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Introduction to Criminal Justice

Introduction to Criminal Justice
Systems, Diversity, and Change

Third Edition
Experience with SAGE edge

January 2019 | 432 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change, Third Edition offers a brief, accessible approach to criminal justice with comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of all aspects of the criminal justice system in 14 succinct chapters. Using running cases that appear in each chapter, it clearly illustrates each concept with real-world examples and demonstrates the connectedness of the criminal justice system. With a focus on engaging students, it includes coverage of often-marginalized topics such as victimization, diversity, and policy implications and applications, as well as hot topics such as white-collar crime, terrorism, and cybercrime.

Features and benefits:
-Real criminal cases woven throughout the chapters draw readers into the text, giving them a real-world glimpse of victims/offenders during  each phase of the criminal justice process. Video interviews of case study participants enhances the real-world appeal of this feature.
- Focus on policy implications and applications.
- Diversity among participants in the criminal justice system - both offenders and practioners- is noted throughout the book.
- Emphasis on current events. Hot topics such as white-collar crime, terrorism, cybercrime, etc. are addressed throughout the text, rather than tacked on at the end.
-Ethics boxes are incorporated throughout each chapter to underscore the complexity of the issues presented with critical thinking questions at the end of each.
-Career profiles highlight a variety of careers in Criminal Justice and include video guest essays that spotlight professionals in various criminal justice careers. 
- Boxes on common misconceptions help change students' misimpressions about the organization and operation of the criminal justice system.
-Critical Thinking Matters sections at the end of each chapter challenge students to apply the chapter concepts to the running cases and to other real-world examples.
- An Interactive eBook is available with links to SAGE original videos of participants in the running cases and career profiles, and more.

New to This Edition: 
10 new Policy Boxes address hot topics in the field of criminal justice; examples include: crime and undocumented immigrants, training for police officers when working with individuals who are mentally ill, the fear of violence on college campuses, and the right to refuse service for religious beliefs. 
-Each chapter has a new full-page Data Matters: The Story in Numbers infographic, which tells the story of an issue in criminal justice through data.  These student-centered infographics assist students in making connections between data on the same topic and encourage critical thinking.
-Updated statistics and data are included where available, along with an acknowledgement and discussion surrounding why FBI and NCVS data had not been updated at the time of press.
-Expanded discussion surrounding the legal definition of rape and the highly publicized Brock Turner case has been included in Chapter 1. 
-At the request of reviewers, expanded material on the U.S. Constitution and federalism has been added to Chapter 3. 
-Additionally, pressing topics affecting the criminal justice system have been added, such as the country’s changing marijuana laws, a look at why diversity in policing has been historically low, policing technology and privacy concerns, the Trump administration’s views on private prisons, and peer courts in the juvenile justice system.
Part I: Foundations
Chapter 1. An Introduction to Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Introduction: Making Our Way Through the Criminal Justice System  
What Is the Criminal Justice System?  
How Does the Criminal Justice System Work?  
Crime and the Importance of Personal Liberties  
What Is Crime?  
Crime Definitions Change Over Time  
The Criminal Justice System: Purpose and Perspectives  
Criminal Justice and Public Policy  
Crime and the Media  
Criminal Justice Versus Criminology  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 2. The Nature and Extent of Crime
Introduction: Why and How Is Crime Measured?  
Measuring Violent and Property Crime  
Violent and Property Crime Rates and Trends  
Measuring Cybercrime  
Measuring Terrorism  
Measuring White-Collar Crime  
Fear and Risk of Victimization  
Theory in Criminal Justice  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 3. Criminal Justice and the Law
Introduction: The Development of Law  
History of Law  
The Role and Purpose of Law  
Sources of Criminal Law  
Types of Law  
Legal Definitions  
Criminal Defenses  
Evolving Standards and Practices  
The Rights of Victims  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 4. The History of Policing
Introduction: Policing as a Dynamic Entity  
Early English Policing  
Colonial America and Policing  
Advancing Professionalism in Policing: 20th-Century Reform  
Diversity in Policing  
Unrest in Policing (1960s and 1970s)  
Policing as More Than Law Enforcement  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 5. On the Streets: Organization, Responsibilities, and Challenges
Introduction: Contemporary Policing  
Who Are the Police?  
Community Policing  
Intelligence-Led/Evidence-Based Policing  
21st-Century Policing  
Controversial Issues in Policing  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 6. Police and the Rule of Law
Introduction: The Importance of Justice, Law, and Order  
Police and the Courts  
Due Process and Police Activities  
Warrant Requirements and Serving Warrants  
Custodial Interrogation  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Part III: Courts
Chapter 7. The Courts and Judiciary
Introduction: The Court Process  
Federal and State Court Systems  
Court Congestion and the Consequences  
Specialized and Problem-Solving Courts  
The Judiciary  
Diversity in the Judiciary  
Court Administration and Management  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 8. The Prosecution, Defense, and Pretrial Activities
Introduction: Actors and Procedures in the Courtroom  
The Prosecutor  
The Defense Attorney  
After the Arrest: Charging the Defendant  
Bail and Pretrial Events  
Plea Bargains  
Discovery and Motions  
Scheduling and the Right to a Speedy Trial  
Jury Selection  
The Trial Day Arrives  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 9. The Criminal Trial and Sentencing
Introduction: The Criminal Trial and Sentencing  
Presentation of Opening Statements  
Presentation of Closing Arguments  
Judge’s Charge to the Jury  
Jury Deliberation  
Reading of the Verdict  
A Special Criminal Trial: Capital Cases  
Victims of Crime and the Criminal Trial  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Part IV: Corrections
Chapter 10. Correctional Responses in the Community
Introduction: Corrections in the Community  
The History of Corrections in the Community in the United States  
Contemporary Use of Corrections in the Community  
Goals of Correctional Responses in the Community  
Types of Correctional Responses in the Community  
Effectiveness of Corrections in the Community  
Technology and Community Corrections  
Victims and Corrections in the Community  
Probation Officers  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 11. Institutional Corrections
Introduction: Institutional Corrections  
Historical Perspectives in Institutional Corrections  
Current Perspectives in Institutional Corrections  
Contemporary Jails and Lockups  
Contemporary Prisons  
Technology and Institutional Corrections  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 12. Prison Life and Life After Prison
Introduction: Living in Prison  
Classification Systems and Solitary Confinement  
Prison Violence  
Prison Challenges  
Life After Prison: Parole and Reentry  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Part V. Beyond the Basics
Chapter 13. The Juvenile Justice System
Introduction: The Juvenile Justice System  
Juvenile Justice: A Brief History  
Establishing Juvenile Rights  
The Contemporary Juvenile Justice System  
Steps in the Juvenile Justice System  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Chapter 14. Exploring Specialized and Topical Issues
Introduction: Overview of Specialized and Topical Issues  
Terrorism and Homeland Security  
Terrorism and the Criminal Trial  
Domestic Human and Sex Trafficking  
Hate Crimes and Bias-Motivated Crimes  
Violence Against College Students  
Transnational Crime  
Forensic Science  
CSI Effect  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
Appendix: The Bill of Rights


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