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Journal of the Intensive Care Society

Journal of the Intensive Care Society

Published in Association with Intensive Care Society

Dr Daniel Martin OBE Royal Free Hospital and University College London, UK
Digital Editor
Dr James Day John Radcliffe Hospital, UK
Editor Emeritus
Neil Soni London, UK

ISSN: 17511437 | Current volume: 20 | Current issue: 1

The Journal of the Intensive Care Society (JICS) is the official journal of the UK Intensive Care Society. JICS is a UK-based, peer-reviewed journal published four times a year in February, May, August and November. The journal publishes original papers, review articles, critically appraised topics, case reports and audits of interest to all those involved in caring for critically ill patients. The editorial board recognises the multidisciplinary nature of critical care and encourages submissions from all specialties involved in research, clinical practice and management.
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Journal of the Intensive Care Society (JICS) is an international, peer-reviewed journal that strives to disseminate clinically and scientifically relevant peer-reviewed research, evaluation, experience and opinion to all staff working in the field of intensive care medicine. Our aim is to inform clinicians on the provision of best practice and provide direction for innovative scientific research in what is one of the broadest and most multi-disciplinary healthcare specialties.

While original articles and systematic reviews lie at the heart of the Journal, we also value and recognise the need for opinion articles, case reports and correspondence to guide clinically and scientifically important areas in which conclusive evidence is lacking. The style of the Journal is based on its founding mission statement to ‘instruct, inform and entertain by encompassing the best aspects of both tabloid and broadsheet'.


Associate Editors
Dr Luigi Camporota MD, PhD, FRCP, FFICM Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, UK
Dr Evelyn Corner PhD, MRes, BSc Lecturer and Specialist Physiotherapist Brunel University London The Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, UK
Dr Iain Crossingham MSc, FRCP, FFICM East Lancashire Hospitals Trust, UK
Bruno Ferreyro University Health Network – Sinai Health System Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Colonel Jeremy Henning FFICM, FRCA, MCGI, MB BCh, L/RAMC Royal Army Medical Corps and James Cook University Hospital, UK
Dr Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan MD, EDIC Fellowship in Critical Care (NUHS, Singapore and University of Toronto, Canada), Consultant, Critical Care, Apollo Hospitals and Chennai Critical Care Consultants Group
Dr Craig Morris MSc, FFICM, EDIC ,DICM, FRCA, MRCP Royal Derby Hospital, UK
Dr Segun Olusanya London, UK
Dr Selina Parry PhD B.Physio (Hons) Grad Cert Uni Teaching University of Melbourne, Australia
Dr Brijesh Patel MRCP, FRCA, FFICM, PhD Imperial College London and Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
Tanj Sanghera Barts Health NHS Trust, UK
Dr Kate Tatham MRCP, FRCA,FFICM, PhD Imperial College London, UK
Dr Edward Walter BM, BSc, MRCP, FRCA, FFICM, DipIMC Royal Surrey County Hospital, UK
Editorial Board Member
Professor Peter Brindley Critical Care Medicine, University of Alberta, USA
Dr Chris Edge Dept. of Anaesthetics, Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, UK
Ms Emma Graham Clarke Bpharm, Mphil, FFRPS, FRPharmS Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust, UK
Dr Jonathan Handy Royal Marsden Hospital and Imperial College London, UK
Dr Shaman Jhanji MB ChB MRCP FRCA FFICM PhD Royal Marsden Hospital, UK
Professor Hugh Montgomery MB, BS, BSc, FRCP, MD, FFICM,FRI University College London, UK
Dr Zudin Puthucheary BM, BS, B.Med. Sci, PGCME, DipUHM, EDCIM, MRCP, FFICM, FHEA, PhD Barts and The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, UK
Dr Carl Waldmann MA, MB Bchir, FRCA, FFICM, EDIC Royal Berkshire Hospital, UK
International Advisory Board
Professor Brian Cuthbertson MB ChB Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Canada
Professor Charles Gomersall BSc, MBBS, MRCP, FRCA, FCICM, FHKCA, FHKAM, FRCP The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Dr Carol Hodgson MD, PhD Monash University, Australia
Professor Jeff Lipman MBBCh, DA, FFA (Crit Care), FCICM, MD University of Queensland, Australia
Professor Jason Roberts MD, PhD University of Oxford, UK
Jean-Louis Vincent MD, PhD Erasme Univerity Hospital, Belgium
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Journal of the Intensive Care Society

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site Journal of the Intensive Care Society to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of the Intensive Care Society will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    The Journal of the Intensive Care Society (JICS) is a peer-reviewed journal published four times a year in February, May, August and November. The journal publishes original papers, review articles, critically appraised topics and audits of interest to all those involved in caring for critically ill patients. The editorial board recognises the multidisciplinary nature of critical care and encourages submissions from all specialities involved in research, clinical practice and management.

    JICS is the official journal of the UK Intensive Care Society (ICS). The (ICS) was founded in 1970 as the first national society for intensivists, bringing together all clinicians involved in intensive care. The primary aims of the ICS are to foster education and research, to develop clinical standards, to enhance patient safety and to encourage professional development.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      2.7 Reporting guidelines
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of the Intensive Care Society, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    The Journal considers the following kinds of article for publication:

      • Original submissions: should be between 2,000-3,000 words with up to 50 references. These should follow standard format: on the first page there should be a summary of approximately 150 words. Structured abstracts are required. The text of the article should follow “IMRAD” (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) sequence.
      • Surveys: will only be considered for publication if the response rate is of 70% or more; in exceptional circumstances, lower response rates may be acceptable.
      • Invited editorials: up to 2000 words, 20 references.
      • Special articles: with invited editorials, are usually commissioned by the editor. Spontaneous submissions are welcomed but should be discussed with one of the editors before submission; up to 3,000 words.
      • Correspondence – should be limited to 500 words with no more than five references.
      • Selected abstracts from ICS meetings: 500 words.
      • Review articles, summaries of dissertations from diplomats of the Inter-Collegiate Board: up to 3,000 words, 50 references.

    The suggested length is a guide only, but exceptions should generally be discussed with the editor before submission.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    The Journal of the Intensive Care Society (JICS) adheres to a rigorous single-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of the reviewers are always concealed. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within (eg) 4-6 weeks of submission. Reviewers will have expertise in the field and must be independent.

    Reviewers will be made aware of the expectations of JICS and the review process, whether successful or unsuccessful, will be fed back the authors. Any potential conflict of interest between the reviewer, the work, or the authors will be stated.

    All scientific articles will be subject to peer review. The reviewer will consider the study design and methodology, the quality of the data and its interpretation, the usefulness of the conclusions and the quality of discussion of the study, including its limitations. In a review article, the breadth, depth and the conclusions of the review should be acceptable to the reviewer. The editors consider the discussion of opinion to be an important part of JICS – opinion pieces will state that they constitute opinion and will also be peer-reviewed. Letters will be subject to editorial approval but are not peer reviewed.

    Final decision on acceptance lies with the editor.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

      1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
      2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
      3. Approved the version to be published,
      4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding

    Journal of the Intensive Care Society requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Journal of the Intensive Care Society to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    If no declaration is made the following will be printed under this heading in your article: ‘None Declared’. Alternatively, you may wish to state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. 

    When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Declaration of Conflicting Interests provided in the article.

    For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

    In the UK, Caldicott Guardian approval must be granted before the publication of manuscripts containing patient data but not requiring Ethics Committee consent. Details of approvals granted should be provided in the main body of the text (usually in the Methods section). An algorithm that explains how to determine whether a project requires ethical approval can be accessed at the following link:

    The JICS patient consent form can be downloaded here.

    2.7 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    2.7.1 Relationship with the Intensive Care Society

    The responsibility of the editors is to provide a journal that will inform, educate and allow proliferation of ideas by engaging in debate within the intensive care community. This will be provided to the readership in an accurate and discerning fashion that will protect and enhance the integrity of the specialty. Currently JICS is funded by the Intensive Care Society. The editors have full authority over the contents of JICS, i.e. ‘editorial independence;’ editorial decisions are made purely on the validity and utility of submitted work. There is at this time no financial involvement between the editors and JICS or the Intensive Care Society beyond provision of reasonable expenses.

    2.7.2 Responding to Allegations of Misconduct

    JICS has a responsibility to share reasonable concerns with the relevant authorities, such as the employer, University or Granting authority. It is not the role of JICS to conduct formal enquiries or to reach conclusions regarding potential misconduct. That is the role of the authorities mentioned above.

    The areas that should be considered are:

      • Falsification of data
      • Plagiarism
      • Improprieties of authorship
      • Misappropriation of ideas
      • Violation of accepted research practices
      • Failure to comply with regulatory requirements affecting research.       

    All allegations of misconduct will be referred to the editors who will review the circumstances. Initial fact-finding will include a request to all the involved parties to state their case, and explain the circumstances, in writing. In questions of research misconduct centering on methods or technical issues, the editors may confidentially consult experts who are blinded to the identity of the individuals, or if the allegation is against an editor, an outside expert. The editors will arrive at a conclusion as to whether there is enough evidence to lead a reasonable person to believe there is a possibility of misconduct. Their goal is not to determine if actual misconduct occurred, or the precise details.

    When allegations concern authors, the peer review and publication process for the manuscript in question will be halted while the process above is carried out. The investigation described above will be completed even if the authors withdraw their paper, and the responses below will still be considered. In the case of allegations against reviewers or the editors, they will be replaced in the review process while the matter is investigated. All such allegations should be kept confidential; the number of inquiries and those involved should be kept to the minimum necessary to achieve this end. Whenever possible, references to the case in writing should be kept anonymous. In the event of misconduct the following options in order of severity are available:

      • A letter of explanation to the person against whom the complaint is made
      • A letter of reprimand
      • A formal letter, including a request to the supervising authority to investigate
      • Publication of a notice of duplicate publication or plagiarism if warranted
      • Formal withdrawal or retraction of the paper from the scientific literature. This will be published in JICS and communicated to the indexing authorities. It does not require the consent of the authors and will be reported to the institution where the author(s) work. This conforms to the International Committee of Journal Editors guidance. See

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of the Intensive Care Society and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Journal of the Intensive Care Society offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.  

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Journal of the Intensive Care Society adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file.

    References should be relevant and useful. There is no merit in large numbers of unhelpful references. All material from other papers must be referenced. The list of references is placed at the conclusion of the paper, starting on a new sheet. It should be set out as follows:

      • References must be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. They should be superscripted in the text.
      • Text references to ‘unpublished observations’ or ‘personal communications’ should not be included in the final list of references. Personal communications should be cited in the text as (Brown AB, personal communication, year). Authors are responsible for verifying that the wording of references to unpublished work is approved by the persons concerned. This should be provided in writing with the first submission of the manuscript.
      • Journals
        List names and initials of up to four authors (if more than four, list three followed by et al.), title of paper, abbreviated title of journal as it appears in Medline (in italics) year of publication, volume number, page numbers, formatted as shown in the example:  Smith PR, Jones A, Clarke EW et al. How to write an article. Br J Anaesth 2008;654:321-26.
      • Electronic references
        List author if known, or institution, title of article, title of journal or book if applicable (in italics), year of publication, volume, page numbers, available at: URL or doi, date accessed: Arrami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations. Nature (Online) 2008;451(7177):397-99. Available from: Accessed 20th January 2008.
      • Monographs
        List name of author and initials, title of book (in italics), number of edition, place of publication, publisher, year of publication: Tallis R. Hippocratic Oaths: Medicine and its Discontents. London: Atlantic Books; 2005.
      • Chapter in a book
        List chapter author, title of chapter, In: editor’s name (ed), title of book (in italics), edition, place of publication, publisher, year, pages: Hull CJ. Opioid infusions for the management of post-operative pain. In: Smith G, Covino BG, (eds). Acute Pain. London: Butterworths; 2005. p.155-79.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Journal of the Intensive Care Society is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    Papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.

    Each manuscript should contain:

    (i) title page with full title and subtitle (if any). The title page should contain the following:

    • Address of the corresponding author in the top left hand corner with contact details including email
    • The title of the paper
    • All authors listed with their affiliated institutions (with first names included)
    • If different, the institution where the work was performed should be listed.
    • Any disclaimers or statement of conflict of interest
    • Any financial support received should be acknowledged
    • Five key words for indexing on the website which should be MeSH terms.

    (ii) structured (where appropriate) abstract of up to 150 words

    (iii) up to 10 key words

    (iv) main text and word count suggested target is about 8000 words. Text to be clearly organized, with a clear hierarchy of headings and subheadings and quotations exceeding 40 words displayed, indented, in the text. Texts of a length greatly exceeding this will be considered as interest warrants and space permits.

    (v) end notes, if necessary, should be signalled by superscript numbers in the main text and listed at the end of the text before the references

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.

    We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their SAGE Track accounts and include their ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one here.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of the Intensive Care Society editorial office as follows:

    The Journal of the Intensive Care Society
    The Intensive Care Society
    Churchill House,
    35 Red Lion Square,
    London, WC1R 4SG