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Memory
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Memory
Foundations and Applications

Third Edition
Companion Website

Courses:
Memory

January 2017 | 544 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The fully updated Third Edition of Bennett L. Schwartz’s practical text on memory science engages students in an exploration of how memory works in everyday life through unique applications in areas such as education, job-related memory, investigations, and courtrooms. Throughout the book, integrated coverage of cognitive psychology and neuroscience connects theory and research to the areas in the brain where memory processes occur. Four overarching themes that create a framework for the text include: the active nature of learning and remembering; memory's status as a biological process; the multiple components of memory systems; and how memory principles can improve our individual ability to learn and remember. Featuring substantive changes that bring the book completely up to date, the Third Edition offers students an array of high-interest examples for augmenting their own memory abilities and appreciation of memory science.

 

 
Preface
 
1 Introduction to the Study of Memory
The Science of Memory  
The History of Memory Research  
Section Quiz  
Methods of Studying Memory  
Memory Measures  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Improving Memory Efficiency  
Themes for the Book  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
2 Memory and the Brain
Old Questions, New Answers  
Brain and Memory  
Neurons  
Structures of the Human Brain  
Interim Summary and Quiz  
Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience  
Section Quiz  
Neuropsychology: Memory Deficits and Amnesia  
Chemical Enhancement of Memory  
Olfaction, Memory, and the Brain  
Memory, Music, and the Brain  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
3 Working Memory
What Is Working Memory?  
Some Terminological Clarifications  
Sensory Memory  
Working Memory Capacity  
The Duration of Information in Working Memory  
The Serial Position Curve and Its Implication for Working Memory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
The Working Memory Model of Baddeley  
Working Memory Systems  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Working Memory and the Brain  
Applications of Working Memory  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
4 Episodic Memory
Evidence for the Episodic/Semantic Distinction  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Memory Processes: Encoding, Representation, and Retrieval (Part I)  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Memory Processes: Encoding, Representation, and Retrieval (Part II)  
Directed Forgetting  
Prospective Memory  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
5 Semantic Memory
Associative Structures in Semantic Memory  
Semantic Priming and Lexical Decision Tasks  
Sentence Verification Tasks  
Bilingual Representation  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Concepts and Categories  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Schemas and Scripts  
Semantic Memory and Music  
Language, Lexical Memory, and Semantic Memory  
Section Quiz  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
6 Visual Memory
Visual Memory: Recognition and Recall  
Representation and Imagery  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Other Topics in Visual Memory  
Photographic Memory: Reality or Fantasy?  
Cognitive Maps  
Memory for Faces  
Simultaneous and Sequential Lineups in Eyewitness Memory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Application of Visual Imagery to Mnemonics  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
7 Autobiographical Memory
Conway’s Theory of Representation in Autobiographical Memory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Childhood Amnesia  
Flashbulb Memories  
Collaborative Memory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Diary Studies and Autobiographical Memory  
The Cue-Word Technique for Eliciting Autobiographical Memories and the Reminiscence Bump  
Aspects of Autobiographical Memory  
The Neuroscience of Autobiographical Memory  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
8 False Memory
Correspondence, Accuracy, and Amount  
Source Monitoring  
Methods of Studying False Memory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Hypnosis and Memory  
Recovered Memory: The Reality of Repression  
False Memories and Legal Psychology  
Eyewitness Testimony  
The Misinformation Effect  
Section Summary and Quiz  
The Cognitive Interview: More Information Without Suggestion  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
9 Metamemory
What Is Metamemory?  
Theories of Metamemory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Types of Judgments  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Control Processes in Metamemory  
Other Kinds of Metamemory  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
10 Memory Disorders
What Is Amnesia?  
Case Studies of Amnesia  
Anterograde Amnesia  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Retrograde Amnesia  
Frontal Syndrome  
Transient Global Amnesia  
Short-Term Memory Amnesia  
Reduplicative Paramnesia and Capgrass Syndrome  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Psychogenic Amnesia  
Alzheimer’s Disease  
Memory Rehabilitation  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
11 Memory in Childhood
Memory in Infancy  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Memory in Early Childhood  
Children’s Eyewitness Memory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Memory in Older Children  
Metamemory in Children  
A Guide to Developing Memory Skills in Young Children  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
12 Memory in Older Adults
Theories of Aging and Memory  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Age-Related Changes in Working Memory  
Semantic Memory  
Episodic Memory  
False Memory in Older Adults  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Metamemory in Older Adults  
Use It or Lose It: Maintaining Memory Ability in Older Adults  
Mnemonic Tips for Older Adults  
The Neuroscience of Memory and Aging  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
13 Memory Improvement and Learning Efficiency: A User’s Guide
1. Process for Meaning  
2. Engage in Retrieval Practice  
Section Summary and Quiz  
3. Use Metamemory  
4. Distribute Your Practice  
Section Summary and Quiz  
Myths and Methods to Avoid  
Mnemonists  
Summary  
Key Terms  
Review Questions  
Online Resources  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Author Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Author

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site

Calling all instructors!

It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site at study.sagepub.com/schwartz3e for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources for Bennett L. Schwartz’s Memory, Third Edition. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!

 

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content and features.
  • Chapter Outlines summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.

“This is a terrific text book in terms of being written in an accessible fashion, introducing relevant neuroscience research, and describing real-world applications.”

Elizabeth Kensinger, Boston College

Elizabeth Kensinger
Boston College

“All of the major topics and theories are presented in an easy-to-read fashion, with connections made to brain structure as appropriate.”

Darrell S. Rudmann, Shawnee State University

Darrell S. Rudmann
Shawnee State University
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:

  • Updated discussions of the most recent research in the field, along with 208 new references, help students develop an understanding of cutting-edge findings and recent advances.
  • An enhanced art program includes improved graphics to clarify difficult concepts and assist visual learners.
  • A new discussion of the effects of distraction on memory efficiency, a particularly timely topic, provides insight on how to enhance memory in everyday life.
  • The latest information on brain stimulation techniques, such as trans-magnetic stimulation, helps students understand how these techniques are used in memory research.
  • New pedagogical features, including section quizzes and more interim summaries, help students master key concepts and topics.
  • A greater emphasis on the study of memory from a scientific viewpoint includes an examination of the ways in which the scientific study of memory is distinct from other areas of study within psychology. 


KEY FEATURES:

  • Examples or real-life stories begin each chapter and are woven throughout to illustrate the relevance and importance of key concepts.
  • Up-to-date coverage of research and theory focuses on cognitive experiments, neuroscience, patients with memory disorders, the areas of the brain involved in memory, and the cognitive theory that links this research together, keeping readers informed on the latest developments in the field.
  • Unique applied coverage includes how the science of memory can be applied to education, police investigations, courtrooms, memory clinics, and everyday life to resonate with a wide range of readers.
  • Highlighted mnemonic hints throughout the book and in an entire chapter on memory improvement show students how they can apply the book's concepts to their personal lives to make their memories more efficient. 
  • Helpful in-text learning aids, including section quizzes, a running glossary, interim summaries, and references to online resources, as well as chapter-ending key terms, summaries, and review questions, allow students to master the material.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 8

Chapter 13


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ISBN: 9781506326535