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Community College Review

Community College Review

Published in Association with Department of Educational Leadership, Policy, and Human Development at North Carolina State University

Jaime Lester George Mason University, USA

Other Titles in:
Adult & Community Education

eISSN: 19402325 | ISSN: 00915521 | Current volume: 48 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly
The Community College Review (CCR) has led the nation since 1973 in the publication of scholarly, peer-reviewed research and commentary on community colleges. CCR, published quarterly, welcomes manuscripts dealing with all aspects of community college administration, education, and policy, both within the American higher education system as well as within the higher education systems of other countries that have similar tertiary institutions. All submitted manuscripts undergo a blind review. When manuscripts are not accepted for publication, we offer suggestions for how they might be revised. The ultimate intent is to further discourse about community colleges, their students, and the educators who lead and work within these institutions.


CCR Vision

To be the national leader in publication of scholarly, peer-reviewed research and commentary on community colleges.

CCR Mission

The mission of the Community College Review (CCR) is to provide a forum for leading thought on community colleges, their students, and the educators and administrators who work within these institutions. CCR welcomes manuscripts addressing all aspects of community college administration, education, and policy within the American higher education system as well as higher education systems of other countries spanning tertiary education globally. All manuscript submissions undergo a blind review. CCR extends constructive feedback to authors. When manuscripts are not accepted for publication, the editorial board offers suggestions revision and improvement.

The CCR serves a national and international audience, which includes presidents, community college faculty and administrators, university researchers, graduate students, policymakers, and others interested in the role of community colleges in higher education. Articles published in the CCR include qualitative and quantitative research reports, critical literature reviews, scholarly essays, and book reviews. All featured publications reflect sound scholarship, appropriate research methodologies (in the case of empirical, data-driven studies), and the integration of theory and practice.

For the latest in CCR news, follow us on Twitter:

Jaime Lester George Mason University, USA
Executive Editor
Duane Akroyd North Carolina State University, USA
Assistant Editor
Jennifer Lebron George Mason University, USA
Associate Editors
Regina Garza Mitchell Western Michigan University, USA
Xueli Wang University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Book Review Editor
Stephanie Jones Texas Tech University, USA
Past Editors
Jim Palmer Illinois State University, USA
Terry Tollefson East Tennessee State University, USA
George B. Vaughan North Carolina State University, USA
Editorial Board
Marilyn Amey Michigan State University, USA
David F. Ayers Old Dominion University, USA
Peter Bahr University of Michigan, USA
Tuere A. Bowles North Carolina State University, USA
Brent Cedja University of Nebraska - Lincoln, USA
Rebecca Cox Simon Fraser University, Canada
Mark D’Amico University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Leslie Gonzales Michigan State University, USA
Manuel S. González Canché University of Pennsylvania, USA
David Hardy University of Alabama, USA
Deryl K. Hatch-Tocaimaza University of Nebraska - Lincoln, USA
David Horton Jr. Educational Consultant
Sue Kater GateWay Community College, USA
Lyle McKinney University of Houston, USA
Pilar Mendoza University of Missouri, USA
Regina Garza Mitchell Western Michigan University, USA
Christopher M. Mullin Florida Department of Education, USA
Edward Raspiller John Tyler Community College, USA
Cecilia Rios-Aguilar University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Sarah L. Rodriguez Iowa State University, USA
Snejana Slantcheva-Durst University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA
Soko Starobin Educational Consultant
Michael D. Summers Tidewater Community College, Virginia Beach, VA, USA
Jason L. Taylor University of Utah, USA
Eboni Zamani-Gallaher University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
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  • The Community College Review (CCR) is a refereed journal. Its editorial staff relies on the advice of an editorial board composed of community college educators and scholars. The staff reviews all submissions and assigns those manuscripts that meet style and topic guidelines to at least two reviewers for evaluation. Reviewers include members of the editorial board and researchers who have a background in the topic addressed by the manuscript.

    Please submit manuscripts to the journal's electronic peer review site,

    CCR's editorial staff uses the current Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association as its principal style guide. When questions of style cannot be decided using the APA manual, additional references consulted include The Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition). The following brief instructions summarize some basic guidelines:

    Manuscripts should be double-spaced (including references, footnotes, and endnotes). Text may be in 12-point Times Roman. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Submit manuscripts for consideration with one-inch margins all around, paragraphs indented five spaces, and pages clearly numbered in the upper right-hand corner. Manuscripts typically range from 25 to 30 double-spaced pages in length, including references, tables, and figures, although manuscripts outside that range will be considered. 

    Use tables, graphs, and figures when the data summarized in the text are especially important to the research findings being presented. Tables should be typed and double-spaced following the format prescribed in the APA manual. Figures and graphs should also be formatted according to APA guidelines.

    Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Text, (4) Notes, (5) References, (6) Tables, (7) Figures, and (8) Appendices.
    1. Title page. Please include the following:

    • Full article title
    • Acknowledgments and credits
    • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
    • Grant numbers and/or funding information
    • Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

    2. Abstract. The Community College Review is now asking all abstracts for submitted manuscripts to take the form of a structured abstract. Abstracts for CCR manuscripts that report the results of empirical research should contain the following elements, in this order. Some flexibility within each of these elements is possible to accommodate the needs of authors with unique research agendas.

    Objective/Research Question. Here, the author describes his or her research question, or objectives.

    Methods. The author briefly summarizes the method of the study and the kind of evidence gathered.

    Results. The author explains what he or she has learned from this research—what specific discovery or new knowledge has been made.

    Conclusions/Contributions. The author indicates how these new findings contribute to the body of knowledge on his or her topic, and may point to areas where further study is warranted.

    In contrast, abstracts for CCR manuscripts that are not empirical in nature should include the following three subheadings.

    Purpose. Here, the author describes the conceptual problem to be addressed by the manuscript (a gap in the extant scholarship, for instance).

    Argument/Proposed Model. The author summarizes the trajectory of the manuscript’s argument or describes the theoretical model proposed in the manuscript.

    Conclusions/Contributions. The author indicates how this argument or proposed model contributes to the body of knowledge on his or her topic, and may point to areas where further study is warranted.

    Abstracts should not exceed 250 words.

    3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.

    a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript.

    b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication.

    4. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes (—), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references.

    5. References. Basic rules for the reference list:-

    • The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
    • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
    • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and”.
    • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there are one, and any proper names – i. e. only those words that are normally capitalized.
    • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
    • Manuscripts submitted to XXX [journal acronym] should strictly follow the XXX manual (xth edition) [style manual title with ed].
    • Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
    • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
    • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.

    Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check APA.

    • Books:

    Book with place of publication--Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.


    Book with editors & edition-- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society. South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.

    • Periodicals:

    Journal article with more than one author (print)--Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.


    Journal article – 8 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from

    6. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically.Eg.Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC).Headings should be clear and brief.

    7. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.

    IMPORTANT: PERMISSION - The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in CCReview. A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

    8. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”). Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.

    At the manuscript submission site, you will be asked to download (a) a title page that included the name, title, mailing address, e-mail address, and telephone number of each author, and (b) the manuscript itself without the names of the authors. These two documents should be separate.

    Please feel free to contact the CCR editorial office for additional information:

    Community College Review
    North Carolina State University
    Box 7801
    Raleigh, NC 27695-7801

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at

    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to the payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self/author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway. 

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    For more information, please refer to the SAGE Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

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