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Models for Practice With Immigrants and Refugees

Models for Practice With Immigrants and Refugees
Collaboration, Cultural Awareness, and Integrative Theory

© 2018 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Designed to establish a foundational framework for working with trauma-exposed immigrants and refugees, this important work introduces innovative approaches to address client mental health problems while supporting adjustment to life in a new country. This practice-oriented book emphasizes the relevance of Western approaches while reorienting Western concepts to be more culturally sensitive from a domestic and international perspective. Grounded in critical thinking and strengthened by an ecological systems perspective, the book presents six different models for applying and integrating Western theory and related practice strategies for working with individuals, families, groups, communities, organizations, volunteers, and local workforces. 

1. Defining the immigrant and refugee populations
Key terms  
Assessment/Eligibility stage  
Post Decision assistance  
Reflection Questions  
Case Study  
Aimee Hilado
2. The context of migration: Pre-arrival, migration and resettlement experiences
The Migration Process  
Pre-migration experiences  
Experiences in transit based on immigration status  
Post-migration resettlement: The refugee experience  
Key elements of adjustment  
Implications for the field  
Case Study  
Reflective Questions  
Summative Points  
Hilado & Allweiss
3. Physical and mental health stabilization: The importance of wellbeing in the adjustment of new immigrants
Health Considerations  
Mental Health Conderations  
Lundy & Hilado
4. Transnational practice as the client’s process: Reorienting practice with an integrative theoretical approach to practice with immigrants and Refugees
Defining Transnational Practice  
Relevance of a Transnational Perspective for Direct Practice  
Historical Perspective: A look back at perspectives applied to immigrants  
Defining transnational practice as the client’s process  
Western theoretical approaches: Current foundations for practice  
Examination of methods for adapting practice methods to focus on transnational processes  
Implications for professionals  
Reflective Questions  
Critical Thinking Exercises  
Case Study  
Summative Points  
5. The perception and experience of everyday discrimination among U.S. Immigrants
Group vs. Personal Discrimination  
Contexts of Everyday Discrimination: The Workplace  
Contexts of Everyday Discrimination: Neighborhoods and Communities  
Coping with Discrimination: Forbearance or Confrontation?  
Summative Points  
Case Study  
Reflective Questions  
6. Postcolonial feminist social work perspective: Additional considerations for immigrant and refugee populations
A Postcolonial Feminist Social Work Perspective  
Risk Factors for Poor Mental Health Outcomes  
Globalization and Global Inequality  
U.S. Immigration Policies of Detention and Deportation  
Mental Health Promotion through Collective Resistance and Empowerment  
Resistance to Economic Insecurity  
Resisting Deportation and Detention  
Becoming Stronger Allies  
Implications for Mental Health Providers  
7. Practice with Individuals
The Evolution of Practice with Individuals  
Central themes when conducting therapy with trauma-exposed immigrants and refugees  
Practice considerations with trauma-exposed immigrants and refugees  
Culturally-sensitive direct practice with immigrants and refugees  
Summative Points  
8. Practice with families
Literature Review  
Relevance of the Family for Immigrants and Refugees  
Stages of Migration  
Common Problems and Potential Harm with Impaired Family Connections  
Provider Response and the Application of Practice Principals  
Lundy, Rodgers, Sanchez, Simon & Egan
9. Support and psychoeducational groups for immigrant women: a working model
History and Focus of El Manual de Salud Emocional (Manual of Emotional Health)  
Stages of Migration and Resultant Difficulties  
Topics and Activities for the Immigrant Women’s Groups  
Discussion and Implications for Future Groups  
Goodman, Letiecq, Vesely, Marquez & Layva
10. Community practice
The Meaning of Community  
Why Community Practice?  
Theoretical Foundations  
Community “Best Practices”: Working in Partnership with Transnational Populations Collaborative and Community-Driven  
Application of Community-Based Practices  
Implications for Professionals Working in Community-Based Settings  
11. Organizational practice
The Cultural Mergence Model  
Multilevel Elements of the Cultural Mergence Model  
Application with Trauma-Exposed New Immigrants  
Buller, Chankroesna, Socheat, Chanthao, Sreytha, & Hilton
12. Preparing an local and volunteer workforce
Setting the context  
Ecological Framework for analysis: An integrative approach to training  
Setting the scene and planning and building the foundations for effective capacity building  
Professional preparation prior to departure  
Facilitating a Learning and Training Needs Assessment (LTNA)  
Reflective Questions  
Summative Points  
13. Defining Trauma; Practical application with vulnerable and trauma-exposed immigrant populations and survivors of torture
Refugee Trauma and the Challenges Facing Forced Émigrés and Transnational Migrants  
