International Journal of Bilingualism

International Journal of Bilingualism

2015 Impact Factor: 1.536
2015 Ranking: 52/181 in Linguistics
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data

Editor in Chief
Li Wei University College London, UK
Associate Editors
Ad Backus University of Tilburg, The Netherlands
Aneta Pavlenko University of Oslo, Norway
Monika S. Schmid University of Essex, UK
Review Editor
Zhu Hua Birkbeck College, UK

eISSN: 17566878 | ISSN: 13670069 | Current volume: 21 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Bi-monthly
The International Journal of Bilingualism is an international, peer-reviewed, forum for the dissemination of original research on the linguistic, psychological, neurological, and social issues which emerge from language contact. While stressing interdisciplinary links, the focus of the Journal is on the language behavior of the bi- and multilingual individual. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
Editorial Board
Jeanette Altarriba State University of New York at Albany, USA
Peter Auer International Labour Office (ilo), Europe
Raphael Berthele University of Fribourg
Ellen Bialystok York University, Canada
Kees De Bot Groningen University (RuG), Netherlands
Annette M. B. De Groot University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Annick De Houwer University of Erfurt, Germany
Jean-Marc Dewaele Birbeck College, University of London
Fred Genesee McGill University, Canada
David Green University College London, UK
Pedro Guijarro-Fuentes University of Plymouth, UK
Monica Heller University of Toronto
Kenneth Hyltenstam Stockholm University, Sweden
Judith Kroll University of California, USA
Elizabeth Lanza University of Oslo, Norway
Jeff MacSwan University of Maryland, College Park, USA
Marilyn Martin-Jones Birmingham University, UK
Nick Miller Newcastle University, UK
Pieter Muysken Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Elena Nicoladis University of Alberta, Canada
Loraine K. Obler CUNY - City University of New York, USA
Lourdes Ortega Georgetown University, USA
Johanne Paradis University of Alberta, Canada
Shana Poplack University of Ottawa, Canada
Ben Rampton King's College, London, UK
Jason Rothman University of Reading, UK
Antonella Sorace University of Edinburgh, UK
Jeanine Treffers-Daller University of Reading, UK
Virginia Yip Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
International Advisory Board
Hugo Baetens Beardsmore  
Li-Rong Lilly Cheng San Diego State University, USA
Eve Clark Stanford University, USA
Nancy Dorian  
John Edwards St Francis Xavier University and Dalhousie University, Canada
Howard Giles University of California, Santa Barbara, USA, and The University of Queensland, Australia
Wolfgang Klein Max Planck Inst of For & Int Crim Law, Germany
George Ludi University of Basel, Switzerland
Paul Meara University of Wales Swansea, UK
Carol Myers-Scotton Michigan State University, USA
Michel Paradis  
Stephen Pinker Harvard University, USA
Suzanne Romaine University of Oxford, UK
Dan I. Slobin University of California, USA
Catherine E Snow Harvard University, USA
Bernard Spolsky Bar-Ilan University, Israel
  • Arts & Humanities Citation Index
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    1. Article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.1.1 Plagiarism
    4. How to submit your manuscript
    5. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement
      5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    6. Declaration of conflicting interests policy
    7. Other conventions
    8. Acknowledgments
      8.1 Funding acknowledgement
    9. Permissions
    10. Manuscript style
      10.1 File types
      10.2 Journal style
      10.3 Reference style
      10.4 Manuscript preparation
      10.4.1 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      10.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      10.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      10.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      10.4.5 English language editing services
    11. After acceptance
      11.1 Proofs
      11.2 E-Prints
      11.3 SAGE production
      11.4 OnlineFirst publication
    12. Further information

    International Journal of Bilingualism is an international peer-reviewed forum for the dissemination of original research on the linguistic, psychological, neurological, and social issues which emerge from language contact.

    1. Article types

    The International Journal of Bilingualism publishes original research on the linguistic, psychological, neurological and social issues emerging from language contact,. While stressing interdisciplinary links, the focus of the Journal is on the language behaviour of the bi- and multi-lingual individual. Preference will be given to research articles which are firmly baswed on empirical evidence and which seek to develop innovative analytic modesl and/or to gorge new links between established fields.
    The Journal considers the following kinds of article for publication:

    1. Original research articles

    2. Forum. The Editors wish to encourage exchanges between researchers on key theoretical and methodological issues;

    3. Case study reports of laboratory experiments and field observations, and short scholarly notes

    4. Book Reviews.

    Full papers are generally restricted to a maximum of 7,000 words, including all elements (title page, abstract, notes, references, tables, biographical statement, etc.). We are reluctant to burden our referees with very long manuscripts. Authors who suspect that their articles will have to be cut anyway should make the required deletions before submitting.
    Manuscripts are accepted for review with the understanding that the same work has not been and will not be published, nor is presently submitted, elsewhere; that all persons listed as authors have given their approval for the submission of the paper; and that any person cited as a source of personal communication has approved such citation.

    Manuscripts submitted to the International Journal of Bilingualism require a structured abstract containing six obligatory areas:

    - Aims and Objectives/Purpose/Research Questions,

    - Design/Methodology/Approach,

    - Data and Analysis

    - Findings/Conclusions,

    - Originality, and

    - Significance/Implications.

    Limitations is an optional area.

    Abstracts should normally be no more than 300 words.

    Aims and Objectives/Purpose/Research Questions

    What are the reason(s) for writing the paper. What are the aims and objectives of the research? What are the research questions the research aims to address?


    How are the objectives achieved? What is the scope of the research? What are the main method(s) used for the research? What is the methodological approach to the topic?

    Data and Analysis

    What is the database for the research, including sample size? How are the data analyzed?


    What are the key findings of the research? What conclusions can be drawn from the research?


    What is new or different in the paper in terms of theory, method and/or finding?


    What is the theoretical value of the research? What are the methodological implications of the research? What are the implications for policy and practice, if applicable?

    Limitations (Optional)

    What are the limitations of the research? What suggestions for future research can be made?

    Authors must supply a structured abstract with the above sub-headings. Failure to do so will result to the return of the submission to the author.

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    2. Editorial Policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    International Journal of Bilingualism operates a strictly anonymous peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is normally reached within (eg) 6-8 weeks of submission.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of X peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication Ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    International Journal of Bilingualism and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

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    4. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the
    guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these
    guidelines may be returned.

    Manuscripts should be submitted online via SAGE Track:

    If you are a new user, you will first need to create an account. Submissions should be made by logging in and selecting the Author Center and the 'Click here to Submit a New Manuscript' option. Follow the instructions on each page, clicking the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen. If at any stage you have any questions or require the user guide, please use the ‘Online Help’ button at the top right of every screen. 

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    5. Journal contributorís publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. International Journal of Bilingualism does not require a declaration of conflicting interests but recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    7. Other conventions

    Examples: Examples should be set in italic and numbered consecutively. Examples in languages other than English should be set in Romanized script, if available, and in italics; any gloss should be aligned, followed by the English translation in single quotation marks, as in example (11) below. For bi-/multi-lingual examples, use italics for one language, CAPITALS and underlining for the others (in that order), as in example (12):

    (11) Ta shibushi yijin shidao le nage NEWS?
    he BE not BE already know PERF. that MEASURE news?
    'Has he heard the news already?'

    (12) Women shi FRIEND, si?
    we BE friend, yes?
    'We are friends, right?'

    Fonts and symbols: 'Times New Roman', 12 point, should be used for general text and 'Symbol' font where required. Phonetic transcription should only be used when the article addresses phonetic issues as its theme, in which case the new 'DoulosSIL' font corresponding to IPA (latest revision) is required (please do NOT use earlier 'SIL' fonts). Any specific language fonts used must conform to the Unicode convention.

    Style: With electronic submissions, do NOT use underline to indicate italic style. Instead , use whatever style you intend to appear in the final publication.

    Footnotes and Endnotes: Footnotes are discouraged and should only be used for acknowledgements, grant numbers, or other credits. Endnotes should be used sparingly and indicated by consecutive numbers in the text.

    Citations: Double quotation marks should be used throughout, except in linguistic examples as shown above, or for enclosing quotations within quotations. Words from languages other than English or words intended to be emphasized should be in italics. The names of all authors should be given when first mentioned in text. For subsequent citations, 'et al.' should be used. Citations of two or more works within the same parentheses should be made in alphabetical order by the first author's surname. Below are examples:

    Muysken (1995) proposed a model...;

    Öthe matrix language (Myers-Scotton & Jake, 1995, p. 983);

    Öthe process of shift across languages (Clyne, 1982, 1985; Fishman, 1966; Gal, 1979; Li, Milroy, & Pong, 1992).

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    8. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    8.1 Funding Acknowledgement
    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), International Journal of Bilingualism additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. All research articles should have a funding acknowledgement in the form of a sentence as follows, with the funding agency written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets:

    This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number xxx].

    Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma and space. Where the research was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated by semi-colon, with “and” before the final funder. Thus:

    This work was supported by the Wellcome Trust [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Natural Environment Research Council [grant number zzzz]; and the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number aaaa].

    In some cases, research is not funded by a specific project grant, but rather from the block grant and other resources available to a university, college or other research institution. Where no specific funding has been provided for the research we ask that corresponding authors use the following sentence:

    This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    Please include this information under a separate heading entitled “Funding” directly after any other Acknowledgements prior to your “Declaration of Conflicting Interests” (if applicable), any Notes and your References.

    Important note: If you have any concerns that the provision of this information may compromise your anonymity dependent on the peer review policy of this journal outlined above, you can withhold this information until final accepted manuscript.

    For more information on the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers, please visit:

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    9. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    10. Manuscript style

    10.1 File types .
    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork below.

    10.2 Journal Style
    International Journal of Bilingualism conforms to the SAGE house style. Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    10.3 Reference Style
    International Journal of Bilingualism operates a SAGE APA reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE APA to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    10.4. Manuscript Preparation
    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    10.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    10.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details
    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    10.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
    If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. If a charge applies you will be informed by your SAGE Production Editor. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    10.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
    International Journal of Bilingualism does not currently accept supplemental files.

    10.4.5 English Language Editing services
    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service. Visit for further information.

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    11. After acceptance

    11.1 Proofs
    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    11.2 E-Prints
    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit

    11.3 SAGE Production
    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in International Journal of Bilingualism with SAGE.

    11.4 OnlineFirst Publication
    International Journal of Bilingualism benefits from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet

    12. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    Professor Li Wei,
    International Journal of Bilingualism,
    Department of Applied Linguistics & Communication,
    Birkbeck College, University of London,
    26 Russell Square,
    Bloomsbury, London WC1B 5DQ

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