2015 Impact Factor: 0.970
2015 Ranking: 41/95 in Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
Published in Association with Norwegian Centre for Child Research
A journal of global child research

Leena Alanen University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
Daniel Thomas Cook Rutgers University-Camden, USA
Karl Hanson University of Geneva, Switzerland
Spyros Spyrou European University, Cyprus
Managing Editor
Karin Ekberg Norwegian Centre for Child Research, Trondheim, Norway

eISSN: 14617013 | ISSN: 09075682 | Current volume: 24 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly

Childhood is a major international peer reviewed journal and a forum for research relating to children in global society that spans divisions between geographical regions, disciplines, and social and cultural contexts. Childhood publishes theoretical and empirical articles, reviews and scholarly comments on children's social relations and culture, with an emphasis on their rights and generational position in society.

Electronic access:

Childhood is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at

Childhood is a major international peer reviewed journal and a forum for research relating to children in global society that spans divisions between geographical regions, disciplines, and social and cultural contexts. Childhood publishes theoretical and empirical articles, reviews and scholarly comments on children's social relations and culture, with an emphasis on their rights and generational position in society.

Editorial Board
Tatek Abebe Norwegian Centre for Child Research, Norway
Sarada Balagopalan Rutgers University-Camden, USA
Sharon Bessell Australian National University, Australia
David Buckingham Loughborough University, UK
Erica Burman The University of Manchester, UK
Fina Carpena-Méndez Oregon State University, USA
Kristen Cheney International Institute of Social Studies, The Netherlands
Ning de Coninck-Smith Danish University of Education, Denmark
Dympna Devine University College Dublin, Ireland
Marjorie Faulstich Orellana University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Claudia Fonseca Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande do Sol, Brazil
Pascale Garnier Université Paris 13, France
Michael-Sebastian Honig University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Cindi Katz The City University of New York, USA
Anne Trine Kjørholt Norwegian Centre for Child Research, Norway
Johanna Mierendorff Martin Luther University, Germany
Heather Montgomery The Open University, UK
Yaw Ofosu-Kusi University of Education, Ghana
Samantha Punch University of Stirling, UK
Lucia Rabello De Castro Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rebecca Raby Brock University, Canada
Rachael Stryker California State University, USA
Robert van Krieken University of Sydney, Australia
Former Editors
Ivar Frønes University of Oslo, Norway (founding editor, 1993-1999)
Chris Jenks Brunel University, UK (1996-2006)
Virginia Morrow University of Oxford, UK (2006-2016)
Olga Nieuwenhuys University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2005-2013)
Jens Qvortrup Norwegian Centre for Child Research, Norway (1998-2007)
Irene Rizzini Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1996-2002)
Sharon Stephens University of Michigan, USA (1994-1998)
Barrie Thorne University of California at Berkeley, USA (1999-2009)
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    1. Peer review policy
    2. Article types
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.1.1 Plagiarism
    4. How to submit your manuscript
    5. Journal contributor's publishing agreement
      5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    6. Declaration of conflicting interests policy
    7. Other conventions
    8. Acknowledgments
      8.1 Funding acknowledgement
    9. Permissions
    10. Manuscript style
      10.1 File types
      10.2 Journal style
      10.3 Reference style
      10.4 Manuscript preparation
      10.4.1 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      10.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      10.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      10.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      10.4.5 English language editing services
    11. After acceptance
      11.1 Proofs
      11.2 E-Prints and complimentary copies
      11.3 SAGE production
      11.4 OnlineFirst publication
    12. Further information

    Childhood is a major international peer reviewed journal and a forum for research relating to children in global society that spans divisions between geographical regions, disciplines, and social and cultural contexts.

    1. Peer review policy

    Articles that fall within the aims and scope are subject to the usual process of anonymous (double blind) review. Articles are read by two people in addition to one of the Editors.
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    2. Article types

    Childhood publishes theoretical and empirical articles, reviews and scholarly comments on children's social relations and culture, with an emphasis on their rights and generational position in society.  Articles submitted to Childhood should be preceded by an abstract (80-100 words) of the main argument(s), and a maximum of five key words. Articles must not exceed 7000 words in length including notes, references, figures and tables. Review articles should normally be between 700 and 1000 words and should discuss, in an integrative fashion, three or four recently published books that focus on a common area of concern. Authors should specify the exact length of their contribution and specify whether it is a regular journal article or a review article.
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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Childhood and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

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    4. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Childhood is hosted on SAGE Track a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Please read the Manuscript Submission guidelines below, and then simply visit  to login and submit your article online.

    Note: Online submission and review of manuscripts is now mandatory for all types of papers.

    New User Account
    Please log onto the website. If you are a new user, you will first need to create an account. Follow the instructions and please ensure to enter a current and correct email address. Creating your account is a three-step process that takes a matter of minutes to set up. When you have finished, your User ID and password is sent via email immediately. Please edit your user ID and password to something more memorable by selecting 'edit account' at the top of the screen. If you have already created an account but have forgotten your details type your email address in the 'Password Help' to receive an emailed reminder. Full instructions for uploading the manuscript are provided on the website.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    New Submission
    Submissions should be made by logging in and selecting the Author Center and the 'Click here to Submit a New Manuscript' option. Follow the instructions on each page, clicking the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen. If at any stage you have any questions or require the user guide, please use the 'Get Help Now' button at the top right of every screen. Further help is available through ScholarOne's® Manuscript CentralTM customer support at +1 434 817 2040 x 167.

    To upload your files, click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer. Select the designation of each file (i.e. main document, submission form, figure) in the drop down next to the browse button. When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.

    Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) and then click the Submit button
    You may suspend a submission at any point before clicking the Submit button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also log back into your author centre at any time to check the status of your manuscript.

    Please ensure that you submit editable/source files only (Microsoft Word or RTF) and that your document does not include page numbers; the Childhood SAGE Track system will generate them for you, and then automatically convert your manuscript to PDF for peer review. Furthermore, it is imperative that authors remove from their submissions any information that will identify them or their affiliations to reviewers. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revisions, will be by email.

    If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, or seek advice on the submission process please contact the Managing Editor, Karin Ekberg, at the following email address:
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    5. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   
    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.  Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    Childhood and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.
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    6. Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. Childhood does not require a declaration of conflicting interests but recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.
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    7. Other conventions

    None applicable.
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    8. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    8.1 Funding Acknowledgement
    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Childhood additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  All research articles should have a funding acknowledgement in the form of a sentence as follows, with the funding agency written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets:

    This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number xxx].

    Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma and space. Where the research was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated by semi-colon, with “and” before the final funder. Thus:

    This work was supported by the Wellcome Trust [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Natural Environment Research Council [grant number zzzz]; and the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number aaaa].

    In some cases, research is not funded by a specific project grant, but rather from the block grant and other resources available to a university, college or other research institution. Where no specific funding has been provided for the research we ask that corresponding authors use the following sentence:

    This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    Please include this information under a separate heading entitled “Funding” directly after any other Acknowledgements prior to your “Declaration of Conflicting Interests” (if applicable), any Notes and your References.

    Important note: If you have any concerns that the provision of this information may compromise your anonymity dependent on the peer review policy of this journal outlined above, you can withhold this information until final accepted manuscript.

    For more information on the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers, please visit:
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    9. Permissions
    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.
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    10. Manuscript style

    10.1 File types
    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Microsoft Word or RTF.

    10.2 Journal Style
    Childhood conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    10.3 Reference Style
    Childhood adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Harvard to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style. EndNote supports SAGE Harvard – download the output file by following this link.

    10.4. Manuscript Preparation
    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    The Introduction (no heading) should clearly state the purpose of the article, give only strictly pertinent references, and not review the subject extensively. Material, Methods and Results must be presented in logical sequence in the text, with text and illustrations emphasizing only important observations. Ethical approaches to research on sensitive topics with children must be described. The Discussion should emphasize new and important observations of the study and conclusions therefrom. Do not repeat in detail data from results.  Include implications of the findings and their limitations, and relate observations to other relevant studies.

    10.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    10.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details
    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    10.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
    If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. If a charge applies you will be informed by your SAGE Production Editor. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    10.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
    Childhood does not currently accept supplemental files.

    10.4.5 English Language Editing services
    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit for further information.

    10.4.6 Quotations
    All direct quotations of 35 words or more should be indented as these will be styled as an extract in the final pdf version of the article.

    10.4.7 Notes
    Where notes are necessary, these should appear at the end of the text and before the References.

    10.4.8 Tables
    Tables should be placed at the end of the article and should carry short descriptive titles. Their position within the text should be clearly indicated.

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    11. After acceptance

    11.1 Proofs
    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    11.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit

    11.3 SAGE Production
    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Childhood with SAGE. 
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    11.4 OnlineFirst Publication
    Childhood benefits from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet
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    12. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    Editorial Address
    Karin Ekberg, Managing Editor, Childhood Editorial Office, Norwegian Centre for Child Research, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Phone: +47 73 59 62 44/40
    Fax: +47 73 59 62 39

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