Introduction to Criminology
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Introduction to Criminology
A Text/Reader

Fourth Edition
Companion Website


January 2018 | 664 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Introduction to Criminology: A Text/Readerprovides a unique, comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach to the study of criminology. Anthony Walsh and Craig Hemmens’ popular text/reader provides instructors and students with the best of both worlds—brief, authored text with carefully selected and edited accompanying readings. Covering both classic and contemporary research in criminology, this text provides an interdisciplinary perspective on crime and criminality that incorporates the latest theories, concepts, and research from sociology, psychology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and the neurosciences to help explain criminal behavior.

 
SECTION ONE: INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW OF CRIME AND CRIMINOLOGY
What Is Criminology?  
What Is Crime?  
Crime as a Moving Target  
Crime as a Subcategory of Social Harms  
Beyond Social Construction: The Stationary Core Crimes  
Criminality  
A Short History of Criminology  
The Role of Theory in Criminology  
A Brief Word About the Section Readings  
Reading 1: The Use and Usefulness of Criminology, 1751–2005: Enlightened Justice and Its Failures, by Lawrence W. Sherman  
Reading 2: What Biosocial Criminology Offers Criminology, by John Paul Wright and Danielle Boisvert  
 
SECTION TWO: MEASURING CRIME AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
Categorizing and Measuring Crime and Criminal Behavior  
The Uniform Crime Reports: Counting Crime Officially  
NIBRS: The “New and Improved” UCR  
Crime Victimization Survey Data and Their Problems  
Areas of Agreement Between the UCR and NCVS  
Self-Reported Crime Surveys and Their Problems  
The Dark Figure of Crime  
What Can We Conclude About the Three Main Measures of Crime in America?  
The FBI’s Ten Most Wanted  
Reading 3: Gender Gap Trends for Violent Crimes, 1980 to 2003: A UCR-NCVS Comparison, by Darrell Steffensmeier, Hua Zhong, Jeff Ackerman, Jennifer Schwartz, and Suzanne Agha  
Reading 4: Race and the Probability of Arrest, by Stewart J. D’Alessio and Lisa Stolzenberg  
 
SECTION THREE: VICTIMOLOGY: EXPLORING THE EXPERIENCE OF VICTIMIZATION
The Emergence of Victimology  
Who Gets Victimized?  
Victimization in the Workplace and School  
Child Sexual Assault: Who Gets Victimized?  
Human Trafficking  
Victimization Theories  
Is Victimology “Blaming the Victim”?  
The Consequences of Victimization  
Victimization and the Criminal Justice System  
Reading 5: Understanding Human Trafficking in the United States, by T.K. Logan, Robert Walker, and Gretchen Hunt  
Reading 6: MAOA, Drug Selling, and Violent Victimization: Evidence of a Gene ? Environment Interaction, by Stephen J. Watts, Melissa J. Tetzlaff-Bemiller and James C. McCutcheonScott Menard  
 
SECTION FOUR: THE EARLY SCHOOLS OF CRIMINOLOGY AND MODERN COUNTERPARTS
Preclassical Notions of Crime and Criminals  
The Classical School  
The Rise of Positivism  
Neoclassicism: The Return of Choice and Deterrence  
Is the United States Hard or Soft on Crime?  
Reading 7: An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, by Jeremy Bentham  
Reading 8: Assessing the Effect of Routine Activity Theory and Self-Control on Property, Personal, and Sexual Assault victimization, by Courtney A. Franklin, Travis W. Franklin, Matt R. Nobles, and Glen A. Kercher  
 
SECTION FIVE: SOCIAL STRUCTURAL THEORIES
The Social Structural Tradition  
The Chicago School of Social Ecology/Social Disorganization  
The Anomie/Strain Tradition  
Gangs Today  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Social Structural Theories  
Reading 9: Rural Youth Crime: A Reexamination of Social Disorganization Theory’s Applicability to Rural Areas, by Matthew Moore and Molly SweenD  
Reading 10: Social Structure and Anomie, by Robert K. Merton  
 
SECTION SIX: SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES
The Basic Assumptions of Social Process Theories  
Differential Association Theory  
Ronald Akers’ Social Learning Theory  
Social Control Theories  
Gottfredson and Hirschi’s Low Self-Control Theory  
Integrating Social Control and Self-Control Theories  
Evaluation of Social Control and Self-Control Theories  
Labeling Theory: The Irony of Social Reaction  
Sykes and Matza’s Neutralization Theory  
Evaluation of Labeling and Neutralization Theories  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Social Process Theories  
Reading 11: An Examination of Differential Association and Social Control Theory Family Systems and Delinquency, by Wesley T. Church II, Tracy Wharton, and Julie K. Taylor  
Reading 12: Parental Low Self-Control, Parental Socialization, Young Adult Low self-Control, and Offending, by Ryan C. Meldrum, Jacob T. N. Young and Peter S. Lehmann  
 
SECTION SEVEN: CRITICAL THEORIES: MARXIST, CONFLICT, AND FEMINIST
The Conflict Perspective of Society  
Karl Marx and Revolution  
Willem Bonger: The First Marxist Criminologist  
Modern Marxist Criminology  
Conflict Theory: Max Weber, Power, and Conflict  
Peacemaking Criminology  
Evaluation of Critical Theories  
Feminist Criminology  
Evaluation of Feminist Theories  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Critical Theories  
Reading 13: Has Criminology Awakened From Its “Androcentric Slumber”?, by Kimberly J. Cook  
Reading 14: Patriarchy, Crime, and Justice: Feminist Criminology in an Era of Backlash, by Meda Chesney-Lind  
 
SECTION EIGHT: PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORIES: INDIVIDUAL TRAITS AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
Basic Assumptions of the Psychosocial Perspective on Criminal Behavior  
Intelligence  
The IQ/Crime Connection  
Temperament and Personality  
Conscience and Arousal  
Glenn Walters’s Lifestyle Theory  
The Antisocial Personalities  
Evaluation of the Psychosocial Perspective  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Psychosocial Theories  
Reading 15: What Is the Effect of IQ on Offending?, by Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran  
Reading 16: Recidivism in Released Lifestyle Change Program Participants, by Glen D. Walters  
 
SECTION NINE: BIOSOCIAL APPROACHES
Behavior Genetics  
Gene-Environment Interaction and Correlation  
Behavior Genetics and Criminal Behavior  
Molecular Genetics  
Evolutionary Psychology  
The Evolution of Criminal Traits  
The Neurosciences  
Some Other Biosocial Risk Factors  
Evaluation of the Biosocial Perspective  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Biosocial Theories  
Reading 17: A Theory Explaining Biological Correlates of Criminality, by Lee Ellis  
Reading 18: A Gene-Based Evolutionary Explanation for the Association Between Criminal Involvement and Number of Sex Partners, by Kevin M. Beaver, John P. Wright, and Anthony Walsh  
 
SECTION TEN: DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES: FROM DELINQUENCY TO CRIME TO DESISTANCE
Risk and Protective Factors for Serious Delinquency  
Major Developmental Theories  
Evaluation of Developmental Theories  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Developmental Theories  
Reading 19: The Adolescence-Limited/Life-Course Persistent Theory of Antisocial Behavior: What Have We Learned?, by Terrie E. Moffitt and Anthony Walsh  
Reading 20: A Life-Course View of the Development of Crime, by Robert J. Sampson and John H. Laub  
 
SECTION ELEVEN: VIOLENT CRIMES
Murder  
Rape  
Robbery  
Aggravated Assault  
Domestic Violence  
Gun Violence  
Theories of Violence  
Violence and Inequality  
Reading 21: Getting the Upper Hand: Scripts for Managing Victim Resistance in Carjackings, by Heith Copes, Andy Hochstetler, and Michael Cherbonneau  
Reading 22: The Abuse of Technology in Domestic Violence and Stalking, by Delanie Woodlock  
 
SECTION TWELVE: MULTIPLE MURDER AND TERRORISM
Mass, Spree, and Serial Murder  
Terrorism  
Reading 23: African Americans and Serial Killing in the Media: The Myth and the Reality, by Anthony Walsh  
Reading 24: Close Cousins or Distant Relatives? The Relationship Between Terrorism and Hate Crime, by Kathleen Deloughery, Ryan D. King, and Victor Asal  
 
SECTION THIRTEEN: PROPERTY CRIME
Larceny/Theft  
Burglary  
Motor Vehicle Theft  
Arson  
Crimes of Guile and Deceit: Embezzlement, Fraud, and Forgery/Counterfeiting  
Cybercrime: Oh What a Tangled World Wide Web We Weave  
Reading 25: The Impact of Neighborhood Context on Spatiotemporal Patterns of Burglary, by Matt R. Nobles, Jeffrey T. Ward, and Rob Tillyer  
Reading 26: Exploring the Subculture of Ideologically Motivated Cyber-Attackers, by Thomas J. Holt, Joshua D. Freilich, and Steven M. Chermak  
 
SECTION FOURTEEN: PUBLIC ORDER CRIME
The Scope of the Alcohol/Crime Problem  
The Effects of Alcohol and Context on Behavior  
Drunk Driving  
Alcoholism: Type I and Type II  
Illegal Drugs and Crime  
Prostitution and Commercialized Vice  
Reading 27: Medical Marijuana and Crime: Further Evidence From the Western States, by Edward M. Shepard and Paul R. Blackley  
Reading 28: DUI Offenders’ Beliefs About DUI Statutes and DUI Law Enforcement: Implications for Deterrence, by Marianne Goodfellow and Catharine Kilgore  
 
SECTION FIFTEEN: WHITE-COLLAR AND ORGANIZED CRIME
The Concept of White-Collar Crime  
Occupational Crime  
Corporate Crime  
Organized Crime  
Theories of Organized Crime  
Reading 29: Criminal Thinking and Identity in Male White-Collar Offenders, by Glenn D. Walters and Matthew D. Geyer  
Reading 30: Corporate Environmental Crime and Environmental Justice, by Matthew Greife, Paul B. Stretesky, Tara O’Connor Shelley, and Mark Pogrebin  

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ISBN: 9781506399249