 12. Prison Life and Life After Prison
Introduction: Living in Prison  
Classification Systems and Solitary Confinement  
Prison Violence  
Prison Challenges  
Life After Prison: Parole and Reentry  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Part V. Beyond the Basics
 
Chapter 13. The Juvenile Justice System
Introduction: The Juvenile Justice System  
Juvenile Justice: A Brief History  
Establishing Juvenile Rights  
The Contemporary Juvenile Justice System  
Steps in the Juvenile Justice System  
Victims  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 14. Exploring Specialized and Topical Issues
Introduction: Overview of Specialized and Topical Issues  
Terrorism and Homeland Security  
Terrorism and the Criminal Trial  
Domestic Human and Sex Trafficking  
Hate Crimes and Bias-Motivated Crimes  
Violence Against College Students  
Transnational Crime  
Forensic Science  
CSI Effect  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Appendix: The Bill of Rights
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • Ten new “Policy Issues” boxes show students how recent policy has impacted the field of criminal justice with discussions of crime and undocumented immigrants, training for police officers when working with individuals who are mentally ill, the fear of violence on college campuses, and more. 
  • New full-page infographics, “Data Matters: The Story in Numbers,” bring data to life by breaking down complex information into accessible and interesting visuals—enabling students to better examine key issues from a clearer and more accurate perspective.
  • Expanded discussion surrounding the legal definition of rape and how it applies to the highly publicized Brock Turner case further clarifies for students what is (and isn’t) considered rape in the eyes of the law across different states. 
  • Current topics affecting today’s criminal justice system encourage classroom discussion of pressing topics such as the country’s changing marijuana laws, why diversity in policing has been historically low, policing technology and privacy concerns, the policies of the Trump administration, and peer courts in the juvenile justice system.
  • Updated statistics and data are included where available, along with an acknowledgement and discussion surrounding why some FBI and NCVS data had not been updated at the time of press.
  • SAGE course outcomes help you track and measure student success. Crafted with specific goals in mind and vetted by advisors in the field, SAGE course outcomes clearly define and benchmark the knowledge and skills students are expected to achieve upon completion of your course.


KEY FEATURES: 

  • Actual criminal justice cases progress from chapter to chapter, showing students the interrelationships and connectedness of the criminal justice system to help make the material more engaging and memorable.
  • Coverage of topics traditionally marginalized in other books, such as policy, ethics, gender, victimization, and white-collar crime, are included throughout to help give students a broader perspective of the U.S. criminal justice system.
  • Diversity is emphasized in all aspects of the criminal justice system, including offenders, victims, employees, and sentencing, to help students understand the importance of openly discussing difficult issues.
  • Common Misconceptions boxes clarify important distinctions between systems and policies that students often struggle to fully understand.
  • Policy Issues boxes serve as a foundation for students to consider the complexities of policy and think critically about the impact of legislation on the criminal justice system.
  • Ethical Issues boxes integrated into each chapter provide students with the opportunity to approach each topic in a thoughtful and conscientious manner.
  • Contemplating Careers boxes engage students’ interests in a variety of fields of criminal justice by introducing them to skills, responsibilities, salaries, and work environments, as well as the personality characteristics that make for an ideal candidate.
  • Critical Thinking Matters exercises at the end of each chapter give students a framework to apply and analyze the chapter content, helping them make meaningful connections and engage in deeper learning.
  • SAGE coursepacks allows instructors to import high-quality content into their school’s learning management system (LMS) with no access codes.
  • SAGE edge provides students with helpful tools, including eFlashcards, practice quizzes, video resources, and more, in one easy-to-use online environment. 
 

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