Musicae Scientiae

Musicae Scientiae

2014 Impact Factor: 0.809
2014 Ranking: 80/85 in Psychology, Experimental
Source: 2014 Journal Citation Reports ® (Thomson Reuters, 2015)

Editor in Chief
Reinhard Kopiez Hochschule fur Musik, Theater und Medien, Hannover, Germany

eISSN: 20454147| ISSN: 10298649|Current volume: 19|Current issue: 3 Frequency: Quarterly

MUSICÆ SCIENTIÆ (the Journal of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music) publishes empirical, theoretical and critical articles directed at increasing the understanding of how music is perceived, represented and generated. To that end, all empirical work, including replication studies and meta-analyses, within the music-related domains of empirical musicology, psychology, sociology, cognitive science, music education, artificial intelligence, and music theory will be considered for publication

Individual subscriptions to the journal are available through membership of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music. Please see the society web page for more details:

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

MUSICÆ SCIENTIÆ (the Journal of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music) publishes empirical, theoretical and critical articles directed at increasing the understanding of how music is perceived, represented and generated. To that end, all empirical work, including replication studies and meta-analyses, within the music-related domains of empirical musicology, psychology, sociology, cognitive science, music education, artificial intelligence, and music theory will be considered for publication.

Associate Editors
Eckart Altenmuller Hanover University of Music, Drama and Media, Hanover, Germany
Emmanuel Bigand University of Bourgogne, France
Eric F. Clarke University of Oxford, UK
Nicholas Cook University of Cambridge, UK
Jane Ginsborg Royal Northern College of Music, UK
David J. Hargreaves University of Surrey-Roehampton, UK
Andreas C. Lehmann University of Music Wuerzburg, Germany
Jukka Louhivuori University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Richard Parncutt Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Austria
Barbara Tillmann Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, France
Geraint A. Wiggins Queen Mary University of London, UK
Consulting Editors
Anna Rita Addessi University of Bologna, Italy
Simha Arom CNRS, Laboratoire Langues-Musiques-Societes, France
Warren Brodsky Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Emilios Cambouropoulos Aristotle University Thessaloniki, Greece
Annabel J. Cohen University of Prince Edward Island, Canada
Lola Cuddy Queen's University, Canada
Jane Davidson University of Western Australia, Australia
Tuomas Eerola University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
Hauke Egermann Technical University of Berlin, Germany
Zohar Eitan Tel Aviv University, Israel
Klaus Frieler University of Hamburg, Germany
Heiner Gembris University of Paderborn, Germany
Rolf Inge Godoy University of Oslo, Norway
Werner Goebl University of Music, Vienna, Austria
Julene Johnson University of California, San Francisco, USA
Gunter Kreutz University of Oldenburg, Germany
Alexandra Lamont Keele University, UK
Petri Laukka Stockholm University, Sweden
Marco Lehmann University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany
Andreas Lehmann-Wermser University of Bremen, Germany
Marc Leman Ghent University, Belgium
Raymond A.R. MacDonald School of Music, University of Edinburgh, UK
Daniel Müllensiefen Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK
Susan O'Neill Simon Fraser University, Canada
Michael Oehler Macromedia University for Media and Communication, Cologne, Germany
Marta Olivetti Belardinelli Universita La Sapienza, Italy
Christoph Reuter University of Vienna, Austria
John Rink Cambridge University, UK
Jaan Ross University of Tartu and Estonian Academy of Music, Estonia
Suvi Saarikallio University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Thomas Schäfer Technical University of Chemnitz, Germany
Kathrin Schlemmer Catholic University of Eichstatt, Germany
Emery Schubert University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
John A. Sloboda Guildhall School of Music & Drama, London, UK
Catherine Stevens University of Western Sydney, Australia
Petri Toiviainen University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Leon van Noorden University of Ghent, Belgium
Oliver Vitouch University of Klagenfurt, Austria
Anja Volk Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Jonna Vuoskoski Oxford University, UK
Allan Vurma Estonian Academy of Music, Estonia
Aaron Williamon Royal College of Music, UK
Clemens Wöllner University of Hamburg, Germany
  • Arts & Humanities Citation Index
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  • Thomson Reuters: Current Contents - Arts & Humanities
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    1. Editorial Policies
      1.1 Peer review policy
      1.2 Authorship
    2. Article types
    3. How to submit your manuscript
    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement
      4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    5. Declaration of conflicting interests policy
    6. Other conventions
    7. Acknowledgments
      7.1 Funding acknowledgement
    8. Permissions
    9. Manuscript style
      9.1 File types
      9.2 Reference style
      9.3 Manuscript preparation
      9.3.1 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      9.3.2 Corresponding author contact details
      9.3.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      9.3.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      9.3.5 English language editing services
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints
      10.3 SAGE production
      10.4 OnlineFirst publication
    11. Further information

    Musicæ Scientiæ (the Journal of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music) publishes empirical, theoretical and critical articles directed at increasing the understanding of how music is perceived, represented and generated. All empirical work within the music-related domains of musicology, psychology, sociology , cognitive science, musiceducation, artificial intelligence, and music theory and that advances that aim will be considered for acceptance.

    This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)


    1. Editorial policies

    1.1 Peer review policy

    Musicæ Scientiæ operates a strictly blinded peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed.

    Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 4-6 weeks of submission

    All manuscripts are reviewed initially by the Editor and only those papers that meet the scientific and editorial standards of the journal, and fit within the aims and scope of the journal, will be sent for outside review.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of X peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    1.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

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    2. Article types

    Contributions will be published in one of three languages, English, German, or French. Abstracts will be presented online in English, French, and in selected additional languages. Articles should be submitted as either research reports (between 1000 and 3000 words in length), notes and comments (not exceeding 1000 words), or as papers (between 5000 and 7000 words); articles must be accompanied by an abstract of between 200 and 250 words in length.

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    3. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Musicæ Scientiæ is hosted by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts, a web-based online submission and peer review system – SAGE Track. Please read the manuscript submission guidelines below, and then simply visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year, it is possible that you have had an account created for you.

    Submissions must be in one of the following languages: English, German, or French. An abstract in the language of the manuscript as well as a translation in English (if not the original language), are required. Materials submitted must not have been published elsewhere, nor should they be presently under review for publication in any other journal. In particular circumstances, the editorial committee may decide to republish translations of articles published earlier, if these are likely to clarify concerns of current research.

    All submissions must take the following form:

    • Pages should be numbered consecutively throughout. Page 1 should consist of the title of the article and the authors' names and affiliations, with the name and complete address for correspondence at the bottom of the page.
    • Page 2 should consist of an abstract of between 200 and 250 words summarising the principal hypotheses, methodologies, findings and conclusions of the article.
    • The full text of the article should start on a separate page; references, footnotes, table captions and figure captions should follow the main body of the text in the order given. Each category of ancillary material should start on a new page, with tables and figures following, each on a separate page.

    Formatting and manuscript style is in accordance with the style manual of the American Psychological Association (APA; 6th edition). APA has also published standards for citation of electronic references (websites, multimedia content, blogs etc.). Please consult the APA website for further information (

    The submission should be accompanied by a letter of submission to the editor with a clear statement that
    - all authors have agreed to submitting the paper to this journal
    - the article submission procedures have been followed
    - the article is not under consideration anywhere else.

     In the letter of submission authors should answer the following three questions:
    1. What is it that the reader will learn from this article that he or she did not (or could not) have known before?
    2. Why is that knowledge important?
    3. If published, what will this paper be cited for in the future?

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    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a journal contributor's publishing agreement. This is an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains the copyright of the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of the copyright. Exceptions may exist in which an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case, the copyright will be transferred from the author to the society.

    For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    Musicae Scientie and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.  Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all Sage journals, or appropriate legal action.

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    5. Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. Musicæ Scientiæ does not require a declaration of conflicting interests but recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Other conventions

    Ethical principles for publication should be in agreement with the Code of Conduct by the American Psychological Association. For details see For detailed questions on publication ethics and authorship, see the NAFME/MENC Research and Publication Code of Ethics (Journal of Research in Music Education, 57(3), 284-285). For example, scholars qualify for authorship credit if they help craft the research design, write substantial portions of the manuscript or integrate research theories. Completing tasks such as inputting or crunching data does not qualify one as an author. 

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    7. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    7.1 Funding Acknowledgement

    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Musicæ Scientiæ additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit Funding Acknowledgement on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for funding acknowledgement guidelines.

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    8. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    9. Manuscript style

    9.1 File types

    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word .doc/.docx, .rtf, and .xls.  Musicæ Scientiæ also accepts submissions in LaTeX – please follow the guidelines on the SAGE Track site,, for uploading .TEX files. Please also refer to additional guidelines on submitting artwork and supplemental files below.

    9.2 Reference Style

    Musicæ Scientiæ adheres to the APA reference style. Review the guidelines on APA to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style at

    9.3 Manuscript Preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be formatted with a standard 12 point.

    Headings: Appropriate headings and subheadings should indicate the organization of the paper (see APA 6th, Chapter 3).

    Equations: Displayed equations should be numbered consecutively. The number should be placed in parentheses to the extreme right of the equation.

    Footnotes: Authors are asked to use footnotes judiciously and, in most cases, to integrate important information into the text (see APA 6th, Chapter 2).

    Tables: Tables must be formatted using the table function in Word, not using tabs or spaces (see formatted examples, starting APA 6th, Chapter 5). These should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in order of appearance within the text. Each table should be typed on a separate page. A short descriptive title should be typed below the table number. Indicate in the text the approximate place where the table is to be inserted.

    Figures and figure captions: Refer to APA 6th, Chapter 5, for figure preparation guidelines. Use a sans serif font (e.g., Helvetica, minimum 8 pt, maximum 14 pt). Symbols should be no larger than 4 pt. Indicate in the text the appropriate place where the figure is to be inserted. The figures should be numbered with Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text. Figure captions should be typed consecutively on a separate page preceding the figures. For accepted manuscripts, publication requirements are grayscale, and color images are to be saved as 300 dpi Photoshop TIFF files, line art (black and white figures) at 1200 dpi as JPG and PDF files, and music notation as EPS, PDF or TIFF files.

    Subjects: Standardized information on socio-economic background or musical experience should be indicated. Standardized indicators such as the ISCED 97 should be used (see

    Methods: All experimental studies must report the complete descriptive statistics (means, standard deviations, number of subjects, etc.). Pertinent information on this topic must be present in the text or as a table. Information on study design is required: for example, if the study has an experimental or a quasi-experimental design. Information on a priori power analysis and required sample size should be added ­– see Ellis (2010) The Essential Guide to Effect Sizes (Cambridge University Press). The free statistic software G*Power ( is very helpful in this case. For web-based studies, Reips’s (2002; Experimental Psychology, 49(4), 243–256) best practice rules for internet studies (e.g., high hurdle technique) should be considered.

    Results: Refer to APA 6th (Chapter 4) for guidance on presentation of statistics in text. In case of repeated measures or correlated observations designs, report all measure-to-measure correlations. According to APA guidelines, information on effect sizes in standardized indicators (e.g., Cohen's d, Hedge's g, r, r2, etc.) are mandatory. In case of qualitative research methods (e.g., interview-based studies), interrater reliability for coding should be reported.

    9.3.1 Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    9.3.2 Corresponding Author Contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    9.3.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please see SAGE's Manuscript Submission Guidelines at

    If, along with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, these figures will appear in colour online even if these illustrations are not reproduced in colour in the printed version. If a charge applies, you will be informed by your SAGE production editor. Please ensure that your colour figure will be readily comprehensible once converted to grayscale – this may be problematic in the case of, e.g. line graphs. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    Figures have to be uploaded as separate graphic files to the MC system.

    9.3.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files

    This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    9.3.5 English Language Editing services

    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit English Language Editing Services for further information.

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    10. After acceptance           

    10.1 Proofs

    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    10.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit Offprints and Reprints.

    10.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Musicæ Scientiæ with SAGE. 

    10.4 OnlineFirst Publication

    Musicæ Scientiæ benefits from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet

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    11. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the editorial office:

    Reinhard Kopiez
    Hanover University of Music, Drama and Media
    Emmichplatz 1
    30175 Hanover

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