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Modern Local Government
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Modern Local Government


December 2007 | 200 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd
Modern Local Government is a unique assessment of local government reform from the perspective of both local and central government, which is fully informed an analysis of the role of the European Union. This text provides a systematic review of the reform of local government since the election of New Labour in 1997.

Key Features
  • Provides the relevant historical context for the predicted "death of local government" in the Thatcher era
  • Explains the New Labour agenda for local government and the components which make up local governance in England today
  • Offers substantive discussion of: decision making; community strategies; performance measures; procurement, privatization, partnerships; the role of e-government; standards and corruption
  • Analyzes the implications of reform at different spatial scales – from the local to the regional – and offers a rich discussion of the "new localism"
  • Presents an overview of the role of EU legislation in areas like employment, environment, and competition
  • Concludes with a consideration of the possible futures for local government including Local Area Agreements, Local Public Service Boards, and choice

It will be the key resource for all students of local government in Planning and related disciplines.
 
1 Introduction
Why local government?  
The debate on central-local relations  
The context of local government reform  
How do they do it elsewhere?  
The notion of social capital  
The relationship between local performance and the economy  
 
2 Great Expectations - the position in 1997
The view of local government: the legacy of expectation  
The view of the 1997 New Labour Government: the legacy of fear  
Paving the way for reform  
Real issues on the agenda - which key issues did local authorities face in 1997  
 
3 The new approach to decision making in local government
The new Council Constitutions  
Electoral arrangements  
The role of the Council  
The role of the Executive  
Scrutiny and overview  
The emerging roles of local councillors  
Reforming local government representation at the centre  
 
4 Promoting well being and the community's interest
Understanding the role of a general power of competence - the European Charter of self-governance  
The duty to promote the economic, social and environmental well being of the communities being served  
Promoting community leadership  
Community Strategies  
Community leadership and the CPA  
Community Strategies and LA21 - towards environmental well being  
Community Strategies and Local Development Frameworks  
Removing Plan requirements  
 
5 Performance and Freedoms
The role of the Audit Commission  
Best value: why competition?  
The best value process  
Comprehensive Performance Assessment  
Does performance assessment work?  
Intervention  
Capacity for delivery  
Freedoms and flexibilities  
 
6 Delivery with partners - procurement, privatisation, partnerships, trading and choice
Local authorities as employers  
Privatisation  
Joint service delivery between local authorities  
Strategic Partnering  
The Lyons and Gershon Reviews: from central to local delivery?  
Choice  
The growing potential of the voluntary sector  
 
7 Joining up around customers - the role of e-government
The problems of silo government for the citizen  
Implementing e-government  
Local implementation of e-government  
Developing and implementing priority outcomes  
The barriers to citizen engagement and delivery  
Efficiency and e-government  
Changing the citizen's relationship with government?  
 
8 Councillors, Standards and Corruption
The system before the Local Government Act 2000  
The Nolan Committee on Standards in Public Life  
The Standards Board for England  
Planning  
The conduct of local authority staff  
Public service ethics  
 
9 The future of local government finance
Local government's constitutional role and finance  
Central and local discretions - assessing the boundaries  
The continuing legacy of the Layfield Committee  
The dynamic of efficiency  
The use of property assets - an example of improving efficiency at the local level  
A new freedom - the case of business rates  
A new localist solution?  
 
10 New Localism
The rise of new localism  
Place shaping  
Pressures for reduction in local powers  
Culture and habit  
 
11 Local Strategic Partnerships - the way forward
Partnership working - programmes and policies  
Local Strategic Partnerships  
How are LSPs developing?  
How effective are LSPs so far?  
The future for LSPs, LAAs and Public Service Boards?  
 
12 Parishes, Town Councils and Neighbourhood Working
Developments since 1997  
Parish and town councils  
Devolved working in local authorities  
Emerging forms of local management  
The role of Local Strategic Partnerships in neighbourhood development  
 
13 Regions Sub-Regions and London
Why regionalism?  
Regional working in England 1993-2004 - moving from central ways of working  
Regionalising the centre  
How have these regional arrangements worked for local government in England?  
Sub-regions  
London  
 
14 What is the future of local government?
Shaping influences for the future of local government  
Holding local government to account  
Reputation management  
The choice agenda  
Using the third sector  
Smaller numbers of professionalized councillors?  
Public service reform  
Creating a single pubic service  

Sample Materials & Chapters

Introduction PDF


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