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Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine

Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine

Christopher Chang University of California, Davis, CA, USA

eISSN: 2515690X | ISSN: 2515690X

Journal Highlights

  • Indexed In: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Medline, PubMed, and Scopus
  • Publication is subject to payment of an article processing charge (APC)
  • Submit here

Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine (JEBIM) is a peer-reviewed open access journal which focuses on hypothesis-driven and evidence-based research in all fields integrative medicine. Please see the Aims and Scope tab for further information.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Submission Information

Submit your manuscript today at

Please see the Submission Guidelines tab for more information on how to submit your article to the journal.

Open access article processing charge (APC) information

Publication in the journal is subject to payment of an article processing charge (APC). The APC serves to support the journal and ensures that articles are freely accessible online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons license.

The APC for this journal is currently $1200 USD.

The article processing charge (APC) is payable only if your article is accepted after peer review, before it is published. The APC is subject to taxes where applicable. Tax-exempt status can be indicated by providing appropriate registration numbers when payment is requested. Please see further details here.


Please direct any queries to

This journal was previously known as Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (JEBCAM). It combined with Integrative Medicine Insights at the end of 2017.

Why Publish Open Access in JEBIM

  • Visibility and Impact: Anyone anywhere in the world can read, use and cite your research
  • Rigorous Standards: Double-blind peer review policy
  • Flexibility: No page limits or page charges, and authors can publish full data sets, figures, tables, etc
  • Copyright: Authors retain copyright under a Creative Commons License

Useful Links

The Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine (JEBIM) is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, open access, biomedical journal whose aim is to create a global platform for hypothesis-driven and evidence-based research in all fields of integrative medicine.

JEBIM was created to be an invaluable resource for clinical researchers and scientists, physicians and other health practitioners, as well as graduate students on the trends, perspectives, and latest translational research in integrative medicine. The journal is currently accepting original research articles, research reviews, brief communications, correspondences, editorials, and book reviews. Please note that the journal rarely publishes case reports.

Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)
  • Traditional Eastern and Western medicine
  • Nutrition therapy and supplementation
  • Massage Therapy and Chiropractic medicine
  • Non-traditional treatments
  • Preventative medicine
  • Integrative health and medicine

The journal accepts studies with both positive and negative outcomes.

