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Juvenile Delinquency
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Juvenile Delinquency
Pathways and Prevention

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August 2018 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“This textbook is an excellent tool that explores issues impacting juvenile delinquency, theories, system response, community interventions, and effective programs to help reduce delinquency.”
—Robbin Day Brooks, MSW, CPP, Arizona State University’s School of Criminology & Criminal Justice

Juvenile Delinquency: Pathways and Prevention explores the pivotal roles that family, trauma, mental health, and schools have on juvenile delinquency, while exploring opportunities for prevention and intervention. Authors Christopher A. Mallett and Miyuki Fukushima Tedor draw from years of experience working with juvenile offenders to shed light on the nature of delinquency and the diverse pathways to juvenile delinquency, while offering evidence-based techniques for preventing and rehabilitating youthful offenders. Clear explanations of the concepts and thought-provoking case studies move students beyond memorization—encouraging them to think critically about juvenile delinquency and make recommendations for better practices and policies. 

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Preface
 
About the Authors
 
PART I: JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
 
Chapter 1. The Functioning of the Juvenile Justice System
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Juvenile Courts

 
Juvenile Court Purpose

 
Juvenile Court Jurisdiction

 
The Process of the Juvenile Justice System

 
The Child Welfare System

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 2. The History of Juvenile Justice and Today’s Juvenile Courts
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Juvenile Justice: Cycles of Rehabilitation and Punishment

 
Today’s Juvenile Court Reform

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 3. The Measurement of Juvenile Crime
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Official Data

 
National Crime Victimization Survey

 
Juvenile Delinquency

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
PART II: THEORIES OF DELINQUENCY
 
Chapter 4. Classical, Biological, and Psychological Theories of Crime
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Preclassical and Classical Theories of Crime

 
Early Biological Theories of Crime

 
Early Social Structural Theories

 
Modern Biological Perspectives

 
Modern Psychological Theories

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 5. Modern Sociological Theories of Crime
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Strain/Anomie Theories

 
Social Disorganization Perspective

 
Learning Theories

 
Subcultural Theories

 
Control Theories/Neoclassical Criminology

 
Modern Classical Perspective

 
Social Reaction, Critical, and Feminist Theories

 
Life-Course Perspective

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
PART III: PROBLEMS THAT LEAD TO DELINQUENCY
 
Chapter 6. Delinquency Risks and Disproportionate Impact
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Factors That Influence Delinquency

 
Ecological/Psychosocial Model

 
School Discipline Risk Factors

 
Delinquency Risk Factors

 
Protective Factors

 
Resiliency

 
Disproportionate Impact

 
Maltreatment and Trauma Victims

 
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students

 
Why the Disproportionate Impact?

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 7. Punitive Juvenile Justice Policies
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Adolescents Are Different Than Young Adults

 
From the Classroom to the Courts

 
The Police and Adolescents

 
Delinquency Adjudication

 
Detained and Incarcerated Youthful Offenders

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 8. School Violence, Zero Tolerance, and School Exclusion
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Compulsory Education and Student Discipline

 
School Discipline in the Zero Tolerance Era

 
School Discipline

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 9. Trauma and Delinquency
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Prevalence of Childhood and Adolescent Trauma

 
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

 
Resiliency to Trauma Experiences

 
Maltreatment and Academic Performance

 
Maltreatment and Delinquency

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 10. Mental Health Disorders, Special Education Disabilities, and Delinquency
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Child and Adolescent Mental Health Problems

 
Mental Health and Trauma

 
Juvenile Incarceration: Today’s Psychiatric Asylums

 
Disabilities Rights

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
PART IV: SOLUTIONS TO DELINQUENCY
 
Chapter 11. Evidence-Based Delinquency Risk Prevention
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Maltreatment Victimization

 
Prevention

 
Mental Health Problems

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 12. School Safety and Inclusion Policies
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Students, Classrooms, and Schools

 
Moving Away From Zero Tolerance Policies

 
Rehabilitative and Supportive Interventions

 
Truancy Prevention

 
School Dropout

 
School Districts

 
State Policies

 
National Policies

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 13. Rehabilitation of Low-Level Youthful Offenders
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Effective Framework

 
Delinquency Prevention

 
Diversion

 
Assessment

 
Community-Based Corrections

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Chapter 14. Rehabilitation of Serious and Chronic Youthful Offenders
Learning Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Framework

 
Detention Reform

 
Incarceration

 
Reentry and Return Home

 
Gang Membership and Prevention

 
Addressing Racial and Ethnic Disparities

 
CHAPTER SUMMARY

 
KEY TERMS

 
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Student Study Site

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  • Mobile-friendly Flashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.  
Instructor Resource Site

SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Multimedia content includes links to 3rd party videos that appeal to diverse learners.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
  • Chapter-specific discussion questions connected to in-class activities reinforce important content and help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material.

 

“This text book is an excellent tool that explores issues impacting juvenile delinquency, theories, system response, community interventions and effective programs to help reduce delinquency.”

Robbin Day Brooks, MSW, CPP
Arizona State University’s School of Criminology & Criminal Justice

“This is a new fresh text that applies a different approach and direction. It takes specific issues in juvenile justice and delinquency and puts much more time and effort into addressing these specific trends and issues.”

Dr. Dorinda L. Dowis
Columbus State University

“The perfect text for any instructor teaching juvenile delinquency. It is comprehensive and tackles contemporary issues rarely addressed in other juvenile delinquency textbooks.”

Michael Pittaro, PhD
East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania

“I would describe [Juvenile Delinquency] as a very relevant text that allows students to see how reactive decisions of the past with regard to juveniles have very current implications today. It is also easy to comprehend and has a variety of examples that make the content more “real”.”

Shelley Grant
Jacksonville University

“This text examines the nature of delinquency, the causes and influences, and what can be done about delinquent behavior. It provides coverage of theory, the latest research, and evidence-based policy.”

Karin Tusinski Miofsky, Ph.D.
Lakeland University

“This text is well written and covers a great deal of important information. I strongly recommend this text for uses in classes that are taken by school resource officers and students interested in pursuing a career in Child and Family services…portions of this text would also be beneficial to teachers and administrators in public school systems. I would use this textbook in my Juvenile Delinquency class”.

Melissa Harrell
Bainbridge State Colleg

This is a great title and an amazing book. I did not adopt it because my pedagogy is justice-based. This text is sociologically based and great for a delinquency focused class.

Professor Monishia Miller
Politics, Administration and Justice, California St Univ-Fullerton
July 26, 2018
Key features

KEY FEATURES:

  • An increased emphasis on the role of schools and the school-to-prison pipeline sheds light for the impact of this environment on juveniles’ involvement in the juvenile justice system.
  • Two unique chapters, one on mental health (Chapter 10) and one on trauma (Chapter 9), emphasize the crucial role that these experiences have on young people most at-risk for involvement in the juvenile justice system.
  • Real-world case studies followed by discussion questions stimulate critical thinking and in-class discussion.
  • Evidence-based Research: What Works? activities help students to apply research to contemporary issues.
  • Policy: What's Being Done? activities encourage students to analyze the merits of policy solutions to real-world problems.
  • Practice: What Can I Do? boxes highlight real-life examples of a situation one might face as a practitioner in the field and ask students to think of possible solutions.
  • Spotlight boxes showcase examples or topics of concern to spark discussion around key chapter concepts.
  • SAGE edge provides students helpful tools, including eFlashcards, practice quizzes, and more, in one easy-to-use online environment.

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