Introduction to Research Methods
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Introduction to Research Methods
A Hands-On Approach

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August 2017 | 400 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Introduction to Research Methods: A Hands-On Approach makes learning research methods easy for students by giving them activities they can experience and do on their own. With clear, simple, and even humorous prose, this text offers students a straightforward introduction to an exciting new world of social and behavioral science research. Rather than making research methods seem intimidating, author Bora Pajo shows students how social science and behavioral research can be an easy, ongoing conversation on topics that matter in their lives. Each chapter includes real research examples that illustrate specific topics that the chapter covers, guides that help students explore actual research challenges in more depth, and ethical considerations relating to specific chapter topics.

 
Chapter 1: The Purpose of Research
Chapter Outline  
Scientific Research and Its Purpose  
Theories of Knowledge  
A Quick Look at Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods  
Ethical Research  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 2 – Formulating a Research Question
Chapter Outline  
Choosing a Research Topic  
Operationalization of Constructs  
Types of Variables  
Types of Hypotheses  
Visualizing a Research Question  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 3: Researching and Writing the Literature Review
Chapter Outline  
Defining a Literature Review  
Exploring the Literature  
Understanding and Organizing the Literature  
Thinking Critically  
Hypotheses  
Systematic Reviews of Literature  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 4: Quantitative Designs
Chapter Outline  
Categorizations of Research Studies  
Cross-Sectional vs. Longitudinal Studies  
Causality in Research  
Experimental Designs  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 5: Measurement Errors, Reliability, Validity
Chapter Outline  
Measurement Errors  
Reliability  
Validity  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 6: Sampling
Chapter Outline  
Defining Sampling  
Probability and Non-Probability Sampling  
Types of Non-Probability Sampling  
Types of Probability Sampling  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 7: Data Collection for Quantitative Research
Chapter Outline  
Experimental Research  
Quasi – Experimental Research  
Preparing and Collecting Data Through Questionnaires  
Methods of Data Collection  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 8: Secondary Data
Chapter Outline  
Benefits of Using Secondary Data  
Major Sources of Secondary Data  
Disadvantages of Secondary Data  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 9: Entering and Organizing Quantitative Data
Chapter Outline  
The Purpose of Entering and Organizing Quantitative Data  
Preparing for Data Entry  
Organizing and Inputting Variables  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 10: Analyzing Quantitative Data
Chapter Outline  
Analyzing Quantitative Data  
Univariate Analysis  
Graphical Representation of Data  
Measures of Central Tendency  
Bivariate Analysis  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 11: Qualitative Designs And Data Collection: Understanding What Behavior Means In Context
Chapter Outline  
Types of qualitative data  
Types of qualitative data  
Mixing qualitative methods  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 12: Entering, Coding, and Analyzing Qualitative Data
Chapter Outline  
Enter, Clean, and Organize Qualitative Data  
Coding Qualitative Data  
Analyzing Qualitative Data  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 13: Results and Discussion
Chapter Outline  
Reporting Results  
Results in Quantitative Studies  
Results in Qualitative Studies  
Visually Presenting Results  
Discussion  
Recommendations  
Summary  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 14: Presenting Your Research
Chapter Outline  
Presenting Your Findings to an Audience  
Applying to Conferences  
Publishing an Article  
Summary  
Key Terms  

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site

SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group projects.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter
  • Multimedia content includes video and web links that appeal to students with different learning styles.
Student Resource Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • A  customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter
  • Multimedia content includes video and web links that appeal to students with different learning styles.
Key features

KEY FEATURES:

  • A conversational and jargon-free writing style brings the relevance of research to life.
  • Research in Action features illustrate real, annotated research examples, giving students the skills to read and interpret research they may encounter in their everyday lives.
  • Research Workshop features offer step-by-step help on practical topics that extend beyond the chapter to provide hands-on tips for students conducting their own research.
  • Ethical considerations within each chapter address different aspects of research to emphasize ethics as an integral part of the research conversation.
  • Chapter pedagogy includes summaries, key terms, photos, and “Taking It a Step Further” questions to extend understanding and application of text concepts.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1: The Purpose of Research

Chapter 14: Presenting Your Research


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ISBN: 9781483386959