Journal of Research in Nursing
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Journal of Research in Nursing

connecting policy, practice and research

Editors in Chief
Professor Andree Le May Emeritus Professor of Nursing, University of Southampton, UK
Dr Ann McMahon Honorary Research Fellow, University of Glasgow, UK
Founding Editor
Veronica Bishop Visiting Professor of Nursing, City University, UK


eISSN: 1744988X| ISSN: 17449871|Current volume: 21|Current issue: 4 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Journal of Research in Nursing publishes research on nursing topics and themes. Original research is published with the aim of encouraging evidence-based practice and improving the quality of patient care.

It publishes quality research papers on healthcare issues that inform nurses and other healthcare professionals globally. Through linking policy, research and development initiatives to clinical and academic excellence Journal of Research in Nursing aims to support nursing and healthcare professionals in their development, for the overall benefit of quality healthcare services.

"I have used Journal of Research in Nursing extensively in the course of a recent research project and think that it provides an invaluable reference point for nurse researchers particularly for up-to-date policy related information" Professor Donna Fitzmasons, Ulster University and Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, UK

"Journal of Research in Nursing is an important journal in UK Nursing and has made a significant contribution to the transfer of knowledge with direct relevance to the whole of the nursing community. Researchers have no hesitation in contributing papers to the journal highlighting the respect Journal of Research in Nursing has as a vehicle for the dissemination of research findings. The partnership with SAGE Publications will enable this success to be taken to the world stage. I wish the journal, its editor and editorial team every success in its 're-birth' and ongoing development" Professor Brendan McCormack, Head of Division of Nursing, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK

"A rip-roaring, highly policy and practice relevant research read" Dr Ann-Marie Rafferty, King's College London, UK

Electronic Access:

Journal of Research in Nursing is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at http://jrn.sagepub.com

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The Journal of Research in Nursing is a leading peer reviewed journal that blends good research with contemporary debates about policy and practice. The Journal of Research in Nursing contributes knowledge to nursing practice, research and local, national and international health and social care policy. Each issue contains a variety of papers and review commentaries within a specific theme. The editors are advised and supported by a board of key academics, practitioners and policy makers of international standing.

The Journal of Research in Nursing will:

• Ensure an evidence base to your practice and policy development

• Inform your research work at an advanced level

• Challenge you to critically reflect on the interface between practice, policy and research

Editorial Board
Lorraine Culley Emeritus Professor of Social Science and Health, De Montfort University, UK
Dawn Freshwater Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor, University of Western Australia, Australia and Pro Vice-Chancellor for Organisational Effectiveness, University of Leeds, UK
Carol Haigh Professor of Nursing, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
Joyce Kenkre Professor of Primary Care, University of South Wales, UK
Juliet MacArthur Lead Practitioner Research in NHS Lothian and Honorary Fellow at the University of Edinburgh, UK
Elaine Maxwell Associate Professor in Leadership, London South Bank University, UK
Sonja McIlfatrick Professor in Nursing, Institute of Nursing and Health Research Senior Investigator: All Ireland Institute of Hospice and Palliative Care, UK
Sam Porter Professor in Nursing Research, Queens University, Northern Ireland
Annie Topping Assistant Executive Director of Nursing, Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar and Visiting Professor in Nursing, University of Huddersfield, UK
International Associate Board
Joanna Bennett Senior Lecturer in Nursing, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica
Eloise Carr Professor of Nursing and Associate Dean, University of Calgary, Canada
Sek Ying Chair Director and Professor of the Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
Sean Clarke Associate Dean for Undergraduate Programs and Professor of Nursing, Boston College, USA
Jessica Corner Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research and Knowledge Exchange, University of Nottingham, UK
Janna Lessa Professor of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, USA
Hugh McKenna Pro-Vice Chancellor, Research and Innovation at Ulster University, Northern Ireland
Teresa Moreno-Casbas Head of the Research Unit in Health Care, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Charles Normand Edward Kennedy Professor of Health Policy and Management, Trinity College Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Britt-Inger Saveman Professor of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden
Gwen Sherwood Professor and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Leonie Walker Principal Researcher, New Zealand Nurses Organisation and Adjunct Professor, Victoria University, New Zealand
Kenneth Walsh Professor of Translational Research in Nursing and Midwifery, University of Tasmania, Australia
Editorial Assistant
  • Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
  • British Nursing Index
  • Corporate ResourceNET
  • Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature CINAHL
  • MasterFILE Premier
  • Periodical Abstracts
  • PsycINFO
  • PsycLIT
  • Psychological Abstracts
  • Standard Periodical Directory
  • TOPIC Search
  • Thomson Reuters: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
    1. Peer review policy
      1.1 Authorship
    2. Article types
    3. How to submit your manuscript
    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement
      4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    5. Declaration of conflicting interests policy
    6. Other conventions
    7. Acknowledgments
      7.1 Funding acknowledgement
    8. Publishing Policies
      8.1 Publication Ethics
      8.1.1 Plagiarism
      8.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      8.3 Open Access and author archiving
      8.4 Permissions
    9. Manuscript style
      9.1 File types
      9.2 Journal style
      9.3 Reference style
      9.4 Manuscript preparation
      9.4.1 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      9.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      9.4.5 English language editing services
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints
      10.3 SAGE production
      10.4 OnlineFirst publication
    11. Further information

    The editors of the Journal of Research in Nursing welcome research papers and reviews on nursing, including clinical, research, education or management topics. The contribution of the research to or implications for nursing practice and health and social care policy should be made explicit. These guidelines are intended to help authors with the presentation of the material that they wish to be considered for publication. Papers should be presented in an academic format and should contribute to the body of knowledge of the nursing professions.