Detrimental Effects of Torture  
Multiple domains of marginalization  
Interdisciplinary Treatment of Torture Survivors and Forced Émigrés  
Fong, Wachter & Heffron
14. Practice applications with women
Working with Migrant Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence, and Human Trafficking  
Working with Women Experiencing Sexual Violence and Intimate Partner Violence  
15. Practical applications with LGBTQ immigrants
The Importance of Language  
Defining sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression  
Identity Formation and Practice Considerations  
Sexual Identity: The Cass Model (1979)  
A Context for LGBTQ Health  
Theory to Practice Integration  
The Gay Affirmative Practice Framework  
Applying a trauma-informed lens when working with LGBTQ immigrants and refugees  
Final Thoughts  
Summative Points  
Benson, Abdi, & Ford-Paz
16. Practice applications with Immigrant and Refugee Youth
Children and Trauma  
Migration, Trauma, loss and Displacement and Resilience among refugee and immigrant children  
Refugee and Immigrant Mental Health Symptoms and Service Utilization  
Barriers to Mental Health Care Access  
Strategies for Improving Services for Refugee and Immigrant Children  
Example of a culturally responsive trauma-focused treatment program for refugee youth  
Case Study  
Summative Points  
Reflective Questions  
Hilado & Lundy
17. Maintaining critical consciousness, collaborative accompaniment and cultural humility: The common denominators of transnational practice
Relevance of pre-migration and post-migration experiences  
The role of culture  
Transnational Practice: A culturally-relevant approach to supporting immigrant and refugee clients.  
Treatment modalities: Lessons learned  
Specific needs among immigrant and refugee communities: Lessons learned  
The common denominators of transnational practice  
Collaborating and connecting: Building a transnational workforce  
Reflective Questions  
Lundy & van Wormer
18. Social justice and implications for the field
The Current Migration Crisis  
Social Work’s Rich History  
Social Work is a Global, Human Rights Profession  
Human Needs and Human Rights  
A Structural Framework for Settlement Practice  
War Refugees: Trauma Related to Terror and Persecution  
Environmental Refugees: Trauma Related to Natural Disasters  
The Plight of Immigrant Children in the United States  
A Framework for Trauma-Informed Care  
Implications for Social Workers  
Micro Issues  
Macro Issues  
Reflective Questions  
Marta Lundy
4. Transnational practice as the client’s process: A Model for practice with an integrative theoretical framework for working with immigrants and refugees
Caroline Brettell
5.The Perception and Experience of Everyday Discrimination among U.S. Immigrants
Anne Deepak
6. Promoting Immigrant and Refugee Mental Health: Mental Health Providers as Allies
Marta Lundy
8. Families and migration: Building collaboration with and within families
Marta Lundy
9. Social Support Groups with Immigrant Latinas
Kong Sokhem
12. Developing a Capacity Building Para-professional Workforce
for Trauma-Exposed Populations
Hawthorne Smith
13. Defining and overcoming trauma: Practical applications with trauma-exposed immigrants and survivors of torture
Rowena Fong
14. Transnational Practice: Responding to Violence against Immigrant and Refugee Women
Milka Ramirez
15. Working with LGBTQ Immigrants and Refugees: A Practice Framework
Molly Benson
16.Transnational Practice with Immigrant and Refugee Children and Adolescents
Fernando Chang-Muy
1. Immigrant and Refugee Protection: Nuts and Bolts of Policy and Practice
Rachael Goodman
10. Community Practice with Immigrants and Refugees
Aimee Hilado
11. Organizational Practice:
Applying the Cultural Mergence Model to address mental health needs in organizations
Aimee Hilado
17. Maintaining critical consciousness, collaborative accompaniment and cultural humility: The common denominators of supportive transnational practice
Aimee Hilado
3. Health and wellbeing: Examining the role of physical health and mental health
in the adjustment of new immigrants and refugees
Aimee Hilado
7. Practice with individuals:
Culturally-sensitive, trauma-informed direct practice
Colleen Lundy
18. Social Work, Peace, Social Justice and Human Rights: Migration Crises and the Settlement of Immigrants and Refugees.
Key features


  • In-depth discussions of theoretical practices show readers how to engage immigrants and refugees in the most culturally appropriate and relevant manner possible.
  • Coverage of unique topics including practice with survivors of torture, women, LGBTQ immigrants/refugees, and youth provide guiding frameworks and examples for effective practice.
  • Reflective questions and case studies provide substantive examples and exercises of how the chapter theories and concepts can be directly applied in practice.
  • Implications for transnational practice and ethical standards spanning a global professional context are covered in a final chapter.
  • Chapter highlights and summative points help readers review and master the material.
  • A comprehensive appendix offers resources and websites to further inform practice.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 4

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