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Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice
An Active-Learning Approach

Experience with SAGE edge

February 2019 | 168 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Built on the philosophy of rehabilitation and treatment rather than retribution and punishment, the key of the juvenile justice system is to deter delinquency before adolescents make their way into the harsher adult system. The purpose of Juvenile Justice: An Active-Learning Approach is to provide an in-depth exploration of the United States juvenile justice system and the response from police, courts, and correctional institutions to crimes committed by juveniles, as well as the strategies used to deter these crimes. Using an active-learning approach, renowned authors Frank Schmalleger and Cathy Marcum provide students with a foundational understanding of the juvenile justice system, while also giving them with the opportunity to put what they learn into action—increasing their ability to comprehend and retain information and to carefully analyze the juvenile justice system. 

Key Features 

·         Taking a practical, evidence-based approach, this text explores critical, modern topics with a unique chapter on Juveniles and Cybercrime, which discusses cyberbullying, cyberstalking, child pornography, and digital piracy. 

·         Humanizing the individuals involved in the juvenile justice system, each chapter opens with a vignette to highlight a contemporary issue for that particular subject. 

·         Case studies appear in each chapter, offering real-world examples of juvenile court cases and accompanying questions to encourage further discussion.

·         A variety of active-learning exercises, some individual and some group, are provided to engage students in the material. All the active learning assignments included in the text were developed by the authors to engage students within their own classrooms (where ground or electronic), and have proven to be very effective at fostering long-term knowledge about various topics related to juvenile justice.

o    Exploring the link between our media-rich world and the impact it has on juvenile behavior, the In the Media active-learning exercises highlight examples related to traditional and social media

o    Support the evidence-based practices approach, the Navigating the Field active-learning exercises showcase an interesting program, policy, or practice related to the chapter content with the aim of uncovering what works in juvenile justice

o    Exploring Juvenile Justice Further application activities provide another opportunity for students to apply what they have learned in class to the real world


Part 1: Understanding Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
Chapter 1. History of the Juvenile Justice System
Changing Perceptions of Children Over Time  
Creation of the Juvenile Court  
Chapter 2. Measurement of Juvenile Crime
Age-Crime Curve and Stages of Delinquency  
Juvenile Arrest Statistics  
Juvenile Court Statistics  
Reports of Juveniles in Custody  
Self-Report Studies  
Victimization Studies  
Chapter 3. Theories of Delinquency
The Importance of Theory and Research  
The Classical School  
The Biological School  
Psychological School  
Developmental Explanations  
Social Disorganization  
Social Learning  
Subculture Theory  
Social Control  
Part 2: Navigating the Juvenile Justice Systems
Chapter 4. Juveniles and the Police
Police Interactions With Juveniles in the United States  
Juvenile Perceptions of Police  
Formal Processing of Juveniles  
The Legal Rights of Juveniles  
Proactive Methods of Preventing Juvenile Crime by the Police  
Chapter 5. The Juvenile Court System
Constitutional Protections of Juveniles  
Management of Status Offenders  
Navigating the Juvenile Court System  
Pretrial Procedures of the Juvenile Court  
Remaining Stages of the Juvenile Court Process: Adjudicatory and Disposition Hearings  
Treating Juveniles as Adults in the Court System  
Chapter 6. The Juvenile Corrections System
Legal Rights of Institutionalized Youth  
Juvenile Probation  
Additional Correctional Options for Juveniles  
Part 3: Juvenile Behaviors
Chapter 7. Juveniles and Gangs
Development of Gangs in the United States  
Gangs Today  
The Urban Street Gang  
Racial and Ethnic Categories of Gangs  
Combatting the Attraction of Gangs to Juveniles  
Chapter 8. Juveniles and Violence
Juvenile Violence  
Youth Gun Violence  
School Violence and Victimization in Elementary and Secondary Education Settings  
Teen Dating Violence  
Juvenile Violence and the Media  
Chapter 9. Juveniles and Cybercrime
The Internet  
Digital Piracy  
Online Sexual Offenses Between Romantic Partners  
Chapter 10. Juvenile Drug Use
Types of Drugs  
Juvenile Drug Courts  
Substance Abuse Treatment for Juveniles  
Part 4: Moving Forward
Chapter 11. Effective Programs for Juveniles
Evidence-Based Programs in Juvenile Justice  
Juvenile Programming  


Instructor Resource Site
SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.
  •  Examview® test banks allow you to save time and offer a pedagogically robust way to measure your students' understanding of textbook material. Available for both PC and Mac and compatible with most learning management systems, ExamView features a diverse range of textbook-specific test items and options, allowing you to customize exams to your specifics needs as well as create a print or online exam in just minutes!
  • Microsoft® Word® test bank provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions
  • Author-created Investigation Activities that support chapter content and strengthen the active-learning approach
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access is provided to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically
  • Chapter-specific discussion questions help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material and by reinforcing important content
  • Video and multimedia links includes resources that appeal to students with different learning styles
  • A course cartridge provides easy LMS integration
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly flashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts, and make it easy to maximize your study time, anywhere, anytime
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes that allow you to assess how much you’ve learned and where you need to focus your attention
  • Learning objectives that reinforce the most important material
  • Video and multimedia links includes resources that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Exclusive access to influential SAGE journal articles, that ties important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning.

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ISBN: 9781544300405

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