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Introduction to Policing
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Introduction to Policing

Fourth Edition
  • Steven M. Cox - Western Illinois University, USA
  • David Massey - Ocean Pines Police, Wor-Wic Community College
  • Connie M. Koski - Longwood University, USA
  • Brian D. Fitch - Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, Woodbury University, California State University, Fullerton, USA
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January 2019 | 488 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Written and extensively updated by an author team that includes former and current law enforcement officers, Introduction to Policing focuses on the thought-provoking, contemporary issues that underscore the challenging and rewarding world of policing. The authors skillfully balance research and practice to offer students an overview of both the foundations of policing and the expanded role of today’s police officers. Evolving with the modern realities of the field, the Fourth Edition discusses major new and ongoing impactful events, such as the political shift marked by the U.S. presidential election of 2016 and expanded coverage of women and minorities in policing. The accessible and engaging writing style, coupled with unique coverage of the issues of policing in multicultural communities, the impact of technology on policing, and policing strategies and procedures, make this bestselling book a must-have for policing courses.

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    PREFACE
     
    ABOUT THE AUTHORS
     
    PART I. FOUNDATIONS OF POLICING
     
    Chapter 1. Policing in the United States
    Law Enforcement Today  
    The Concept and Mandate of the Police  
    Scope of the Law Enforcement Sector  
    A Changing Landscape  
    A Changing Workforce  
    Additional Types of Police/Security  
     
    Chapter 2. A Brief History of Police in the United States
    English Roots of Policing  
    The Evolution of Early U.S. Policing  
    The Political Era  
    The Reform Era  
    The Era of Social Upheaval (1960s and 1970s)  
    The Community-Policing Era (1980–2000)  
    The Homeland Security Era (2001–Present)  
    Some Contemporary Policing Strategies  
    Policing in the Past, Present, and Future  
     
    Chapter 3. Police Organization and Administration
    Organizational Structures  
    Police Militarization  
    Operations Division  
    Organizational Substructures  
    Handling Change in Police Organizations  
    Police Unions and Collective Bargaining  
    Police Professionalism  
    Professional Literature and Research  
    Code of Ethics  
    Professional Associations  
    Self-Improvement  
    Academic Field  
    Accreditation  
     
    PART II. POLICE OPERATIONS
     
    Chapter 4. Recruitment and Selection of Police Officers
    The Importance of Recruitment and Selection  
    Antidiscrimination Legislation  
    Entry-Level Recruitment and Selection  
    Testing of Candidates  
    Supervisory Recruitment and Selection  
    Recruitment and Selection of Police Chiefs  
     
    Chapter 5. Police Training and Education
    Police Education  
    Research on College Education and Police Performance  
    Police Training  
    Types of Training  
    Challenges  
     
    Chapter 6. Police Work: Operations and Functions
    Basic Police Functions  
    Styles of Policing  
    Patrol Strength and Allocation  
    Other Types of Patrol  
    Evaluating Patrol  
    Evaluating Police Performance  
    Police and the Media  
     
    Chapter 7. Contemporary Strategies in Policing
    Community Policing  
    Problem-Oriented Policing  
    Research on Community- and Problem-Oriented Policing  
    Criticisms of Community Policing  
    The Current Status of COP and POP  
    Innovations in Policing Strategies  
     
    PART III. POLICE CONDUCT
     
    Chapter 8. The Police Culture and Work Stress
    What Is Culture?  
    Analyzing Police Subculture  
    Types of Stresses in Police Work  
    Effects and Consequences of Police Stress  
    Police Shootings and Critical Incidents  
    Counteracting Police Stress  
     
    Chapter 9. Law, Court Decisions, and the Police
    The 1st Amendment  
    The 2nd Amendment  
    The 4th Amendment  
    The 5th Amendment  
    The 14th Amendment  
    The Exclusionary Rule  
    Police Use of Force  
    The USA PATRIOT Act, Homeland Security, and Terrorism  
     
    Chapter 10. Ethics and Decision-Making
    Police Discretion  
    Ethics and Police Conduct  
    Leadership and Improving Decision-Making  
     
    Chapter 11. Police Misconduct and Accountability
    Corruption  
    Other Types of Police Misconduct  
    Research on Police Misconduct and Use of Force  
    The Impacts of Misconduct  
    Causes of Misconduct—Bad Apples or Bad Barrels?  
    Misconduct: Management and Administrative Issues  
    Accountability  
     
