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Introduction to Criminal Justice

Introduction to Criminal Justice
A Balanced Approach

Second Edition
Experience with SAGE edge

January 2018 | 624 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Introduction to Criminal Justice: A Balanced Approach, Second Edition provides students with engaging, comprehensive, and up-to-date coverage of all aspects of the criminal justice system. Authors Brian K. Payne, Willard M. Oliver, and Nancy E. Marion explore criminal justice from a student-centered perspective and present accessible, research-driven material thorough a clear and concise writing style. In the Second Edition, the authors provide two brand new feature boxes: “You Have the Right to…” gives insight into several Constitutional amendments and their relationship with criminal justice today; and “Politics and Criminal Justice” explores current political hot topics surrounding the justice system and the debates that occur on both sides of the political aisle. By exploring criminal justice from a broad and balanced perspective, students will understand how decision-making is critical to the criminal justice process, and will come to appreciate how their own future careers will be shaped by decisions they make.
Part I. Foundations of Criminal Justice
Chapter 1. Introduction to Criminal Justice
The Criminal Justice System  
The Juvenile Justice System  
The Justice Process  
The Roles of Criminal Justice  
Chapter 2. Perspectives on Crime and Criminal Justice Research
Legal Perspectives of Crime  
Social Perspectives of Crime  
Behavioral Perspectives of Crime  
Research in Criminal Justice  
Chapter 3. An Introduction to Measuring Crime and Crime Patterns
Measuring the Extent of Crime  
Strategies Used to Measure the Amount of Crime  
Crime Patterns  
Chapter 4. An Introduction to Crime Typologies
Why Study Crime Typologies?  
Violent Crime  
Property Crime  
Public Order Crime  
Crime Within Complex Organizations  
Chapter 5. An Introduction to Criminological Theory
Why Study the Causes of Crime?  
Explaining Crime Using Criminological Theories  
Crime as a Product of Choice  
Crime as a Product of Biological Factors  
Crime as a Product of Social Factors  
Crime as a Product of Social and Psychological Factors  
Crime as a Product of Cognitive Processes  
Part II. Policing
Chapter 6. An Introduction to Policing: History and Structure
Types of Societies and Policing  
The English System of Policing  
The American System of Policing  
Policing in America Today  
The Structure of Modern Police Departments  
Chapter 7. Police Strategies
Police Strategy Studies  
Police Patrol Deployment  
Broken Windows Theory and Policing  
Community Policing  
Problem-Oriented Policing  
Targeted Policing  
Four Related Strategies  
Homeland Security and Policing  
Chapter 8. Issues in Policing
External Issues  
Internal Issues  
Part III. The Courts
Chapter 9. An Introduction to the Courts: History, Structure, and Actors
History of the Courts  
Types of Courts  
Federal Courts  
State Courts  
Actors: Courtroom Workgroup  
Chapter 10. The Judicial Process
The Charging Decision  
Juvenile Court Process  
Defendants’ Rights  
Chapter 11. Issues in the Courts
Issues Stemming From Overcrowding  
Issues Related to Court Processes  
Legal Issues Related to the Courts  
Issues Related to Innovations in the Courts  
Part IV. Corrections
Chapter 12. An Introduction to Corrections: History, Structure, and Actors
Goals of Punishment  
History of Punishment  
Structure of Corrections  
Actors in Corrections  
Chapter 13. Punishing Offenders in Prisons, Jails, and the Community
The Incarceration Experience  
Releasing Inmates Back Into the Community  
The Structure of Probation and Parole  
Types of Alternative Sanctions  
Chapter 14. Issues in Corrections
General Issues for Prisoners  
General Issues for Corrections Employees  
Issues Related to Working With Different Types of Offenders  
Issues Related to Punishment Strategies  
Part V. Contemporary Challenges
Chapter 15. Current and Future Criminal Justice Issues
International Issues  
Technology and Criminal Justice  
The Aging of the Criminal Justice System  
The Evolution of Criminal Justice Policies  


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ISBN: 9781506389707
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