     

    1. Peer review policy

    Journal of Research in Nursing adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    On receipt, papers are acknowledged and, after review, authors are informed whether their paper has been accepted for publication. In most cases, revisions of the manuscript are requested in the light of the referees' comments before the paper can be reconsidered for publication. Once a paper has been accepted, a reviewer is invited to write a 500 word commentary to be published alongside the paper.

    1.1 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

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    2. Article types

    The Journal of Research in Nursing welcome research papers and reviews on nursing, whether clinical, research, education or management topics. The contribution of the paper to, or implications for, both nursing practice and health and social care policy should be made explicit. Papers are normally restricted to a maximum of 5,000 words, including all elements (title page, abstract, notes, references, tables, biographical statement, etc.).

    The Journal considers the following kinds of article for publication:

    1. Research papers should be presented under the following section headings:

    1. Title
    2. All authors, qualifications, designations and place of work (upload separately to the manuscript to facilitate blind peer review). Authors should include a short (100-150 words) biography with their submission.
    3. Abstract - including a short summary of the research aims, major findings and conclusions of no more than 200 words Key words - up to six essential words
    4. Introduction - this should set the scene, including the policy context, for the research study and state the research question/ hypothesis. This should be followed by a literature review, which should quote key articles directly relevant to the study
    5. Methodology - this should be sufficiently detailed for subsequent researchers to follow; it should reiterate the aims and hypotheses of the study and why the methodology was chosen. Copies of research tools, such as questionnaires, should be included with the manuscript
    6. Results - full results should be submitted, including relevant tables, figures and diagrams and details of statistical analysis
    7. Discussion - this should be as full as possible and attempt to explain the results achieved and their significance to both nursing practice and health and social care policy. Limitations to the study should be highlighted in this section
    8. Conclusion - this section should draw together the findings of the study, how they relate to the original aims and make recommendations as to how the work can be carried forward.
    9. Key points - a list of four or five key points drawing out the main findings and their implications for nursing practice, health and social care policy and future research.

    2. Review Articles

    In both cases, the contribution of the paper to, or implications for, nursing practice and health and social care policy should be made explicit.

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    3. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Journal of Research in Nursing is hosted on SAGE track a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne Manuscripts. Please read the Manuscript Submission guidelines below, and then simply visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jrn to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please contact jrn@sagepub.co.uk

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    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    Journal of Research in Nursing and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.  Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all Sage journals, or appropriate legal action.

    4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    5. Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor's Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. It is the policy of Journal of Research in Nursing to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Declaration of Conflicting Interests provided in the article.

    Please acknowledge the name(s) of any medical writers who contributed to your article. With multiple authors, please indicate whether contributions were equal, or indicate who contributed what to the article.

    For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Other conventions

    6.1 Informed consent

    Submitted manuscripts should be arranged according to the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals". The full document is available at http://icmje.org. When submitting a paper, the author should always make a full statement to the Editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar work.

    Ethical considerations: All research on human subjects must have been approved by the appropriate research body in accordance with national requirements and must conform to the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki (http:/www.wma.net) as well as to the International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects and the International Guidelines for Ethical Review for Epidemiological Studies (http:/www.cioms.ch). An appropriate statement about ethical considerations, if applicable, should be included in the methods section of the paper.

    6.2 Ethics

    When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) or with the Declaration of Helsinki 1975, revised Hong Kong 1989. Do not use patients' names, initials or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate which guideline/law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

    6.3 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Journal of Research in Nursing requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor(s) can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office.

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    7. Acknowledgements

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    7.1 Funding Acknowledgement
    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Journal of Research in Nursing additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

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    8. Publishing policies

    8.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.  

    8.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Research in Nursing  and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    8.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    8.3 Open Access and author archiving

    Journal of Research in Nursing  offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    8.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

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    9. Manuscript style

    9.1 File types
    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork and supplemental files below.

    9.2 Journal Style
    Journal of Research in Nursing conforms to the SAGE house style. Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style

    9.3 Reference Style
    Journal of Research in Nursing adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Harvard to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, download the SAGE Harvard output style by following this link and save to the appropriate folder (normally for Windows C:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles and for Mac OS X Harddrive:Applications:EndNote:Styles). Once you’ve done this, open EndNote and choose “Select Another Style...” from the dropdown menu in the menu bar; locate and choose this new style from the following screen.

    9.4. Manuscript Preparation
    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    9.4.1 Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    9.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details
    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
    This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    9.4.5 English Language Editing services
    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service. Visit English Language Editing Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    10. After acceptance           

    10.1 Proofs
    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    10.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit http://www.sagepub.co.uk/authors/journal/reprint.sp.

    10.3 SAGE Production
    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication (http://online.sagepub.com/). We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Journal of Research in Nursing with SAGE.

    10.4 OnlineFirst Publication
    Journal of Research in Nursing offers OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet

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    11. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office:
    E-mail: jrn@sagepub.co.uk

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