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Juvenile Justice and Youth Violence
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Juvenile Justice and Youth Violence



July 1997 | 261 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The public believes that juveniles are to blame for the growth of violence in the United States that began in the mid-1980s. But, whoÆs really to blame for violent crime? Is youth gang involvement in trafficking crack cocaine in inner-cities a key factor? The Evolution of Juvenile Justice and Youth Violence in America explores how juvenile offenders have taken the brunt of crime policyÆs reaction to the high level and recent increase in violent crime in the United States. In the justice system today, juveniles are being tried with adults in criminal courts and incarcerated with them in adult prisons. Taking a historical approach and reviewing current research, author James C. Howell examines the shift in crime policy from an emphasis on treatment and rehabilitation to punishment and how that change is neither philosophically sound nor effective. Long-term solutions, Howell argues, lie in the development of more effective programs, better-matched offender treatment programs, and a more cost-effective juvenile justice system. Written with compassion yet methodologically sound, this volume creates a comprehensive framework that will help communities incorporate best practices and utilize knowledge of risk and protective factors for serious and violent delinquency. Author James C. Howell combines prevention and graduated sanctions in this sensible strategy for dealing with serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders. The Evolution of Juvenile Justice and Youth Violence in America is an outstanding resource and text for not only graduate students but also academics, researchers, practitioners, policymakers, professionals in the legal system, and educators.

 
PART ONE
 
Juvenile Reform Movements
 
Landmark Federal Legislation
 
Who's To Blame for Violent Crime
 
Juvenile Delinquency Trends and Juvenile Justice System Responses
 
PART TWO
 
Youth Gang Homicides, Drug Trafficking and Program Interventions
 
Risk Factors for Youth Violence
 
The Case for Developmental Criminology
 
A Comprehensive Strategy

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ISBN: 9780761903734
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