Manuscript Submission

Commissioning Editor
Christa Walker SAGE Publishing, USA
Editorial Board
Donald I. Abrams University of California, San Francisco, USA
Donald Patrick Albert, PhD Sam Houston State University, USA
Thomas Arcury Wake Forest University, USA
Julia T. Arnold, PhD Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Ramesh Babu, MD Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, India
Ann Linda Baldwin University of Arizona, USA
Marianna K. Baum Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Catheryn Booth-LaForce University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Carlo Calabrese, ND, MPH Helfgott Research Institute, National College of Natural Medicine, USA
Changyi Chen Baylor College of Medicine, USA
Lawrence J. Cheskin John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Ian D. Coulter University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), USA
J. Donald Dishman, DC, MSc Palmer College, USA
Edzard Ernst, MD, PhD, FMed Sci, FSB, FRCP, FRCP(Edin) Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, United Kingdom
Patricia Evans, MD University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, USA
Muhammad Nabeel Ghayur McMaster University, Canada
Christine L. Girard, ND Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, USA
Melinda Goldner, PhD Melinda Goldner, Union College, USA
Garry Gordon Gordon Research Institute, USA
David Griesemer, MD Levine Children's Hospital, Charlotte, NC, USA
Joerg Gruenwald, PhD Analyze & Realize AG, Germany
Oliver Grundmann University of Florida, USA
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, PhD University of Mauritius, the Republic of Mauritius
Mitchell Haas, DC, MA University of Western States, USA
Andrew D. Halpner, PhD Douglas Laboratories, USA
Melanie Henriksen, ND, LAc, CNM National College of Natural Medicine, USA
Gary Hoff, DO Des Moines University, USA
Randolph M. Howes, MD, PhD Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA
Emily A. Kane, ND, LAc Natural Healthcare, USA
Merrijoy Kelner University of Toronto, Canada
Kathi J. Kemper, MD, MPH Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Qisheng Li National Institutes of Health, USA
Chenghai Liu Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China
Tieraona Low Dog, MD Professor Emeritus, University of Arizona College of Medicine, USA
Sheryl Martin, OMD, LAc, RN Angela Kung Acupuncture Clinic, USA
Laurie Mischley, ND Bastyr University, USA
Gerard E. Mullin Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA
Delvac Oceandy University of Manchester, UK
Tabatha Parker, ND Natural Doctors International, Nicaragua
Kenneth R. Pelletier University of Arizona School of Medicine, USA
Karen Pilkington, PhD University of Westminster
Todd D. Porter, PhD University of Kentucky, USA
Les Rose, BSc, CBiol, FSB, FICR, MAPM Pharmavision Consulting Ltd, UK
Beverly Rubik Institute for Frontier Science, USA
Bashar Saad, PhD Al-Qasemi Academic College, Israel
Steven Sandberg-Lewis, ND National College of Natural Medicine, USA
Dugald Seely, ND Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine, Canada
Zahoor Shah University of Toledo, College of Pharmacy, USA
Rakesh Sharma Florida State University, USA
Paul D. Terry, PhD, MPH University of Tennessee, USA
Gail Tudor, PhD Husson University, USA
Dana Ullman, MPH Homeopathic Educational Services, California, USA
David C. Yang Georgetown University, USA
Janice M. Zeller North Park University, School of Nursing, USA
Guo-qing Zheng, PhD, MD Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China
Former Editors-in-Chief
Bruce Buehler University of Nebraska Medical Center, USA
Roger A. Brumback, MD  
Carolyn Chambers Clark, EdD, RN, ARNP, FAAN  
Susan Gaylord, PhD The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Rena J. Gordon, PhD  
Jonathan Zeuss, MD  
  • Alt-HealthWatch - Ebsco
  • Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
  • EBSCOhost: Allied and Complementary Medicine Database
  • EBSCOhost: Current Abstracts
  • InfoTrac (full text)
  • Ovid: Allied and Complementary Medicine Database
  • PsycINFO
  • PubMed: MEDLINE
  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing,
    and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals
    formulated by the International Committee of
    Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not
    conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of JEBIM will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original
    work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the
    Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published
    elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of
    any copyright works not owned by you.

    Please Read the Manuscript Submission Guidelines below before submitting your manuscript here:

    1. Open Access
    2. Article processing charge (APC)
    3. What do we publish?
      3.1 Aims & scope
      3.2 Article types
      3.3 Writing your paper
      3.3.1 Making your article discoverable 
    4. Editorial policies
      4.1 Peer Review Policy
      4.2 Authorship
      4.3 Acknowledgements
      4.3.1 Writing assistance
      4.4 Funding
      4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      4.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      4.7 Clinical Trials
      4.8 Reporting guidelines
      4.9 Data
    5. Publishing policies
      5.1 Publication ethics
      5.1.1 Plagiarism
      5.1.2 Prior publication
      5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 Word processing formats
      6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.3 Supplementary material
      6.4 Reference style
      6.5 English language editing services
    7. Submitting your manuscript
      7.1 How to submit your manuscript
      7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      7.2.1 Title page
      7.2.2 Abstract
      7.2.3 Body
      7.2.4 Artwork submissions (Figures)
      7.2.5 Tables
      7.3 Information required for completing your submission
      7.4 ORCID
      7.5 Permissions
    8. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 SAGE Production
      8.2 Continuous publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    9. Further information

    1. Open Access

    JEBIM is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely
    available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will
    be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article
    processing charges which are paid by the funder, institution or author of each manuscript upon
    acceptance. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open
    Access FAQs

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    2. Article processing charge (APC)

    If, after peer review, your manuscript is accepted for publication, a one-time article processing charge
    (APC) is payable. This APC covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely
    available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons license.

    An APC of $1,200 USD is payable upon acceptance. 

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    3. What do we publish?

    3.1 Aims & scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to JEBIM, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    3.2 Article types

    All submissions (including invited material) are subjected to peer review. Authors are invited to
    submit original articles of all types for consideration. The journal is currently accepting original
    research articles, research reviews, brief communications, correspondences, editorials, and
    book reviews. 

    Original Research: These are reports of original data and findings in a topic within the scope of
    JEBIM. Original research must add to scientific knowledge on the subject and must be
    completed in accordance with ethical principles. Research on humans or animals must have
    applicable ethical approvals.

    Research Reviews: Reviews should be a detailed examination of literature, which includes the
    benefits, and drawbacks of a medicine, therapeutic technique, or anything else appropriate to
    the journal. They are substantially composed of reports on previous research.

    Brief Communications: This is a broad-scoped category for short papers discussing a topic
    relevant to the journal.

    Case reports can be submitted as brief communications. However, please note that case reports
    are rarely published.

    Correspondence: Letters to the editor can be submitted on any topic relevant to the journal and
    are usually in response to an article published in the journal. They can suggest new subjects to
    be incorporated by the journal or commend and review papers published in the journal. We
    recommend that individuals considering submitting a letter to the editor should contact the
    editor in chief first to discuss their manuscript. Authors should be aware that letters to the
    editor are not always added to some databases/indexes.

    Commentary: Commentaries are by invitation only. These are short summaries of significant
    recent and forthcoming papers, published elsewhere, that provide additional insights, new
    interpretations or speculation on the relevant topic. These manuscripts may include models,
    which due to space limitations were not included or discussed in the original paper.
    Commentaries may be written in free form, meaning that they do not need to be structured as a
    research paper, however it must include an abstract of 150-200 words. They should be between
    1000-2000 words and have no more than 25 references. Please include keywords for indexing
    purposes. Figures are encouraged, but no more than three. Please give your commentary a brief
    title and add the phrase “Comment on (citation to your original article).” underneath the
    keywords. Commentary material may be peer reviewed at the editor’s discretion.

    3.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to
    further resources.

    3.3.1 Making your article discoverable 

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title,
    keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search
    engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article,
    write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway:
    How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. JEBIM utilizes a
    double-blind peer review process in which the reviewer and authors’ names and information are
    withheld from the other. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining
    rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor-in-Chief
    who then makes the final decision.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for
    possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by
    alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor / Board member will have no
    involvement in the decision-making process.

    JEBIM is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has
    partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit
    for peer review. Reviewers for JEBIM can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or
    have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit
    for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s
    decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit
    the Publons website.

    4.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing
    authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed
    to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all
    those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition,
    analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii) Approved the version to be published,
    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public
    responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have
    participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the
    individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully
    meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone
    does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for 
    authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International
    Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines
    for more information on

    4.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an
    Acknowledgements section as well as in the title page. Examples of those who might be
    acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who
    provided only general support.

    4.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do
    not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors
    must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of
    input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of
    language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of
    Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate
    anonymous peer review.

    4.4 Funding

    JEBIM requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate
    heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway
    to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state: “This
    research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or notfor-profit

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of JEBIM to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling
    a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included both at the end
    of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references as well as in your
    title page. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict
    of interest’.
    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    4.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical
    Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct,
    Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals
    , and all papers
    reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant
    Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure
    that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the
    approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether
    participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in
    the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for
    patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally
    authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics
    committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has
    adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals
    published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    4.7 Clinical trials

    JEBIM endorses the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved
    public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment. However, consistent with
    the AllTrials campaign, retrospectively registered trials will be considered if the justification for
    late registration is acceptable. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be
    included at the end of the abstract.

    4.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type
    of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include
    a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should
    be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and metaanalyses
    should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed
    PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The
    EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    4.9 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the
    research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    JEBIM requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside
    their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed
    information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include
    links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data
    sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either
    the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of
    data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio
    files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the
    original research. The editor can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be
    released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board
    requirements and applicable government regulations.

