Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Bruce Buehler, MD Omaha, Nebraska

eISSN: 21565899| ISSN: 21565872|Current volume: 21|Current issue: 3 Frequency: Quarterly
Now Indexed in MEDLINE!

Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (formerly Complementary Health Practice Review) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed biomedical journal publishing hypothesis-driven and evidence-based articles concerning observations or studies (both positive and negative) in all fields of healing practices encompassed by the terms complementary, alternative, and integrative medicine,
including (but not limited to):
  • ayurveda
  • siddha
  • mind-body medicine
  • energy therapies
  • homeopathic medicine
  • dietary limitation and supplementation
  • traditional Chinese medicine (herbalism and acupuncture)
  • naturopathy
  • body manipulation and massage

Categories of articles include editorial comments, original articles (studies with either positive or
negative results), brief communications (observations or case reports that generate hypotheses
for testing), topical reviews, historical vignettes, correspondence, and book reviews.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (formerly Complementary Health Practice Review) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed biomedical journal publishing hypothesis-driven and evidence-based articles concerning observations or studies (both positive and negative) in all fields of healing practices encompassed by the terms complementary, alternative, and integrative medicine.

Former Editors-in-Chief
Editorial Board
Donald Patrick Albert, PhD Huntsville, Texas
Thomas Arcury Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Julia T. Arnold, PhD Bethesda, Maryland
Ramesh Babu, MD New Delhi, India
Carlo Calabrese, ND, MPH Portland, Oregon
J. Donald Dishman, DC, MSc Port Orange, Florida
Edzard Ernst, MD, PhD, FMed Sci, FSB, FRCP, FRCP(Edin) Exeter, Devon, England
Patricia Evans, MD Dallas, Texas
Christine L. Girard, ND Tempe, Arizona
Melinda Goldner, PhD Schenectady, New York
David Griesemer, MD Boston, Massachusetts
Joerg Gruenwald, PhD Berlin, Germany
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, PhD Reduit, Mauritius
Mitchell Haas, DC, MA Portland, Oregon
Andrew D. Halpner, PhD Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Melanie Henriksen, ND, LAc, CNM Portland, Oregon
Gary Hoff, DO Des Moines, Iowa
Randolph M. Howes, MD, PhD Kentwood, Louisiana
Emily A. Kane, ND, LAc Juneau, Alaska
Kathi J. Kemper, MD, MPH Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
Tieraona Low Dog, MD Tucson, Arizona
Sheryl Martin, OMD, LAc, RN Dana Point, CA
Laurie Mischley, ND Kenmore, Washington
Tabatha Parker, ND Ometepe, Nicaragua
Karen Pilkington, PhD London, England
Todd D. Porter, PhD Lexington, Kentucky
Aviva Jill Romm, MD Boston, Massachusetts
Les Rose, BSc, CBiol, FSB, FICR, MAPM Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
Bashar Saad, PhD Baga Algharbiya, Israel
Steven Sandberg-Lewis, ND Portland, Oregon
Dugald Seely, ND Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Paul D. Terry, PhD, MPH Knoxville, Tennessee
Gail Tudor, PhD Bangor, Maine
Dana Ullman, MPH Berkely, California
Guo-qing Zheng, PhD, MD Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China
  • Alt-HealthWatch - Ebsco
  • Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
  • EBSCOhost: Allied and Complementary Medicine Database
  • EBSCOhost: Current Abstracts
  • InfoTrac (full text)
  • Ovid: Allied and Complementary Medicine Database
  • PsycINFO
  • PubMed: MEDLINE
  • Aims and Scope

    Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (JEBCAM) is an interdisciplinary single-blind peer-reviewed biomedical journal publishing hypothesis-driven and evidence-based articles concerning observations or studies (both positive and negative) in all fields of healing practices encompassed by the terms complementary, alternative, and integrative medicine, including (but not limited to) dietary limitation and supplementation, traditional Chinese medicine (herbalism and acupuncture), naturopathy, body manipulation and massage, ayurveda, unani, siddha, mind-body medicine, energy therapies, and homeopathic medicine. Through utilizing the rigorous scientific method, JEBCAM will disseminate authoritative information on complementary and alternative medicine to health professionals and to the public. Categories of submission include editorial comments, original articles (studies with either positive or negative results), brief communications (observations or case reports that generate hypotheses for testing), topical reviews, historical vignettes, commentaries/special articles, correspondence, and book reviews. Average time from submission to first decision: 12 

