2015 Impact Factor: 0.640
2015 Ranking: 77/106 in Computer Science, Software Engineering | 93/104 in Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International

Editor in Chief
Mikel D. Petty University of Alabama Huntsville, USA
Associate Editor-in-Chief
Francesco Longo University of Calabria, Italy
Saurabh Mittal MITRE Corporation, USA
James L. Nutaro Oak Ridge National Laborartory, USA
Special Issues Editor
Gabriel Wainer Carleton University, Canada
Medical Section Editor
Jerzy W. Rozenblit The University of Arizona, USA

eISSN: 17413133 | ISSN: 00375497 | Current volume: 93 | Current issue: 6 Frequency: Monthly

New section on Medical Modeling & Simulation- read the papers for free

SIMULATION: Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International is a fully peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original research and review articles devoted to theory and applications, all with clear relevance to general modeling and simulation issues.

In addition to building the knowledge base in theory, methodology and technology, the journal also aims to help professionals and researchers (particularly those involved in multidisciplinary projects) apply advances in modeling and simulation to their application areas.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


An institutional subscription to the Journal of Defense Modeling & Simulation now includes its sister journal SIMULATION: Transactions of the Society of Modeling & Simulation International. An institutional subscription gives you access to 16 issues of essential simulation information. View the subscription package here.

Individual subscribers must purchase each journal separately.

Electronic access:

SIMULATION is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at

Subscription includes both SIMULATION and JDMS: Journal of Defense Modeling & Simulation. Subscribers now benefit from 16 issues of essential simulation information from the leading society in modeling and simulation: Society for Modeling and Simulation International.

Published on behalf of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International, the leading society devoted to advancing the discipline and profession of modeling and simulation, SIMULATION: Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International is a fully peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original research and review articles devoted to theory and applications, all with clear relevance to general modeling and simulation issues.

Published articles must have a clear relevance to general modeling and simulation issues. In addition to its archival mission, the journal aims to help professionals and researchers, particularly those involved in multidisciplinary projects, apply advances in modeling and simulation theory, methodology, and technology to their application areas.

Methodology and Theory Sections

The journal consists of two distinct sections: one devoted to theory, the other to applications.

The Methodology section welcomes original papers of lasting value dealing with modeling and simulation that are methodological in nature. In particular, purely mathematical, computational, or empirical results, however valuable, are considered more appropriate to the many journals specializing in these areas.

The Applications section welcomes applied papers describing mature work involving computational accounts of modeling and simulation. Proposals for new ways of looking at modeling and simulation must include demonstrations of effectiveness.

Wide-Coverage of Established and Emerging Areas

The methods and applications of modeling and simulation in both well established and emerging areas include the fields of, but are not restricted to:

  • Computer Science: Computer networking and communications, high performance computers, real-time systems, mobile and intelligent agents, simulation software, and language design.
  • Engineering: System engineering and design, aerospace, traffic systems, microelectronics, robotics, mechatronics, and air traffic.
  • Physical and Life Sciences: Chemistry, physics, biology, medicine, biomedicine, sociology, and cognition.

Comprehensive review and tutorial papers that explicate methodological topics in modeling and simulation are especially welcome and will be reviewed both for technical quality as well as understandability to the general reader.

The journal plays an important role in helping professionals and researchers, particularly those involved in multidisciplinary projects, apply advances in modeling and simulation theory, methodology, and technology to their application areas.

