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International Journal of Rural Management

International Journal of Rural Management

Published in Association with Institute of Rural Management Anand

eISSN: 09730680 | ISSN: 09730052 | Current volume: 16 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Bi-annually

Special Issue on Cooperatives: Social and Sustainable Enterprises
Last Date of Submission: 30 September 2020

This is the first international journal that focuses exclusively on rural management as opposed to rural or community or sustainable development. Its focus is the practical dimensions of organising and managing rural enterprises and community based organisations. Hence, the journal covers the functioning of, among others, producers`cooperatives, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), self-help groups, local self-governance institutions, and organisations dealing with natural resource management.

The journal publishes both conceptual and empirical articles but favours action-oriented and practical research. It encourages the international community of scholars and practitioners to interact with each other in order to develop a rich corpus of practice and knowledge in the field.

A peer-reviewed journal, International Journal of Rural Management publishes research articles, reports of research in progress, analyses of current and topical practice, policy issues relating to rural management, and book reviews.

The overarching purpose of this important international journal is to define the field of rural management and to assist rural organisations/institutions to adopt professional management practices.

Electronic Access

International Journal of Rural Management is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The overarching purpose of the journal is to create a community of scholars and promote scholarship in the field of Rural Management. It does so by acting as a vehicle that promotes scholarship and disseminates knowledge. Anything rural is of interest; however, the journal has an avowed bias towards matters of policy, institutions, organizations and practices. The journal publishes conceptual, empirical and review papers in the form of research articles, reports of research in progress, analyses of current and topical practice, policy issues relating to rural management, field notes, and book reviews.

The writing style should be such that it is addressed to an international audience. It would, therefore, be necessary that names of places, at least at the beginning, should be so provided that the reader is able to locate them in a national (country) and sub-national (region/province/state) context.

IJRM is a peer reviewed journal and follows the practice of double-blind reviews.

Saswata Narayan Biswas Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA), Gujarat, India
Indranil De Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA), Gujarat, India
Associate Editors
Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA), Gujarat, India
Debasish Maitra Indian Institute of Management, Indore, India
Soumyadip Chattopadhyay Visva Bharati University, West Bengal, India
Sushanta Kumar Sarma Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA), Gujarat, India
Editorial Assistant
Ranadev Nair Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA), Gujarat, India
Editorial Advisory Board
Robert Chambers University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
Maureen F Dollard University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
John Farrington Overseas Development Institute, London, UK
Malcolm Harper Basix Finance, Buckinghamshire, UK
Carolyn Kagan Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
David Kemp University of Sydney, Orange, Australia
Asfaw Kumssa UNCRD Africa Office, Nairobi, Kenya
Ragnhild Lund Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Tondheim, Norway
Vijay Mahajan BASIX, Hyderabad, India
Per Pinstrup-andersen Cornell University, Ithaca, USA
Jai B. P. Sinha ASSERT Institute of Management Studies, Patna, Bihar, India
  • DeepDyve
  • Dutch-KB
  • Indian Citation Index (ICI)
  • J-Gate
  • OCLC
  • Ohio
  • Portico
  • Pro-Quest-RSP
  • ProQuest-Illustrata
  • ProQuest: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: International Journal of Rural Management

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of International Journal of Rural Management will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?

      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper

      2. Editorial policies

      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

      3. Publishing polices

        3.1 Publication ethics
        3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
        3.3 Open access and author archiving

        4. Preparing your manuscript

        4.1 Formatting
        4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
        4.3 Supplementary material
        4.4 Reference style
        4.5 English language editing services

        5. Submitting your manuscript

        5.1 ORCID
        5.2 Information required for completing your submission
        5.3 Permissions

        6. On acceptance and publication

        6.1 SAGE Production
        6.2 Online First publication
        6.3 Access to your published article
        6.4 Promoting your article

        7. Further information

        1. What do we publish?

        1.1 Aims & Scope

        Before submitting your manuscript to International Journal of Rural Management, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope

        1.2 Article types

        There could be two to three sections in the journal:

        • Research Articles

        • Book Reviews

        • Notes from the Field

        The research article should ideally be of about 8,000 to 10,000 words. However, exceptions for longer manuscripts may be allowed for certain submissions reporting qualitative research or multiple method studies. Also, the Book Review and Notes from the Field should not be longer than 3,000 words. An ideal article for this section should not include findings of any completed research study. It is aimed to be an account by the researcher/development practitioner of any important aspect of the field or community that excites him or her while being based in field. It has to be least technical in exposition and should attempt to bring out an important but mostly unreported aspect of field/fieldworker. A reflective account of self and the field should also be acceptable for this section. An ideal submission for Book Review should be a review of any important book relevant to the field of rural management. Book Review could either be commissioned by the editors or accepted from willing contributors. The decision for Book Review and Notes from the Field is not arrived at through a process of external blind review but by the editors themselves. Book reviews must contain the name of the author and title/sub-title of the book reviewed, place of publication and publisher, date of publication, number of pages and price.

        1.3 Writing your paper

        The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

        1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

        When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

        2. Editorial policies

        2.1 Peer review policy

        International Journal of Rural Management adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

        2.2 Authorship

        All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis. No change in authorship and order of appearance of authorship is permitted after submission.

        2.3 Acknowledgements

        All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

        Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

        2.3.1 Writing assistance

        Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

        2.4 Funding

        International Journal of Rural Management requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

        2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

        International Journal of Rural Management encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

        3. Publishing Policies

        3.1 Publication ethics

        SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

        3.1.1 Plagiarism

        International Journal of Rural Management and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

        3.1.2 Prior publication

        If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

        3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement      

        Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

        3.3 Open access and author archiving

        International Journal of Rural Management offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

        4. Preparing your manuscript for submission                                                       

        4.1 Formatting

        The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

        The manuscript should be structured as follows:

        • The cover page should carry the title of the article, the author(s)’ name(s), institutional affiliation(s), address(es) (postal, email and web), and phone and fax numbers. In case there are two or more authors, then corresponding author’s name and address details must be clearly specified on the first page itself; all correspondence, including those of the proof of the article would be sent to her/him.

        • Each article should be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words.

        • The main body of the text may be divided into sections with appropriate headings and subheadings. Please note that the headings and subheadings should be typed on a separate line. Do not number, indent or use bold or italic typeface for headings and subheadings.

        • The author identifying information should not appear on any other page of the manuscript, except for the first (cover) page.

        • Headings: Limit the levels of heading within an article to two, or at most three. Avoid lengthy headings and do not number them. The printed style will distinguish their weighting adequately without recourse to an explicit structure such as 1.1.1.

        • Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of the article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.

        • The language and spellings used should be British (UK), with ‘s’ variant, e.g., globalisation instead of globalization, labour instead of labor.

        • Single quotes should be used throughout. Double quote marks are to be used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text.

        • Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimized but consistent. For non-English and uncommon words and phrases, use italics throughout the text. Meaning of non-English words should be given in parenthesis just after the word when it is used for the first time.

        • If a second passage from the same source is quoted close to the first and there is no intervening quotation from a different source, ibid. (set in roman) may be used in the second parenthetical reference (e.g., "ibid., 114"); ibid. alone may be used if the reference is to the same page. Avoid overusing ibid.: for more than the occasional repeated reference to the same source—as in an extended discussion of a work of fiction—only a parenthetical page number is necessary.

        • Please pay attention to consistency in the hyphenation of words. Do not alternate, for example, between ‘psycho-social’ and ‘psychosocial’, ‘decision making’ and ‘decision-making’. (A distinction is, however, often made between noun and attributive adjective: for example: ‘the middle class’ but ‘middle-class ethics’.)

        • Use capitals sparingly and double-check the logical application of any distinctions you wish to make between specific and general use.

        • Abbreviations are spelled out at first occurrence. Very common ones (US, GDP, BBC) need not be spelled out.

        • Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements use only figures (3 km; 9 per cent). Use 'per cent' in text and '%' in tables and figures. Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores.

        • Use ‘per cent’ instead of % in the text. In tables, graphs, etc., % can be used.

        • Give specific dates in the form 22 November 1980. Decades should be referred to as ‘20th century’, ‘the 1990s’.

        • Number ranges should be truncated, for example, 2017–18.

        • Tables and figures should be indicated by number separately ('Table 1'), not by placement ('Table below'). Present each table and figure on a separate sheet of paper, gathering them together at the end of the article.

        • Book reviews: Should contain name of author and book reviewed, place of publication and publisher, year of publication, number of pages, price and ISBN. Book reviewers must also provide their affiliation and designation and complete mailing address. Please use the following style:Stephen R. Covey, Principle-Centred Leadership. London: Simon and Schuster Ltd, 1992, 326 pp., US$ 29.95, ISBN: 978-0684858418.

        4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

        For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

        • Figures, including maps, graphs and drawings, should not be larger than page size. They should be numbered and arranged as per their references in the text. All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi and 1,500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG. Please obtain permission to reproduce any figures or photographs that are not your own copyright. Similarly, permission may be required for quotations beyond the limits of ‘fair dealing’.

        • Please present each figure and table on a separate sheet of paper gathering them together at the end of the article. Distinguish between figures (diagrams) and tables (statistical material) and number them in separate sequences, i.e., ‘Figure 8’, and ‘Table 8.’ Please provide tables and figures in editable format.

        • Please use short and crisp titles and headings in tables and figures. The units of measurement should be stated and the sources should be cited at the foot of the table. Notes relating to the table should be placed after the source. Lay out parallel tables in similar ways using similar wording, and check any totals or averages.

        • Include a mention of each figure or table in the text itself (for example ‘as shown in Figure 2’), as well as indicating in the margin where the figure or table should go (‘Fig. 2 near here’). Ensure that all words, proper nouns, place names, etc., in the tables and figures are spelt in exactly the same way as they are in the text.

        Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

        4.3 Supplementary material

        This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

        4.4 Reference style

        At the end of the article, a consolidated alphabetical list of all books, articles, essays and dissertations referred to (including any cited in the tables, figures, graphs and maps) should be provided. International Journal of Rural Management adheres to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition reference style.

        In-text citations: References should be embedded in the text in the anthropological style. Citations should be first alphabetical and then chronological, for example, (Ahmed 1987, 1990; Sarkar 1987; Wignaraja 1960).

        Here are a few examples of in-text citations:

        • One work by one author: (Sarkar 1987, 145) or ‘as mentioned by Sarkar (1987, 228–30)’.

        • One work by two authors: (Grazer and Fishman 2015, 12); (Armstrong and Malacinski 1989; Pickett and White 1985).

        • One work by three authors: (Keng, Lin, and Orazem 2017, 9–10).

        • One work by more than three authors:  (Bay et al. 2017, 465) [Only the name of the first author is used, followed by et al. (and others). Note that et al. is not italicised in text citations].

        • Groups or organizations or universities: (BSI 1985); (ISO 1997).

        • Works with same authors and year: (Fogel 2004b, 218); (Fogel 2004a, 45–46).

        • Authors with same surname: Include the initials in all the in-text citations even if the year of publication differs, e.g., (C. Doershuk 2010) and (J. Doershuk 2009).

        • Works with no identified author or anonymous author: (True and Sincere Declaration 1610); (Stanze in lode della donna brutta 1547) or (Stanze 1547) [Short form of the title and year].

        • Two or more works by the same author: (Wong 1999, 328; 2000, 475).

        • Forthcoming works: (Faraday, forthcoming).

        • Reprint editions and modern editions (more than one date): (Maitland [1898] 1998).

        • Direct quotations:

        As Edward Tufte points out, ‘A graphical element may carry data information and also perform a design function usually left to non-data-ink’ (2001, 139).
        As Edward Tufte (2001, 139) points out, ‘A graphical element may carry data information and also perform a design function usually left to non-data-ink.’

        References: We follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition in the formatting of the reference details. The brief style of referencing for some common types of references is as follows:

        • Book (One author):

        Shields, David. The Thing about Life Is That One Day You'll Be Dead. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.
        Martin du Gard, Roger. Lieutenant-Colonel de Maumort. Translated by Luc Brébion and Timothy Crouse. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

        • Book (Two or more authors [or Editors]):

        Jacobs, Sue-Ellen, Wesley Thomas, and Sabine Lang, eds. Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

        Levitt, Steven D., and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything. New York: William Morrow, 2005.

        • Edited book:

        Meredith, George. The Letters of George Meredith. Edited by C. L. Cline. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

        • Editions other than the first:

        Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

        • Book chapter:

        Phibbs, Brendan. "Herrlisheim: Diary of a Battle." In The Other Side of Time: A Combat Surgeon in World War II, 117--63. Boston: Little, Brown, 1987.

        Samples, John. "The Origins of Modern Campaign Finance Law." Chap. 7 in The Fallacy of Campaign Finance Reform. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

        Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.

        • Books in other languages:

        Lele, R. K. Marathi Vruttapatrancha Itihaas (A History of the Marathi Press). Pune: Continental Prakashan, 1964.

        • Journal article:

        Olson, Hope A. "Codes, Costs, and Critiques: The Organization of Information in Library Quarterly, 1931–2004." Library Quarterly 76, no. 1 (2006): 19–35. doi:10.1086/504343.

        Menjívar, Cecilia. "Liminal Legality: Salvadoran and Guatemalan Immigrants' Lives in the United States." American Journal of Sociology 111, no. 4 (2006): 999--1037. doi:10.1086/499509.

        • News or magazine article

        Manjoo, Farhad. “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera.” New York Times, March 8, 2017.

        Pegoraro, Rob. “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple.” Washington Post, July 5, 2007. LexisNexis Academic.

        [Note: Please provide a URL if the page numbers of the article are not available.]

        • Works with same authors, same year:
          Two or more works by the same author in the same year must be differentiated by the addition of a, b, and so forth (regardless of whether they were authored, edited, compiled, or translated), and are listed alphabetically by title. Text citations consist of author and year plus letter.

        Fogel, Robert William. The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700–2100: Europe, America, and the Third World. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004a.

        ———. “Technophysio Evolution and the Measurement of Economic Growth.” Journal of Evolutionary Economics 14, no. 2 (2004b): 217–21. doi:10.1007/s00191-004-0188-x.

        • Organization as author

        University of Chicago Press. The Chicago Manual of Style. 16th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. World Health Organization. WHO Editorial Style Manual. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1993.

        • Anonymous or unknown author:

        Stanze in lode della donna brutta. Florence, 1547.

        Anonymous. Stanze in lode della donna brutta. Florence, 1547.

        • Forthcoming work:

        Author, Margaret M. "Article Title." Journal Name 98 (forthcoming).

        Note: If an article is published by a journal electronically ahead of the official publication date, use the posted publication date. In such cases, information about pagination may not yet be available.

        Black, Steven. "Changing Epidemiology of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease: A Complicated Story." Clinical Infectious Diseases 47. Published electronically July 14, 2008. doi:10.1086/590002.

        • Reprint editions and modern editions:
          Bernhardt, Peter. The Rose's Kiss: A Natural History of Flowers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. First published 1999 by Island Press.

        Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Nature. 1836. Facsimile of the first edition, with an introduction by Jaroslav Pelikan. Boston: Beacon, 1985.

        Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Scribner, 1925. Reprinted with preface and notes by Matthew J. Bruccoli. New York: Collier Books, 1992. Page references are to the 1992 edition.

        National Reconnaissance Office. The KH-4B Camera System. Washington, DC: National Photographic Interpretation Center, 1967. Now declassified and also available online,

        Schweitzer, Albert. J. S. Bach. Translated by Ernest Newman. 2 vols. 1911. Reprint, New York: Dover, 1966.

        • Editor or Translator in addition to author:

        Adorno, Theodor W., and Walter Benjamin. The Complete Correspondence, 1928--1940. Edited by Henri Lonitz. Translated by Nicholas Walker. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

        Bonnefoy, Yves. New and Selected Poems. Edited by John Naughton and Anthony Rudolf. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

        Feydeau, Georges. Four Farces by Georges Feydeau. Translated by Norman R. Shapiro. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

        Menchú, Rigoberta. Crossing Borders. Translated and edited by Ann Wright. New York: Verso, 1999.

        • Theses and Dissertations:

        Rutz, Cynthia Lillian. “King Lear and Its Folktale Analogues.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2013.

        • Unpublished Manuscripts:

        Cotter, Cory. "The Weakest Link: The Argument for On-Wrist Band Welding." Unpublished manuscript, last modified December 3, 2008. Microsoft Word file.

        • Lectures, papers presented at meetings, and the like:

        Teplin, Linda A., Gary M. McClelland, Karen M. Abram, and Jason J. Washburn. "Early Violent Death in Delinquent Youth: A Prospective Longitudinal Study." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, La Jolla, CA, March 2005.

        • Working papers:

        Dyer, Lee, and Jeff Ericksen. "Complexity-Based Agile Enterprises: Putting Self-Organizing Emergence to Work." CAHRS Working Paper 08-01, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 1980.

        • Website content

        Yale University. “About Yale: Yale Facts.” Accessed May 1, 2017.

        [Note: Please do not place a period at the end of an online reference.]

        4.5 English language editing services

        Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

        5. Submitting your manuscript

        International Journal of Rural Management is hosted on SAGE Track SAGE, a web-based online submission and peer review system. Visit to log in and submit your article online.

        IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.

        5.1 ORCID

        As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

        The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

        If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

        5.2 Information required for completing your submission

        You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

        5.3 Permissions

        Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

        6. On acceptance and publication           

        6.1 SAGE Production

        Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

        6.2 Online First publication

        Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

        6.3 Access to your published article

        SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

        6.4 Promoting your article

        Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

        7. Further information

        Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the International Journal of Rural Management editorial office as follows:


        Contact number: +91-9913866061

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