    General Instructions

    All submissions (including invited material) are subjected to peer review. Authors are invited to submit original articles of all types for consideration. Case reports can be submitted as brief communications. All material must be submitted online at the SAGETRACK ScholarOne website ( New authors should use the “Create Account: New users click here” button at the submission website. After entering the website, go to the “Corresponding Author Center” to submit manuscripts, using the “Click here to submit a new manuscript” button. Manuscript text and tables must be prepared and submitted only in Microsoft Office Word (MSWord 2003) document format (saved as “.doc” files). Files to be uploaded should be complete final versions of text of the article (including abstract and keywords), tables, and figures (photographs, art work, or line drawings); do not insert figures into an MSWord document file. At the completion of the upload of each file, a confirmation window will appear asking for a description of the file (for the main document, use language such as “article text” or “main document”; for figures, indicate a figure number, such as “Figure 1”; and for other supporting materials, indicate clearly what the file is). After completion of the upload of all materials, authors should confirm the proper order of the material and that the PDF version created by the website accurately reflects all the submitted material.


    Manuscripts should follow the usual format for biomedical sciences articles as well as material recently published in JEBCAM. Authors must assure that manuscripts conform to the style guidelines described in the AMA Manual of Style ( Authors whose native language is not English must have manuscripts carefully proofread and corrected for proper American English spelling, grammar, and syntax by a professional English editor or colleague who is a native English speaker. Manuscript pages should be double-spaced and numbered consecutively with the appropriate subheadings used to designate different sections (for example, original articles should have the sections in order: title page, abstract, keywords, text, acknowledgments, author contribution/roles, declaration of conflicting interests, financial disclosure/funding, ethical approval, references, tables, and figure legends). Do not use any abbreviations or acronyms unless the abbreviation or acronym itself has become a word (for example: DNA). Only generic names of drugs should be used. Clinical laboratory data (including normal ranges) should be expressed in conventional units rather than SI (Système International) units, although SI units can be provided in parentheses. Authors should retain for their own files a complete copy of all material submitted. Additional information on general principles of manuscript preparation can be obtained from the website or from the following references:

    1. AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. 10th ed. New York, NY: Oxford Press; 2007.
    2. Brumback RA. Success at publishing in biomedical journals: hints from a journal editor. J Child Neurol. 2009;24:370-378.
    3. Brumback RA. ABRV (or Abbrevobabble Revisited). J Child Neurol. 2009;24(12):1477-1479.
    4. Young DS, Huth EJ. SI Units for Clinical Measurement. Philadelphia, PA: American College of Physicians; 1998.
    5. Council of Science Editors, Style Manual Committee. Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual For Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 7th ed. Reston, VA: The Council; 2006.

    Title page. The title should be brief and meaningful. Following the title, there should be a listing of first and last names of all authors, along with highest academic or medical degrees and affiliations. Authorship should be limited to direct participants. List the complete name, postal address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address for the corresponding author (authors who do not have an e-mail account can obtain one from among the free sites such as “,” “,”' or “”'). List the word count for the manuscript [generally 7000 words in a manuscript].

    Abstract. An unstructured abstract of no more than 150 words should be provided on a separate page and should be factual, presenting the reason for the study, main findings, and conclusions. A list of 3 to 5 keywords should be included at the end of the abstract.

    Body. The manuscript should be divided by subheadings (for example: introduction, methods, case summary, results, and discussion). The hypothesis or reason for publication of the material must be clearly described.

    References. Authors are responsible for correctness and completeness of reference citations. The reference list should be double-spaced and begin on a separate page. Reference citations should be arranged according to their order of appearance in the text, and indicated by superscript numbers in the text. References should generally be typed in accordance with the style of the AMA Manual of Style (examples shown below). Only the first four authors should be listed; when there are more than four authors, list only the first three followed by “et al.” Abbreviations of journal names should conform to the style in the US National Library of Medicine MEDLINE® (PubMed®: Abstracts of presentations should be noted as such. Citation of websites should list the complete URL address and the date and month accessed. Sample references are given below.

    1. Liptak GS, Bloss JW, Briskin H, et al. The management of children with spinal dysraphism. J Child Neurol. 1988;3(1):3-20.
    2. Benson DF. The role of frontal dysfunction in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Child Neurol. 1991;6(Suppl):S9-S12.
    3. Christoferson LA, Leech RW. Animal models of hydrocephalus. In Leech RW, Brumback RA, eds. Hydrocephalus: Current Clinical Concepts. St. Louis, MO: Mosby-Year Book; 1991:71-76.
    4. Volpe JJ. Neurology of the Newborn. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2008.

