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Juvenile Delinquency in a Diverse Society
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Juvenile Delinquency in a Diverse Society

Second Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


January 2017 | 512 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Juvenile Delinquency in a Diverse Society, Second Edition presents students with a fresh, critical examination of juvenile delinquency in the context of real communities and social policies—integrating many social factors that shape juvenile delinquency and its control, including race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality. Authors Kristin A. Bates and Richelle S. Swan use true stories and contemporary examples to link theories of delinquency not just to current public policies, but to existing community programs—encouraging readers to consider how theories of delinquency can be used to create new policies and programs in their own communities. Readers will gain a foundational understanding of the social diversity that contextualizes varying experiences and behavior of juvenile delinquency, as well as a deeper appreciation for the policies, social justice, and community programs that make up the juvenile system.

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
PART 1. UNDERSTANDING JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
 
Chapter 1. Thinking About Juvenile Delinquency in a Diverse Society
Defining Juvenile Delinquency  
Conceptions of Juvenile Delinquency  
The Well-Being of Children  
The United States as a Place Where Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality Are Important  
The Sociological Imagination  
The Juvenile Justice System and Diversity  
Philosophy and Organization of the Book  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Social Construction and Media  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 2. The Creation of Delinquency
The Social Construction of Youth and Delinquency  
Popular Culture: A Target of Moral Panics About Delinquency  
At the Crossroads: 21st-Century Social Constructions of Youth and Delinquency  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Delinquency and Dependence in 21st-Century Films  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 3. Understanding Delinquency: Data, Correlates, and Trends
How to Lie With Statistics  
Qualitative Versus Quantitative Data  
How Do We Know What We Know? What Data Sources Do We Use to Map Trends?  
Correlates of Delinquency  
The Nature of Delinquency as Measured by the UCR  
General Trends in Delinquency  
Trends in Delinquency for Gender  
Trends in Delinquency for Race/Ethnicity  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Juvenile Violent Crime Trend in City  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
PART 2. THEORIES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
 
Chapter 4. Micro-Level Theories
Pre-Classical Ideas  
Classical Theories  
Biological, Psychological, and Biosocial Theories  
Differential Association Theory  
Social Control Theory/Social Bonding Theory  
General Strain Theory  
Micro-Level Theories and Public Policy  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity: Antibullying Exercise Evaluating a School’s Program  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 5. Macro-Level Theories
Social Structural Theories of Delinquency  
Anomie Theories  
Social Disorganization Theory  
Social Structural Theories and Public Policy  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: A Look at Sexuality, Homeless Youth, and Delinquency  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 6. Critical Theories
Critical Theories of Delinquency  
Conflict Theory: A Focus on Socioeconomic Class  
Feminist Theories: A Focus on Gender and Intersectionality  
Critical Theories of Delinquency and Public Policy  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Are Critical Theories of Delinquency Being Put Into Action in Your Area?  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
PART 3. THE SOCIAL CONTEXTS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
 
Chapter 7. Families in Context
Family Today  
Family and Delinquency  
Diversity and the Family  
Child Maltreatment  
Child Maltreatment and Delinquency  
Parents in Prison  
Foster Care and Foster Youth  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Parenting in Prison  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 8. Schools in Context
The Diverse School Experience  
The Budgeting of Education  
School Failure, Dropping Out, and Delinquency  
Disengagement and Delinquency  
Crime and Delinquency in Schools  
Bullying and Cyberbullying  
The Policy of Punishment in Schools: The School-to-Prison Pipeline  
The School and Student Rights  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Examining School Data on Delinquency  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 9. Peers and Gangs in Context
Why Do Peers Matter to Delinquency?  
Friendship and Delinquency: How Gender Matters  
The Kid in the Corner: The Impact of a Lack of Friendships  
Conventional Adolescence or New Forms of Delinquency? The Use of Technology as a Means of Peer Interaction  
Gangs and Delinquency  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Gangs and Technology  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 10. Drugs in Context
Reasons for and Societal Understandings of Drug Use  
The Role of Legal Products in Youth Substance Use  
Youth Substance Use Patterns Today  
The Relationship of Substance Use to Delinquency  
Responses to and Prevention of Youth Drug Use  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Finding Culturally Relevant Drug Prevention/Treatment Programs  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
PART 4. RESPONSES TO JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
 
Chapter 11. Why a Separate Juvenile Justice System?
What Is the Goal of the Juvenile Justice System?  
Justifications for Punishment  
Juvenile Justice and Specialized Terminology  
Philosophical Shifts and the Legal Treatment of Juveniles  
The Future of Juvenile Justice  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: A Look Abroad: The Treatment of Juvenile Delinquency in Iran  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 12. Policing and the Process of the Juvenile Court
Police and Juveniles  
An Overview of the Juvenile Justice Process  
The Juvenile Justice Process and Race, Class, and Gender  
Family Court  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Juvenile Intake Screening  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 13. Juvenile Corrections
Community Corrections  
Institutional Corrections  
Corrections and Gender, Race, Undocumented Youth, and LGBTQ Intersections  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: A Look at Juvenile Institutions and Policies  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Chapter 14. Preventative, Rehabilitative, and Restorative Approaches to Delinquency
Prevention  
Rehabilitation  
Restorative Justice Approaches  
A Comprehensive Approach: The Models for Change Program  
The Future of Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Restorative Justice Approaches to Delinquency  
Summary  
Eye on Diversity Exercise: Global Approaches to Delinquency  
Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Chapter Pretest Answers  
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index
 
About the Authors

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site
SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.
  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available, containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
  • Video, audio, and website links which appeals to students with different learning styles
Student Study Site

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. SAGE edge content is open access and available on demand. Learning and teaching has never been easier!

SAGE edge for Students
 provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • A customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Video, audio, and website links which appeals to students with different learning styles
  • EXCLUSIVE! access to SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically.
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION

  • New chapter pretests with answers listed at the end of each chapter give students the opportunity to test their knowledge before reading the chapter to address and clarify any misconceptions they may have about the chapter material.
  • New On the Media examples and discussion questions spark classroom debate by engaging students with current stories about the impact of rapidly changing media on juveniles’ (and adults’) understanding of how the world works and how we should act in that social world.
  • New and updated examples, statistics, terms and references are integrated throughout the chapters.
  • Expanded discussions of critical topics affecting juvenile delinquency today familiarize students with issues such as mass incarceration, same-sex households, foster care, parent criminality, the war on drugs, disproportionate minority contact, and LGTBQ juveniles and sexual identity.
  • Chapter 12 now includes stronger coverage of policing, with new sections on the roles of the police in the juvenile justice system and police-juvenile interactions.

KEY FEATURES

  • SAGE original videos feature interviews with former juvenile offenders, a Foster Youth Advocate, a Law Enforcement Officer, and a Community Activist.
  • Coverage of diversity is woven throughout the book in text, photos, and exercises to reflect the realities of contemporary juvenile delinquency.
  • The text substantively links theories of delinquency, not only to existing public policies, but also to existing community programs.
  • In the News... features in each chapter engage students with interesting news stories and current events related to chapter topics.
  • From the Classroom to the Community boxes in each chapter highlight individual and community activitism related to delinquency and juvenile justice, connecting theory to real-life opportunities that make an impact in the community.
  • A Focus on Research boxes in each chapter present particularly interesting research studies linked to chapter topics.
  • Questions for Discussion are included in special interest boxes to help students think critically about the topics and issues presented.
  • Eye on Diversity exercises in each chapter help students explore issues of race, class, gender, sexuality, or ability as related to the chapter topic, and then apply them to real-life policy decisions.
  • New On the Media boxes spark classroom debate by engaging students with current stories about the impact of rapidly changing media on juveniles’ (and adults’) understanding of how the world works and how we should act in that social world 
  • Opening vignettes offer engaging context for key topics that are later analyzed in each chapter.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 7

Chapter 11


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ISBN: 9781506347493