The Journal of Criminal Law is a peer-reviewed, practical tool for students, lecturers and practitioners alike. It provides detailed analysis of what is happening in the courts-at every level from magistrates' court right up to the Supreme Court and the European Court of Human Rights.
|Alan Reed||Northumbria University, UK|
|Bethany Simpson||Northumbria University, UK|
|Sean Mennim||Northumbria University, UK|
|Kai Ambos||University of Gottingen ,Germany|
|Gleb Bogush||HSE International University, Russia|
|Warren Brookbanks||AUT University, New Zealand|
|John Child||University of Birmingham, UK|
|Thomas Crofts||City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Matt Gibson||Liverpool University, UK|
|Alisdair Gillespie||Lancaster University, UK|
|Mohammad M. Hedayati||Durham University, UK|
|Jon Herring||Oxford University, UK|
|Sally Kyd||Leicester University, UK|
|Arlie Loughnan||Sydney University, Australia|
|Claire Mcdiarmid||Strathclyde University, UK|
|Murat Onok||Koc University Law School, Turkey|
|Paul H. Robinson||University of Pennsylvania, USA|
|Julia Tolmie||Auckland University, New Zealand|
|Vera Bergelson||Rutgers University, USA|
|Michael Bohlander||Durham University, UK|
|Thom Brooks||Durham University, UK|
|Allison Clare||Barrister, UK|
|Justin Cole||Barrister, UK|
|Jonathan Doak||Nottingham Trent University, UK|
|Susan Edwards||University of Buckingham, UK|
|Kris Gledhill||Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand|
|David Gottlieb||The University of Kansas, USA|
|Michael Hirst||De Montfort University Leicester, UK|
|Gerhard Kemp||Stellenbosch University, South Africa and Derby University, UK|
|Roderick Munday||University of Cambridge, UK|
Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal's submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/clj to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of The Journal of Criminal Law will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
- What do we publish?
1.1 Aims & Scope
1.2 Article types
1.3 Writing your paper
- Editorial policies
2.1 Peer review policy
2.4 Declaration of conflicting interests
- Publishing policies
3.1 Publication ethics
3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
3.3 Open access and author archiving
- Preparing your manuscript
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
4.3 Supplementary material
4.4 Reference style
4.5 English language editing services
- Submitting your manuscript
5.1 Information required for completing your submission
- On acceptance and publication
6.1 Sage Production
6.2 Online First publication
6.3 Access to your published article
6.4 Promoting your article
- Further information
Before submitting your manuscript to The Journal of Criminal Law, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
The Journal of Criminal Law publishes original articles, case notes and book reviews.
The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
Journal of Criminal Law operates a strictly anonymous peer review process in which the reviewer's name is withheld from the author and, the author's name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees.
All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.
Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support
2.3.1 Third party submissions
Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:
• Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
• Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
• Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.
Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.
The Journal of Criminal Law encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway.
Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.
The Journal of Criminal Law and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway.
The Journal of Criminal Law offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.
Articles should be between 5,000 and 8,000 words long, including references. A 150-word abstract providing a concise statement of the purpose of the article and a broad indication of its findings or conclusions must be submitted. Shorter articles (3,000 to 5,000 words) may be considered to include comment and discussion on recent developments in criminal law. No abstract is required. Articles and comments should also include up to five "keywords". Each keyword or short phrase should indicate the contents of the contribution, without merely replicating its title or textual sub- headings.
Case notes should ordinarily be between 1,500 and 2,500 words long. For particularly important cases a longer note may exceptionally be permitted. Within case notes all references should be included within the main body of the text and footnotes are not used. The format of the case note should be as follows: Main subject heading; Case name and citation; Text: (1) the facts, (2) the decision/HELD paragraph, and (3) the commentary on the case. Case notes should include up to five "keywords". Each keyword or short phrase should indicate the contents of the case note, without merely replicating its title or textual sub-headings.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.
All references should be placed in footnotes. End notes will not be accommodated.
Cases should be cited in the following forms:
Quick v Taff-Ely Borough Council  QB 809
If specific pages are referred to:
Quick v Taff-Ely Borough Council  QB 809 at 811
No full stops should be used in the law journal abbreviation, e.g. All ER, WLR, EGLR etc.
Abbreviations should be used for familiar legal journals. Otherwise the title should be given in full in italics:
J. Cohen, 'A Theory of the Stability of Punishment' (1983) 64 Journal of Criminal Law 198
The following styles should be used:
M. A. Jones, Textbook on Torts, 2nd edn (Blackstone Press: London, 1989) 234
G. Richardson, 'Judicial Intervention' in M. Maguire (ed.), Accountability (Tavistock: London, 1985) 113
Modern statutes should be cited in the form:
The Landlord and Tenand (Covenants) Act 1995, s. 3(1)(a)
These should be cited in the form:
Law Commission, Family Law: The Ground for Divorce, Cm 192 (1990) para. 4.5
References should be cited in full on the first occasion they are mentioned. Subsequent cross-references should take the following form:
See Walter, above n. 4 at 23
If Walter is referred to in the text after it has been cited for a first time, the cross-reference will be:
Above n. 4 at 23
If the cross-reference is to the immediately preceding note, the reference will be:
Ibid. at 23
Quotations within the text should use single quotation marks and quotations within quotations use double quotation marks. If quotations are three lines or more they should be separated out from the rest of the text and should not be enclosed by quotation marks.
Footnotes should be collated at the end of the article, but will be published at the foot of each relevant page. Footnotes to the title and author(s)' names should be designated as *, † etc. Footnotes to the text should be designated as 1, 2, 3 etc. and follow any closing punctuation, e.g.
…limitations are possible.¹
The asterisked footnote should give the author's position, institutional address and any brief acknowledgements if required.
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
The Journal of Criminal Law is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/clj to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
All material is accepted on the understanding that it is contributed solely to the Journal of Criminal Law.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.
Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to The Journal of Criminal Law editorial office.
Corespondence about articles and book reviews should be sent to:
Professor Alan Reed
Northumbria Law School
University of Northumbria
City Campus East
Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
Corespondence about case notes should be submitted to:
Northumbria Law School
University of Northumbria
City Campus East
Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
School of Law
City Campus East
Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK