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Ultrasonic Imaging

Ultrasonic Imaging

2017 Impact Factor: 2.300
2017 Ranking: 55/128 in Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging | 33/78 in Engineering, Biomedical | 10/31 in Acoustics
Source: Journal Citation Reports®, 2018 release, a Clarivate Analytics product; Indexed in PubMed: MEDLINE
A Science and Engineering Journal

Ernest J. Feleppa Frederic L. Lizzi Center for Biomedical Engineering, Riverside Research

eISSN: 10960910 | ISSN: 01617346 | Current volume: 40 | Current issue: 6 Frequency: Bi-monthly
Published Quarterly, Ultrasonic Imaging provides rapid publication for original and exceptional papers concerned with the development and application of ultrasonic techniques, with emphasis on medical diagnosis. Ultrasonic Imaging publishes articles in the following areas:
  • theoretical and experimental aspects of advanced methods and instrumentation for imaging
  • Doppler measurements
  • signal processing
  • pattern recognition
  • clinical evaluation of new techniques
  • tissue-parameter measurements
  • mechanisms of ultrasound-tissue interactions
  • transducer technology
  • calibration and standards
  • tissue-mimicking phantoms
  • elasticity measurements
  • photoacoustic and acousto-optic technologies

In addition to full-length papers, the journal publishes research notes, comments on papers appearing in the journal, book reviews, and occasional review articles. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ultrasonic Imaging provides rapid publication for original and exceptional papers concerned with the development and application of ultrasonic-imaging technology, with emphasis on medical diagnosis. Papers deal with theoretical and experimental aspects of advance methods and instrumentation for imaging, Doppler measurements, signal processing, pattern recognition and measurements of ultrasonic parameters. Clinical evaluation of new techniques, tissue-parameter measurements, mechanisms of ultrasonic-tissue interactions, transducer technology, calibration and standards, and tissue-mimicking phantoms, elasticity measurements, and photoacoustic and acousto-optic technologies also fall within the scope of the journal. In addition to full-length papers, the journal publishes research notes, comments on papers appearing in the journal, book reviews, and occasional review articles. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Founding Editor and Editor Emeritus
Managing Editor
Roslyn Raskin Frederic L. Lizzi Center for Biomedical Engineering, Riverside Research
Editorial Board
Jeffrey Bamber Division of Radiotherapy and Imaging, Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden Hospital, UK
Timothy Bigelow Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, USA
Alain Coron Laboratoire d'Imagerie Paramétrique- UMR 7623 CNRS-UPMC, France
Gregory Czarnota Sunnybrook Research Institute, University of Toronto, Canada
Cheri Deng Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, USA
Emad Ebbini Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, USA
Stanislav Emelianov Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, USA
Flemming Forsberg Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, USA
Caterina Gallippi Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina, USA
Brian Garra Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, USA
James Greenleaf Biodynamics Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, USA
Timothy J. Hall Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
Brent Hoffmeister Department of Physics, Rhodes College, USA
Mark Holland Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Indiana University School of Medicine, USA
Kullervo Hynynen Sunnybrook Research Institute, University of Toronto, Canada
Michael F. Insana Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Jeffrey Ketterling Frederic L. Lizzi Center for Biomedical Engineering, Riverside Research
Michael Kolios Physics Department, Ryerson University, Canada
Elisa Konofagou Department of Biological Engineering, Columbia University, USA
Pascal Laugier Laboratoire d'Imagerie Paramétrique- UMR 7623 CNRS-UPMC, France
Pai-Chi Li Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University
Ernest L. Madsen Medical Physics Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
Jonathan Mamou Frederic L. Lizzi Center for Biomedical Engineering, Riverside Research
James Miller Department of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis, USA
Kathryn R. Nightingale Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, USA
William D. O'Brien University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, USA
Matthew O'Donnell College of Engineering, University of Washington, USA
Michael J. Oelze Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Kevin J. Parker Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, USA
Raffaella Righetti Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, USA
Ronald Roy Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Boston University, USA
Chandra Sehgal Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Ronald Silverman Columbia University Medical Center, NY, USA
Gail ter Haar Division of Radiotherapy and Imaging, The Institute of Cancer Research, UK
Kai E. Thomenius Institute of Medical Engineering and Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Gregg E. Trahey Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, USA
Theresa Tuthill Pfizer Worldwide R&D, USA
David Vilkomerson DVX Inc., Japan
Xueding Wang Department of Radiology, University of Michigan School of Medicine, USA
Keith Wear Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, USA
  • EBSCO: IET Inspec
  • EMBASE/Excerpta Medica
  • ProQuest
  • PubMed: MEDLINE
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: ULTRASONIC IMAGING

