SAGE online ordering services and account tools will be unavailable due to system maintenance beginning Friday, March 24 at 11:30 pm GMT until Saturday, March 25 at 4:15 p.m. GMT. If you need immediate assistance, please contact us. Thank you for your patience and we apologise for any inconvenience.
Social Media + Society

Social Media + Society

Zizi Papacharissi University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

eISSN: 20563051 | ISSN: 20563051 | Current volume: 2 | Current issue: 4
Social Media + Society is now open for submissions
We are pleased to announce that our ScholarOne manuscript submission platform is now open.

Advancing the understanding of social media in societies past, present and future

Follow Social Media + Society on Twitter: @SocialMedia_Soc

Social Media + Society is an online, open-access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal deeply committed to advancing the understanding of social media and its impact on societies past, present and future. With a leading editorial team, the journal offers a collaborative, open, and shared space dedicated to the study of social media and their implications for societies. It facilitates state-of-the-art research on cutting-edge trends and enables scholars to develop research and track trends in this emerging field of study.

We publish interdisciplinary work that draws from the social sciences, humanities and computational social sciences, reaches out to the arts and natural sciences, and we endorse mixed methods and methodologies. 

Social Media + Society is an open access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal that focuses on the socio-cultural, political, psychological, historical, economic, legal and policy dimensions of social media in societies past, contemporary and future. We publish interdisciplinary work that draws from the social sciences, humanities and computational social sciences, reaches out to the arts and natural sciences, and we endorse mixed methods and methodologies. The journal is open to a diversity of theoretic paradigms and methodologies.

The editorial vision of Social Media + Society draws inspiration from research on social media to outline a field of study poised to reflexively grow as social technologies evolve. We foster the open access of sharing of research on the social properties of media, as they manifest themselves through the uses people make of networked platforms past and present, digital and non.

The journal presents a collaborative, open, and shared space, dedicated exclusively to the study of social media and their implications for societies. It facilitates state-of-the-art research on cutting-edge trends and allows scholars to focus and track trends specific to this field of study.

Editorial Board
Mike Ananny University of Southern California, USA
C.W. Anderson College of Staten Island, City University of New York, USA
Mark Andrejevic Pomona College, USA
John Banks Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Nancy Baym Microsoft Research New England, USA
Natalie Bazarova Cornell University, USA
Leticia Bode Georgetown University, USA
Danah Boyd Microsoft Research New York City Lab, USA
Daren Brabham University of Southern California, USA
Josh Braun Quinnipiac University, USA
Axel Bruns Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Taina Bucher University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Jean Burgess Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Steffen Burkhardt HAW Hamburg, Germany
Andrew Chadwick Royal Holoway, UK
Hsuan-Ting Chen Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Christian Christensen Stockholm University, Sweden
Donna Chu Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Lynn Schofield Clark University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Mark Coddington Washington and Lee University, USA
Mia Consalvo Concordia University, Canada
Nick Couldry London School of Economics, UK
Cedric Courtois Ghent University, Belgium
Kate Crawford Microsoft Research New York, USA
Lincoln Dahlberg University of Queensland, New Zealand
Mark Deuze University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
David Domingo Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Judith Donath Harvard University, USA
Paul Dourish University of California-Irvine, USA
Kevin Driscoll Microsoft Research, USA
Nicole Ellison University of Michigan, USA
Greg Elmer Ryerson University, Canada
Gunn Enli University of Oslo, Norway
Jason Farman University of Maryland, USA
Natalie Fenton Goldsmiths, University of London, UK
Jan Fernback Temple University, USA
Terry Flew Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Deen Freelon American University, USA
Robert W. Gehl University of Utah, USA
Darren Gergle Northwestern University
Ilana Gershon Indiana University, USA
Tarleton Gillespie Cornell University, USA
Mary L. Gray Microsoft Research New England, USA and Indiana University, USA
Melissa Gregg Intel Corporation, USA
Jeffrey T. Hancock Stanford University
Eszter Hargittai Northwestern University
Kaori Hayashi Unviersity of Tokyo, Japan
Rasmus Helles University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Alfred Hermida University of British Columbia, Canada
Larissa Hjorth RMIT University, Australia
Bernie Hogan Oxford Internet Institute, UK
Heather Horst RMIT University
Philip E. N. Howard University of Washington, USA and Central European University, Hungary
Lee Humphreys Cornell University, USA
Muzammil Hussain University of Michigan, USA
Klaus Bruhn Jensen University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Steve Jones University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Tim Jordan University of Sussex, UK
Athina Karatzogianni University of Leeds, UK
Dave Karpf George Washington University, USA
Anastasia Kavada University of Westminster, UK
Aphra Kerr National University of Ireland Maynooth, Republic of Ireland
Daniel Kreiss University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Cliff Lampe University of Michigan, USA
Airi Lampinen Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, Finland
Ganaele Langlois York University, Canada
Anders O. Larsson Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology, Norway
Tama Leaver Curtin University, Australia
Louis W. Leung Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Seth C. Lewis University of Oregon, USA
Ben Light Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Sun Sun Lim National University of Singapore, Singapore
Sonia Livingstone London School of Economics, UK
Stine Lomborg University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Mirca Madianou Goldsmiths University of London, England
Alice E. Marwick University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Graham Meikle University of Westminster, UK
Hallvard Moe University of Bergen, Norway
Andrés Monroy-Hernández University of Washington and FUSE, Microsoft Research, USA
Lisa Nakamura University of Michigan, USA
Gina Neff University of Washington
Jeff Niederdeppe Cornell University, USA
Rasmus K. Nielsen Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford, UK
Casey O’ Donnell Michigan State University, USA
Taylor Owen Columbia University, USA
Susanna Paasonen University of Turku, Finland
Stylianos Papathanassopoulos National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Han Woo Park Yeungnam University, South Korea
Katy Pearce University of Washington, USA
Thomas Poell University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Hector Postigo Temple University, USA
Raquel Recuero Catholic University of Pelotas, Brazil
Ronald E. Rice University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Richard A. Rogers University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Christian Sandvig University of Michigan, USA
Yoonmo Sang Howard University, USA
Theresa Senft New York University, USA
Leslie Shade University of Toronto, Canada
Nishant Shah Centre for Digital Cultures, Leuphana University, Lueneburg, Germany
Aaron Shaw Northwestern University, USA
Tamara Shepherd Ryerson University, Canada
Irina Shklovski IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Andra Siibak University of Tartu, Estonia
Sam Srauy Oakland University, USA
Thomas Streeter University of Vermont, USA
Ted Striphas University of Colorado, USA
T L Taylor Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Anne Mette Thorhauge University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Catalina L. Toma Univesity of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Sabine Trepte University of Hohenheim, Germany
Emiliano Treré Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences Scuola Normale Superiore, Florence, Italy
Fred Turner Stanford University, USA
Nikki Usher George Washington University, USA
Siva Vaidhyanathan University of Virgina, USA
José van Dijck University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Farida Vis University of Sheffield, UK
Karin Wahl-Jorgensen Cardiff University, United Kingdom
Joe Walther Nanyang Technological University
Tamara Witschge University of Groningen, Netherlands
Stephanie Wojcik Université Paris Est, France
Weiai Xu Northeastern University, USA
Guobin Yang University of Pennsylvania, USA
Sarita Yardi University of Michigan, USA
Ethan Zuckerman MIT, USA
Graduate Student Advisory Board
Crystal Abidin University of Western Australia, Australia
Stacy Blasiola University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Gabriele de Seta Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
R. Stuart Geiger University of California Berkeley, USA
Jenna Jacobson University of Toronto, Canada
Kaylee Kruzan Cornell University, USA
Eden Litt Northwestern University, USA
Joshua McVeigh-Schultz University of Southern California, USA
M Molyneux University of Texas at Austin, USA
Renee Powers University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Sander Andreas Schwartz IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Emily van der Nagel Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • Google Scholar
    1. Peer review policy
    2. Open Access and Publication Fees
    3. Article Types
    4. Authorship
    5. How to submit your manuscript
    6. Contributor's Publishing Agreement
    7. Statements and conventions
      7.1 Acknowledgements
      7.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
      7.3 Funding acknowledgements
    8. Permissions
    9. Manuscript style
      9.1 File types
      9.2 Journal style
      9.3 Reference style
      9.4 Manuscript preparation
      9.4.1 Title, Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      9.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      9.4.4 Units of measurement
      9.4.5 Nomenclature
      9.4.6 Standard Abbreviations and symbols
      9.4.7 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      9.4.8 English language editing services
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints
      10.3 SAGE production
      10.4 Continuous publication
      10.5 Creative Commons License
      10.5.1 Attribution for re-use of SAGE Open Access content
    11. Further information

    There are currently no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Social Media + Society will be reviewed.
    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Editorial statement

    Social Media + Society
    is an open-access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal that focuses on the socio-cultural, political, historic, economic, legal and policy dimensions of social media in societies past, contemporary and future. We publish interdisciplinary work that draws from the social sciences, humanities and computational social sciences, reaches out to the arts and natural sciences, and we endorse mixed methods and methodologies. The journal is open to a diversity of theoretic paradigms and methodologies.

    1. Peer review policy

    Social Media + Society utilizes a double-blind peer review process for original research articles in which the reviewer and author’s names and information are withheld from the other. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to Editor, who makes the final decision.

    Back to top

    2. Open Access and Publication Fees

    Social Media + Society is an Open Access publication; all articles are freely available online immediately upon publication. All articles are rigorously peer-reviewed, and brought to publication as rapidly as possible. The costs of peer-review and production are covered by Article Processing Charges (APC) paid by the author/institution/funder upon acceptance of the manuscript. For an introductory period all APCs will be waived, a policy that will be reviewed as the journal establishes itself. In future an APC will be set at a level appropriate to the discipline, with a waiver policy available for those authors who do not have the means to cover the APC.

    For general information on Open Access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

    Back to top

    3. Article Types

    The journal publishes the following article types:

    Original research articles.  Double-blind, double peer-reviewed articles. Social Media + Society welcomes publication of articles with graphics, visuals, audio and video supplements and interactive elements.

    Colloquia. External guest editors will be invited to convene debates and discussions to be published as a section or special issue.

    Commentaries.  Shorter essays, think pieces and general commentary on topical issues, controversies and emerging questions for the field will be published by invitation.

    Bookcasts. Rather than a book reviews section, authors and one interviewer will be invited to do a brief overview and review of relevant books in video format.

    Back to top

    4. Authorship

    Articles should only be submitted for consideration once the authorization of all contributing authors has been gathered. Those submitting articles should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the article are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. have made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
    2. drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content
    3. approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content
    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    Back to top

    5. How to Submit Your Manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    It is assumed that only the original work of the author will be submitted for Journal consideration. Submitted manuscripts must not be under consideration by another publication.

    Submissions to Social Media + Society should be made via ScholarOne™ Manuscripts, a web-based online submission and peer review system. Please read the Manuscript Submission guidelines below, and then simply visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal recently it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.

    Back to top

    6. Contributor's Publishing Agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement.  Social Media + Society publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard Social Media + Society license is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request.

    Social Media + Society and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgment, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals; or appropriate legal action.

    Back to top

    7. Statements and Conventions

    At the end of your article Acknowledgments should appear first, followed by your Declaration of Conflicting Interests, funding acknowledgment, any notes and then your references.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgments’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    7.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. It is the policy of Social Media + Society to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please include any declaration at the end of your manuscript after any acknowledgments and prior to the references, under a heading ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’. If no declaration is made the following will be printed under this heading in your article: ‘None Declared’. Alternatively, you may wish to state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. 

    When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Declaration of Conflicting Interests provided in the article.
    For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    7.3 Funding Acknowledgements
    Social Media + Society requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    Back to top

    8. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. N.B. If an author is using their own work they will still require permission if they did not retain copyright of the previously published articlePapers will not be accepted for publication without the correct permissions. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    Back to top

    9. Manuscript style

    9.1 File types
    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork and supplemental files below.

    9.2 Journal Style
    Social Media + Society conforms to the SAGE house style. Click here to review guidelines on SAGE House Style.

    9.3 Reference Style
    Social Media + Society manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with the American Psychological Association (APA) style guidelines. Click here to review the guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, download the SAGE Harvard output file by following this link and save to the appropriate folder (normally for Windows C:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles and for Mac OS X Harddrive:Applications:EndNote:Styles). Once you’ve done this, open EndNote and choose “Select Another Style...” from the dropdown menu in the menu bar; locate and choose this new style from the following screen.

    9.4. Manuscript Preparation
    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    9.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    Each manuscript should contain:

    (i) Title page. The author must attach a separate file containing full title and subtitle (if any). Keep the title concise and informative. The title page must also include the corresponding author’s full contact information (including email address, mailing address, telephone number and institutional affiliation), as well as the names and institutional affiliations of all co-authors.

    (ii) Abstract. Up to 250 words; should briefly specify (a) the purpose of the submission, (b) the approach/design/methodology used, (c) the main findings of the submission; (d) the implications of these findings, including possible limitations. The abstract is not included in the article word limit.

    (iii) Keywords: A list of up to 6. Avoid general or plural terms; use only those abbreviations that are firmly established in the social sciences and humanities.

    (iv) Main text. Word count should not exceed 8,000 words for a Research Article and 3,000 words for a Commentary section including notes and references but excluding figures, tables, images, videos and audios and any supporting material that will appear as supplementary appendices (see below). Text should be clearly organized, with a clear hierarchy of headings and subheadings and quotations exceeding 40 words displayed, indented, in the text. Tables and Figures should be included in the main text if created in MS Word or else supplied separately with a clear placeholder in the main text. All figures and tables should be clearly captioned.

    9.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details
    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online.

    Photographic illustrations should be rendered with at least 300 dpi; please use CMYK color conversion if possible. Graphs made with Office software such as Microsoft Excel, can be provided in their original format to facilitate conversion into printable format with preserved quality. Any other line graphs/illustrations should preferably be provided in EPS format with a resolution of at least 600 dpi to prevent ragged lines when printed. A figure image should be at least 160 mm in width at the appropriate resolution. For further guidance on how to prepare your digital image see

    Graphs and images that are unsuitable may be returned to the author for amendment, causing delay in publication.

    9.4.4 Units of measurement
    Units of measurement should be expressed in SI and metric units; older conventional units may be added in parentheses.

    9.4.5 Nomenclature
    Use the generic or chemical name of any drug, in lower case; the specific trade name (capitalized) may be given in parentheses after the first text reference.

    9.4.6 Standard abbreviations and symbols
    Standard Abbreviations and symbols should be used then defined in full in the first instance unless they are standard units of measurement. Avoid any use of abbreviations in the article title and abstract.

    9.4.7 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
    This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    9.4.8 English language editing services
    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit English Language Editing Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    Back to top

    10. After acceptance

    10.1 Proofs
    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author. Any accompanying queries should be answered as soon as possible so that publication is not delayed.

    10.2 E-Prints
    The PDF of your article will be available for download on the journal website after publication.

    10.3 SAGE Production
    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. Upon publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Social Media + Society with SAGE. 

    10.4 Continuous Publication
    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an Open Access journal is the speed to publication. With no issues to fill and no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download. Check the ‘Latest Articles’ tab on the journal website for the latest published content. Articles are batched every year, and are then available in the Archive.

    10.5 Creative Commons Licenses
    Articles in Social Media + Society are freely available under Creative Commons licenses:

    Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY) which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced.

    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial license (CC BY NC) which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial.

    For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page

    10.5.1 Attribution for Re-use of SAGE Open Access Content
    If you are re-using SAGE Open Access content, it must be accompanied by an attribution that includes the following information about the original work:

    • Author(s)
    • Article Title
    • Journal Title
    • DOI
    • Volume (if applicable)
    • Issue (if applicable)
    • Page numbers (if applicable)
    • Date of publication
    • SAGE as the original publisher
    • A link to the original article as published on SAGE Journals (where practicable)

    For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page

    11. Further Information

    For further information please contact the editor at

    Back to top

    11. Further information

    If you require assistance submitting your article or have questions about publishing with SAGE, please contact Annapurna Gupta via email:

    Back to top