    Personal communications, unpublished manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted, and similar unpublished items should not appear in the reference list, but can be noted parenthetically in the text. If reference managers (such as EndNote) are used, the author must assure that the submitted manuscript has the references provided in the same plain text manner as the rest of the manuscript.

    Artwork Submissions (Figures)

    Artwork includes charts and graphs, maps, photographs, and line art. Electronic (computer generated) art should be prepared as sharp, clear, high-quality computer images with a minimum width of 2100 pixels and saved in uncompressed TIFF or JPEG file formats as grayscale or CMYK images. Microsoft application files are acceptable for vector art (line art). Graphs should be submitted as figure files and should be finished drawings, not requiring further artwork (line art is preferable). All patient identifiers must be removed from pictures of radiographs or other imaging modalities. Recognizable photographs of patients must be accompanied by written permission for publication. Reproduction of any previously published illustration must be accompanied by written permission from both the original author and the publisher. Figure legends should include full explanations of the figures with numbers corresponding to those on the figure files themselves. Abbreviations appearing in figures must be fully identified in the legend. All figures must be specifically referred to in the text and numbered in order of appearance in the text. Color photographs or illustrations will be published in the online version at no cost to the authors; however publication of color images in the print version will be charged to the author at a cost of $800 for the first figure and $200 for each additional figure.


    Each table should be prepared on a separate page at the end of the text document (after the reference list) and preferably should be no larger than a single page. Include a brief descriptive title of the table and a footnote with explanation of any abbreviations. All tables must be specifically referred to in the text and numbered in order of appearance in the text.

    Peer Review Policy

    JEBCAM operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.


    Authors should identify where the work was performed, the meeting, if any, at which the material was presented, and any assistance in writing the manuscript or other help that did not merit authorship.

    Author Contribution (Roles)

    Details of the contribution of each author to the study leading to the article and to the preparation of the manuscript (including who wrote the first draft of the manuscript) must be specified, including description of any “ghost author” or other writing assistance. Guidelines for authors and contributors are available at the website of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE; For multi-authored submissions, up to three authors can be designated as “first authors who contributed equally to this work” if the contributions of those individuals constituted the majority of the work on the project. In addition, “mentors who contributed equally to this work” can be used to define a category of authorship for senior investigators, clinicians, or directors who provided equal support and mentorship necessary for the success of the work.

    Declaration of Conflicting Interests

    Authors must disclose any conflicting or competing interests that could potentially affect the conduct of the study, interpretation of results, or preparation of the manuscript. This should include disclosures of commercial, financial, or other associations not only by the manuscript authors, but also by any collaborators who contributed to the study but did not merit article authorship.


    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), JOURNAL additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    Research ethics

    All papers reporting animal and human studies must include whether written consent was obtained from the local Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee and an Ethics Committee reference number.

    We accept manuscripts that report human and/or animal studies for publication only if it is made clear that investigations were carried out to a high ethical standard. Studies in humans which might be interpreted as experimental (e.g. controlled trials) should conform to the Declaration of Helsinki and typescripts must include a statement that the research protocol was approved by the appropriate ethical committee. In line with the Declaration of Helsinki 1975, revised Hong Kong 1989, we encourage authors to register their clinical trials (at or other suitable databases identified by the ICMJE, If your trial has been registered, please state this on the Title Page. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate on the Title Page which guideline/law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

    Patient consent

    Authors are required to ensure the following guidelines are followed, as recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published.

    Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note. When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the submitted article.


    Submission of a manuscript to JEBCAM is taken as evidence that the materials have not been submitted simultaneously elsewhere and that no part of the text or any of the figures has been copyrighted, published, or reproduced elsewhere unless information regarding previous publication is explicitly cited and permission obtained (a copy of such permission must be provided with the manuscript). Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be required to complete an electronic copyright transfer form on the “Corresponding Author Center” of the SAGETRACK website. At the website, the correct manuscript should be chosen from “Manuscripts with Decisions” and from the ACTION box on the far right side, choose “Contributor Form.” After reading the form and completing the appropriate boxes, clicking the “I accept” box will confirm appropriate copyright transfer.

    Checklist for Authors

    A checklist for authors is available here. Authors should use this list to ensure they have followed all guidelines for submitting to the journal. 

    This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

    For any question regarding manuscript submission please feel free to contact Brinda Sharma(

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