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Ultrasonic Imaging will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?
    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Clinical trials
    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    2.9 Data

    3. Publishing polices
    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.4 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope:

    1.2 Article types
    Manuscripts submitted to Ultrasonic Imaging will be critically reviewed by the editor with appropriate independent reviews by members of the Editorial Board and other expert referees. The publisher may make changes in format to conform to editorial usage and style. Changes may include deletions that are necessary to meet space and format requirements.

    Manuscripts are considered for publication with the stipulation that they are submitted solely to Ultrasonic Imaging and that no part of the submission has previously been published elsewhere. Where questions exist about possible previous publication, authors should explain and submit copies of material that appeared in print or on a website.

    Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications appearing in the journal are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the editor and publisher. The editor and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. Neither the editors nor the publisher guarantee, warrant, or endorse any product or service advertised in this publication, nor do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturer or provider of an advertized product or service.

    Ultrasonic Imaging Manuscript Review Criteria:

      1. The article is original.
      2. The work is not under consideration with another journal.
      3. Submission for publication has been approved by all listed authors and by the institution where the described work was performed. Furthermore, any person cited as a source of personal communications has approved such citation.
      4. The article is relevant to the Aims & Scope of Ultrasonic Imaging.
      5. The title is descriptive of the article content and includes keywords.
      6. The abstract is concise and includes keywords.
      7. A list of 3-5 keywords is included.
      8. The purpose of the article is clear and consistent throughout.
      9. Content is evidence-based.
      10. Grammar, sentence structure, punctuation, and sequencing are precise, accurate, and written according to journal style guidelines (see below).
      11. Tables and figures enhance understanding of the content.
      12. Ethics are maintained.
      13. References are current (preferably within past 5 years); from peer-reviewed journals and other professionally acceptable sources; and follow the Vancouver citation style.
      14. In-text reference citations are included.



    Manuscript Preparation

    Manuscripts submitted to Ultrasonic Imaging must be prepared as described in the guidelines of the Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed). All manuscripts must be submitted electronically in Microsoft Word file format (*.doc files) or in LaTeX (if LaTeX, please save the LaTeX document as a Post Script file (.ps) and submit the Post Script file. Or, save the LaTeX document as a PDF file. Using Adobe Acrobat Professional or Standard, import the PDF file and save as Word file (.doc) or Rich Text Format file (.rtf). Then submit the resulting .doc or .rtf file.). Each image should be numbered (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) in order as it appears in text, with instructions in the body of the manuscript on where it should be placed.

      1. Order. Submissions should be arranged into the following sections: (1) title page, including author names and affiliations and 3-5 keywords; (2) main document, consisting of all text-based material, including abstract, article text, references, figure captions, tables, and sidebar text; and (3) artwork, images, and photographs. (Figures are submitted separately from text; see the Graphics and Tables section below)
      2. Title Page. On the title page include: (1) the full title of the article; (2) authors’ full names, arranged in the order they should appear in print; (3) institutional affiliation of all authors; (4) contact information for the corresponding author (e-mail, phone, and mailing address); and 3-5 keywords to facilitate online searches for the topics covered in the article. (5) Acknowledgments and funding information related to the article.
      3. Main document layout. The main document should consist of text-based elements only: the body of the article, references, tables and table captions, and figure captions. Each table and figure must be referenced in the body of the manuscript (e.g: "For more information ... , see Table 2"). Minimize layout specifications such as multiple columns, font changes, type size, page parameters, etc.
      4. References. All references should be formatted in the Vancouver style. Examples:


    In text

    …often use single-element transducers.1


    1. Foster FS, Pavlin CJ, Harasiewicz KA, Christopher DA, Turnbull DH. Advances in ultrasound biomicroscopy. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2000;26:1-27.


