Journal of International Studies
2016 Impact Factor: 0.615
2016 Ranking: 64/86 in International Relations
Source: 2016 Journal Citation Reports® (Clarivate Analytics, 2017)
Published in Association with Millennium Publishing House, LSE
Millennium Publishing House, LSE

Sarah Bertrand London School of Economics, UK
Kerry Goettlich London School of Economics, UK
Christopher Murphy London School of Economics, UK
Associate Editors
Ilaria Carrozza London School of Economics, UK
Ida Danewid London School of Economics, UK
Evelyn Pauls London School of Economics, UK

eISSN: 14779021 | ISSN: 03058298 | Current volume: 45 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: 3 Times/Year

Every issue of Millennium since 1971 is available at

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Millennium: Journal of International Studies aims to publish the most innovative articles from the discipline of international studies, as well as original thinking from elsewhere in the social sciences with an international dimension.

Interdisciplinary and wide-ranging in scope, the journal provides a forum for discussion on the latest developments in the theory of international relations, welcoming innovative and critical approaches. It particularly encourages contributions from research students and young academics, but is also open to submissions from established scholars.

Since 1971 Millennium has been a student run peer-reviewed journal at the cutting edge of the discipline of International Relations, establishing a reputation for challenging preconceptions about the topography of the discipline. As a journal close to the student research community, Millennium: Journal of International Studies has always aspired to be a high-quality yet accessible publication.

Millennium is based at the London School of Economics and Political Science and published three times a year in summer, winter and spring.

"Theory is always for someone and for some purpose." Robert Cox, Millennium Vol. 10 No. 2 (1981)

"Millennium is one of the best IR theory journals in the discipline - a 'must' for anyone who wants to know what is going on in the field." John A. Vasquez, University of Illinois

"Over the years Millennium has published some of the most innovative and important articles in IR. It has consistently been at the forefront of intellectual advances in the discipline, and has been a journal truly international in scope and importance. It has firmly established a reputation as one of the most pluralist and forward-thinking journals in the field." Steve Smith, Exeter University

"Millennium is a unique journal - conceptually audacious, geographically wide-ranging, scrupulously edited. Over the past two decades it has made a greater contribution to the worldwide study of international relations than any other publication." Fred Halliday

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

All issues of Millennium are available to browse online.

Business Manager
Katja Fuder London School of Economics, UK
Editorial Board Member
Mia Certo London School of Economics, UK
Matthias Distelkamp London School of Economics, UK
Lisa Elkhoury London School of Economics, UK
Kentaro Fujikawa London School of Economics, UK
Alvina Hoffman London School of Economics, UK
Annie Katich London School of Economics, UK
Marianne Rabe Knaevelrud London School of Economics, UK
Joe Leigh London School of Economics, UK
Oksana Levkovych London School of Economics, UK
Ross Linden-Fraser London School of Economics, UK
Saloni Malhotra London School of Economics, UK
Adrian Rogstad London School of Economics, UK
Will Rooke London School of Economics, UK
Madeline Rose McSherry London School of Economics, UK
Elisa Schramm London School of Economics, UK
Alen Shadunts London School of Economics, UK
Ciara Ní Shuilleabháin London School of Economics, UK
Emilie Tant London School of Economics, UK
Falguni Tewari London School of Economics, UK
Marc Sinan Winrow London School of Economics, UK
Asad Zaidi London School of Economics, UK
Editorial Committee
Arjun Chowdhuri University of Minnesota, USA
Ayça Çubukçu London School of Economics, UK
Cynthia Enloe Clark University, USA
Madeline Fagan University of Warwick, UK
Rita Floyd University of Birmingham, UK
Penny Griffin UNSW, Australia
Toni Haastrup University of Kent, UK
Christina Hellmich University of Reading, UK
Andrew Hom University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Richard Jackson University of Otago, New Zealand
Halvard Leira NUPI Research Institute, Norway
David Malet University of Melbourne, Australia
James Martin Goldsmiths University, UK
Matt McDonald University of Queensland, Australia
Meghana Nayak Pace University, USA
Klaus Schlichte Universität Bremen, Germany
Gabriel Siles-Brügge University of Manchester, UK
Brent Steele University of Utah, USA
Harmonie Toros University of Kent, UK
Wesley Widmaier Griffith University, Australia
Lauren Wilcox University of Cambridge, UK
International Advisory Board
Itty Abraham National University of Singapore, Singapore
Amitav Acharya American University, USA
Pinar Bilgin Bilkent University, Turkey
Daniel Deudney Johns Hopkins University, USA
Lene Hansen University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Patrick Thaddeus Jackson American University, USA
Oliver Kessler University of Erfurt, Germany
Amy Niang Wits University, South Africa
Joao P. Nogueira PUC-Rio, Brazil
Swati Parashar Monash University, Australia
Giorgio Shani ICU, Japan
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    1. Peer review policy
    2. Article types
    3. Authorship
    4. How to submit your manuscript
    5. Journal contributor's publishing agreement
      5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    6. Statements and conventions
      6.1 Acknowledgments
      6.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
      6.3 Funding acknowledgement
      6.4 Publication Ethics
      6.5 Other statements and conventions
    7. Permissions
    8. Manuscript style
      8.1 File types
      8.2 Journal style
      8.3 Reference style
      8.4 Manuscript preparation
    9. After acceptance
      9.1 Proofs
      9.2 E-Prints
      9.3 SAGE production
      9.4 OnlineFirst publication
    10. Further information

    Millennium: Journal of International Studies aims to publish the most innovative articles from the discipline of international studies, as well as original thinking from elsewhere in the social sciences with an international dimension.

    This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


    1. Peer review policy

    Millennium operates a strictly anonymous peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 4-6 weeks of submission.

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    2. Article types

    The Editors welcome the submission of manuscripts as main articles, discussion pieces, review articles or research notes

    The approximate length required for a main article is 7,000-9,000 words (including footnotes but excluding an abstract of up to 150 words and up to six keywords).

    Discussion pieces and research notes should be approximately 5,000 words.

    Review articles should discuss two to five recently published books on related subjects, and should be 3,000-4,000 words. Submission guidelines specific to review articles can be found here.

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    3. Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once the authorization of all contributing authors has been gathered. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. have made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
    2. drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content
    3. approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    Please refer to the ICMJE Authorship guidelines at

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    4. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Millennium is hosted on SAGE track a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Please read the Manuscript Submission guidelines below, and then simply visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.

    Each manuscript should contain:

    (i) title page with full title and subtitle (if any). For the purposes of blind refereeing (submissions will be refereed anonymously by at least two referees), full name of each author with current affiliation and full address/phone/fax/email details plus short biographical note should be supplied on a separate sheet.

    (ii) abstract of 100-150 words

    (iii) up to 6 keywords

    (iv) main text and word count suggested target is about 8000 words. Text to be clearly organized, with a clear hierarchy of headings and subheadings and quotations exceeding 40 words displayed, indented, in the text. Texts of a length greatly exceeding this will be considered as interest warrants and space permits.

    (v) end notes, if necessary, should be signalled by superscript numbers in the main text and listed at the end of the text before the references

    (vi) Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Millennium requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. [The editor(s) may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data.] The editor(s) can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations.

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    5. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.  Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    Millenium and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.  Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Statements and conventions

    6.1. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    6.2 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. It is the policy of Millennium to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please include any declaration at the end of your manuscript after any acknowledgements and prior to the references, under a heading ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’. If no declaration is made the following will be printed under this heading in your article: ‘None Declared’. Alternatively, you may wish to state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. 

    When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Declaration of Conflicting Interests provided in the article.

    For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    6.3 Funding Acknowledgement

    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Millennium additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    6.4 Publication ethics

     SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6.5 Other statements and conventions

    Non applicable.

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    7. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    8. Manuscript style

    8.1 File types

    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted.  Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork below.

    8.2 Journal Style

    Millennium conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    8.3 Reference Style

    Millennium adheres to the Chicago reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on Chicago referencing style to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    8.4 Manuscript Preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    8.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. The abstract should be up to 150 words, and there should be no more than 6 keywords. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    8.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    8.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    8.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files

    This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    8.4.5 English Language Editing services

    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit English Language Editing Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    9. After acceptance           

    9.1 Proofs

    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    9.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit Offprints and Reprints on our Journal Author Gateway.

    9.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Millennium with SAGE. 

    9.4 OnlineFirst Publication

    A large number of journals benefit from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet.

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    10. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office at

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    Millennium - Back issue ordering:

    1. Any orders for single issues pre Volume 37 should be directed to the London School of Economics as per details below:-

    Business Manager
    Millennium: Journal of International Studies
    London School of Economics
    Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE
    Tel: +44 (0)20 7955 6188
    Fax: +44 (0)20 7955 7438

    2. Any orders for whole volumes or entire sets should be directed to Periodicals Services Company as per details below:-

    John Mullin
    Periodical Services Company
    11 Main Street, Germantown, NY 12526, USA
    Tel: +1 518 537 4700 Fax: +1 518 537 5899

    Member Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Individual Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue