Trauma is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal which brings together a wide range of topics of interest to all those involved in the management of trauma patients, stimulating debate as well as providing a vital reference source for busy clinicians. It publishes high quality reviews, original research and opinion pieces as well as general interest articles.
Trauma is essential for all personnel involved in the care of victims of trauma, enabling the busy professional to maintain an overall awareness of current practice, future developments, and areas of special interest or controversy.
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Trauma is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal which brings together a wide range of topics of interest to all those involved in the management of trauma patients, stimulating debate as well as providing a vital reference source for busy clinicians.
Authoritative reviews of all aspects of trauma care are included:
- Prevention through prehospital management
- Accident and emergency medicine
- Anaesthetics and intensive care
- Physical and psychiatric rehabilitation
Written by distinguished authors and peer-reviewed by international experts, articles range from major reviews providing definitive commentary on a wide spectrum of subjects, to shorter features examining current controversies. It also publishes original research, case reports with an educational value, opinion pieces and personal views as well as general trauma interest articles.
Trauma is essential for all personnel involved in the care of victims of trauma, enabling the busy professional to maintain an overall awareness of current practice, future developments, and areas of special interest or controversy.
|Simon Horne||Derriford Hospital, UK|
|K D Boffard||Johannesburg Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Karim Brohi||Barts and the London School of Medicine, UK|
|Howard Champion||University of Maryland, USA|
|R Coupland||International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva, Switzerland|
|Jack Crane||Queens University Belfast, UK|
|D Demetriades||University of Southern California, USA|
|Anne Hicks||Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK|
|John B Holcomb||US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, USA|
|Mansoor Khan||Imperial College, UK|
|Arthur K Li||Central Government Offices, Hong Kong, China|
|Kunihiro Mashiko||Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan|
|Kenneth Mattox||Baylor College of Medicine, USA|
|Norman McSwain||Tulane University, USA|
|Hugh Montgomery||University College London, UK|
|Chris Moran||Nottingham University Hospital, UK|
|J Nicholl||School of Health & Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK|
|James V. O'Connor||CaroMont Health, USA|
|M.Gage Ochsner||Memorial Health University Medical Center, Savannah, USA|
|Martijn Poeze||Masstricht University Medical Centre, the Netherlands|
|M Ramenofsky||State University of New York at Albany, USA|
|N M Rich||Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA|
|D P Rignault||Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA|
|Jason Smith||Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, UK|
- Article types
- Editorial Policies
2.1 Peer review policy
2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
2.7 Clinical Trials
2.8 Reporting Guidelines
- Publishing Policies
3.1 Publication Ethics
3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
3.3 Open Access and author archiving
- Preparing your manuscript
4.1 Word processing formats
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
4.3 Supplementary material
4.4 Journal layout
4.5 Reference style
4.6 English language editing services
- Submitting your manuscript
5.1 How to submit your manuscript
5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
5.3 Corresponding author contact details
- On acceptance and publication
6.1 SAGE Production
6.2 Access to your published article
6.3 Online First publication
- Further Information
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/trauma to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Trauma will be reviewed.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
Manuscripts are considered for publication with the understanding that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration by another publication.
Trauma accepts editorials, personal views and debate articles, reviews (both systematic and narrative), original research, case reports, and a variety of short interest pieces. All submitted work should have the article title only and no identifiable features in the main manuscript and a title page with author and contact details submitted separately.
The title page: Give the title of the paper and a running title (of no more than 40 characters including spaces). Authors should include their names and initials, their posts at the time they did the work and their current appointments and qualifications. The name, address and email of the author to whom correspondence, proofs and offprints are to be sent should be given, together with telephone and fax numbers if possible.
Headings: In dividing articles under headings, please grade the headings by writing A, B, or C in the margin:
A - subheading
B - subsubheading
C – subsubsubheading
Please avoid using more than three levels of subheading.
All manuscripts should be written in MS Word (v2003 or later), in Arial font, double spaced with adequate margins all round. Each table should be numbered in Arabic numerals and appear in the text at the appropriate point unless size necessitates submission as a separate document. Titles and legends for tables should appear with the table.
