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Introduction to Policing - Interactive eBook

Introduction to Policing - Interactive eBook

Fourth Edition
  • Steven M. Cox - Western Illinois University, USA
  • David Massey - Ocean Pines Police, Wor-Wic Community College
  • Connie M. Koski - Oglala Lakota College
  • Brian D. Fitch - California State University, Fullerton, USA, Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, Woodbury University

April 2019 | SAGE Publications, Inc

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This dynamic interactive eBook goes way beyond highlighting and note taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated and produced specifically for Introduction to Policing, Fourth Edition. Read your mobile-friendly eBook and access SAGE Premium Video and multimedia tools anywhere, anytime across desktop, smartphone, and tablet devices. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including:


  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video. Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE coursepacks, offering an engaging approach that appeals to diverse learners.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLES: Access articles from SAGE’s influential journals that offer important background and exposure to seminal work in your field of study.
  • SOCIAL SHARING AND FOLLOWING: Share notes and highlights with instructors and classmates who are using the same eBook, and “follow” friends and instructors as they make their own notes and highlights.
  • ONLINE CONTENT: Access more online content via links to important data, relevant background, and profiles that enrich key concepts in the text.





Part I: Foundations of Policing
Chapter 1: Policing in the United States
The Concept and Mandate of the Police

Scope of the Law Enforcement Sector

A Changing Landscape

A Changing Workforce

Additional Types of Police/Security

Chapter 2: A Brief History of Police
English Roots of Policing

The Evolution of Early U.S. Policing

The Political Era

The Reform Era

The Era of Social Upheaval (1960s and 1970s)

The Community-Policing Era (1980-2000)

The Homeland Security Era (2001-Present)

Some Contemporary Policing Strategies

Policing in the Past, Present, and Future

Chapter 3: Police Organization and Administration
Organizational Structures

Police Militarization

Operations Division

Organizational Substructures

Handling Change in Police Organizations

Police Unions and Collective Bargaining

Police Professionalism

Part II: Police Operations
Chapter 4: Recruitment and Selection of Police Officers
The Importance of Recruitment and Selection

Antidiscrimination Legislation

Entry-Level Recruitment and Selection

Testing of Candidates

Supervisory Recruitment and Selection

Recruitment and Selection of Police Chiefs

Chapter 5: Police Training and Education
Police Education

Research on College Education and Police Performance

Police Training

Types of Training


Chapter 6: Police Work- Operations and Functions
Base Police Functions

Styles of Policing

Patrol Strength and Allocation

Other Types of Patrol

Evaluating Patrol

Evaluating Police Performance

Police and the Media

Chapter 7: Contemporary Strategies in Policing
Community Policing

Problem-Oriented Policing

Research on Community- and Problem-Oriented Policing

Criticism of Community Policing

The Current Status of COP and POP

Innovations in Policing Strategies

Part III: Police Conduct
Chapter 8: The Police Culture and Work Stress
What is Culture?

Analyzing Police Subculture

Types of Stresses in Police Work

Effects and Consequences of Police Stress

Police Shootings and Critical Incidents

Counteracting Police Stress

Chapter 9: Law, Court Decisions, and the Police
The 1st Amendment

The 2nd Amendment

The 4th Amendment

The 5th Amendment

The 14th Amendment

The Exclusionary Rule

Police Use of Force

The USA PATRIOT Act, Homeland Security, and Terrorism

Chapter 10: Ethics and Decision Making
Police Discretion

Ethics and Police Conduct

Leadership and Improving Decision Making

Chapter 11: Police Misconduct and Accountability

Other Types of Police Misconduct

Research on Police Misconduct and Use of Force

The Impacts of Misconduct

Causes of Misconduct- Bad Apples or Bad Barrels?

Misconduct: Management and Administrative Issues


Part IV: Contemporary Issues in Policing
Chapter 12: Policing in a Diverse Society
Policing in a Multicultural and Multiethnic Society

The Problem and Promise of Diversity

Police-Community Conflict

Public Image of the Police

Police in the Community

Women in Policing

Minority Police Officers

Chapter 13: Technology and the Police
The Costs and Benefits of Technology


Video Cameras

Surveillance Technology

Crime Mapping

Biological Identifiers

Speed Detection Devices or Systems

Armor and Weapons

Chapter 14: Organized Crime, Homeland Security, and Global Issues
Transnational Crime

White-Collar Crime


Local Response to Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime

Chapter 15: Private Security
History and Background

The Current Private Security Force

Private and Contract Security Personnel

Authority, Requirements, and Accountability

Private Security Versus Public Police

Coordinating Public Police and Private Security

Part V: Looking Ahead
Chapter 16: The Future of Policing in the United States
The Changing Context

Ongoing and Strategic Change

Terrorism and Future Policing




Key features


  • Updated chapter content includes several major new or ongoing impactful events and social trends, most notably recent high-profile police misconduct cases, the role of social media, the political shift in the country marked by the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and police use of force on unarmed civilians.
  • Increased coverage of women and minorities in law enforcement, with special consideration of recruitment and opportunities for promotion, gives students a broader perspective of modern police officers.
  • Research, statistics, and data have been updated where available, providing the most up-to-date and accurate snapshot of modern policing.
  • New Police Stories have been added to include a wider range of officer voices, providing students with inclusive, relevant police scenarios that humanize police officers’ experiences.
  • New Case in Point boxes bring concepts to life and highlight recent events, such as reform efforts in the Baltimore Police Department, an officer’s response to the Orlando Pulse Nightclub shooting, and a private security company’s alleged harsh treatment of protesters at the Dakota Access Pipeline.
  • New You Decide boxes present students with timely scenarios to analyze and critically reflect on, such as the First Amendment rights of demonstrators and Automated License Plate Readers and privacy. Several other You Decide boxes have been updated with current information and statistics.


  • Written and updated by an author team that includes former and current law enforcement officers, providing students with direct insights, stories, and experiences from practiced professionals.
  • You Decide boxes invite critical thinking by presenting realistic dilemmas in policing and encouraging students to propose possible new solutions.
  • Case in Point boxes use current events to illustrate one or more of each chapter’s major issues.
  • Exhibit boxes provide concrete examples to help students make real-world connections.
  • Police Stories boxes feature the experiences of current and previous law enforcement officers to show students how concepts discussed play out in the field.

For instructors

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ISBN: 9781544364858