You are here

Migration, Common Property Resources and Environmental Degradation
Share

Migration, Common Property Resources and Environmental Degradation
Interlinkages in India's Arid and Semi-arid Regions

  • Kanchan Chopra - Formerly, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, India
  • S C Gulati - Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, India

© 2001 | 168 pages | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd
Theoretical literature and empirical evidence often contend that poverty results in environmental degradation, particularly in the depletion of natural resource endowments. The authors of this book differ, arguing that this linkage is not simple arithmetic, but one that is mediated by the institutional innovations for the management of common property resources, voluntary sector interventions can stem the tide of resource degradation. The authors use econometric techniques to analyse this very complex interlinkage between people and encironment.
 
PART ONE: RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND PROPERTY RIGHTS STRUCTURES
 
Poverty and Environmental Degradation
The Issue, the Context and the Chapter Scheme  
 
Property Rights Structures
A Classification  
 
Rural-Urban Migration
A Hypothesis  
 
Is There a Carrying Capacity Concept Inherent in This Hypothesis?
 
PART TWO: COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES IN INDIA: MAGNITUDE AND DISTRIBUTION
 
Introduction
 
Property Rights Arrangements
 
Existing Land Use Classifications
 
A Methodology for Estimating Common Property Resources and Some Estimates
 
Wasteland and CPR Land
 
A Comparison with Alternative Estimates
 
Some Policy Conclusions
 
PART THREE: POPULATION MOVEMENTS, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND PROPERTY RIGHTS: A DISTRICT-LEVEL ANALYSIS
 
A District-Level Study of Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
 
The Study of Regions
 
Selection of Variables
 
Demographic Variables
 
Natural Resource Variables
 
Livestock Related Variables
 
Employment Related Variables
 
Factor Analysis of Interlinkages between Population Movements, Environmental Degradation and Property Rights
 
Factor Structure
 
Simultaneous Structural System
 
The Structural Relations
 
Parametric Estimates of the Model
 
The Impact Multipliers
 
Summary and Conclusions
 
PART FOUR: MICRO-LEVEL INITIATIVES IN SEMI-ARID ZONES: EMERGENCE, EVOLUTION AND IMPACT
 
Introduction
 
How Do Micro-Level Initiatives Emerge
Phases in Evolution  
 
Organizations and Institutions
 
Evolution of the Voluntary Sector in Udaipur District
An Overview and Two Representative Organizations  
 
Emergence and Evolution of Sewa Mandir
 
Emergence and Evolution of a Smaller Organization
Ubeshwar Vikas Mandal  
 
An Impact Assessment of Alternative Interventions in the Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
 
Impact Assessment
Indicators and Their Association  
 
PART FIVE: NON-GOVERNMENTAL INITIATIVES IN NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: A PROFILE OF STUDY VILLAGES
 
Introduction
 
Selection of Study Villages
 
Location of the Six Study Villages
 
Inter-Village Variations in the Selected Characteristics
 
Socio-Demographic Profiles of the Study Villages
 
Health, Education and Community Infrastructure
 
Access to Infrastructural Facilities
 
Land Ownership and Use Patterns
 
Sources and Ownership Pattern of Water Resources
 
Cropping Pattern
 
Ownership Pattern of Cattle Stock
 
Quality, Utilization and Upgradation of Forest Land
 
Migrational Patterns in the Study Villages
 
Concluding Remarks
 
PART SIX: PARTICIPATION, COMMON PROPERTY INSTITUTIONS, MIGRATION: AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION
 
Introduction
 
Institutional Innovation and Its Evolution in the Villages
 
The Impact of Institutional Innovation
Variables and Methodology  
 
Why Individuals/Households Migrate
 
Why Households Participate in Commons (HPLI and HPWI)
 
Magnitude of Participation in Commons
 
Simultaneous Structural System
 
Concluding Remarks
 
PART SEVEN: SUMMARY AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
 
Summary of Findings
 
Policy Implications

"...the study provides a wealth of new statistical data on a well-researched topic and is likely to be of use to scholars interested in common property regimes in India and other places in poor countries."

K. Sivaramakrishnan
University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Pacific Affairs

Preview this book

For instructors

This book is not available as a review copy. For more information contact your local sales representative.

Select a Purchasing Option

ISBN: 9780761995012
$89.00