    In text

    Sheep heart has many similarities to human heart36


    36. Rudolph A. Congenital Diseases of the Heart: Clinical-Physiological Considerations. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.



    Nyborg WLM. Acoustic streaming. In Mason WP, editor. Physical acoustics. Vol IIB. New York: Academic Press; 1965. p. 265-331.


    Graphics and Tables

    Artwork such as charts and graphs, maps, photographs, figures, and line art. Images should be easily readable, clear, and neat. Color images are preferred for the online version of the journal; figures in the print version will be published in grayscale , unless the author elects to pay for color art. . (The color charges are $800 for the first piece of art and $200 per piece thereafter). Notify the editor upon submission if you intend to elect color printing. Number artwork files consecutively in the order the images appear within the article (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) and submit each image as a separate file. Further information can be found at

    Photos and illustrations. and illustrations. Acceptable file formats include TIFF, EPS, JPEG, and press-ready PDF. Submit images in approximately the same size they are to appear in print, at fine resolution, i.e., at least 300 dots per inch (dpi).

    Line art (charts, graphs, maps, and line graphics). Submit original line art in the same program it was created (e.g., MS Word or Excel for graphs). Scanned line-based artwork should be submitted at 900 dpi, in roughly the size it will appear in print.

    Tables. Statistics, facts, and resource lists should be submitted in table format for easier reading. Submit tables in an editable format such as Microsoft Word or Excel-based tables. Tables should be submitted as part of the main document file; multiple tables should be numbered in the order of their appearance in the article. Include brief descriptive captions for each. All tables will be reformatted and typeset in the journal’s table style.

    1.3 Writing your paper
    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    UIX operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    Peer Review Process: Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 5-8 weeks of submission.

    Authors are requested to suggest the names, affiliations and contact information of up to three individuals who may be suitable to serve as referees, but the Editors are under no obligation to use all or any of these individuals as reviewers.

    Submission of a manuscript implies commitment to publish in the journal. Authors submitting manuscripts to the journal should not simultaneously submit them to another journal, nor should manuscripts have been published elsewhere in substantially similar form or with substantially similar content.
    All submitted manuscripts must be accompanied by a cover letter. This letter should disclose any financial interests the authors have in relation to the work, or any financial support provided by companies toward the completion of the work. Also, indicate whether the manuscript has been presented before any professional  association and the place and date of presentation. Manuscripts submitted without this letter will not be reviewed and will be returned to the author.
    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    Ultrasonic Imaging is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Ultrasonic Imaging can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information, visit the Publons website.

    2.2 Authorship
    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors. The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii) Approved the version to be published,
    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.4 Funding
    Ultrasonic Imaging requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    Ultrasonic Imaging encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    It is our policy to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles. Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    2.7 Clinical trials
    Ultrasonic Imaging conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.9 Data
    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Ultrasonic Imaging requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles [“alongside their article submissions” or “if the articles are accepted”] to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. [The editor(s) may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data.] The editor(s) [can/will] also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Ultrasonic Imaging and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving 
    Ultrasonic Imaging offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting
    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material
    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Reference style
    Please visit the official website of the U.S. National Library of Medicine to see how references should be listed.

    4.5 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Ultrasonic Imaging is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Help.

    5.1 ORCID
    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID.

    ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article
    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the editorial office as follows:


    Individual Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue