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Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies

Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies

Jay Mitra University of Essex, UK

eISSN: 23949945 | ISSN: 23939575 | Current volume: 4 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Bi-annually

Call for Papers
Special Issue on Migrant and Transnational Entrepreneurs: International Entrepreneurship and Emerging Economies

The Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies (JEIEE) is owned by SAGE and published in association with the International Entrepreneurship Forum.

The Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies (JEIEE) aims to provide a unique platform for the dissemination of a range of critical entrepreneurship, innovation, business and economic development issues pertaining to and of relevance to emerging economies.

The Editors welcome manuscripts from a wide arena of interests in the field of entrepreneurship, innovation and business management, economics, sociology, anthropology, philosophy, technology and engineering management and bio-sciences.

The multidisciplinary Journal reflects the complex nature of entrepreneurial activity and the ability of scholars and researchers to make sense of critical issues, interpret behaviour and outcomes, including, but not limited to:

  • Business model innovation (e.g. frugal innovation – sustainability and scalability)
  • Social innovation, social and community enterprise
  • Corporate social responsibility and enterprise
  • Cities and growth
  • Rural decline and resurgence
  • Financial engineering
  • New and relevant technologies
  • Creative people and methods
  • Regional development
  • Public policy
  • Institutional evolution
  • Philanthropy
  • Migration and economic growth
  • Environmental issues
  • Talent management and brain circulation
  • Micro finance and
  • Sustainable and inclusive business and economic development

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies is a peer-reviewed Journal, published two times a year. The aim of the Journal is to provide an intellectual and research platform for the dissemination of a range of critical entrepreneurship, innovation, business and economic development issues of relevance to emerging economies. The Journal tracks, documents, sheds light on, and critiques developments, ideas, and actions associated with the creation and growth of new ventures (business, social, project- based and public), public policy that facilitates or restrains such activities, and institutions that promote or inhibit innovative outcomes in the economy and societies of these nations.

The Journal promotes the interests of researchers in the field of business management, entrepreneurship and innovation, economics, sociology and related social science disciplines which impact on business management and economic development agendas.

The Journal provides a forum for the publication of conceptual and empirical research, critical case studies and accounts of creative and reflective practice focusing on entrepreneurship and innovation in emerging countries and business or management issues.

Editorial Board Members
Yazid Abubakar Abdullahi UBD School of Business and Economics Universiti Brunei Darussalam
Zoltan Acs George Mason University, USA
Sergio Arzeni International Network for SMEs (INSME), Rome, Italy
Alan Barrell Entrepreneur in Residence, University of Cambridge, UK
Su-Hyun Berg Independent Consultant, Flensburg, Germany
Mahamadou Biga-Diambeidou ICN Business School ARTEM–CEREFIGE, University of Lorraine, France
Catherine Cameron Agluhas (Applied Knowledge), UK
Sujoy Chakrabarty Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Raghu Echempati Kettering University, Flint, USA
Vanina Andrea Farber IMD School of Business, Switzerland
Jorg Freiling Faculty of Business Studies & Economics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Giuseppe E Gramigna US Small Business Administration, Washington, D.C., USA
Vijaya Gupta National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India
Mohammed Hizam Hanafiah Faculty of Economics and Management, The National University of Malaysia, Malaysia
Aki Harima LEMEX, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Nick Hixson Hixsons, Dorset, UK
Akio Hosono Japan International Cooperation Agency Research Institute, Japan
Urs Jäger INCAE Business School, Costa Rica
Abel Kinoti Riara University, Kenya
Agnieszka Kurczewska Faculty of Economics & Sociology, University of Lodz, Poland
Csaba Mako Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Szent István University, Hungary and Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration, National Public Service University, Budapest, Hungary
Mathew J Manimala Former Professor and Chairperson, OB-HRM Area, Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore
Fiorina Mugione Enterprise Development Branch, Division of Investment and Enterprise, UNCTAD, Switzerland
Ganesh Natarajan 5F World, Pune and NASSCOM Foundation, India
Hedda Pahlson-Moller European Business Angel Network, LUXEMBOURG
Gunnar Prause Tallin University of Technology, Estonia
Sarika Pruthi San Jose State University, California, USA
Sudhanshu Rai Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Alejandro Rausch International Consultant, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Partha Ray Economics Group, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Carlos Restrepo Externado University, Colombia
Santanu Roy Institute of Management Technology, Dubai, UAE
Murtala Sagagi Bayero University, Nigeria
Peter Schmidt University of Giessen, Germany and Humboldt Research Fellow, Polish Foundation for Basic Research at the Cardinal Wysczinski University, Warsaw
Ben Shenglin Academy of Internet Finance, Zhejiang University, China
Fiona Sussan Akita International University, Japan and School of Advanced Studies, University of Phoenix, & Founder, Center for Global Business Research, USA
Anna Svirina Kazan National Research Technical University, Kazan, Russian Federation, Russia
Silke Tegtmeier Sonderborg University, Denmark
Pham Vu Thang University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University Hanoi, Vietnam
Pooran Wynarczyk Small Enterprise Research Unit (SERU), Newcastle University Business School, University of Newcastle, UK
Fangqi Xu Kindai University, Japan
Yuchen Zhang School of Economics & Management, Tongji University, China
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines for Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies

    The Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies is hosted on SAGE Peer Review, a web based online submission and peer review system. Please read the Manuscript Submission guidelines below, and then visit to login and submit your article online.

    1.  A softcopy of the manuscript should be submitted in English, with MS Word format and double-spaced with adequate margins on all sides. It should be accompanied by a brief bio-sketch of all the authors and should be electronically submitted at Every manuscript must include an abstract and four to six key words.
    2. The full length paper should not exceed 8000 words. The abstract of the paper should not be more than 250 words with four to six keywords.
    3. Chapter 2 in the APA Publication Manual offers detailed instructions on formatting the manuscript. We request all contributors to be familiar with it. A guide to preparation for manuscripts according to APA style can be found here
    4. The manuscript should be accompanied by a cover page comprising title of the article, authors’ name and affiliation, mailing address, phone, fax and email address. In case of multiple authors, the cover page should also indicate the author to whom correspondence should be addressed. This information should be centred in the middle of the title page. The name of the author(s) should not appear anywhere else in the manuscript. Contributors must provide their affiliations and complete postal and e-mail addresses with their articles.
    5. The manuscript should have a margin of 1 inch on all four sides (with the margin on the left side flush at 1 inch, and the right margin “ragged”), and the entire paper should be set to double-space. The first line of each paragraph should be indented one-half inch.
    6. EIE requires that all submissions use Times New Roman font, 12 pt.
    7.  British spellings throughout (‘labour’ nor ‘labor’, ‘centre’ not ‘center’); universal ‘s’ in ‘-ise’ and ‘-isation’ words.
    8. Single quotes throughout; double quotes used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed.
    9. Use ‘19th century’, ‘1980s’. Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements, use only figures (3 km, 9 per cent, not %). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores. Avoid saying ‘recently’ but rather give the year.
    10. Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimised, but used consistently. Use italics only for the first time the word or phrase is used. Do not italicize abbreviations like etc., et al., and ibid. An exception is sic, which should be italicized and placed in square brackets.
    11. Quotations of 45 words or more should be indented from the text with a line space above and below.
    12. The APA Style Manual provides guidelines about headings in the text. While some papers have three level headings, others may have two.
    13.  The following conventions should be used when using hyphens, en dash, em dash:
      - Use hyphens (-) to create compound words and to break a word across lines.
      - Use an en dash (–) for a range of numbers, e.g., 75­–80.
      - Use an em dash (—) to mark an explanatory element in a sentence.
    14. Endnotes should be used instead of footnotes, and should be numbered serially using standard figures (e.g., 1, 2, 3). The notes should be linked to the note cues within the text. Notes should contain more than a citation of a work. Use notes to elaborate an issue that is already made in the main text.
    15. Tables, figures and charts presented in the text should be in black and white only. They must meet APA guidelines. Wherever necessary, the title should be indicated at the top and sources should be at the bottom. They should be serially numbered and this number should match with the references to them cited in the text. The tables, figures and charts need not appear in separate document files. The tables and figures mentioned in the text should appear near/after they are referred. Source for figures and tables should be mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.
    16. All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi/1500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG. Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour). All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.


    References should be given separately at the end of the article and the entries should be arranged alphabetically. The word ‘References’ should appear as a first-level heading. The list should include only the works the author(s) has cited.

    Inverted names: In each reference, authors’ names are inverted (last name first) for all authors (first, second or subsequent ones); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work unless the work has more than six authors. If the work has more than six authors, list the first six authors and then use et al. after the sixth author’s name.

    Arrangement of references: Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

    Chronological listing: If you have more than one work by the same author(s), list them in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.

    Sentence case: In references, follow sentence case for the titles of papers, books, articles, etc. For example, APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication

    Title case: In references, Journal titles are put in title case. For example, Indian Journal of Gender Studies

    The following style should be strictly followed:

    Single author’s journal article:

    Fox, S. (1984). Empowerment as a catalyst for change: An example for the food industry. Supply Chain Management, 2(3), 29–33. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225 [Doi number optional]

    Multiple authors’ journal article:

    Khan, M.R., Islam, A.F.M.M., & Das, D. (1886). A factor analytic study on the validity of a union commitment scale. Journal of Applied Psychology, 12(1), 129–36.

    Special issue or section in a journal:

    Haney, C., & Wiener, R.L. (Eds). (2004). Capital punishment in the United States [Special Issue]. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 10(4), 129–36.

    Simchi-Levi, D., Kaminsky, P., & Simchi-Levi, E. (2007). Designing and managing the supply chain: Concepts, strategies and case studies(3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Edited book having one editor:
    Raine, A. (Ed.). (2006). Crime and schizophrenia: Causes and cures. New York: Nova Science.

    Edited book having more than one editor:
    Greenspan, E.L., & Rosenberg, M. (Eds). (2009). Martin’s annual criminal code: Student edition 2010. Aurora, ON: Canada Law Book.

    Chapter in edited book having one editor:
    Bessley, M., & Wilson, P. (1984). Public policy and small firms in Britain. In C. Levicki (Ed.), Small business theory and policy (pp. 111–26). London: Croom Helm.

    Chapter in edited book having more than one editor:
    Young, M.E., & Wasserman, E.A. (2005). Theories of learning. In K. Lamberts, & R.L. Goldstone (Eds), Handbook of cognition (pp. 161–82). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

    Translated book:
    Amin, S. (1976). Unequal development (trans. B. Pearce). London and New York: Monthly Review Press.

    Non-English reference book, title translated into English:
    Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lengua espanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nd ed.). Madrid, Spain: Author.

    Conference presentation:
    Seibel, R., & Saffran, J. (2006, June). Tune or text: The effect of text on melody recognition. Paper presented at the annual meeting of XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Kyoto, Japan.

    Electronic sources should include the URL of the website at which they may be found, as shown:
    Sillick, T.J., & Schutte, N.S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38–48. Retrieved Date Month Year, from

    Unpublished dissertation/ paper:
    Uddin, K. (2000). A study of corporate governance in a developing country: A case of Bangladesh (Unpublished Dissertation). Lingnan University, Hong Kong.

    Article in newspaper:
    Yunus, M. (2005, March 23). Micro credit and poverty alleviation in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Observer, p. 9.

    Newsletter article, no author:
    Six sites meet for comprehensive anti-gang intiative conference. (2006, November/December). OOJDP News @ a Glance. Retrieved 23 March 2014 from

    In-press article:
    Briscoe, R. (in press). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Retrieved 23 March 2014 from

    Article in magazine:
    Holloway, M. (2005, August 6). When extinct isn't. Scientific American, 293, 22–23.

    Website of any institution:
    Central Bank of India (2005). Income recognition norms definition of NPA. Retrieved 10 August 2005, from, viewed on 15 August 2014.

    1. The reference to other works should be provided in the text using citations written in the author-date method.
      Author-date method: Follow the author-date method of in-text citation, e.g., (Jones, 1998).
      Quotes: When directly quoting from a work, include the page number in the citation.

    Citation styles:

    One Work by One Author: (Walker, 2000, p. 50)

    One Work by Multiple Authors: (Walker & Wasserstein, 2000, pp. 120-25)One Work by Three or More Authors: The surnames of all the authors have to be cited in the first instance. Thenceforth, only the surname of the first author should be cited, followed by et al. For example: First instance: (Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman & Rock, 1994). After that: (Wasserstein et al., 1994)

    One Work by Six or More Authors: Only the surname of the first author followed by et al. is to be cited even in the first citation. (Wasserstein et al., 1994)

    Two or More Works by Different authors in One Citation: (Balda, 1980; Kamil, 1988; Pepperberg & Funk, 1990)

    Two or More Works by the Same Author(s) in One Citation: (Edeline & Weinberger, 1991, 1993, in press)

    Two or More Works Published in the Same Year by the Same Author(s): (Johnson, 1991a, 1991b, 1991c)

    Authors with same surname: Include the initials in all the text citations even if the year of publication differs, e.g., (I. Light, 2006; M.A. Light, 2008).

    Works with no identified author or anonymous author: Cite the first few words of the reference entry (title) and then the year, e.g., (‘Study finds’, 2007); (Anonymous, 1998).

    Groups or organizations or universities: (University of Pittsburgh, 2007) or University of Pittsburgh (2007).

    Work discussed in secondary source: In the text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Seidenberg and McClelland’s work is cited in Coltheart et al. and you did not read the original work, list the Coltheart et al. reference in the References. In the text, use the following citation: In Seidenberg and McClelland’s study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins & Haller, 1993) ....

    Personal communication (e.g., private letters, memos, electronic communication , personal interviews): T.K. Lutes (personal communication, 18 April 2001) [Personal communications are not included in the reference list]

    Classical works (when the date of publication is inapplicable, such as very old works, then cite the year of translation that was used preceded by trans.): (Aristotle, trans. 1931); James (1890/1983) [Reference entries are not required for major classical works, such as ancient Greek and Roman works or classical religious works]

    1.  Book reviews must contain name of author/editor and book reviewed, place of publication and publisher, year of publication, number of pages and price.
    2. Authors will be provided with a copyright form once the contribution is accepted for publication. The submission will be considered as final only after the filled-in and signed copyright form is received. In case there are two or more authors, the corresponding author needs to sign the copyright form.

    Instruction-Revised Manuscript Submission:

    Please ensure that you have responded to all reviewer and editor comments in detail in the author response letter.

    Please ensure that you upload the updated manuscript files, especially the main document.

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    • Click the "HTML" button to view the online version of the manuscript; click the "PDF" button to view a PDF version of the manuscript.
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    • To submit your review, click the "Submit" button at the bottom of the score sheet.
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    • In addition, if you have comments for Editor's attention only, you may enter them in Comments to Editor's section and these will remain confidential.
    • All communications regarding this manuscript are privileged.
    • Any conflict of interest, suspicion of duplicate publication, fabrication of data or plagiarism must immediately be reported to me.

    Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

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