    PART IV. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN POLICING
     
    Chapter 12. Policing in a Diverse Society
    Policing in a Multicultural and Multiethnic Society  
    The Problem and Promise of Diversity  
    Police–Community Conflict  
    Public Image of the Police  
    Police in the Community  
    Women in Policing  
    Minority Police Officers  
     
    Chapter 13. Technology and the Police
    The Costs and Benefits of Technology  
    Computers  
    Video Cameras  
    Surveillance Technology  
    Crime Mapping  
    Biological Identifiers  
    Speed Detection Devices or Systems  
    Armor and Weapons  
     
    Chapter 14. Organized Crime, Homeland Security, and Global Issues
    Transnational Crime  
    White-Collar Crime  
    Terrorism  
    Local Response to Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime  
     
    Chapter 15. Private Security
    History and Background  
    The Current Private Security Force  
    Private and Contract Security Personnel  
    Authority, Requirements, and Accountability  
    Private Security Versus Public Police  
    The Risks of Privatizing the Police  
    Coordinating Public Police and Private Security  
     
    PART V. LOOKING AHEAD
     
    Chapter 16. The Future of Policing in the United States
    The Changing Context  
    Ongoing and Strategic Change  
    Terrorism and Future Policing  
     
    GLOSSARY
     
    ENDNOTES
     
    INDEX

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      • Policing in Practice Videos that feature interviews with professional law enforcement discussing their day-to-day work and current issues related to the field of policing
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    “A well-documented text that is written by real-life practitioners with lots of experience and knowledge in the policing fields. I would also say the text is very detailed and covers all aspects of policing. It has hands on interactive tools for students as well as for the instructor’s resources.”

    Chernoh M. Wurie, Ph.D.,
    Virginia Commonwealth University

    “Current, well organized, well written, easy to understand.”

    Arnold R. Waggoner,
    Rose State College

    “A concise, well-written, and inexpensive introductory text.”

    Scott Pray
    Muskingum University

    “This textbook covers all of the overarching topics that an introductory textbooks should, with enough detail to provide substance for upper undergraduate courses. This textbook can be used for all levels of undergraduate study.”

    Jennifer D. Griffin, Ph.D.
    University of Delaware

    “I would describe the text as a well-organized, relevant, and well tough out text book that is well suited to the mindset of students, many of whom are aspiring law enforcement candidates.”

    Dustin Werley
    Texas State University-San Marcos

    Introduction to Policing is one of the better introductory books on the market that benefits from a collaboration of authors having both academic and professional experience.”

    Patrick R. Gartin
    Missouri State University
    Key features

    NEW TO THIS EDITION:

    • Updated chapter content includes several major new or ongoing impactful events and social trends, most notably recent high-profile police misconduct cases, the role of social media, the political shift in the country marked by the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and police use of force on unarmed civilians.
    • Increased coverage of women and minorities in law enforcement, with special consideration of recruitment and opportunities for promotion, gives students a broader perspective of modern police officers.
    • Research, statistics, and data have been updated where available, providing the most up-to-date and accurate snapshot of modern policing.
    • New Police Stories have been added to include a wider range of officer voices, providing students with inclusive, relevant police scenarios that humanize police officers’ experiences.
    • New Case in Point boxes bring concepts to life and highlight recent events, such as reform efforts in the Baltimore Police Department, an officer’s response to the Orlando Pulse Nightclub shooting, and a private security company’s alleged harsh treatment of protesters at the Dakota Access Pipeline.
    • New You Decide boxes present students with timely scenarios to analyze and critically reflect on, such as the First Amendment rights of demonstrators and Automated License Plate Readers and privacy. Several other You Decide boxes have been updated with current information and statistics.


    KEY FEATURES: 

    • Written and updated by an author team that includes former and current law enforcement officers, providing students with direct insights, stories, and experiences from practiced professionals.
    • You Decide boxes invite critical thinking by presenting realistic dilemmas in policing and encouraging students to propose possible new solutions.
    • Case in Point boxes use current events to illustrate one or more of each chapter’s major issues.
    • Exhibit boxes provide concrete examples to help students make real-world connections.
    • Police Stories boxes feature the experiences of current and previous law enforcement officers to show students how concepts discussed play out in the field.
     

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