You are here

Introduction to Statistics

Introduction to Statistics
Fundamental Concepts and Procedures of Data Analysis

© 2014 | 632 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Using a truly accessible and reader-friendly approach, this comprehensive introduction to statistics redefines the way statistics can be taught and learned. Unlike other books that merely focus on procedures, Reid’s approach balances development of critical thinking skills with application of those skills to contemporary statistical analysis. He goes beyond simply presenting techniques by focusing on the key concepts readers need to master in order to ensure their long-term success. Indeed, this exciting new book offers the perfect foundation upon which readers can build as their studies and careers progress to more advanced forms of statistics.

Keeping computational challenges to a minimum, Reid shows readers not only how to conduct a variety of commonly used statistical procedures, but also when each procedure should be utilized and how they are related. Following a review of descriptive statistics, he begins his discussion of inferential statistics with a two-chapter examination of the Chi Square test to introduce students to hypothesis testing, the importance of determining effect size, and the need for post hoc tests. When more complex procedures related to interval/ratio data are covered, students already have a solid understanding of the foundational concepts involved. Exploring challenging topics in an engaging and easy-to-follow manner, Reid builds concepts logically and supports learning through robust pedagogical tools, the use of SPSS, numerous examples, historical quotations, insightful questions, and helpful progress checks. 

Chapter 1. Introduction
Part I. Descriptive Statistics - Seeing Clearly with Data
Chapter 2. Describing Nominal and Ordinal Data
Chapter 3. Describing Interval and Ratio Data - I
Chapter 4. Describing Interval and Ratio Data - II
Part II. Computer Assisted Statistical Analysis
Chapter 5. Using SPSS
Part III. Inferential Statistics - Thinking Clearly about Data
Chapter 6. The Logic of Inferential Statistics
Chapter 7. Finding Differences with Nominal Data - I
Chapter 8. Finding Differences with Nominal Data - II
Chapter 9. Finding Differences with Interval and Ratio Data - I
Chapter 10. Finding Differences with Interval and Ratio Data - II
Chapter 11. Finding Differences with Interval/Ratio Data - III
Chapter 12. Finding Differences with Interval/Ratio Data - IV
Chapter 13. Finding Differences with Interval/Ratio Data - V
Chapter 14. Identifying Associations with Nominal and Interval/Ratio Data
Chapter 15. Identifying Associations with Interval/Ratio Data
Chapter 16. Congratulations - The Big Picture and Next Steps
Appendix I. Kruskal - Wallis H Test
Appendix II. Spearman r Correlation
Appendix III. Multiple Regression
Appendix IV. An Introduction to Power Analysis - Finding Minimum Appropriate Sample Sizes
Appendix V. Statistical Symbols Used in this Book
Appendix VI. Definitional Equations and, Where Appropriate, Their Computational Equation Equivalents
Appendix VII. Inferential Statistical Procedures and Their Measures of Effect Size
Appendix VIII. Glossary of Terms
Appendix IX. Answers to Chapter Problems
Appendix X. Statistical Tables
Appendix XI. Overview Table for the Book


Instructor Resource Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank, is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • A Respondus electronic test bank, is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
  • The Instructor Teaching Site includes complete answers to all in-text questions.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions. This author-created instructor's manual identifies goals for each chapters and suggests methods for reaching those goals.
  • Sample course syllabi provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses.
  • Author-created quizzes for each chapter of approximately 5 multiple choice questions each which instructors can use as a progress check to ensure completion of reading assignments.
Student Study Site

Use the Student Study Site to get the most out of your course!
Our Student Study Site at  is completely open-access and offers a wide range of additional features:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.

“The text is VERY well written…I like the logical flow of the text the BEST.  I also like the outlines, tables, explanations of symbols inserted within the text. I find them very appropriate in the timing of presentation and thus helpful to continue reading the sample chapter.” 

                                                                                                                                            —May Takeuchi, University of North Alabama

May Takeuchi
University of North Alabama

“It’s easy to read, well explained, student-friendly and a little fun. The author is very knowledgeable about statistical analyses and history. SPSS outputs are a good touch. I also love the mathematics in the introduction because I have to go over this very same information at the beginning of each semester and other texts don’t typically provide it the way it is done here (these are all the mathematical functions that the students need to know to succeed in a statistics class).” 

                                                                                                                                                    — Cornelia Brooks, Bowie State University

Cornelia Brooks
Bowie State University

“I really like the multiple-choice quiz questions at the end of the chapters. Students typically struggle with multiple-choice questions at the beginning of this course. They don’t really understand why there are such questions in a “math” class. Having these quizzes in the textbook would really help them work through that.”  

                                                                                                                                    —Christy Miller Cowan, Lincoln Memorial University

Christy Miller Cowan
Lincoln Memorial University

“It is very readable with clear explanations and examples.” 

                                                                                        —Michael A. Bock, American International College

Michael A. Bock
American International College

“I like the focus on definitional formulas rather than computational formulas. I think the description of how to use SPSS is extremely clear.”  

                                                                                                                                                            —Kristi Lemm, Western Washington University 

Kristi Lemm
Western Washington University
Key features


  • An overview table highlights how the statistical procedures being reviewed are related and helps readers to choose the correct statistical procedure to employ.
  • Parallels between tests used for different levels of data are emphasized throughout the book to reinforce student mastery of concepts such as effect size and post hoc tests.
  • A logical, reader-friendly organization progresses from less mathematically challenging procedures to more mathematically challenging procedures to aid readers’ understanding.
  • A full chapter introduces students to the rationale of experimentation and the logic of employing inferential statistical procedures.
  • Numerous examples, progress checks, and historical quotations help develop readers’ understanding of the concepts presented, while critical thinking questions assist readers to obtain a deeper level of understanding.
  • An emphasis on the logic of statistical procedures and the use of definitional, rather than computational, equations helps readers understand key procedures.
  • A discussion of computational equations is provided in the Appendix.
  • A comprehensive, easy-to-understand introduction to the use of SPSS helps readers feel comfortable with SPSS when more complex procedures, such as the Factorial ANOVA, are covered.

Preview this book

For instructors

Please select a format:

Select a Purchasing Option

Electronic version
Prices from
*180 day rental