    For further information, please contact the editorial office at

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    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to
    refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the
    Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    JEBIM and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best
    practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we
    always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to
    protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked
    with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized
    other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient
    acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to
    take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction);
    retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's
    institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE
    journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be
    considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in
    doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s
    Publishing Agreement. JEBIM publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The 
    standard license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC
    3.0), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly
    referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's
    OA licenses page

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder
    mandates, made at the author’s request. 

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 Word processing formats

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word
    and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our
    Author Gateway.

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please
    visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.

    6.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images
    etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the
    article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files,
    which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page. 

    6.4 Reference style

    JEBIM adheres to the AMA reference style. Please review the guidelines on AMA to ensure your
    manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    6.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript
    formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit
    SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    7.1 How to submit your manuscript

    JEBIM is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered
    by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit
    your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to
    create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely
    that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript
    online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. Abstracts
    need to be a minimum of 150 words. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring
    readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to
    the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select
    your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help
    Readers Find Your Article Online


    The title should be brief and meaningful. Following the title, there should be a listing of first and
    last names of all authors, along with highest academic or medical degrees and affiliations.
    Authorship should be limited to direct participants. List the complete name, postal address,
    telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address for the corresponding author (authors who
    do not have an e-mail account can obtain one from among the free sites such as “,”
    “,”' or “”'). List the word count for the manuscript [generally 7000 words
    in a manuscript].

    All manuscript submissions of any type must include disclosure sections in the title page. To be
    complete, a response (even a negative response) is required in each disclosure section. The
    sections that are required are: Acknowledgements, Author Contributions (Roles), Declaration of
    Conflicting Interests, Funding (Financial Disclosure) and Ethical Approval.


    An unstructured abstract of no less than 150 words should be provided on a separate page and
    should be factual, presenting the reason for the study, main findings, and conclusions. A list of 3
    to 5 keywords should be included at the end of the abstract.


    The manuscript should be divided by subheadings (for example: introduction, methods, case
    summary, results, and discussion). The hypothesis or reason for publication of the material must
    be clearly described.


    Artwork includes charts and graphs, maps, photographs, and line art. Electronic (computer
    generated) art should be prepared as sharp, clear, high-quality computer images with a
    minimum width of 2100 pixels and saved in uncompressed TIFF or JPEG file formats as grayscale 
    or CMYK images. Microsoft application files are acceptable for vector art (line art). Graphs
    should be submitted as figure files and should be finished drawings, not requiring further
    artwork (line art is preferable). All patient identifiers must be removed from pictures of
    radiographs or other imaging modalities. Recognizable photographs of patients must be
    accompanied by written permission for publication. Reproduction of any previously published
    illustration must be accompanied by written permission from both the original author and the
    publisher. Figure legends should include full explanations of the figures with numbers
    corresponding to those on the figure files themselves. Abbreviations appearing in figures must
    be fully identified in the legend. All figures must be specifically referred to in the text and
    numbered in order of appearance in the text.


    Each table should be prepared on a separate page at the end of the text document (after the
    reference list) and preferably should be no larger than a single page. Include a brief descriptive
    title of the table and a footnote with explanation of any abbreviations. All tables must be
    specifically referred to in the text and numbered in order of appearance in the text.

    7.3 Information required for completing your submission

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and
    telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should
    be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the
    submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must
    match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the
    required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files
    (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    7.4 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process
    SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID
    provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher
    and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission,
    supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that
    their work is recognized.

    We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their SAGE Track accounts and include their
    ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one

    7.5 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any
    illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further 
    information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our
    Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the
    contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for SAGE Production,
    the corresponding author will be asked to pay the article processing charge (APC) via a payment link.
    Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online
    within an average of 30 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the
    APC has been received.

    8.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the
    production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be
    returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all
    author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and
    that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there
    are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign
    a form authorizing the change.

    8.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to
    publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully
    citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time
    it will be completely free to view and download for all. 

    8.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is
    as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help
    you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
    In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich,
    share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximize your article’s impact
    with Kudos

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission
    process should be sent to the JEBIM editorial office as follows:

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