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Journal of Sports Economics

eISSN: 15527794 | ISSN: 15270025 | Current volume: 25 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Now Indexed in the Research Papers in Economics (RePEC) database. Search 2010 issue articles here.

Journal of Sports Economics (JSE) publishes scholarly research in the field of sports economics. The aim of the journal is to further research in the area of sports economics by bringing together theoretical and empirical research in a single intellectual venue.

Relevant topics include:

• Player, coach and management/ownership compensation and player-management relations
• Sport participation and societal impacts and determinants
• Corporate governance of international associations, leagues and clubs
• Industrial organization, on and off-field competition, and regulation
• Local public finance and economic impact
• Sports related gambling

Published eight times a year, the Journal of Sports Economics is the oldest and most influential journal devoted specifically to this rapidly growing field.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Sports Economics publishes scholarly research in the field of sports economics that is of broad interest to both specialists in sports economics and to researchers in other areas of economics as well as in finance and management. The aim of the journal is to further understanding of the economy, economic decision-making by individuals, both as consumers and workers, and by firms, and the interaction of individuals and firms within the marketplace. The journal welcomes both theoretical and empirical submissions from all areas of economics on topics connected to sport business, sport participation and public policy toward sport.

Journal of Sports Economics aims to publish the highest quality scholarly research in the field of sports economics. Papers submitted to the journal must be of interest both to specialists in sports economics and to researchers in other areas of economics, finance or management. The goal of the journal is to advance understanding of the economy, economic decision-making by individuals, both as consumers and workers, and by firms, and the interaction of individuals and firms within the marketplace through study of the sporting context. The journal welcomes both theoretical and empirical submissions from all areas of economics on topics connected to sport business, sport participation and public policy toward sport.

Dennis Coates Dennis Coates, UMBC, USA
Associate Editor
John C. Bradbury Kennesaw State University, USA
Helmut Dietl University of Zurich, Switzerland
Pamela Wicker Bielefeld University, Germany
Editorial Board
Nola Agha University of San Francisco, USA
Wladimir Andreff University of Paris I, France
Robert A. Baade Lake Forest College, USA
David J. Berri Southern Utah University, USA
Jeff Borland University of Melbourne, Australia
Julio Del Corral University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
Craig A. Depken, II The University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Steve Dobson University of Hull, UK
Paul Downward Loughborough University
David Forrest University of Liverpool, UK
Rodney D. Fort University of Michigan, USA
Bernd Frick Paderborn University
Bill Gerrard University of Leeds, UK
John Goddard University of Wales, UK
Jean-Jacques Gouguet Université de Limoges, France
Jill Harris United States Air Force Academy, USA
Brad R. Humphreys West Virginia University
Lawrence M. Kahn Braunstein Family Professor and Professor of Economics, Cornell University, ILR School, USA
Young Hoon Lee Sogang University, South Korea
Victor Matheson College of the Holy Cross, USA
Roger G. Noll Stanford University, Center for the Study of Families and Youth
Tim Pawlowski University of Tübingen
Duane Rockerbie University of Lethbridge, Canada
Ryan Rodenberg Florida State University, USA
Allen R. Sanderson University of Chicago, USA
Raymond D. Sauer Clemson University, USA
Robert Simmons Lancaster University, UK
Stefan Szymanski University of Michigan, USA
Nefertiti Walker University of Massachusetts – Amherst, USA
Andrew S. Zimbalist Smith College, USA
Founding Editor
Leo H. Kahane 1999 - 2015
  • CAB Abstracts Database
  • CABI: Global Health
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
  • EBSCO: EconLit
  • Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Abstracts (in CAB Abstracts Database)
  • NISC
  • Ornamental Horticulture
  • ProQuest: CSA Physical Education Index
  • SPORTDiscus
  • Social SciSearch
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Sport Information Resource Centre (SIRC)

Manuscripts are invited on a variety of applied, theoretical, and empirical research topics related to the field of sports economics, including (but not limited to): labor economics and market research, labor management relations, collective bargaining, wage determination, and local public finance.

The Journal of Sports Economics follows the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th Edition publication style. Notes and references should appear at the back of the manuscripts in separate sections. Manuscripts normally should not exceed 30 single-sided typewritten pages with 1-inch margins. All text should be double spaced (including abstracts, references and notes). MS Word documents preferred (not MS Word 2007 version). Authors should include an abstract of no more than 150 words, as well as 4-5 keywords, on a separate page following the title page. The name(s) of authors should appear only on the title page. Contact information, including mailing address, phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address for each author must be provided on the title page. Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Sports Economics should not be under review elsewhere. Authors of manuscripts accepted for publication in the Journal of Sports Economics will be sent a more comprehensive style sheet to which they must adhere.

Authors should submit their manuscript at this site:

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts should be prepared using the APA Style Guide (Seventh Edition). All pages must be typed, double-spaced (including references, footnotes, and endnotes). Text must be in 12-point Times Roman. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Must include margins of 1inch on all the four sides and number all pages sequentially.

As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

The manuscript should include four major sections (in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, and (9) Appendices.

1. Title page. Please include the following:

  • Full article title
  • Acknowledgments and credits
  • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
  • Grant numbers and/or funding information
  • Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

2. Abstract. Print the abstract (150 words) on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.

3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.

    a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, Level 4 heading should be Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, and Level 5 heading should be Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period.

    b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

        (i) Unknown Author: To cite works that do not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Eg. The findings are based on the study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001)

        (ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Eg.(L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998)

        (iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation.Eg.Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…

        (iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews,and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Eg.(E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).

        (v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date").Eg. The study conducted by of students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).

5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

6. References. Basic rules for the reference list:-

  • The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
  • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
  • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and”.
  • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there are one, and any proper names – i. e. only those words that are normally capitalized.
  • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
  • Manuscripts submitted to XXX [journal acronym] should strictly follow the XXX manual (xth edition) [style manual title with ed].
  • Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
  • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
  • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.

Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check APA (7th Ed).

  • Books:

Book with editors & edition-- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society. Thomson.


Book with author & publisher are the same-- MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North: Author.


Chapter in an edited book--Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley& T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Blackwell.



Journal article with more than one author (print)--Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.


Journal article – 20 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from


Internet Sources:

Internet – no author, no date--Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://


Internet – Organisation / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from


  • Examples of various types of information sources:

Act (statute / legislation)--Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from


Blog post-- Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Web log post]. Retrieved from


Brochure / pamphlet (no author)--Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.


Conference Paper--Williams, J., &Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.


DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview&Youtube)--Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), &Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.


Magazine--Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.


Newspaper article (no author)--Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5


Podcast (audio or video)--Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

Software (including apps--UBM Medica.(2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software].Retrieved from


Television programme--Flanagan, A., &Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors).(2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.


Thesis (print)--Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.


Thesis (online)--Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from


Non- English reference book, title translated in English

Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lenguaespanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nded.). Madrid, Spain: Author

IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically.Eg.Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC).Headings should be clear and brief.

8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.

IMPORTANT: PERMISSION- The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in (journal acronym). A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

9. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”).Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.

Note for authors whose primary language is other than English:

Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at

Please be aware that Sage has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.


There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

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