Associate Editors
Michel Albert Audette Old Dominion University, USA
Wolfgang Borutzky Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University Of Applied Sciences, Germany
Agostino Bruzzone University of Genoa, Italy
Andrea D'Ambrogio University of Roma TorVergata, Italy
Paul Davis RAND, USA
Franco Davoli University of Genoa, Italy
Umut Durak German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
Terry Ericsen Office of Naval Research, USA
Wenhui Fan Tsinghua University, China
Rhys Goldstein Autodesk Inc., Canada
Peter Grant University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies, Canada
John Andrew Hamilton Jr. Ph.D Mississippi State University
Xiaolin Hu Georgia State University, USA
Tony C Hunt University of California, USA
Ralph C Huntsinger California State University, Chico-Humboldt USA
Mhamed Itmi INSA-Rouen, France
Jongsong Kim Kyungnam University, Korea
Sean H. J Kim University of Pittsburgh, USA
Peter Kropf University of Neuchatel, Switzerland
Hanif M. Ladak Western University, Canada
Kang S Lee Mungji University, South Korea
Loo Hay Lee National University of Singapore, Singapore
Jason Liu Florida International University, USA
Charles M Macal Argonne National Laboratory, USA
Greg Madey Notre Dame University, USA
Yuri Merkuryev Riga Technical University, Latvia
John Miller University of Georgia, USA
Rui Silva Moreira Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
Navonil Mustafee University of Exeter, UK
Mohammad S. Obaidat Fordham University, USA
Halit Oguztuzun Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Ernest H Page The Mitre Corporation, USA
Georgios I Papadimitriou Aristotle University, Greece
Yiannis E. Papelis Ph.D. Old Dominion University, USA
Kalyan S. Perumalla Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Lei Ren Beihang University, China
George Riley Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Paul J Sanchez Naval Postgraduate School, USA
Hessam S Sarjoughian Ph.D Arizona State University, USA
Hamid M. Sedighi Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
Jose Luis Sevillano Universidad de Sevilla, Spain
Cliff Shaffer Virginia Tech, USA
Maarten Sierhuis NASA Ames Research Center, USA
Charalabos Skianis University of the Aegean, Greece
Jeffrey Smith University of Maryland, USA
John A Sokolowski Old Dominion University, USA
Yifa Tang Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Saeed Tavakoli University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran
Andreas Tolk MITRE Corporation, USA
Mamadou K. Traoré Université Blaise Pascal, France
Charles Turnitsa Georgia Tech Research Institute, USA
Hamid Vakilzadian University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Mohammad Valipour Payame Noor University, Iran
Dr Philip Wilsey University of Cincinnati, USA
Gregory Zacharewicz University Bordeaux 1, France
Lin Zhang Beihang University, China
Yu Zhang Trinity University, USA
Editorial Advisory Board
Francois E Cellier Computer Science Department, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Paul E Fishwick The University of Texas at Dallas, USA
Richard Fujimoto Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Helen Karatza Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Pieter J Mosterman Ph.D The MathWorks, Inc., MA, USA
Tunçer Ören University of Ottawa, Canada
Bernard P Zeigler University of Arizona, USA
  • Applied Mechanics Reviews
  • Applied Mechanics Reviews (Ceased July 2004)
  • Applied Science & Technology Index
  • Biostatistica
  • Book Review Index
  • British Maritime Technology
  • Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS)
  • Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Compendex
  • CompuMath Citation Index
  • Computer Abstracts
  • Current Contents / Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Current Contents, Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Current Index To Statistics
  • DBLP Computer Science Index
  • Engineering Citation Index
  • Index Medicus (Ceased 2004)
  • Inspec
  • International Aerospace Abstracts
  • Mechanical & Transportation Engineering Abstracts
  • Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts
  • Operations Research - Management Science
  • Paperchem
  • Polution's Abstracts
  • PsycINFO
  • Psychological Abstracts
  • Quality Control & Applied Statistics
  • Research Alert
  • Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies
  • SciSearch
  • Sociological Abstracts
  • Technical Education and Training Abstracts
  • Zentralblatt MATH
    1. Article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgments
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      2.7 Reporting Guidelines
      2.8 Data
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open Access and author archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Word processing formats
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Journal layout
      4.5 Reference style
      4.6 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 How to submit your manuscript
      5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      5.3 Corresponding author contact details
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Access to your published article
      6.3 Online First publication
    7. Further Information

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Simulation will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

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    1. Article types

    Original research, reviews, case reports, letters

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of X peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing Assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).
    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.]

    2.4 Funding

    Simulation requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Simulation to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    2.7 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.8 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Simulation requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor(s) may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor(s) can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at [email address].

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    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.  

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Simulation and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open Access and author archiving

    Simulation offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

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    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Word processing formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  
    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    4.4 Journal layout

    Simulation  conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    4.5 Reference style

    Simulation adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard output file here and the SAGE Vancouver output file here

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 How to submit your manuscript

    Simulation is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    5.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

    6.2 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.3 Online First publication

    Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet

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    7. Further Information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Simulation editorial office as follows:

    Vicki Pate -

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    Institutional subscriptions are available as part of the Simulation journal and The Journal of Defense Modelling and Simulation Package. Click here for more information and to take out a subscription.

    Individual Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue