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Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights

Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights

Published in Association with Netherlands Institute of Human Rights
Other Titles in:
Human Rights

eISSN: 22147357 | ISSN: 09240519 | Current volume: 42 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly
The Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights is a leading open access and peer-reviewed human rights journal that publishes the latest evolutions in the promotion and protection of human rights. Published quarterly since 1981, the journal features articles by pre-eminent and emerging scholars from around the world, addressing and debating human rights law issues from an international perspective. We welcome submissions that connect human rights to international relations, history, political science, sociology and anthropology. In addition, the Quarterly publishes recent speeches and lectures delivered on the topic of human rights, as well as a section on new literature in the field of human rights. The peer review system is fully anonymous, with the identity of the submitters withheld also from Executive Board members. Our international board consists of scholars from all over the world.

Human rights are universal and indivisible. Their fundamental importance makes it essential for anyone with an interest in the field to keep abreast of the latest developments.

The Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights (NQHR) publishes the latest evolutions in the promotion and protection of human rights from around the world. The journal welcomes articles addressing human rights law issues from an international perspective and also welcomes submissions that connect human rights to perspectives from international relations, history, political science, sociology and anthropology. In addition, the Quarterly also publishes recent speeches and lectures delivered on the topic of human rights, as well as a section on new literature in the field of human rights.

The Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights is indexed and abstracted in CSA Social Science Collection (Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, Public Affairs Information Service (PAIS)), Social Sciences Citation Index© (SSCI), Social Scisearch ©, Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition and International Political Science Abstracts (IPSA).

NQHR is the official publication of The Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM). SIM is the key centre of expertise of human rights research and education at Utrecht University. With a rich tradition and a keen eye for current and future developments in the field of human rights, SIM is a leading academic research institute and the home base of a vibrant, interdisciplinary and international group of researchers, lecturers, and PhD students.

Editor in Chief
Katharine Fortin Utrecht University, Netherlands
Managing Editor
Naomi van de Pol Utrecht University, Netherlands
Executive Editors
Karin Arts Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
Antoine Buyse Utrecht University, Netherlands
Yvonne Donders University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Nicola Jägers Tilburg University, Netherlands
Jasper Krommendijk Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Brianne McGonigle Leyh Utrecht University, Netherlands
Marjolein van den Brink Utrecht University, Netherlands
Executive Assistants
Editorial Board Member
Laurence Burgorgue-Larsen Sorbonne University, France; and Judge at the Constitutional Court of Andorra, Andorra
Bas de Gaay Fortman Utrecht University, Netherlands
Olivier de Schutter Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
Karin de Vries Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, Netherlands
Surya Deva Macquarie Law School, Australia
Cees Flinterman Utrecht University, Netherlands
Shuichi Furuya Waseda University, Japan
Janneke Gerards Utrecht University, Netherlands
Mark Goodale University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Sarah Joseph Griffith University, Australia
Eva Marie Lassen Danish Institute for Human Rights in Copenhagen, Denmark
Tarlach McGonagle Leiden University, Netherlands; University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Chiseche Mibenge The Guttmacher Institute, USA
Anja Mihr Center On Governance Through Human Rights
Rachel Murray University of Bristol Law School, UK
Egbert Myjer Free University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and former judge at the European Court of Human Rights, Netherlands
Manfred Nowak Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Austria
Barbara Oomen Utrecht University, Netherlands
Elina Pirjatanniemi Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Pablo Saavedra-Alessandri Inter-American Court of Human Rights, San José, Costa Rica
Ian Seiderman International Commission of Jurists, Switzerland
  • Clarivate Analytics: Social Science Citation Index
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights

    This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights will be reviewed.

    From 2023 NQHR is participating in a Subscribe to Open (S2O) pilot. S2O is an approach to converting subscription journals to open access (OA) which makes OA publishing available to everyone at no cost to the author. For more information please visit Sage Subscribe to Open pilot

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Netherland Quarterly of Human Rights may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.
    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.5 Research Data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplemental material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 Permissions
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 ORCID
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 Sage Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    Authors are invited to send their papers for possible publication in the Netherland Quarterly of Human Rights.

    The Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights (NQHR) publishes scholarly articles on human rights issues and the promotion and protection of human rights in international law. Articles must address human rights from an international (rather than purely national perspective). The NQHR prefers articles of around 10,000 words including citations and written in British English (not US.). Submitted articles should engage the reader and contribute innovatively to the academic debate.

    The NQHR encourages authors to use gender-inclusive language when drafting their manuscripts. In practice, gender-neutral drafting means (i) the use of nouns and pronouns that are clearly gender-neutral; (ii) avoidance of nouns that appear to incorporate gender specificity (e.g. mankind, chairman, spokesman); and (iii) the avoidance of gender-specific pronouns for people who may be either male or female.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Sage does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication. Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:

    •  The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors

    •  The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper

    •  The author has recommended the reviewer

    •  The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution). 

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools. In broad terms, this means that authors should:

    1. Clearly indicate the use of language models in the manuscript, including which model was used and for what purpose. This should include a record of prompts that were given to the model, where possible. Please use the methods or acknowledgements section, as appropriate for this information. Authors must keep records such that they are able to share earlier drafts of their work prior to submitting it to an AI-programme or send a version with track changes (i.e. showing what specific use was made of an AI-assisted writing tool).  Authors must be willing to share such records on request.  
    2. Verify the accuracy, validity, and appropriateness of the content and any citations generated by language models and correct any errors or inconsistencies.
    3. Provide a list of sources used to generate content and citations, including those generated by language models. Double-check citations to ensure they are accurate, and are properly referenced.
    4. Be conscious of the potential for plagiarism where the LLM may have reproduced substantial text from other sources. Check the original sources to be sure you are not plagiarising someone else’s work.
    5. Acknowledge the limitations of language models in the manuscript, including the potential for bias, errors, and gaps in knowledge.
    6. Please note that AI bots such as ChatGPT should not be listed as an author on your submission.

    SAGE and/or the NQHR will take appropriate corrective action where published articles are identified with undisclosed use of such tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.4 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    2.5 Research Data

    The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
    • cite this data in your research

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be 1.5 spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be Times New Roman standard 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplemental material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights adheres to the OSCOLA reference style. View the OSCOLA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized. 

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights editorial office as follows:

    Managing Editor: Elmin Omicevic,  Tel: +31 (0)30 253 7409

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