Editorials are normally commissioned by the editors. Readers with ideas for editorials should contact the editorial office on email@example.com to discuss further
Personal Views and Debates
Trauma is keen to encourage debate on controversial areas of trauma care and welcomes articles in these categories. The editors may send a Personal view out to generate an opposing view for debate. Either article should aim to be no more than 2000 words with a maximum of 20 references
Original papers and major reviews
A structured abstract should be included, comprising approximately 250 words. Between three and six key words are also required. Reviews should state whether they are a narrative or systematic review and the use of the PRISMA guidelines (http://www.prisma-statement.org) and an article identification flowchart is encouraged.
Case reports should have a demonstrable educational benefit rather than just fascination and the manuscript should be written to highlight the lessons learned by the authors.
Reports should not normally exceed 1300 words and include no more than 3 tables or figures and 12 references. There should be an unstructured abstract, an introduction, case report, discussion and reference list. High quality images will enhance the chances of a case report being accepted.
Trauma requires authors to submit written informed consent from patients for the publication of case reports, regardless of whether there are potential identifiers in the manuscript and/or figures. An opportunity will be given to all authors to explain why consent was not required, however the Editors reserve the right to withdraw any manuscript that does not conform to these requirements.
Cases not felt suitable for publication as a full case report may be offered the opportunity of publication as a ‘Trauma Snapshot’ (see below)
Short Interest Articles
- Best Bets – commissioned but ideas for topics are welcome
- Education & Training – 1000 word review of trauma courses or conferences
- Trauma Pioneers – 1500 words (and up to 3 images) on famous trauma pioneers. Please check with the editorial office first to ensure no duplication. Highlight the individual’s key contributions to trauma care
- Trauma Victims – 1500 words (and up to 3 images) on famous victims of trauma. Focus on the aspects of the trauma and its treatment rather than general biography as much as possible. Please check with the editorial office first to ensure no duplication. Highlight the individual’s key contributions to trauma care
- Letters and Book reviews - commissioned
- Trauma Snapshots – up to 300 words, 2 high quality images and 3 references highlighting an interesting feature of trauma.
Trauma publishes original work and commissioned reviews. Trauma operates a double-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other's identities. All manuscripts accepted for publication are subject to editing for presentation, style and grammar. Any major redrafting is agreed with the author but the Editor's decision on the text is final.
Referees will be encouraged to provide substantive, constructive reviews that provide suggestions for improving the work and distinguish between mandatory and non-mandatory recommendations.
At the end of every accepted editorial, research article, review and case report, Trauma will add a statement explaining the article's provenance, which will be one of the following four options:
Commissioned, externally peer reviewed
Commissioned; not externally peer reviewed
Not commissioned, externally peer reviewed
Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed
Please note that contributions not reviewed externally are always reviewed internally by Trauma's editorial team.
As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:
- The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
- The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
- Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted
Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
- Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
- Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
- Approved the version to be published.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
2.3.1 Writing Assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).
It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.
Trauma requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Trauma to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.
For case reports, authors are required to confirm that they have included written informed patient consent forms in their submission, regardless of whether there are potential identifiers in the manuscript/and or figures. Authors will also be given the opportunity in the submission process to explain if they believe informed consent is not appropriate for their case report, however the Editors reserve the right to withdraw any manuscript that does not conform to these requirements.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants
Trauma conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.]
Trauma endorses the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment. However, consistent with the AllTrials campaign, retrospectively registered trials will be considered if the justification for late registration is acceptable. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.]
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives
SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.
Trauma requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles [“alongside their article submissions” or “if the articles are accepted”] to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editors may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editors can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at firstname.lastname@example.org.
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway
Trauma and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.
Trauma offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.
Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway
Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.
Trauma conforms to the SAGE house style. Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.
Trauma adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
Trauma is hosted on SAGE Track; a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/trauma to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online
Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.
SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.
Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Trauma editorial office as follows: